Records of the Virginia Company of London

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS The Records of The Virginia Company of London





In 1906 the Library of Congress published, in two quarto volumes entitled "The Records of the Virginia Company of London," the text, from the manuscript in the Library, of the Court Book containing the minutes of that company's meetings, and of the meetings of its council, from April 28, 1619, to June 7, 1624, together with an elaborate and learned introduction by Miss Susan Myra Kingsbury, now professor of social economy in Bryn Mawr College, and a list prepared by her of additional documents illustrative of the company's history from the date of its chartering until after its dissolution by the Crown and the consequent conclusion of its business. These documents, 764 in number, are listed, with bibliographical references as to their sources, in the section of Miss Kingsbury's first volume (pp. 119–205) entitled "List of Records." The project of publication formed at the time when those volumes were issued contemplated the printing, in additional volumes, of the documents thus listed, or of all those among them that had any historical significance. Their texts are now to be presented, in two volumes num- bered III, IV, of The Records of the Virginia Company of London. The texts have been prepared by Miss Kingsbury with great care and accuracy. The first 273 of the documents arranged for publication are presented in the present volume. A nearly equal number, completing the series, will be presented in Volume IV, now in the printer's hands. The two volumes will constitute an addition of great magni- tude, and of the highest interest, to the materials for the early history of Virginia, and their preparation, distinctly a labor of love on the part of Miss Kingsbury, places all future students of that history under a heavy debt of gratitude to their accomplished editor.

Heŕbert Putnam, Librarian of Congress.


The documents contained in Volumes III and IV of the Records of the Virginia Company of London are original papers, official and other, of the company or relating to it. While the Court Book of the Virginia Company, published as Volumes I and II of this series, presents minutes of the meetings of the corporation, the succeeding volumes contain materials that vivify its decisions and decrees, explain the difficulties met and overcome by that redoubtable group of adventurers, reveal the petty jeal- ousies of the administrators, and especially record the controversy between the company and the Crown that resulted in the dissolution of the corporation and the creation of the first crown colony of Great Britain.

Four official sets of records are herein printed or cited. Two are published in full. One set is the original papers contained in the volume, now preserved in the Library of Congress, which has long been referred to as "Manuscript Records of the Virginia Company, Volume III." One set embodies records of action in law courts by the company or against the company. They are taken from the records of the various British courts and were found in the Public Record Office. Two sets are not here included as originally planned. They have been published in full since this series was begun. One is the "Courte Booke" of the colony, February 4, 1622/23, through February 9, 1632/33. It is now printed under the title "Minutes of the Council and General Court of Colonial Virginia," edited by Dr. H. L. McIlwaine (Richmond, Va., 1924). The other set of documents has been published in the "Acts of the Privy Council, Colonial", volume I (London, 1908). Some actions of the council that concerned the Virginia Company of London are not to be found in that publication. They are therefore here printed. The collection called the Sackville Papers, dis- cussed in the Introduction to the Records of the Virginia Company, Volume I, page 114, was, by the courtesy of the third Lord Sackville, examined by Prof. A. Percival Newton, of the University of London, and the documents relating to Virginia were printed in 1922 in the American Historical Review, Volume XXVII, pages 493 to 538 and 738 to 765. Those bearing dates earlier than 1623 are not here reprinted.

Included in this volume are manuscripts from two collections that are unique. The "Smyth of Nibley" papers give the history of a single settlement, called Smyth's (or Smith's) Hundred, that is typical of the various hundreds of the colony. They extend from February 3, 1618/19, to August 1, 1622, inclusive. These papers are all in the New York Public Library. The "Ferrar Papers," on the other hand, now belong- ing to Magdalene College, Cambridge University, are a veritable gold mine; their unique value is discussed in the Introduction to the Records of the Virginia Company, Volume I. They supply a vast amount of information through the correspondence between the colony and individual planters of the colony and Sir Edwin Sandys, Nicholas Ferrar, and John Ferrar, and also between Sir Edwin Sandys and the other officials of the company. Only a few documents are official, including two reports from the council in Virginia, a record of a Somers Islands court, and some less impor- tant items of this type. The first paper bears the date June 8, 1617, and the last November 1, 1624. But only a few go beyond midsummer of 1622.

On the other hand, the "Manuscript Records of the Virginia Company, Volume III," do not begin until August 12, 1621, but continue throughout the life of the com- pany. They differ in character from the Smyth of Nibley Papers and the Ferrar Papers. As stated above, they record official acts of the council in Virginia and include commissions, proclamations, orders, laws, letters to and from the council in London, and petitions to the Governor and council in Virginia.

Communications between the company and the King or the privy council, and some letters to and from the governor and council of the colony, were spread on the minutes of the company, and therefore appear in Volumes I and II, of this series. They are not reproduced in Volumes III and IV, even though the original documents are found in the other collections.

All documents here published are discussed at length in the Introduction to Vol- umes I and II of this series. Practically every paper indicated as to be included in the series by the star affixed in the "List of Records" that appears in the Introduction to Volume I is here printed. Two documents (List of Records No. 70 and No. 153) could not be found, and it has proved impossible to secure a copy of No. 12.

Fifty-seven documents dating earlier than April 28, 1619, when the records in Volume I begin, are printed in this volume. They include all records that had not heretofore been known or published by Alexander Brown, the Virginia Magazine of History, or other reliable works on the early history of Virginia. Perhaps the most important documents found by the editor that are here included are the "Instrucc̃ons Orders and Constituc̃ons to Sr Thomas Gates knight Governor of Virginia" of May, 1609, and the "Instructions orders and constituc̃ons ... to ... Sr Thomas West knight Lo: La Warr," 1609/10, by the Virginia Council. These are the first instructions given by the competent authority to a British colony.

Source material for the history of the company through the year 1622 is presented in this volume. March 22, 1622, saw the frightful massacre of colonists by the Indians. The story of that tragedy, the efforts for recovery, and the beginning of the reestablished colony conclude this volume.

The editor wishes to make acknowledgment to Prof. J. Franklin Jameson, chief of the division of manuscripts in the Library of Congress, for his painstaking care in reading the proof to the original documents of the "Manuscript Records of the Virginia Company, Volume III," and to some of the photostats of material in England, and also for his constant watchfulness in seeing the documents through the press.

To Marian Carter Anderson the editor is indebted for her valuable and expert assistance in preparing much of the manuscript, and especially in the difficult reading of practically all of the proof.

Helen Kingsbury Zirkle has prepared the index of Volume III, and to her the editor wishes to express gratitude for the complete and accurate contribution she has made to the usefulness of the documents in historical research.

A part of the expense for reading the proof and the cost of preparing the index were met by a grant from the Social Science Research Council.

Susan M. Kingsbury. June 30, 1932.


NOTE iii
Document List of Records 1

See records of the Virginia Company of London, Vol. I, pp. 119–205.

