Source:  Philip L. Barbour, ed., The Complete Works of John Smith (1580-1631) in Three Volumes.  Published for The Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia by the University of North Carolina Press (1986), Vol. 1, pp. 16-22.


Chronology of Events in Jamestown, 1606-1608*



(Fri.) Dec. 19. The colonists set sail (Proceedings, 2).
(Sat.) Dec. 20. Down river from London (Percy).



(Mon.) Jan. 5. Anchored in the Downs (Percy).
c. (Fri.) Jan. 30. No longer in sight of England (Proceedings, 2).
c. (Tues.) Feb. 17. Conjectured arrival at Gran Canaria.
c. (Sat.-Sun.) Feb. 21-22. Departure from the Canaries; Smith
"restrained as a prisoner" (Proceedings, 5).
(Mon.) Mar. 23. Arrived at Martinique (Percy).
(Tues.) Mar. 24. Anchored at Dominica (Percy).
(Thurs.) Mar. 26. Had sight of Marie-Galante (Percy).
(Fri.) Mar. 27.


Sailed along Guadeloupe to Nevis (Percy); there "a paire of gallowes was made" for Smith, in an attempt to hang him (True Travels, 57).

(Fri.) Apr. 3. Set sail from Nevis (Percy).
(Sat.) Apr. 4. Sailed along St. Eustatius and Saba and
anchored in the harbor of St. Thomas, Virgin
Islands (Percy).
(Mon.) Apr. 6. Passed by Vieques and San Juan, Puerto Rico
(Tues.) Apr. 7. Arrived at Mona and took on water (Percy).
(Thurs.) Apr. 9. Visited the Isle of Moneta and laded two boats
full of eggs and fowl (Percy).
(Fri.) Apr. 10. Set sail from Mona (Percy).
(Tues.) Apr. 14. Passed the Tropic of Cancer (Percy).
(Tues.) Apr. 21. Forced to "lie at hull" because of a tempest
(Wed.-Sat.) Apr. 22-25. Sounded but found no ground (Percy).
(Sun.) Apr. 26. "Descried the Land of Virginia" about four
in the morning (Percy); at nightfall the
colonists had their first skirmish with the
(Mon.) Apr. 27. Began to assemble the shallop, which had been
dismantled for the voyage over. Explored
"eight miles up into the Land" (Percy).
(Tues.) Apr. 28. Launched the shallop in which Newport took
a party as far as the modern Elizabeth River
(Wed.) Apr. 29. Set up a cross by Chesapeake Bay, naming the
point Cape Henry (Percy).
(Thurs.) Apr. 30. The fleet crossed the bay to Old Point
Comfort, near the village of Kecoughtan
(Fri.-Sun.) May 1-3. Entertained by Indians (Percy).
(Mon.) May 4. The fleet came to a Paspahegh village where
the colonists were entertained with "much
welcome"; a werowance from across the river
"seemed to take displeasure" from the colonists'
being with the Paspahegh (Percy).
(Tues.) May 5. Went to visit the werowance across the river
(Fri.) May 8. The colonists sailed up the James River to the
"Countrey of Apamatica," where "there came
many stout and able Savages to resist" them
(Percy). Peace was made, however, and three
days appear to have been spent exploring on
(Tues.) May 12. The colonists went back to their ships and
discovered a point of land just below modern
Jamestown Island they named "Archers Hope"
(Wed.) May 13. Came to their "seating place" (Percy), 8 mi.
(13 km.) upstream; chosen by Wingfield,
overruling Gosnold (True Relation, sig. A3v).
(Thurs.) May 14. Landed all their men (Percy); about midnight
some Indians sailed close by, causing an
alarm; "not long after" two messengers came
from the werowance of Paspahegh, saying he
was coming "with a fat Deare" (Percy).
(Mon.) May 18. The werowance arrived with 100 armed
Indians, but after a fight, went away "in great
anger" (Percy).
(Tues.) May 19. Percy and others went for a stroll "some foure
miles ... to a Savage Towne" (Percy).
(Wed.) May 20. The Paspahegh werowance sent 40 men "with
a Deare, to our quarter" (Percy).
(Thurs.) May 21. Captain Newport took a party on an exploring
expedition in the shallop (Archer), spending
the night with the Weanocks, enemies of
(Fri.) May 22. The party went "some 16 myle further," picking
up some friendly Indians; they sailed in all
38 mi. (61 km.) that day (Archer).
(Sat.) May 23. They continued on to the falls at modern
Richmond, where they mistook the local
werowance, Tanx ("Little") Powhatan, for his
father, the "emperor" (Archer).
(Sun.) May 24. Whitsunday. Newport angered Tanx Powhatan
by setting up a cross and claiming the region
for King James. That night Newport's party
went back downstream to Arrohattoc (Archer
and Percy).
(Mon.) May 25. The party "satt banquetting all the forenoone"
with the Arrohattoc werowance, then sailed
down to "Kynd Womans Care" (Archer).
(Tues.) May 26. The party went ashore to visit Queen
Opossunoquonuske, then met Powhatan's
brother Opechancanough a few miles below,
and finally anchored for the night 21 mi.
(34 km.) from Jamestown (Archer; but see
Strachey, Historie, 64; and Generall Historie, 49).
That same day, Paspahegh attacked Jamestown
with 200 men, causing casualties, but
was repulsed by the ships' ordnance (Archer;
True Relation, sig. A4r; and Generall Historie, 42).
(Wed.) May 27. The party went ashore but grew suspicious and
hurried home (Archer).
(Thurs.) May 28. Labored at fortifying the fort (Archer; True
Relation, sig. A4v; and Generall Historie, 42).
(Fri.) May 29. The Indians attacked again, but did not hurt
any of the English (Archer).
(Sun.) May 31. The Indians "came lurking in the thickets,"
and Eustace Clovell was shot; he died June 8
(Mon.) June 1. Some 20 Indians "appeared, shott dyvers
arrowes, ... and rann away" (Archer).
(Thurs.) June 4. Three Indians shot at a colonist outside the