I. 1. A Justification for Planting Virginia. Before 1609 1
II. 5. King and Privy Council. Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance administered to Colonists. 1607 4
III. 6. King and Privy Council. Oath of the Secretary of the Colony administered by Governor and Council in Virginia. 1607 6
IV. 7. Popham v. Havercombe. Complaint, June 8, 1608. Sentence, June 23, 1608 7
V. 10. Virginia Council. "Instruc̃cons Orders and Constituc̃ons to Sr Thomas Gates knight Governor of Virginia." May, 1609 12
VI. 11. Virginia Council. "Instructions orders and constituc̃ons to Sr Thomas West knight Lo: La Warr," 1609/10 (?) 24
VII. 14. George Yeardley. A Letter to Sir Henry Peyton. November 18, 1610 29
VIII. 16. Virginia Council. A Letter to "Sr Raphe Winwood." 1611 (?) 31
IX. 17. Sir Thomas Smythe. A Letter to "Sr Raphe Winwood." April, 1611 33
X. 20. Virginia Company v. Sir Thomas Mildmaye, James Bryarley, Mathewe de Quester, and Others. The Bill of Complaint. November 25, 1612 34
XI. 21. Virginia Company v. Sir Thomas Mildmaye and Others. The An- swer of Sir Thomas Mildmaye to the Bill of Complaint. Decem- ber 11, 1612 39
XII. 22. Virginia Company v. Sir Thomas Mildmaye and Others. The An- swer of James Bryarley and Mathewe De Quester to the Bill of Complaint. January 11, 1612/13 41
XIII. 24. Virginia Company v. Sir Henry Nevile, Sir George Huntleye, William Hall, and Others. The Bill of Complaint. April 28, 1613 43
XIV. 25. Virginia Company v. Sir Henry Nevile, Sir George Huntleye, William Hall, and Others. The Answer of Sir George Huntleye to the Bill of Complaint. May 18, 1613 44
XV. 26. Virginia Company v. Sir Edmond Boyd, Sir John Sammes, and Others. The Bill of Complaint. October 8, 1613 45
XVI. 27. Virginia Company v. Sir Edmond Boyd, Sir John Sammes, and Others. The Answer of Sir John Sammes to the Bill of Com- plaint. November 1, 1613 45
XVII. 28. Virginia Company v. William Leveson. The Bill of Complaint. November 15, 1613 49
XVIII. 29. Virginia Company v. William Leveson. The Answer of William Leveson to the Bill of Complaint. November 30, 1613 52
XIX. 31. Virginia Company v. William Leveson. The Answer of William Hall to the Bill of Complaint. February 16, 1613/14 57
XX. 36. Shareholders in the Virginia Company, from 1615 to 1623. March 6, 1615/16–June 9, 1623 58
XXI. 37. Virginia Company. A Letter to the Mayor of Salisbury. Decem- ber 19, 1616 67
XXII. 38. "His Majesty's Councell for Virginia." A Proclamation Giving License to Any Who Are in Virginia, to Return Home. 1616/17 68
XXIII. 39. Governor Argall. Proclamations or Edicts. June 7, 1617 69
XXIV. 40. John Rolf. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. June 8, 1617 70
XXV. 39. Governor Argall. A Letter, probably to His Majesty's Council for Virginia. June 9, 1617 73
XXVI. 42. Governor Argall. Pardons to George White, Arthur Edwards, and Henry Potter. October 20, 1617 74
XXVII. 43. Governor Argall. Commissions. October 20, 1617 (?) 74
XXVIII. 44. Governor Argall. Appointment of William Powell. October 20, 1617 (?) 75
XXIX. 45. Governor Argall. A Commission to Trade. October 20, 1617 75
XXX. 46. Governor Argall. A Commission to Captain Nathaniel Pool. Octo- ber 20, 1617 75
XXXI. 47. Governor Argall. A Commission to Francis West. October 20, 1617 75
XXXII. 48. Governor Argall. A Commission to Nathaniel West. October 20, 1617 75
XXXIII. 50. Governor Argall. Confirmations as to Cattle. November 15, 1617 76
XXXIV. 51. Citizens of Bermuda Hundred. A Letter to the Governor of Vir- ginia. November 27, 1617 76
XXXV. 52. Governor Argall. A Letter to Citizens of Bermuda Hundred. No- vember 30, 1617 76
XXXVI. 54. Lord De La Warr. Covenant with Lord Zouch. December 27, 1617 77
XXXVII. 55. Governor Argall. Memoranda. 1617/18 78
XXXVIII. 56. Governor Argall. A Letter to the Council for Virginia. 1618 (?) 79
XXXIX. 57. Governor Argall. Four Warrants. 1618 (?) 79
XL. 58. A Complete List in Alphabetical Order of the "Adventurers to Vir- ginia", with the Several Amounts of their Holding. 1618 (?) 79
XLI. 64. Governor Argall. Order Addressed to the Commander of Kiquotan. February 3, 1617/18 90
XLII. 65. Governor Argall. A Commission to William Craddock. February 20, 1617/18 91
XLIII. 67. Governor Argall. A Letter to the Virginia Company. March 10, 1617/18 92
XLIV. 74. Governor Argall. Proclamations or Edicts. May 10, 1618 93
XLV. 75. Governor Argall. Proclamations or Edicts. May 18, 1618 93
XLVI. 76. Sir Edwin Sandys, Henry Timberlake, John Ferrar. Meeting of a Committee for Smythes Hundred. May 18, 1618 94
XLVII. 87. Virginia Company. Instructions to George Yeardley. November 18, 1618 98
XLVIII. 91. Ferdinando Yate. "The Voyage to Virginia ... 1619" 109
XLIX. 92. Virginia Company. A Note of the Shipping, Men and Provisions sent to Virginia, by the Treasurer and Company. 1619 115
L. 93. John Delbridge Yeardley. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. [1619] 118
LI. 94. Sir George Yeardley. A Letter to [Sir Edwin Sandys. 1619] 122
LII. 97. Indenture between Sir William Throckmorton, Sir George Yeardley, Richard Berkeley, and John Smyth, and the Virginia Company. February 3, 1618/19 130
LIII. 99. Lord Zouche. A Warrant for John Fenner, Captain of "Silver Falcon", and Henry Bacon, Master, to Pass to Virginia. Febru- ary 15, 1618/19 135
LIV. 100. Sir William Throckmorton and Others. A Letter to Sir George Yeardley. February 18, 1618/19 136
LV. 104. Richard Berkeley. A Letter to John Smyth of Nibley. April 3, 1619 137
LVI. 103. Sir William Throckmorton. A Letter to John Smyth, concerning the Plantation in Virginia. April 10, 1619 138
LVII. 105. Sandys, Harwood, Worselnham, Riche, Johnson. Draft of a Report of a Committee of the Virginia Company. April 27, 1619 139
LVIII. 110. Treasurer and Council for Virginia. A Commission to William Wye. June 17, 1619 144
LIX. 110. Treasurer and Council for Virginia. A Letter to Sir George Yeardley. June 21, 1619 146
LX. 111. George Thorpe. A Letter to John Smyth of Nibley. July 2, 1619 148
LXI. 112. Committee of the Council for Virginia. Copy of Minutes relating to the Censure passed on Alderman Johnson. July 8, 1619 149
LXII. 113. Committee of the Council for Virginia. A Short Draft of Censure against Alderman Johnson abandoned in Favor of the Preceding. July 8, 1619 150
LXIII. 114. George Thorpe. A Letter to John Smyth. July 20, 1619 151
LXIV. 115. Sir George Yeardley. A Letter concerning Argall's Letters from Lord Ritch. July 20, 1619 152
LXV. 116. John Pory. "A Reporte of the manner of proceeding in the General Assembly convented at James City." July 30, 31, August 2, 3, 4, 1619 153
LXVI. 117. The Cost of Furnishing the "Margaret." July, August, and Sep- tember, 1619 178
LXVII. 118. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to Sir George Yeardley. August 3, 1619 190
LXVIII. 119. Gabriel Barbor. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. August 11, 1619 190
LXIX. 120. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. August 16, 1619 191
LXX. 121. Charter Party with Mr. Williams, of Bristol. August 18, 1619 193
LXXI. 122. Remembrances for Captain Woodleefe. September, 1619 195
LXXII. 123. "A lyst of the men nowe sent for plantac̃on vnder Captayne Wood- leefe governor." September, 1619 197
LXXIII. 124. Sir William Throckmorton and his Three Associates. A Com- mission to Captain John Woodleefe. September 4, 1619 199
LXXIV. 125. Agreement between Sir William Throckmorton, Richard Berkeley, George Thorpe, John Smyth, and Captain John Woodleefe. September 4, 1619 201
LXXV. 126. Sir William Throckmorton, Richard Berkeley, et al. "Ordinances direcc̃ons and Instructions to Captaine John Woodlefe." Sep- tember 4, 1619 207
LXXVI. 127. Indenture between the Four Adventurers of Berkeley Hundred and Robert Coopy of North Nibley. September 7, 1619 210
LXXVII. 128. Sir William Throckmorton and his Three Associates. Letter to Sir George Yeardley. September 9, 1619 212
LXXVIII. 129. The Certificate of John Swye, Mayor of Bristol, of the Men who shipped in the "Margaret" under Captain Woodleefe. Septem- ber 15, 1619 213
LXXIX. 130. Account of A. B. of the Expenses of the Voyage, rendered to Sir William Throckmorton and Associates. September 16, 1619, to September 16, 1620 214
LXXX. 131. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. September 20, 1619 215
LXXXI. 132. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to the Earl of Southampton. Sep- tember 29, 1619 216
LXXXII. 133. John Pory. A Letter to "the Right honble and my singular good lorde." September 30, 1619 219
LXXXIII. 134. Gabriel Barbor. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. October 2, 1619 223
LXXXIV. 135. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. October 4, 1619 223
LXXXV. 136. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. October 18, 1619 224
LXXXVI. 138. Council in Virginia. "The putting out of the Tenantes that came ouer in the B. N. wth other orders of the Councell." November 11, 1619 226
LXXXVII. 139. Governor and Council in Virginia. An Order. November 12, 1619 229
LXXXVIII. 140. Sir George Yeardley. A Certificate with Regard to the Arrival of the "Margaret" in Virginia. December 4, 1619 230
LXXXIX. 142. Adventurers and Planters. Copy of a Petition to the Council for Virginia. (1620?) 231
XC. 144. Sir Nathaniel Rich. Rough Notes for his Defense before the Coun- cil of the Virginia Company on the Charge of having altered an Order of the Council. (1620?) 232
XCI. 145. Rough Draft of a Proposition affecting the Virginia Company con- cerning Captain Argall. (1620?) 236
XCII. 151. "A valuation of the Commodities growing and to be had in Virginia." 1620 237
XCIII. 152. Virginia Company. "A Note of the Shipping, Men, and Provisions, sent and prouided for Virginia." 1620 239
XCIV. 154. John Rolfe. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. January, 1619/20 241
XCV. 155. Sir George Yeardley. A Letter. January 10, 1619/20 248
XCVI. 156. John Pory. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. January 13, 1619/20 249
XCVII. 157. John Pory. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. January 14, 1619/20 254
XCVIII. 158. John Pory. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. January 16, 1619/20 – 255
XCIX. 160. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to Sir Robert Naunton. January 28, 1619/20 259
C. 162. Account rendered to Sir William Throckmorton and Associates for Supplies sent in the Ship, "London Merchant." February, 1619/20 260
CI. 164. James Berblocke. An Order to Mr. Ferrar. February 25, 1619/20 262
CII. 166. William Weldon. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. March 6, 1619/20 262
CIII. 167. Sir Thomas Rowe, Mr. Leate, Mr. Caning, et al. A Petition to the Privy Council for a Patent. April 3, 10, 1620 265
CIV. 169. William Tracy. A Letter to John Smyth. April 15, 1620 266
CV. 170. Copy of Opinion of Counsel upon the Patents of the Virginia Com- pany. May, 1620 267
CVI. 171. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. May 1, 1620 269
CVII. 172. Indenture assigning Sir William Throckmorton's Share of Berkeley Hundred to William Tracy. May 7, 1620 271
CVIII. 173. Alderman Johnson. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. May 16, 1620 274
CIX. 174. "Treasuror, Councell, and Company for Virginia." A Broadside. May 17, 1620 275
CX. 149. Virginia Company v. William Wye. Complaints. Trinity Term, 1620 281
CXI. 182. William Tracy. A Letter to John Smyth. June, 1620 289
CXII.{ 175, 176.} William Tracy. Letters to William Arthard and John Smyth. June, 1620 291
CXIII. 177. John Smyth. A Letter to Mr. Berkeley. June 1, 1620 292
CXIV. 178. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to the Marquis of Buckingham. June 7, 1620 294
CXV. 179. Sir George Yeardley. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. June 7, 1620 297
CXVI. 180. John Pory. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. June 12, 1620 300
CXVII. 181. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. June 12, 1620 306
CXVIII. 183. "His Maiesties Counseil for Virginia." "A Declaration of the State ... in Virginia." June 22, 1620 307
CXIX. 185. Privy Council. A Commission to the Commissioners for the Treas- ury. July, 1620 365
CXX. 186. Mr. Russell's Project touching Artificial Wine in Virginia. July, 1620 365
CXXI. 187. William Tracy. A Letter to John Smyth. July 5, 1620 367
CXXII. 189. Virginia Company. A Commission to William Tracy. July 12, 1620 368
CXXIII. 190. William Tracy. Two Letters to John Smyth. July 14, 1620 369
CXXIV. 191. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. July 19, 1620 371
CXXV. 193. Virginia Council. Extract from a Letter. August, 1620 372
CXXVI. 194. William Tracy. A Letter to John Smyth. August 2, 1620 373
CXXVII. 195. William Tracy. A Letter to John Smyth. August 9, 1620 373
CXXVIII. 196. Sir William Throckmorton and Associates. Revocation of Captain John Woodleefe's Commission. August 18 or 28, 1620 374
CXXIX. 197. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. August 25, 1620 375
CXXX. 198. "Covenantes and agreementes ... betwene Richard Berkeley of Stoke ... George Thorpe late of Wanswell ... Wilɫm Tracy of Gayles" and "John Smyth of Northnibly." August 28, 1620 376
CXXXI. 199. Commission to George Thorpe and William Tracy as Governors of the Plantation in Virginia. August 28, 1620 379
CXXXII. 200. Charter Party between Richard Berkeley and Associates and Wil- liam Ewins, for the Ship "Supply". August 31, 1620 381
CXXXIII. 201. Account of A. B. with Edward Williams for the Ship "Margaret." September, 1620 384
CXXXIV. 202. Account of A. B. for Furnishing the Ship "Supply". September, 1620 385
CXXXV. 203. Berkeley, Thorpe, Tracy, and Smyth. Agreement with Richard Smyth and Wife and Others. September 1, 1620 393
CXXXVI. 204. William Tracy. A Letter to John Smyth. September 1, 1620 395
CXXXVII. 205. "A list of men nowe sent for plantac̃on in Virginia." September 3, 1620 396
CXXXVIII. 206. Richard Berkeley and John Smyth. A Commission to George Thorpe for the Government of the Plantation. September 10, 1620 397
CXXXIX. 207. William Tracy. A Letter to John Smyth. September 15, 1620 401
CXL. 208. Agreement between Richard Berkeley and Associates, and Robert Pawlett. September 15, 1620 401
CXLI. 209. Account of Money expended since William Tracy's Departure. September 18, 1620–Michaelmas, 1621 402
CXLII. 210. Thomas Parker, Mayor of Bristol. Certificate for Sailing of the Ship "Supply". September 18, 1620 405
CXLIII. 211. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. September 18, 1620 406
CXLIV. 212. John Smyth. Account of Expenses for Virginia Plantation. Sent to Mr. Thorpe. September 20, 1620 408
CXLV. 213. Timothy Gate. A Letter to Mr. William Tracy. September 22, 1620 409
CXLVI. 214. John Bridges. A Letter to John Smyth. September 23, 1620 410
CXLVII. 215. William Tracy. A Letter to John Smyth. September 24, 1620 410
CXLVIII. 216. William Tracy. A Letter to John Smyth. September 25, 1620 411
CXLIX. 217. Indenture between George Thorpe, and Robert Oldesworth and John Smyth. September 30, 1620 412
CL. 219. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. October 23, 1620 415
CLI. 221. George Thorpe. A Letter to John Smyth. December 19, 1620 417
CLII. 226. Earl of Warwick v. Edward Bruster concerning the Ships "Trea- surer" and "Neptune". 1621 418
CLIII. 229. Sir George Yeardley and the Council in Virginia. A Letter to the Earl of Southampton and the Council and Company for Virginia. January 21, 1620/21 424
CLIV. 228. Sir George Yeardley. Certificate to the Council and Company of Virginia of the Arrival of Planters at Barklay. January 29, 1620/21 426
CLV. 230. House of Lords. "An Act [bill] for the represeinge of the odious ... sinne of Drunkenesse, and for preventinge the onordinate Consuminge of Corne." February 14, 1620/21 427
CLVI. 232. Sir George Yeardley. Grant of Land to George Harrison. March 6, 1620/21 432
CLVII. 233. James I. Proclamation to the Virginia Company prohibiting Lot- tery. March 8, 1620/21 434
CLVIII. 234. George Thorpe. "A note ffor Mr. ffelgate to receaue his ffraight." March 24, 1620/21 435
CLIX. 236. William Powell. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. April 12, 1621 436
CLX. 237. House of Commons. Draft of an Act for the Freer Liberty of Fish- ing. April 17, 1621 439
CLXI. 238. Jabez Whittaker. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. May, 1621 441
CLXII. 239. Richard Bucke. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. May 3, 1621 443
CLXIII. 240. Sir George Yeardley and the Council of Virginia. A Warrant for Lieutenant Saunders. May 3, 1621 444
CLXIV. 241. George Thorpe and John Pory. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. May 9, 1621 445
CLXV. 243. George Thorpe and John Pory. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. May 15 and 16, 1621 446
CLXVI. 244. George Thorpe. A Letter to John Ferrar. May 15, 1621 448
CLXVII. 245. Sir George Yeardley. A Letter to the New Magazine Company. May 16, 1621 449
CLXVIII. 246. Sir George Yeardley. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. May 16, 1621 450
CLXIX. 247. Sir George Yeardley. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. May 16, 1621 452
CLXX. 248. Abraham Piersey. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. May 24, 1621 454
CLXXI. 249. Captain Nuce. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. May 27, 1621 455
CLXXII. 250. Francis Smith. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. June 9, 1621 458
CLXXIII. 251. Privy Council. An Order regarding Freedom of Fishing. June 18, 1621 459
CLXXIV. 252. Richard Bucke. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. June 22, 1621 460
CLXXV. 253. George Thorpe. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. June 27, 1621 462
CLXXVI. 254. Sir George Yeardley. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. June 27, 1621 462
CLXXVII. 255. John Rowe. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. July, 1621 464
CLXXVIII. 256. William Ewens. Covenant with the Company for Virginia. July, 1621 465
CLXXIX. 257. William Ewens. Covenant with the Company for Virginia. July, 1621 466
CLXXX. 258. Nicholas Ferrar and Others. A Warrant to pay George Sandys. July 6, 1621 467
CLXXXI. 259. John Barnard and Others. A Warrant to Deputy John Ferrar. July 24, 1621 468
CLXXXII. 260. Virginia Company. Instructions to the Governor and Council of State in Virginia. July 24, 1621 468
CLXXXIII. 261. Treasurer and Company. An Ordinance and Constitution for Coun- cil and Assembly in Virginia. July 24, 1621 482
CLXXXIV. 262. Treasurer and Company. A Letter to Governor and Council in Virginia. July 25, 1621 485
CLXXXV. 264. Council for Virginia. Answer to the Request of the Walloons and French to plant in Virginia. August 11, 1621 491
CLXXXVI. 265. Virginia Company. A Letter to the Governor and Council in Virginia. August 12, 1621 492
CLXXXVII. 266. Virginia Company. A Commission granted unto Captain Arthur Guy and Nicholas Norburne. August 24, 1621 498
CLXXXVIII. 267. Treasurer and Company of Virginia. Covenant to pay Captain Arthur Guy, Robert Joakley, and John Packesall. August 24, 1621 499
CLXXXIX. 268. Treasurer and Company of Virginia. Covenant to pay Captain Arthur Guy. August 24, 1621 500
CXC. 269. Virginia Council and Company. A Letter to Governor and Council in Virginia. September 11, 1621 502
CXCI. 270. Edward Blayney. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. September 17, 1621 508
CXCII. 271. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar, or to Nicholas Ferrar. October 1, 1621 509
CXCIII. 273. Thomas Dawson. Note of Tobacco sold to John Stratford. Octo- ber 20, 1621 509
CXCIV. 272. Privy Council. Order to the Virginia Company. October 24, 1621 510
CXCV. 275. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. November 5, 1621 511
CXCVI. 225. Virginia Company. A Commission to Thomas Smith. November 21, 1621 513
CXCVII. 276. Virginia Company. Grant to Daniel Gates. November 21, 1621 514
CXCVIII. 277. Council and Company for Virginia. A Commission granted to John Huddleston. November 21, 1621 516
CXCIX. 662. John Bargrave. A Petition to the Committee for Grievances, House of Commons. November (after 22), 1621 517
CC. 274. Sir Thomas Smyth and Alderman Johnson. Reply to the Petition of John Bargrave. November (after 22), 1621 521
CCI. 278. Council and Company for Virginia. A Commission granted to Captain Thomas Jones. November 24 [21?], 1621 525
CCII. 279. Council of the Virginia Company. A Letter to the Governor and Council in Virginia. November 26, 1621 526
CCIII. 280. Governor and Council in Virginia. Proclamation warning Persons going aboard Ships. November 30, 1621 528
CCIV. 282. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. December 3, 1621 529
CCV. 283. Council of the Virginia Company. A Letter to the Governor and Council in Virginia. December 5, 1621 530
CCVI. 285. Peter Arondelle. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys. December 15, 1621 534
CCVII. 286. Governor in Virginia. Commission to William Tucker. December 23, 1621 535
CCVIII. 288. Mr. Wroth. Notes from Lists showing Total Number of Emigrants to Virginia. 1622 536
CCIX. 289. Patrick Copland. "A Declaration how the monies (viz, seuenty pound eight shillings sixe pence) were disposed, which was gathered ... (towards the building of a free schoole in Virginia)." 1622 537
CCX.{ 293. 292.} Edward Waterhouse. "A Declaration of the State of the Colony and ... a Relation of the Barbarous Massacre." 1622 541
CCXI. 294. Francis West, William Claybourne et al. Petition to the King. 1622 (?) 580
CCXII. 295. Council in Virginia. Letter to Virginia Company of London. January, 1621/22 581
CCXIII. 296. Peter Arundle. Fragment of a Letter to John Smyth of Nibley. January 1, 1621/22 589
CCXIV. 297. Virginia Council. Settlement of the Wages of Tradesmen in Vir- ginia. January 14, 1621/22 589
CCXV. 298. Virginia Company. A Commission to Theodore Wadsworth. January 16, 1621/22 591
CCXVI. 299. Virginia Company. The Form of a Patent. January 30, 1621/22 592
CCXVII. 302. Lord Keeper Williams. Decree in Chancery, Bargrave v. Sir Thomas Smythe et al. February 19, 1622 598
CCXVIII. 303. Somer Islands Company. Court for Somer Islands. February 25, 1621/22 602
CCXIX. 304. Somer Islands Company. Court for Somer Islands. March 6, 1621/22 603
CCXX. 307. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. April 9, 1622 640
CCXXI. 308. John Bargrave. Charges against the Former Government of Vir- ginia. April 12 (?), 1622 605
CCXXII. 309. John Bargrave. Petition to the Privy Council. April 12, 1622 608
CCXXIII. 310. Governor in Virginia. Commission to Captain Roger Smith. April 13, 1622 609
CCXXIV. 311. Governor in Virginia. Commission to Captain Ralph Hamor. April 15, 1622 610
CCXXV. 313. Governor in Virginia. Order to Ralph Hamor. April 19, 1622 610
CCXXVI. 314. Governor in Virginia. Commission to Captain Smith. April 20, 1622 611
CCXXVII. 306. Council in Virginia. Letter to the Virginia Company of London. April (after 20), 1622 611
CCXXVIII. 315. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. April 22, 1622 615
CCXXIX. 316. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. April 25, 1622 616
CCXXX. 317. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. April 30, 1622 617
CCXXXI. 319. "The Accompt of the charge of the 4 servants sent into Virginia in the Ship called the furtherance." May, 1622 618
CCXXXII. 305. Virginia Company v. Wye. Defense of Wye. May 6, 1622 620
CCXXXIII. 321. Governor in Virginia. A Commission to Captain Raph Hamor. May 7, 1622 622
CCXXXIV. 322. Governor in Virginia. A Commission to Captain Roger Smith. May 18, 1622 623
CCXXXV. 323. Virginia Company. The Form of a Patent for Adventurers under- taking to transport and plant 100 Persons. May 22, 1622 623
CCXXXVI. 324. Virginia Company. The Form of a Patent for a Planter Only. May 22, 1622 629
CCXXXVII. 325. Virginia Company. A Grant for a Private Plantation to John Bounall. May 22, 1622 634
CCXXXVIII. 326. Captain John Bargrave. Disclaimer of Opposition to the Present Management. May 30, 1622 637
CCXXXIX. 223. Virginia Company. "A note of the shipping, men, and prouisions sent and prouided for Virginia ... in the yeere 1621." [End of May, 1622] 639
CCXL. 327. Captain John Bargrave. Petition to Privy Council. June(?), 1622 644
CCXLI. 517. Treasurer and Council for Virginia. Answer to the Privy Council concerning Captain John Bargrave's Petition. June(?), 1622 645
CCXLII. 328. Council of the Virginia Company. A Letter to Governor and Coun- cil in Virginia. June 10, 1622 646
CCXLIII. 329. John Pountis. Petition to the Governor and Council of Virginia. June 15, 1622 652
CCXLIV. 330. The King. A Letter to the Privy Council. June 17, 1622 653
CCXLV. 331. Governor in Virginia. A Commission to Captain Maddison. June 17, 1622 654
CCXLVI. 341. Sir Francis Wyatt. A Commission to Sir George Yeardley. June 20, 1622 656
CCXLVII. 342. Sir Francis Wyatt. Proclamations. June 21, 1622 658
I. A Proclamation against Drunkeness 658
II. A Proclamation against Swearing 659
III. A Proclamation against taking Boats without Leave and stealing Oars 659
CCXLVIII. 343. Robert Newland. A Letter to Nicholas Ferrar. June 27, 1622 660
CCXLIX. 347. The King. A Letter to the Virginia Company. The Virginia Company. A Letter to the Governor and Council in Virginia. July 9, 1622 661
CCL. 352. Governor in Virginia. A Commission to William Tucker. July 16, 1622 664
CCLI. 354. Note of Arms in the Tower for which the Virginia Company are Suitors, July 17 (?). Before July 29, 1622 665
CCLII. 356. Treasurer and Council for Virginia. Letter to Governor and Council in Virginia. August 1, 1622 666
CCLIII. 357. [John Smyth.] A list of Servants remaining in Virginia. August 1, 1622 674
CCLIV. 359. John Carter. Petition to the Privy Council. September, 1622 675
CCLV. 360. A Warrant to the Lord Treasurer. September, 1622 676
CCLVI. 361. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. September 1, 1622 676
CCLVII. 362. Governor in Virginia. A Commission to Sir George Yeardley. September 10, 1622 678
CCLVIII. 364. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. September 23, 1622 679
CCLIX. 365. Thomasin Woodshawe. Petition to the Governor of Virginia. Between October, 1622, and January, 1622/23 681
CCLX. 366. Richard Pace. Petition to the Governor and Council in Virginia. Between October, 1622, and January, 1622/23 682
CCLXI. 367. Virginia Company. A Letter to the Governor and Council in Vir- ginia. October 7, 1622 683
CCLXII. 368. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar. October 13, 1622 690
CCLXIII. 380. Younge v. Roberts. October 14, 1622 692
CCLXIV. 369. Thomas Hamour. Petition to the Governor and Council in Virginia. October 18, 1622 695
CCLXV. 370. Governor of Virginia. A Commission to Captain Raph Hamor. October 23, 1622 696
CCLXVI. 371. Governor of Virginia. A Commission to Captain William Eden, alias Sampson. October 24, 1622 698
CCLXVII. 373. George Sandys. Petition to Governor and Council in Virginia. November 2, 1622 699
CCLXVIII. 374. Governor of Virginia. A Commission to Captain Isack Maddison and Robert Bennet. November 12, 1622 700
CCLXIX. 379. Henry Martin. Decree in Case of the Virginia Company v. Wye. December 9, 1622 701
CCLXX. 382. John Martin. Request to the Master of the Rolls (Sir Julius Caesar). December 9, 1622 702
CCLXXI. 383. Governor and Council in Virginia. Proclamation. December 10, 1622 703
CCLXXII. 384. John Martin. "The Manner Howe to Bringe the Indians into Subiection." December 15, 1622 704
CCLXXIII. 385. John Martin. How Virginia may be made a Royal Plantation. December 15, 1622 707
X. Seals used by Members of the Virginia Company Found among the Ferrar Papers. 92
XI. Autographs of John Ferrar Found among his private papers. 260
XII. Parts of Autograph Letters, signed, of John Pory, Secretary of the Colony, and of Gabriel Barbor, Manager of the Lotteries 424
XIII. Handwriting of Planters in the Colony 580