palisade, but "missed the skynne" (Archer).
(Sat.) June 6. A petition was drawn up for reformation of
"certayne preposterous proceedinges" (Archer).
(Mon.) June 8. Clovell died; two Indians presented themselves
unarmed, "crying 'friends,'" but a guard shot
at them, and they ran (Archer).
(Wed.) June 10. "The Counsell scanned the ... petition," Newport
urged the colonists to work together, and
Captain Smith was sworn in as councillor
(Sat.) June 13. Eight Indians lying "close among the weedes"
shot Mathew Fitch in the breast and ran away
(Sun.) June 14. Two Indians presented themselves unarmed,
naming the friends and foes of the colonists,
and advising the English to cut down the tall
weeds (Archer).
(Mon.) June 15. The fort was finished, "triangle wise" (Percy).
(Tues.) June 16. Two Indians appeared with a ruse to capture
Newport, but failed (Archer).
(Sun.) June 21. The colonists took communion and had a
farewell dinner with Newport (Archer).
Opechancanough sent a message of peace
(True Relation, sig. A4v).
(Mon.) June 22. Captain Newport sailed for England (Percy;
Wingfield; and True Relation, sig. A4v; Archer
omits the entry, and Proceedings and Generall
Historie give June 15).
(Thurs.) June 25. An Indian came from "the great Poughwaton
with the words of peace" (Wingfield).
(Fri.) July 3. Seven or eight Indians presented President
Wingfield "a Dear from Pamaonke [Opechancanough]; they enquired after our shipping
[ Newport's ships]" (Wingfield).
"About this tyme divers of our men fell sick"
(Mon.) July 27. The "King of Rapahanna [ Quiyoughcohanock]
demanded a canoa which was restored"
(Thurs.) Aug. 6. " John Asbie" died of the "bloudie Flixe"
(Sun.) Aug. 9. " George Flowre" died of the "swelling" (Percy).
(Mon.) Aug. 10. " William Bruster" died of a wound given by
the Indians (Percy).
(Fri.) Aug. 14. "J erome Alikock" died "of a wound"; the
same day, " Francis Midwinter" and " Edward
Moris" died "suddenly" (Percy).
(Sat.) Aug. 15. " Edward Browne" and " Stephen Galthrope"
died (Percy).
During these weeks, Wingfield told Smith to
his face, in Gosnold's tent, that "it was proved
... that he [ Smith] begged in Ireland like a
rogue, without lycence" (Wingfield), drawing
a sharp retort from Smith.
(Sun.) Aug. 16. " Thomas Gower" died (Percy).
(Mon.) Aug. 17. " Thomas Mounslie" died (Percy).
(Tues.) Aug. 18. " Robert Pennington" and " John Martin," son
of Capt. John Martin, died (Percy).
(Wed.) Aug. 19. " Drue Piggase" died (Percy).
(Sat.) Aug. 22. Capt. Bartholomew Gosnold died; all the
ordnance in the fort was shot off with many
volleys (Percy; also Wingfield; True Relation,
sig. A4v; Proceedings, 10; and Generall Historie,
44). About this time the Indians began to bring
fresh corn for barter (Wingfield).
(Mon.) Aug. 24. " Edward Harington" and " George Walker"
died (Percy).
(Wed.) Aug. 26. " Kenelme Throgmortine" died (Percy).
(Thurs.) Aug. 27. " William Roods" died (Percy).
(Fri.) Aug. 28. " Thomas Stoodie [ Studley], Cape Merchant"
died (Percy).
About this time George Kendall was deposed
from the council and confined in the pinnace
(Percy; Wingfield; True Relation, sigs. A4v-B1r,
(Fri.) Sept. 4. " Thomas Jacob" died (Percy).
(Sat.) Sept. 5. " Benjamin Beast [ Best]" died (Percy).
(Thurs.) Sept. 10. Ratcliffe, Smith, and Martin, constituting a
majority of councillors present, signed a
warrant to depose President Wingfield
(Wingfield); Ratcliffe was elected in Wingfield's
place (True Relation, sig. B1r; Percy gives
Sept. 11 as the date).
(Fri.) Sept. 11. The new president made a speech telling the
colony why Wingfield was deposed (Wingfield).
(Thurs.) Sept. 17. After complaints by John Robbinson and John
Smith, Wingfield was tried, and Robbinson got
£100 and Smith £200 "damages for slaunder"
(Fri.) Sept. 18. " Ellis Kinistone" and " Richard Simmons"
died (Percy).
(Sat.) Sept. 19. " Thomas Mouton" died (Percy). By this time
Smith had been made cape merchant (True
Relation, sig. B1r).
[For the rest of 1607, dates can only be conjectured.
In summary: a sharp decrease in food
supplies from the Indians forced Smith to
initiate trading voyages in the shallop (Proceed-
ings, 11); unrest in Jamestown led to a mutiny,
and Kendall was executed (Wingfield; Magnel;
and Proceedings, 12); about Nov. 1, the council
decided that the pinnace and barge should sail
to the Falls (Powhatan village) for supplies
(True Relation, sig. B1v).]
(Mon.) Nov. 9 to
c. (Sun.) Nov. 15 (more likely,
Nov. 19-25).
Smith made three successful trading voyages
up the Chickahominy River (True Relation, sig.
(Thurs.) Dec. 10 (more likely,
Dec. 3 or 4).
Smith "went up" the Chickahominy (Wingfield;
True Relation, sig. B3r).
(Fri.) Dec. 11 (Dec. 4 or 5?). Smith reached Apocant, 40 mi. (64 km.) up
the river (True Relation, sig. B3r).
(Sat.) Dec. 12 (Dec. 5 or 6?). Smith went on by canoe, was captured by an
Indian hunting party under Opechancanough,
and taken to a temporary lodge (ibid., sig. B3v).
Three or four days later Smith witnessed
certain Indian rites or conjurations (ibid., sig.
C3r), after which he was marched around for
four or five days and then led to Opechancanough's
residence (ibid., sig. C1r).
c. (Fri.) Dec. 25. Smith was entertained and then led to the
Rappahannock River (ibid., sig. C1r-v).
(Tues.) Dec. 29. Smith was lodged in a hunting town (ibid.,
sig. C1v).
(Wed.) Dec. 30. Smith taken before Powhatan.