Table of Explanation

~ over a word indicates a contraction or an omission of letters.

* * * * * indicate an unintelligible word or part of a word in the manuscript, there being approximately as many asterisks as letters in the word.

[  ] inclose words or letters which are doubtful in the manuscript; also, in a few instances, inclose words or letters reduplicated in the manuscript.

[  ] inclosing words in italics indicate explanations by the editor; also, in a few instances, italics indicate letters supplied by the editor to complete a word.

A line drawn through a word or a part of a word indicates a word or letters canceled in the manuscript.

∥  ∥ inclose words interlined in the manuscript by the reviewer.

§  § inclose words interlined in the manuscript by the copyist.

Records of the Virginia Company of London
I. A Justification for Planting Virginia Before 1609
Tanner manuscripts, XCIII, folio 200 (old folio 352) Document in the Bodleian Library, Oxford University List of Records No. 1A Iustification for planting in Virginia

It was proposed; 1

Blank space in the manuscript.

that some forme of writinge in way of Iusti- fication of our plantation might be conceiued, and pass, (though not by publique authorytye) into many handes. The motion seemed to have these inducements.

Because therfore, we shalbe putt to defend our title, not yet publiquely quarreled, not only comparatiuely to be as good as ye Spaniards (wch we doubt not is easy enough, when it shalbe impugned,) (agaynst wch not wth standinge to gouerne them, ther arises ye Donation, and yt wee seek Dominion) but absolutely to be good agaynst ye Naturall people: some thought it better to abstayne from this vnnessisary way of proui- cation, and reserue ourselues to ye defensiue part, when they shall offer any thing agaynst vs: wch will more easyly and satisfactoryly be donne, and we are like enough to bee too soone putt to yt by them, when they see ye proportion and forwardnes of this present supply.

§ if ye first way fayle (because I doubt not of ouerthrowing ye Dona- tion) then this will follow, wch if we could mayntayne yet wth such subtelty of distinction, as ye merchant wilbe vncapable of satisfaction therby 1

This paragraph is written in the margin.


[Indorsed:] ∥Reasons against publishing the King's title to Virginea.∥

II. King and Privy Council. Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance Administered to Colonists 1607
Manuscript Records of the Virginia Company, Volume III, Part i, Pages 20, 20a Document in the Library of Congress List of Records No. 5

1. The oath of Supremacie Allegiance

I, M    doe vtterlie testifie & declare in my conscience yt ye kings highnes ye onlie supreame Gouernor of great Brietaine and of all the Collony of    1

A blank space in the manuscript.

and all other his highnes Dominions & Countries, as well in all spirituall [and] ecclesiasticall things (or causes) as temporall. And that no forreine [prince] person—prelate state or potentate hath or ought to haue, any fur    power, supreortie preheminence or authoritie Ecclesiasticcall or sperituall    wthin theise his Realmes And therfore I doe vtterlie renounce & for forreine Jurisdiction, Powers, supreorties & Authorities, And doe p̳mise    henceforth I shall beare faith & true Allegeance to ye Kings highnes    lawfull successors & (to my power,) shall assist & defend all Jurisdiction    preheminence & Authoritie graunted & belonging to ye kings highnes,    and vnited & annexed to his Imperall crowne & so helpe me my god

[20a] 2. The oath of Allegeance Supremacye

I    M    doe trulie and sincerely acknowledge, professe testifie and declare in my Conscience before God & the world, That our Soueraigne Lord King James §Charles§ ys lawfull and rightfull King of great Britaine and of the Colony of Virginia, and of all other his Maiesties Dominions and Countries. And that ye pope neither of himselfe, nor by any Authoretie of the Church or See of Rome, or by any other meanes (wth any other) hath any power or authoritie to dispo §depose§ the King or to dispose any of his Maties Kingdomes or Dominions, or to authorise any forreine prince, to inuade or anoy him in his Countries, or to dis- charge any of his subiectes of ther Allegeance and obedience to his Maiesty or to giue licence or leaue to any of them to beare Armes, raise, tumult, or to offer any violence, or hurt to his Maiestiℯ royall person, state, Gou- erment, or to any of his Maiesties subiectes wthin his Maiesties Dominions. Also I doe sweare frõ my hart, that notwthstanding any declaration or sentence of Excomunication, or depriuation made or granted, or to be made or granted by ye pope or his successors, or by any authoritie deriued, or pretended to bee deriued from him, or his Sea against the king his heires or successors, or any absolution of the said subiects from ther obedience: I will beare faith & true Allegeance to his Matie his heires and successors and him and them will defend to the vttermost of my power, against all Conspiracies and attempts whatsoeu9 wch shall be made against his or ther persons, ther Crowne and dignitie, by reason or Color of any such sentence or declarac̃on, or otherwise, and will doe my best Endeauors to disclose and make knowne vnto his Maiestie, his heires & successors, all treason and trayterous Conspiracies, wch I shall heare or knowe of to bee against him or any of them, And I doe further sweare, That I doe frõ my hart abhorr, Detest & abiure as ympious and hereticall, this damnable doctrine and position That Princes wch be excomunicated or depriued by the pope, may be deposed or murthered of ther subiects or any other whatsoeu9 And I doe belieue, and in conscience am resolued, That neither the pope nor any other person whatsoeu9 hath power to absolue me of this Oath or anie parte therof, wch I acknowledge by good & full Authoritie is to bee lawfullie ministred vnto mee, and doe renounce all pardones & dispensations to ye contrarie, And theise things I doe plainely and sincerely accknowledge & swere according to theise expresse words by me spoken. And according to ye plaine & com̃on sense & vnder- standing of the same wordℯ wthout any equivocation or mentall evation, or secret reseruation whatsoeu9, And I doe make this Recognition & accknowledgment hartilie willinglie & trulie vpon the true faith of a Christian So helpe me God;

III. King and Privy Council. Oath of the Secretary of the Colony Administered by Governor and Council in Virginia 1607
Manuscript Records of the Virginia Company, Volume III, Part i, Page 20a Document in the Library of Congress List of Records, No. 6

The oath administred by the Governor and counsell after mr Secretarie Dauison death to Edward Sharples

You shall keepe all secret all matter Com̄itted & reuealed vnto you, and all things that shall be treated secretlie at ye Counsell table vntill such time, as by the Consent of his Maties Gou9nor & Capt generall & the full consent of the Counsell of state then resident, or the more parte of them publication shalbe made therof And you shall most exactlie & faithfullie to yor vtmost power record all actℯ & matters to be recorded & kept frõ tyme to tyme, wch shall be resolued vpon by the Gou9nor & Counsell of state, or the maior part of them, & you shall not deliu9 any thing con- cerning the affaires of the Counsell to any other person to bee coppied out or ingrossed, wth out first makeing the Gou9nor accquainted therwith and leaue obtayned. so hepe you God & the Contents of this Booke

IV. Popham vs. Havercombe. Complaint and Sentence Complaint, June 8, 1608 Sentence, June 23, 1608
Admiralty, Instance and Prize, Libels 73, Nos. 274, 279 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 7

[1. Complaint]

Dnus ffranciscus Popham miles filius naturalis et ɫtimus ac D̴na Anna Popham vid̴ relict̃ et ex- ecutrici nõiat in Testto sive vltima voluntate honorand̴ viri d̴ni Joh̴is Popham militℯ Capitalis Justiciarii d̴ni ñri Regℯ ad plta coram eo tenta coñ et adu9sus Joh̴em Hav- ercome nup̱ mg̃r navis vocat̃ the Guift of God Browne Williamson
Quo die Williamson nõie procurio et vt procurator ɫtimus dc̃i Johis Havercome ad omnem iuris effc̃um exinde quovismodo sequi valeñ omnibus melioribus et effi- catioribus via modo ac Juris forma quibus melius aut efficatius de Jure poterit aut potest debuitve aut debet allegavit articulatim provt sequitur

W. Byrde

[Indorsed:] D̴nus ffranciscus Popham miles et Anna Popham vidua c̃ Joh̴em Havercom Browne Williamson Dat̃ p̱ Williamson viii Junii 1608.

[2. Sentence]

In dei nomine Amen Auditis visis et intellectis ac plenarie et mature discussis p̱ Nos Thomam Crompton militem ac Legū Dc̃orem §Curiæ§ d̴ni ñri Regis suæ Admite Angliæ Locumteneñ Judicem sive Presideñ ɫtime Deputatum, Meritis et Circumstanciis Cuiusdam p̃nsæ Causæ Civilis sive marittimæ quæ, Coram §nobis§ in Juditio inter D̴num ffran- ciscum Poppam militem filiū ñralem et ɫtmum ac D̴nam Annam Popham viduam relictam et Executor̃ nõinat̃ in Testamento sive vltima voluntate honorandi viri D̴ni Joh̴is Popham militis dum vixit Capitalis Justiciarii D̴ni ñri Regℯ ad p̃lita Coram eo tent̃ partem ageñ et querelam̃ ex vna et Joh̴em Havercombe nup̱ Mr̃um prfectum sive gubernatorem Navis vocat̃ the Guift of God p̱tem ream et querelatam; p̱tibus ex altera vertitur et pendet indeciss̃ rite et ɫtime procedeñ: Partibus pred̴ p̱ earum Proc̃ures Coram nobis in Juditio ɫtime Comp̱eñ: Parteq̢ dc̃i Joh̴is Havercombe S̴niam ferri et Justiciam fieri pro p̱te sua: Parte vero memoratorū D̴ni ffrancissi Popham militℯ pred̴ et Annæ Popham vid̴ pred̴ Justitiam etiam pro p̱te sua instanter respective postulañ et peteñ Rimatoq̢ primitus p̱ Nos atq̢ diligenter recensito toto et integro processu in hũmi Causa habit̃ et fact̃ Servatisq̢ per nos de Jure in hac p̱te Servandis ad ñre Sniæ Diffinæ sive ñri in hac p̱te finalis Decreti prolationem in hũmoi Causa ferend̴ sic Duximus procedent fore et procedimus in hunc qui sequitur modum: Quia per acta inactitata, deducta allegata exhibita prop̃oita et probata in hac Causa Comp̱imus Luculenter et invenimus partem añdc̃orum D̴ni ffrancissi Popham militℯ prd̴ et Annæ Popham vid̴ pred̴ intencionem suam in quodam suo Lilo pñso ex p̱te sua in hum̃oi Causa vtcunq̢ dat̃ et oblat̃: Quem quidē Libellum pro hic lect et insert̃ h̴emus et haberi vol- umus, minus sufficienter fundasse aut probasse sed in probatione eiusdem penitus defecisse et deficere: Idcirco Nos Thomas Crompton miles Legū Dc̃or ac Judex añdc̃us xp̃i Nomine primitus invocato ac ipsum solum Deum oculis ñris prponeñ et habeñ deq̢ et Cum Consilio Jurisperitorū Cum quibus in hac parte Comunicavimus matureq̢ deliberavimus prfatum Joh̴em Havercombe ab instancia et impetitione prefatarū p̱tium ageñ in hac Causa, quoad deduct̃ et petita p̱ p̱tem suam in Lilo p̃nso pred̴ aɫs ex p̱te sua in hac Causa dat̃ et oblat̃, deduct̃ dimittend̃ et absolvend̃ fore pronuntiamus decernimus et declaramus, ac p̱ p̃ntes dimittimus et absolv- imus: Silentiumq̢ p̱petuum quoad deducta et petita in Lilo pñso pred̴ imponimus: Dc̃umq̢ d̴num ffranciscum Popham militem añdict̃ et D̴nam Annam Popham relictam et executor̃ predictam in expensis ɫtimis ex p̱te et per p̱tem añdc̃i Johannis Havercombe in hac p̱te factis et faciend̃ eidemq̢ solvend̴ Condemnamus, Condemnatumq̢ ad debitam et effectu- alem solucionem earundem ɫtime Cogend̴ et Compellend̴ fore decernímus p̱ hanc ñram S̴niam Diffinitivam sive hoc ñrum finale Decretum Quam sive quod ferimus et promulgamus in hiis scriptis: Taxationem vero sive moderationem hum̃oi expensarū Nobis aut alii Judici in hac p̱te Com- peteñ Cuicunq̢ reservand̴ et reservamus.

Tho: Crompton

W Byrde

[Indorsed:] D̴nus ffranciscus Popham miles et D̴na Anna Pophā c̃ Joh̴em Havercomb §Browne§ Williamson.

Lecta lata et p̳mulgata fuit hec s̃nia p̳ Dñm Thomā Crompton militem sup̢me Curie Admite Anglie Judicem xxiij Junii 1608.

V. Virginia Council. "Instrucc̃ons orders and constituc̃ons * * * to Sr Thomas Gates knight Governor of Virginia" May, 1609
Ashmolean Manuscripts, 1147, folios 175–190a. A contemporary copy Document in Bodleian Library, Oxford University List of Records No. 10

Instrucc̃ons orders and constituc̃ons by way of advise sett downe declared and p̳pounded to Sr Thomas Gates knight Governor of Virginia and of the Colony there planted, and to be planted, and of all the inhabi- tants thereof, by vs his maiesties Counsell for the Direcc̃on of the affaires of that Countrey for his better disposinge and p̳ceedinge in the government thereof §accordinge§ to the authority and power giuen vnto vs by by virtue of his Maties lr̃es Patents:

Provided yt in all thinges herein contayned except onely ye succession wee doe by these our ɫres instrucc̃ons binde you to nothinge so strictely but yt vppon due considerac̃on and good reason and vppon diuers circum- stances of time and place wherein we cañot here conclude you may in yor discrec̃on dep̱te and Dissent from them and alter Change alter and or establishe d execute and doe all ordinances or acts whatsoeuer that may best conducte to ye glory of god, the honor of our Kinge and nation to ye good and p̱fect establishement of our Colony Geven vnder our hands and seales councell sealle the 1

Blank space in manuscript.

Day of may in the seauenth yeare of his Maties Ragne of england fraunce & Ireland and Scotland ye two and fortithe:

VI. Virginia Council. "Instructions orders and constituc̃ons ... to ... Sr Thomas West knight Lo: La Warr" 1609/10 (?)
Ashmolean Manuscripts, 1147, folios 191–205a. A contemporary copy Document in Bodleian Library, Oxford University List of Records No. 11

[201] Instructions orders and constituc̃ons by way of advise sett downe declared p̳pound and deliu9ed to the right hoble Sr Thomas West knight Lo: La Warr 2

The commission to Lord La Warr bears the date 28 February, 1609.

Lo: Governor and Capten gen9all of Virginea and of the Colonyes there planted and to be planted and of all other the inhab- itants thereof by vs his Maties Councell for the Companie of adventurers and planters in [202] Virginea resident in England vnder the hands of of some of vs for the direcc̃on of the affares of that Countrey for his better disposinge and proceedinge in the gou9ment thereof according to the Authoritie and power given vnto vs by his Maties ɫres Patents in that behalf together wth a Copie of certaine of the Cheifest instrucc̃ons wch haue bene form9lye giuen to Sr Thomas Gates knight for his Direcc̃on wch Coppie we haue given to his Lop. to p̱vse and looke into but leave yt to his Discretion to vse and put them in execuc̃on or to beare to be advised or directed by them further then in his owne Discretion he shall thinke meete.

We the said Councell havinge Considered the great & zealous affecc̃on wch you Sr Thomas West knight Lo: Lawarr haue many wayes mani- fested vnto vs and for the furtherance and advaunceinge of the plantac̃on of Virginea haue therefore by or Com̃ission vnder the handes of some of vs Constituted you to be Lord gou9nor and Captaine gen9all of Virginea and for yor more safe and Delib̴ate p̳ceedinge in your gou9mt there; haue advised Constituted & agreed vppon divers instructions followinge vĩzt

The Copie of the old instrucc̃ons wch were form9ly wth others deliu9ed to Sr Thomas Gates knt att his goinge to virginea for his direcc̃on in his govermt there, and nowe are by vs his Mats Counsell for the companie of Adventurers for Virginea given to the right hoble the Lo: La Warr to looke into and advise on and at his discretion to vse or forbeare to put them in execuc̃on

Such of the old instructions wch were formerly given to Sr Tho: Gates knight and nowe deliu9ed to the Lo: La Warre beginne att att the nynth instrucc̃on in the articles in thi booke wch by Waye of advise were sett down to the said Sr. Thomas Gates and soe are written ontill you come to the thirtith instrucc̃on wch 30th. 31. 32. & 33. instructions are not given his Lop but the 34th is given him but not the 35. nor 36. but the effect of the provisoe followinge is given.

VII. George Yeardley. A Letter to Sir Henry Peyton November 18, 1610
English History Manuscripts, c. 4, new No., Ms. 29724, folio 3 Document in Bodleian Library, Oxford University List of Records No. 14

Honoble Sr vp̃on the returne of the last Fleete of Shipps wch brought my Lord La Warr (our Lord Governour & Captaine Generall,) into this Countrie; I did not not forbeare to challenge yor noble patience Wth reading vnworthy & fruitles Lines, & although at this p̢sent I am little or nothing better furnished wth any matter of valew, either for discovery of Mynes, or ought els worth your Knowledge, yet when I consider yor many and noble favours towards me (wch when I forgett to acknowledge, let me for ever be putt out of yor remembrance) I thought good to wright something, if but thereby to p̢serve my humble service in yor honovred memory.

For the p̢sent state & condic̃on of this Countrie, it wants only Sup- portes, round & free supplies, both of men & moneyes, to make good the mayne & p̳fitable endes of a moste happy plantation. Concerning the Countrie & the soile thereof, wee finde it fertile & full of encrease, bringing forth goodly Corne, many kinde of Fruites, naturall Vines & quickly rendring vs our owne Countrie seedes, & Rootes wch wee bury therein, as prosperous & unchangeable for tast and quantitie as England it selfe For these Com̃odities of pitch & tarr Soape ashases, Wood Iron &c. most true it is Noble Sr, that there they bee most plentifully to bee returned home, if soe bee it the meanes & skilfull workemen together wth fitt p̳visions for those Labourers (vntill the Colour may quitt some of theis Charges, by planting their owne Vines, sowing their owne Corne, & broodinge their owne Cattaile, Kine, Swine, Goates &c. wch would shortly be, & had bin ere this, had the Governmt bin carefully & honestly estab- lished & carried here theis 3 yeres passed) may be provided & sent over to worke in those businesses.

For the opening & finding out of Silver or gold wee have now probable Intelligence to be brought vnto: for wch Cause our Lord Governour hath gathered together most of his Choysest men & intendeth a voyadge forthwth vp vnto a famous fall or Cataract of Waters, where leaving his pinasses & Boates safe riding, he purposeth to Leade vs vp into the Land called the Monocane 2 or 3 dayes Iourney, where at the foote of certaine mountaines hee meaneth to build a Forte, & there to wynter some of his people, who shall every day digg at those mynes, & though they prove not according to §or§ expectation, yet wee have lost nothing but our Labour, wth this advantage neverthelesse that wee shall have a redoubt & some of our men in it, against the next springe, when his Lp̃ intendeth to martch that way something more southerly for the finding out the South Sea.

Wee have some hope also by a Westerly Trade thorough a faire & goodly Bay lying in the height of 382 (some 30 leagues from our owne Bay) newly discovered since his Lp̃'s com̃ing heither, from whence wee p̳mise our selues many commodities both of fish from the Bay, for our Colour, and from the tractable Indians of that place (of whome wee have made already some tryall) both Corne, furres &c.

And (Honoble Sr) I have by theis few yet troublesome Lines given you the accompt & truth of what wee know and purpose concerning this his Maties Countrie & newe Kingdome, as further passages herein (materiall & worthy yor Knowledge) shall occure & bee offred vnto vs, I will prsume to addresse them vnto you, ever vowing myselfe in the vtmost of my endeavoures to doe you service, I kisse yor Honoured Hand. In Virginia dated at James Towne this xviijth of November, 1610,

At yor Com̃aundemt George Yardly To the Honoble Sr Henry Peyton Knight at his House in the Blackfryers or els where Yeave these London

VIII. Virginia Council. A Letter to "Sr Raphe Winwood" 1611 (?)
Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry Manuscripts, Winwood Papers, Volume 9 (Courtesy of Duke of Buccleuch) 1

Transcript by Maj. C. A. Markham, of Northampton.

Document in Boughton House List of Records No. 16

Sir Having addressed latelye or Lrs to the Coronells and othr cheife Com̃aunders of the Englishe in those Netherland partes for the advauncing of the woor[t]hie enterprise of planting Coloneyes of or Natyon in the fruitfull and rich Countrye of Virginia, and to drawe them into socyetye of yt Action, and consequently to contrybuc̃on towardes the charge hereof: We have thought fitt not onelye to offer or selves to yor Lp: in like sorte, but in regard of yor place also, and personale woorth and sufficyency, to pray yor best assistance in forwarding the same among those Noble and woorthie gens vnto whom we have by or L̃res or other wise recommended it. And for yre better informc̃on, we have sent you herewth a true relac̃on of that business, in a book latelye printed, and published by vs concerning it: And father certefie you that this Actyon having receaved heartofore many disasserous impedymentes for the fa by the factyousnes and insufficyencye of sundrye the Governours and others in Virginia, is now [at] length settled in so good order and forwardnes by the industryous and prudent Goverment of the Lo: La Warre, that we have resolved to second his Lo: wth three important Supplies, Whearof the first we send p̢ntelye one the conduct of Sr Thomas Gates Lievtennt generall, and Sir Tho: Dale Marshall of Virginia, and the rest arre to followe in the two years next ensuing. And according hereunto the Adventurors have also resolved to furnishe out this Charge wth three yearlye Supplyes of Moneye, Some wth 12ll͠ [10] s. a year many other wth doble, and some also wth [tre]ble that 1

Space in the manuscript.

Our desire and hope is that yre Lo: will in all occasions be ayding to this woorthy Actyon tending so much to the honore and happynes of or Natyon: And so praying yr answear to be returned to Sr Thomas Smith oure Treasuror, We rest §yr answear to be returned to Sr Thomas Smith§

yore Los: verie loving friendesH. Southampton    Tho: Howard Montgomery    R: Lisle Tho: Smythe    Robert Mansell Walter Cope Edwin Sandys

Sr Raphe Winwood Knight.

[Directed:] To oure honorable friend Sr Raphe Winwood Knight Lo. Ambassdor from his Matye wth the States of the vnited Provinces.

[Indorsed, in another hand:] For my La: Winwood.

The recommendation of the plantation of Virginia.

IX. Sir Thomas Smythe. A Letter to Sr Raphe Winwood April, 1611
Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry Manuscripts, Winwood Papers, Volume 9 (Courtesy of Duke of Buccleuch) 1

Transcript by Maj. C. A. Markham, of Northampton.