(Fri.) Jan. 1. Powhatan sent Smith "home" (True Relation,
sig. C3v ).
(Sat.) Jan. 2.


Smith reached Jamestown, where Newport arrived from England the same night (ibid.; Perkins).

(Thurs.) Jan. 7. A fire destroyed "all the houses in the fort" at
Jamestown (Perkins and Wingfield).
Newport having brought instructions from
London to find "any of them sent by Sir Walter
Raleigh" (Generall Historie, 71), the Paspahegh
werowance was pressed into helping, but he
went no farther than Warraskoyack (True
Relation, sig. C4r).
Feb. ? Newport, Scrivener, Smith, and "30 or 40
chosen men" visited Powhatan at Werowocomoco
(True Relation, sig. C4r; Proceedings,
(Wed.) Mar. 9. Newport's party returned to Jamestown (Wingfield).
(Sun.) Apr. 10. Newport sailed for England (Wingfield; True
Relation, sig. D4r).
(Wed.) Apr. 20. Francis Nelson arrived (True Relation, sig. E1r).
(Thurs.) June 2. Smith left the fort to explore Chesapeake Bay
and parted company with Nelson, who was
sailing for England, at Cape Henry (Generall
Historie, 55).

  * Sources: John Smith's works as presented in this edition, and the following accounts printed in
Philip L. Barbour, ed., The Jamestown Voyages under the First Charter, 1606-1609 (Hakluyt Society,
2d Ser., CXXXVI-CXXXVII [Cambridge, 1969]), I, indicated by surnames only: Gabriel
Archer, 80-98; George Percy, 129-146; Francis Magnel, 151-157; Francis Perkins, 158-163; and
Edward Maria Wingfield, 211-234.

     The Julian calendar, ten days behind the Gregorian, is retained throughout.