Document in Boughton House List of Records No. 17

Duke of Buccleuch at Boughton House. Right Honble

 I haue receyed yor Lynes, but and acquainted the Lords, (And the rest of the Councell for Virginia) wth them from we made a member§ (whereof yu are made a member)§ who all do retourne their kind thanks, for yor loue and affecton to this worthie plantation, and for yor readye willingnes to contrybute to the same, the wch I haue receyued to the some of 75li and delyuered a Bill of Aduenture for the same. And we do entreate yor Lo: solicitac̃on, and beste furtheraunce, to styrre vpp ye rest of those worthie c[omma]nders that as we haue the hopes of good successe to be raysed amongst them; so we may enioye the fruites of ther g[ood] wishes in due tyme, to the vphoulding of the most Honble worke, wch now hath nede of the assistaunce of such wor[t]h[i]e spirittes, who desire the enlargmt of Christian religion, to ye glorye of God, and renownne and honr of or King and Englishe Natn

 And thn wishing yu an encrease in all honor. and happynes I rest

Yor Lors euer readye to do Yu seruce Tho: Smythe London Aprilis 1611.

X. Virginia Company vs. Sir Thomas Mildmaye, James Bryarley, Mathewe de Quester, and Others. The Bill of Complaint November 25, 1612
Chancery Proceedings, James I, Bundle U, No. 2/27 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 20

To the right honorable Thomūs Lord Ellesmeere Lord Chauncellor of England.

 Complayning shewen vnto your Lopp your dailie Orators the Treasurer and Companie of Adventurers and Planters of the Citty of London for the first Colonie in Virginia That whereas Diuers of his Maties loving Subiectℯ in the tyme of the late Queene Elizabeth of happie and famous memory did discover and finde out that parte of America Wch was then vppon that first discovery named Virginia in honor of the said late Queene and is nowe generally §called§ and knowne by the same name and did after such discou9y made Continewe from tyme to tyme to plant and inhabitt the said Countrie to there greate Charg and expences vntill the tyme of the gou9ment of our gratious Sou9ainge the Kingℯ Matie that nowe is who being enformed by the said Planters and Adventurers as well of there greate Charge beestowed in that Discou9y and plantac̃on as of the greate Commodities and advantages like to arise vnto his Matie and this Kingdome by the said plantac̃on did by his L̃res-patentℯ vnder the greate Seale of England bearing date at Westmĩster the three and twentieth day of May in the seaventh yeare of his Raigne of England ffraunce and Ireland and of Scotland the two and fortieth for the propagac̃on of Christian Religion and reclayming of people barborous to Civillitie and humanity Give and graunt that they the said Planters and Adventurers and all such and so many as should from tyme to tyme for ever after bee ioyned with them as Planters or Adventurers in the said plantac̃on and there Successors for ever should bee one body pollitique incorporated by the name of the Treasurer and Companie of Adventurers and Planters of the Cittie of London for the first Colonie in Virginia with diuers grauntℯ lib̴ties franchises prheminences priviledges profittℯ and Commodities graunted in and by the said L̃res-patentℯ to the said Treasurer and Com- panie and there Successors for ever as in and by the said L̃res-patentℯ more at large it doth and may appeare. And whereas allso his gratious Maty by other his L̃res-patentℯ vnder the greate Seale of England bearing date at Westm9 the twelveth day of March in the nynth yeare of his Raigne of England ffraunce and Ireland and of Scotland the fyve and fortieth tendring the good and happie successe of the said plantac̃on bothe in regard of the generall weale of humane societie as in respect of the good of his Maty owne estate and Kingdomes and being willing to give furtheraunce vnto all good meanes that might advaunce the benefitt of the said Companie and Wch might secure the safetie of his Subjectℯ planted in the said Colony vnder the favour of God Allmightie and his Mate Roiall power and authoritie did likewise Give graunt and Confirme vnto the said Treasurer and Companie the said Country of Virginia with further extent of ground and Islandℯ adiacent in the said L̃res-patentℯ menc̃oned and graunted togeather with such further priviledges as to his gratious wisdome did seeme Convenient for the advauncing of so noble an acc̃on And his said Matie of his more abundant grace and favour to the said plantac̃on did allso Cause a peculier and sp̃eall Clause to bee inserted in the said ɫres-patentℯ namelie that whereas the failing and non paymt of such som̄es of money as haue beene promised in adventure for the advauncemt of the said plantac̃on hath beene often by exp̱ience found to bee daungerous and pr iudiciall to the same and much to haue hindered the p̳gresse and p̳ceeding of the said plantac̃on and for that it seemed vnto his Matie a thing reasonable that such p̱sons as by there hand-wryting haue engaged themselves for the paymt of there adventures and after- wardℯ neglecting there faith and p̳mise should bee Compellable to make good and keepe the same that therefore his Matiℯ will and pleasure was that in any sute or sutes Commenced or to bee Commenced in any of his Matiℯ Courtℯ at Westm9 or ells where by the said Treasurer and Companie or otherwise against any such p̱son or p̱sons that his Judges for the tyme being bothe in the Courte of Chauncery and at the Common lawe should favour and further the said sutes so farr foorth as lawe and equitie will in any wise suffer and p̱mitt as in and by the said last recited ɫres-patentℯ amongst diuers other favours and priviledges therein Contayned it doth and may more at large appeare. And after the said first grant of incor- porac̃on so obtained the said Treasurer and Companie did sett out Certaine shipps brought and furnished with all kinde of necessarie pro- visions and munition and well manned with souldiers and p̱sons of other quallities and Condic̃ons fitt for such an enterprise hoping and intending thereby and by that greate Charge and prparac̃on to haue p̱fected and setled that plantac̃on. But finding it afterwardℯ to bee a worke of greater difficultie and being enformed by Sr Thomas Gates Knight (whome they had imploied there with the Charge and title of Generall of that Colonie who was newly sent home from Virginia for that busines) that a greater supply of men and money must bee had and was requisite and necessary for the accomplishmt of that honorable acc̃on and the establishmt of the said plantac̃on the said Companie entred into a newe Counsell and finding that without a newe aide and supplie to bee sent vnto Virginia (such as was required by the said Sr Thomas Gates in the name of the Lord Gov- ernor and Colonie there) so honorable and religious an acc̃on must fall to the ground to the vtter ou9 throwe of the said Companie the losse of all there former Charges and expence the detriment of Christian Religion and greate preiudice vnto this Kingdome It was finally Concluded and agreed that as well all those who had beene former Adventurers in the said Plantac̃on and free of the said Companie as those who were to bee receaved into the freedome societie and fellowshipp of the said Companie for the tyme to Come should seu9ally and p̱ticulerly adventure and lay Downe §towards§ a newe supply to bee sent for the reliefe of the said Colonie in Virginia the som̄e of seaven and thirty poundℯ and tenn shillingℯ at leaste for eu9y p̱ticuler mans adventure the said som̄e to bee paid in three years that is to say the som̄e of twelve poundℯ and tenn shillingℯ eu9y yeare and the first paymt thereof to begynn and bee at the tyme of such p̱sons vnderwryting Wherevppon the same being made knowne diuers and sundry p̱sons as well of those who were free of the said Companie as others that desired to bee free of the said fellowshipp and Corporac̃on (in Considerac̃on of there freedome and for that there names must bee inserted as freemen and Adventurers in the said second ɫres paten L̃res- Patentℯ and for diuers other good Causes and Considerac̃ons them there vnto moving). Did promise vnto the said Treasurer and Companie that they would disbursse pay in and deliuer vnto the said Treasurer eu9y one of them the som̄e of seaven and thirtie poundℯ and tenn shillingℯ at least. And diuers other p̱sons out of there good affecc̃on and inclinac̃on to so honorable and Christian an acc̃on did promise to disbursse and pay in vnto the said Treasurer greater som̄es of money whereof the paymte were to bee made in three yeares p̳portionably in manner aforesaid. And therevppon in the monethes of October November and December in the eight yeare of his Matℯ happie Raigne and at diuers tymes since in a booke and in Certaine Rolles to that purpose made by gen9all advise and Con- sent with a title and inscripc̃on in the begynning of the said booke and seu9all Rolles Contayning the purpose and p̳mises of the said Adventurers eu9y one of the said Adventurers that had so p̳mised to adventure did write downe his name with the som̄e which hee did promise to adventure for the three yeares ensuing thereby testifying the said agreemt and promises of purpose more assuredlie to binde themselves vnto the said Treasurer and Companie for the true p̱formance of there promised adven- tures and to give encouragemt and assuraūce of indempnitie to the said Treasurer and Company for the disburssing and laying out of such greate som̄es of money as should bee thought requisite and necessary for the reliefe and supply of the said Colonie and afterwardℯ according to the said promise agreemt and vnderwryting manie reverend Prelates Earles Lordℯ honorable and vertuous Ladies Knightℯ gentlemen Citizens of good accounte and quallitie and others did pay in vnto the Treasurer of the said Companie such som̄es of money as they had agreed and vnderwritten to pay who vppon such payment deliuered them bills of Receipt and enfraūn- chismt sealed with the Com̄on Seale of the said Companie After Wch seu9all agreemtℯ and promises so made and executed in manner aforesaid the said Treasurer and Company did vndertake to furnish the said Colonie with all thingℯ necessary and did from tyme to tyme send out Shipps for the advaūcem̃t of the said plantac̃on sufficientlie furnished with able Gou9nors and Commaunders both at sea and land with sufficient numbers of men as well Sailers souldiers husbandmen ffishermen as Artizans of sundry kindes for the necessitie of that busines with all sortℯ of victualls and seu9all kindes of Cattle with other necessaries and Conveniencies of seu9all natures requisitt for the setling of that plantac̃on and for the sustenūnce and well-being of that Colonie to there greate and excessive Charge which Charge amounting to manie thousand poundℯ more then they had readie meanes to satisfie the said Treasurer and Companie were enforced to engage themselves and there Credittℯ for very greate somes of money Wch they the more willingly and readily did adventure to doe for the gen9all Cause in hope to be freed and saved harmeles by the moneys to be receaved from the said Adventurers wch they assured themselves eu9y one (as hee was bound in honestie and Conscience) would pay in his dewe tyme according to that which hee had vnderwritten. But nowe so it is (may it please your good Lopp) that manie of the said Adventurers out of a Careles or Covetous Disposic̃on haue not only refused to send in theire said adventures at the tymes dew by their owne agreemt and vnderwriting but being required and sent vnto for the same moneys some of them doe make slight and dilatory aunsweres and others doe vtterly denie and refuse to pay the same vnles they shalbee therevnto by lawe Compelled §as namely Wm Poole knight having in Marche 1610 in and towardℯ the said adventure and plantacon and for the consideracons aforesaid promised at the tymes and dayes of payment before menc̃oned to paye in the some of therty seauen poundℯ tenn shillingℯ and hauing in March aforesaid [vnderwritten for the paymt of the same 1

Filled in from U. 4/17.

] hath not paied in the said thertie seauen poundℯ tenn shillingℯ nor any part thereof And likewise Sr Thomas Mildmay Sr Richard Binglie, Sr Jhon Hungerford knights, Jhon Legate Jhon Kinge Richard Warner, Esqrs, Mathew de Quester James Brierly, Jhon Miller Edward Cooke & Edward Pond hauinge in lyke mannor abowt the same tyme euerie one of them for himselfe seuerallie and respectiuelie made the like promise to paye in the lyke seuerall somme of thertie seauen poundℯ tenn shillingℯ a peece and in like sorte euerie one of them hauinge seuerallie and respectiuelie vnder- written for the payment of the same haue not nor any one of them hath made payment accordingly but are all and euery of them behind and arere of there said seuerall sommes of money and with euery parte thereof§ whereby not only your Lopps Orators are like to bee greatly priudiced in there estates and vtterly ou9throwne in there Creditt and this so honorable and Christian an acc̃on (wch was in so greate a forwardnes of p̱fecc̃on) vtterly relinguished and neglected to the greate dishonor and detrimt of this Kingdome but allso manie of his Matℯ Subiectℯ in a farr Countrie must bee abandoned and lefte to the daunger of famishing and to the Cruell rage of barbarous Infidells In tender Considerac̃on whereof and for the avoiding of multiplicitie of suits at the Com̄on lawe wherein your Orators cannot hope for so Certaine and speedie a remedie as the extremitie of their Case and the p̃nte necessitie and importaūce of the busines requireth your Lops Orators doe in all humblenes beseech your Lopp (according to his Matℯ foresaid gratious direcc̃on menc̃oed and recommended vnto your Lopp and other his Judges in his said last recited L̃res-patentℯ and out of your accustomed goodnes) to graunt vnto your said Orators his Matℯ moste gratious writt of Sub-pena to bee directed vnto Sr William Poole Knight Sr Thomas Mildmay Sr Richard Bingley Sr John Hungerford, Knightℯ John Legate John King Richard Warner Esquiers Mathew de Quester James Brierley §John Miller§ Edward Cooke and Edward Pond Citizens of London Com̄aunding them and eu9y of them at a Certaine day and vnder a Certaine paine therein to be lym̄itted to bee and p̱sonally to appeare before your Lop in his Matℯ high Courte of Chauncery then and there to aunswere the premisses and to sett downe vppon there Corporall oathes whether they and euery of them haue not made such p̳mise or vnder- written there names in such Booke or Rolle as is aforesaid as Adventurers towardℯ the said plantac̃on or supplie of the said Colonie of Virginia and to abide such further order and direcc̃on heerein as to your Lopp shallnie seeme Conuenient. And your Orators shall pray for your Lops prservac̃on in all happines.

* * * * olo

Rich: * * * * * *

XI. Virginia Company vs. Sir Thomas Mildmaye and Others. the Answer of Sir Thomas Mildmaye to the Bill of Complaint. December 11, 1612
Chancery Proceedings, James I, Bundle U, No. 2/27 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 21

The Aunswer of Sr Thomas Mildemaye Barronett one of the defendtℯ to the bill of compɫt of the Treasurer & Company of Adventurers & Planters of the Cittie of London for the first Colonye in virginia, Compɫtℯ

Jur̃ 11o Decẽbr: 1612 Mat: Carew Caulyn 1


The said defendt saving to himself nowe & at all tymes hereafter all advantage of exception to the incertenty & insufficiency of the said bill of compɫt, ffor aunswer to soe much thereof as concerneth him this defendt to make aunswer vnto saith That he neither knewe nor ever heard of any such agreement or conclusion as in the said bill of compɫt is alledged Neither was this defendt privie vnto or knowing of any the consultac̃ons of the Treasurer or Company in the said bill of compɫt named Neither did this defendt ever speake with them or any of them touching or con- cerning any matter or thinge in the said bill of compɫt menconed But this defent saith that aboute three yeares last past or more Sr Rob̴t Mans- feild Knight came vnto this defendt & intreated him to adventure in the said Plantac̃on at three seu9all adventures the som̄e of Thirtie & seaven poundℯ & tenn shillingℯ, & also to subscribe this defendtℯ name vnto a booke to that prpose. wch booke was afterwardℯ to be sent vnto this defendt And this defendt further saith That vppon informac̃on given by the said Sr Rob̴t Mansfeild vnto this defendt that the said mony would be imployed for the benefitt and p̳fitt of the adventures, this defendt con- discended vnto the request of the said Sr Rob̴t in hope of receiving bene- fitt by his adventures accordinglie. And therevppon afterwardℯ did subscribe his hand vnto a booke as in the said bill of compɫt is alledged but this defendt having heard by many Credible p̱sons that since that tyme diu9s retornes have byn made from Virginia into this realme of England & yet noe proffitt yealded or given vp by the said Treasurer & Company vnto any the adventures in the said Plantacon, And having also byn lately told that he this Def̴t must expect noe p̳ffitt of his adven- ture by the space of Twentie yeares Contrary to the informac̃on geven by the said Sr Rob̴t Mansfeild as aforesaid and allso contrary to this defendtℯ expectac̃on and this def̴t being allso p̱swaded vppon good and p̳bable reasons that the treasurer of the said mony intendeth wth the said mony to make p̳ffitt and advantage to him selfe and not any such generall good as in the said bill of Complaint is alledged And for that that this deft hath many dettℯ of his owne to satysfie and paye wch he in conscience is rather bound to paye (as this defendt taketh it) then the said som̄e of Thirtie and seaven poundℯ & tenn shillingℯ to be adventured as aforesaid Therefore this defendt doth refuse to make payment of the said some of Thirtie & seaven poundℯ & tenn shillingℯ to the said Treasurer & com- pany as he hopeth wth the fauor of this hoñoble Cort he lawfully maye All which matters & things this defendt is ready to averr maynteyne & prove as this hoñoble Cort shall award, And humblie prayeth to be dis- missed out of the same Cort wth his reasonable costℯ & chargℯ in that behalf wrongefully susteyned


XII. Virginia Company vs. Sir Thomas Mildmaye and Others. The Answer of James Bryarley and Mathewe de Quester to the Bill of Complaint January 11, 1612/13
Chancery Proceedings, James I, Bundle U, No. 2/27 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 22

The Jointe and seu9all Answers of James Bryarley and Mathewe de Quester twoe of the Defendtℯ to the Bill of Compɫt of the Treasurer and Company of Adventurers & Planters of the Cittie of London for the firste Colonie in Virginia Complaynantℯ.

Vterq̢ iur̄ 11o Jan: 1612 Mat Carew Dewes

The said Defendantℯ by p̳testac̃on not Confessinge the said Bill of Compɫt nor the matters in the said Bill of Compɫt materially concerninge these defendtℯ Conteyned to bee true in such manner and forme as in the said Bill of Complaint the same are sett forth & declared And savinge nowe and att all times hereafter vnto these Defendtℯ All advantagℯ of excepc̃on to the incertenty and insufficiency of the same Bill of Compɫt for answere vnto soe much thereof as Concerneth these Defendtℯ They and eich of them seu9ally and respectiuelie for him selfe saieth And firste this Defendant James Bryarley saieth That before the supposed promise or vnderwritinge by this Defendant for paimte of Twelve Powndℯ Tenne shillingℯ eu9ie yeare Duringe three yeares menc̃oned in the said Bill This Defendant by p̱swation of som̄e of the said Company menc̃oned in the said Bill had adventured and Deliu9ed into & for the said acc̃on & plan- tac̃on seu9all som̄es of money Amountinge to the som̄e of Threeskore and twoe poundes or thereaboutes vppon Confidence and promise att leaste to bee made a saver thereby wch this Defendt by that wch of late hee hath decerned thinketh to bee very vnlikelie. And this Defendt was afterwardℯ earnestlie laboured by one Mr Robert Johnson of the said Company to vnderwrite for the said Twelve powndℯ tenne shillingℯ yearelie Duringe the said three yeares, and did absolutelie and resolutelie Denie soe to vnderwrite of promise And then att the further instance of the said mr Johnson affirminge that if this Defendt would vnderwrite therefore That hee would and could p̱swade one mr willyam Bennett a Cittizen of London the rather by this Defendtℯ example alsoe to vnder- write for the like som̄es wth intente and agreemtℯ nevertheles that if the said Mr Johnson should not soe prevayle and procure the said Mr Ben- nett to vnderwrite, and that the said Mr Bennett did not in like mann9 vnderwrite Then this Defendtℯ vnderwritinge should bee Crossed oute and voyd and not Certified And vppon that Condic̃on and wth that intente onelie and in that mann9 and noe otherwise this Defendt Did vnderwrite And this Defendant saieth that the said Mr Bennett never did not would soe vnderwritt And nevertheles the said Mr Johnson Con- trarie to agreemt and meaninge and to the said Condic̃on well knowne to him selfe kepte and Deliu9ed in the same Booke wherein this Defendt had soe subscribed to the said Company in wronge of this Defendt Not- wth standinge this Defendant intreated him the said Mr Johnson to putt oute this Defendt his said vndrwritinge accordinge to agreemte and mean- inge as aforesaid ffor the trueth whereof to such effecte and in manner aforesaid this Defendt will bee Contented to referre him selfe to the oath of the said Mr Johnson. And for that which Concernes this other De- fendant Mathewe De Quester hee for him selfe saieth That hee Did adventure ffiftie Powndℯ in the said acc̃on and plantac̃on wth the said Companie, and afterwardℯ by earnest p̱swation of som̄e of the said Com- pany prtendinge good successe and gaine to ensue thereby Hee this De- fendant subscribed to paie Twelve Powndℯ tenne shillingℯ yearelie for three yeares And §after§ alsoe that and aboute sixe monethes nowe laste paste seeinge there Came noe proffitt of the ffirste adventure of ffiftie Powndℯ and vnderstandinge that smale likelie hood was of benefitt or recompence §was§ to growe by or oute of the said acc̃on or adventure This Defendt as is vsuall and lawful amongest m9chantℯ in like Cases was willinge to exeuse §exempt§ and free him selfe oute of the said acc̃on & adventure and to quitt him selfe from the said Companie and from all further adventures and charge and from expectac̃on of benefitt and gaine thereby And therevppon this Defendt accordinglie Did §for a smale some of money vnder the value of tenn poundℯ§ sell transferre and assigne over all his said adventure and stock and all the Charge and benefitt thereof or in or by the said acc̃on And all his intereste in the said acc̃on and Company to one Mr John Moore of the Cittie of London gent. whome the said Companie have accepted of & admitted in this Defendtℯ place accordinglie And therefore this Defendant intendeth and hopeth hee ought not to bee further Charged in or for or to the said acc̃on adventure or Companie This Defendt never havinge received anie thinge of his said adventure of ffiftie powndℯ from the said Companie And these Defendantℯ saye wth oute that, that anie other matter or thinge in the said Bill of Compɫt Conteyned materiall or effectuall by these Defendtℯ or eyther of them to bee answered vnto and not herein well & sufficientlie Confessed avoyded traversed or Denied or answered vnto is true in mann9 and forme as in the said Bill of Complainte is alledged All which matters theis Defendantℯ for their p̱tℯ are and will bee readie to averre and proove as this honorable Courte shall award and praye from thence to bee Dis- missed wth their reasonable Costℯ and Chargℯ in this behalfe wrongfully susteyned

Richard Hadsor.

XIII. Virginia Company vs. Sir Henry Nevile, Sir George Huntleye, William Hall, and Others. The Bill of Complaint April 28, 1613
Chancery Proceedings, James I, Bundle U, No. 4/17 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 24

The Treasurer and Company of Adventurers and Planters of the Cittie of London for the ffirst Colony in Virginia complain &c &c * * * * * As namely Sr Henry Nevile of 1

Blank space in manuscript.

in co. Kent, knight having in November 1610 promised to pay ¥75, Sr Henry Carye, Sr William Corne- wallis, Sr John Cuttes the younger, Sr George Huntleye, Sr John Radcliff, Sr Walter Chute, Sr Arther Manwaring, Sr John St. John & Sr Thomas Freake, knights, John Vaughan, Richard Monnington, John Smith & Arthur Ingram, Esqrs, William Hall & Edmond Allen, * * * * * Sr Thomas Conningsby of in co. Hereford, knight, & Richard Hull of London, merchant, Sr William Boulestrod of in co. knight, Nicholas Wheeler of * * * * * *

28 April 1613

XIV. Virginia Company Vs. Sir Henry Nevile, Sir George Huntleye, William Hall, and Others. The Answer of Sir George Hunt- ley to the Bill of Complaint May 18, 1613
Chancery Proceedings, James I, Bundle U, No. 4/17 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 25

The severall answere of Sr George Huntley knight one of the deffℯ to the bill of Complaynt of the Treasorer and Company of the adventerers and planters of the Cittie of London for the first Colony in Virgynia Complaynantℯ

Jur̄ 18 Maii 1613 Mat Carew Saunders.

All advantage of exception to the vncertentie and insufficiencie of the said bill of Complaint to this defendt being now and at all tymes hereafter saved, he this said defendt for answere vnto such and so many of the matters in the said bill conteyned as do any waie concerne him this defendt to be answered vnto saith that he doth well remember that he this said defendt hath hard divers speeches concerning adventures and adventurers in and towardℯ the plantac̃on and supplie in the bill men- c̃oned, and this defendt thinketh it to be true that he hath bene moved to be an adventurer therein, but this defendt denieth that to his best knowl- edge or remembrance he did ever assume or promise to disburse paie in or delyver vnto the said Treasorer in or towardℯ the said adventures or plantac̃on the som̄e of seventy fyve powndℯ as in and by the said bill is supposed And this defendt likewise denieth that to his best knowledge or remembrance he hath vnderwritten his name to any such assumpc̃on or promise or in such booke or rolle as in the said bill is menc̃oned as an adventurer towardℯ the said plantac̃on or supplie of the said Colony of virginia as in and by the said bill is surmised wth out that that any other matter or thing in the said bill conteyned matteriall or effectuall in the law to be by this defendt answered vnto and not herein and hereby suffi- ciently answered vnto confessed and avoided traversed or denied is true (to the knowledge of this deft) All wch matters this defendt is & will be redye to averre and p̳ue as this honorable Court shall award and humbly praieth to be dismissed owt of this honorable court wth his costℯ & chargℯ in this behalf susteyned

B Colon: Virg: ḡ vers. Huntley Ba

Jo: Brydgemā.

XV. Virginia Company vs. Sir Edmond Boyd, Sir John Sammes, and Others. The Bill of Complaint October 8, 1613
Chancery Proceedings, James I, Bundle U, No. 2/69 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 26

The Treasorer & Company of Adventurers and Planters of the Cittie of London complain &c &c 1

Blank lines in manuscript.

8 October: 1613

As namely Sr Edmond Bowyar of Camberwell in co. Surrey, knight, hav- ing in November 1610 promised to pay ¥37.10.0, also Sr John Hanham, Sr Humfrye Maye Sr Henry Beningefeeld, Sr Henry Payton, Sr Walter Vaughan, Sr Lewis Tresham, Sr Richard Bingley, knights, Edward Carne & Thomas Gowge, gentlemen having promised to pay ¥37.10.0, Sr Robert Wrothe, Sr Caveliero Mayecott & Sr Henry ffayne, knights, & Thomas Cordall the younger ¥75 each; & Sr John Sam̄es, knight, ¥150 * * * *

XVI. Virginia Company vs. Sir Edmond Boyd, Sir John Sammes, and Others. The Answer of Sir John Sammes to the Bill of of Complaint November 1, 1613
Chancery Proceedings, James I, Bundle U, No. 2/69 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 27

The Seu9all answere of Sr John Sammes Knt one of the defendtℯ to the bill of complainte of the Tresurer and companie of adventurers and planters of the Citie of London for the first colonie in virginia Compltℯ

Jur̄ 10 Nouēbr: 1613 Mat Carew Jur̄ denuo post emēdationē 7o Nouembr: vt su- pra. Pennyman.

Thaduantages of exceptions to the incerteinties and insufficiencie of the said bill of complainte to this defendt now and at all tymes hereafter saued for answere vnto so much thereof as concerneth this defendat, he this defendt saith that he taketh it to be true that after the discouerie of that p̱te of America now caled and knowne by the name of virginia there was an honorable purpose and attempt made by dyuers worthie p̱sonnes for the plantac̃on thereof and reducinge the same to ciuilitie, and chris- tianitie, ffor the furtherance of wch honorable intent and purpose, it pleased his Matie (as this defendat taketh it) to incorporate the Compltℯ as in the said bill of Complaint is menc̃oned, and this defendt further taketh it to be true, that after some mony adventured and spent in the said buisines, the Compltℯ found it to be a matter of greater difficultie and charge then they before Imagined and thought it would haue beene, for they were (as this defendt taketh it) informed by Sr Thomas Gates knt menconed in the said bill, beinge imployed in the said buisines of and for virginia a greater supply of men and mony was requisite for the accom- plishmt of that honoble acc̃on then formerly had beene imployed and gath- ered, wherevpon the foresaid companie the Compltℯ and others entred into a new councell or consultac̃on concerninge the afforesaid buisines of virginia, And as this defendt taketh it resolued and concluded that wth out a new aid and supply of mony and men for virginia such as was then formerly propounded and required by the said Sr Thomas Gates, the foresaid honoble acc̃on and intenc̃on of plantac̃on of virginia would faile, and not take that effect as was desired, and therevpon some three yeares since or thereaboutℯ as this defendt now remembreth, vpon the new con- sultac̃on afforesaid had amongest the Compltℯ and companie for the good of virginia concerninge what further charge in money would be requisite for the furtheringe and accomplishinge of the foresaid intended plantac̃on and acc̃on of virginia, it was concluded and agreed amongest them the said Compltℯ that Eyghteene thousand poundℯ at the least to be gathered in three yeares then next followinge would be but a sufficient some of money for the accomplishinge and effectinge of the foresaid p̃nte service for virginia, and that it was also necessarie to haue sixe hundred men furnished sent thither before may then next followinge the consultac̃on spoken of beinge about Michaelmas 1610 and that vnles the said 18m ɫi and 600. men might forthwth in certeyntee be prouided the said service would not at all be effected or p̱formed Therefore for the gatheringe of the foresaid 18m ɫi and for the prouidinge of the said 600. men in the three yeares afforesaid at the tyme of the Consultac̃on spoken of it was agreed by the foresaid Compɫte and companie that a booke concerninge the service afforesaid should by the Compɫtℯ be made and published wth a condic̃on in the beginninge of the said booke to this or the lyke effect vizt The names of such as vndertake to adventure to virginia so as the som̄e of 18m ɫi may be made vp before some certein daie therein expressed beinge about Christmas. 1610. as this defendt taketh it and so as the said 600. men might be prouided and sent in Januarie. 1610. to and for the purpose afforesaid as this defendt also taketh it, the said mony to be adventured in three yeares then next followinge as by the said booke wherevnto this defendat for the more certeintie of and in the premisses referreth himselfe will appeare wch said booke this defendant seeinge and at that tyme thinkinge it to be a very worthie worke of plan- tac̃on this defendt amongst others vpon the condicons and agreemtℯ in the said booke menconed and on the Compltℯ p̱ts to be p̱formed and not otherwyse did subscribe the name of this defendt to be contented to giue a CLɫi towardℯ the plantac̃on afforesaid (as by the said booke wherevnto this defendt doth solely refer himselfe appeareth and this defendt then thinkinge the Compltℯ would haue p̱formed there p̱ts and condic̃ons afforesaid paid fiftie poundℯ p̱cell of the foresaid CLɫi about Christmas 1610. But this defendt further saith that it was neuer his this defendtℯ intent nor meaninge to disburse or laie out the foresaid CLɫi vnles the said 18m ɫi might be gathered and the said 600. men prouided furnished and sent accordinge to the condic̃on and purporte of the said booke so as the foresaid service for virginia might indeede be p̱formed, And this defendt further saith that he thinketh it to be true that the condic̃on and purporte of the said booke is not nor hath not bene p̱formed aswell for that the said 18m ɫi was not made vp as alsoe that the said 600 men were not furnished and sent for the said purpose accordinge to the said con- dic̃on (as this defendt verely thinketh) by meanes whereof (as this defend hath beene informed and verely thinketh it to be true) the said intended plantacon hath not succeeded accordinge to the purpose and intenc̃on of this defendt and the said other adventurers, And this defendt further saith that he this defendt hath beene informed that the Compltℯ or other the managers of the buisines for virginia haue not pursued the courses propounded whereby this deft and some others were invyted to contribute so liberally as they did but beinge vpon condic̃ons and these not p̱formed And this defendt further saith that he taketh it the greate som̄es of mony amountinge to 8000ɫi or theraboutℯ wch haue bene gotten by the lottarie and intended to haue bene vsed and disbursed in and about the buisines and plantac̃on of virginia haue not beene imployed nor bestowed accord- ingly besydes the Ilandℯ caled the Bermudas haue beene as this defendt is informed sould by ye Compltℯ for 2000ɫi And this defendt is further informed that the Completℯ haue also lately sould awaie for 6 or 8Cɫi or thereaboutℯ the Shippe caled the De la War wch shipp was wont to be imployed for or about the buisines of virginia, besydes also this defendt hath and doth obserue that the Compltℯ respect not to giue satisfacc̃on to this defendt nor to some other Kntℯ and gent̃ that haue adventured for and concerninge the foresaid buisines of virginia but haue deteyned and doe deteyne all the benefit made by the seu9all voyages to virginia affore- said and all the seu9all somes afforesaid wth out yeeldinge any account to the adventurers to this defendtℯ knowlege for all wch causes and many others this defendt taketh it that neyther in lawe nor equitie he is to pay or giue much lesse to be compelled for to pay or giue the foresaid CLɫi or any p̱te thereof vnto the Compltℯ wth out that that this defendt in any other maner then as afforesaid vndertooke or agreed to pay vnto the Completℯ any som̄e or somes of mony whatsoeuer or that the foresaid acc̃on of virginia be lykely to be relinquished or is vtterly relinquished or neglected for or by reason of this deftℯ not painge of the foresaid Cɫi And vnles any other thinge or matter in the Compltℯ bill menconed and hereby and herein not sufficiently answered trau9sed confessed or denyed is true to the knowl- ege of this defendt All wch matters this defendt is readie to proue and auerr as this honble Court shall award And therefore this defendt doth humblie praie to be dismissed out of this honble court wth his reason- able costℯ and charges in this behalfe wrongfully and vniustly susteyned

B Virginiæ Coloñ g̃ vers sams

Ba Clap

Jo: Brydgemā

XVII. Virginia Company vs. William Leveson. The Bill of Complaint November 15, 1613
Chancery Proceedings, James I, Bundle U, Nos. 2/55 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 28

To the right Honourable Thomas Lord Ellesmere Lord Chancelor of Englande


15 Nouembr. 1613

Complayninge shewen vnto yor Lorpp yor dailye orators the Treasurer and Companye of Adventurers & Planters of the Cittie of London for the first Colonye in Virginia That whereas for the furtherance and advancemt of the said Plantac̃on, beinge a matter of great importance and conse- quence aswell for the p̳pagac̃on of Xr̃ian. religion as for the Honour of his Matie & the profitt and comoditie of this his highnes kingdome, it pleased his Matie by sundrye his letters patentℯ out of his singuler grace & favour and for the good of the said plantac̃on to grant vnto yor said orators many liberties franchises p̳fittℯ comodities p̢viledges & p̢hemi- nences. Amongest wch his said Matie by his highnes letters patentℯ bearinge date at Westminster the twelueth §day of March§ in the ninth yeare of his happy raigne for the more effectuall advancinge of the said plantac̃on by vertue of his highnes p̢rogative royall & by the assent & consent of the Lordes & others of his Matie privie counsell did give & grant vnto yor said orators full power and authoritie, free leaue libertie & licence to sett forth erect and publishe one or more Lotterye or Lotteries in the Cittie of London or elsewhere, & the same to have continuance & to indure for a certen tyme not yet ended & expired and to be held with such prises articles condic̃ons & limitac̃ons, as to yor said orators in there discrec̃ons should seeme convenient, And further that it should and might bee lawful for yor said orators to elect & choose Receyvors Auditors Surveyors Comissioners or any other officers whatsoeu9 att there will & pleasure for the better marshallinge disposinge guidinge and gou9ninge of the said Lottrie or Lottries. By vertue of wch grant yor said orators about Easter last was twelue §moneth§ did erect & publishe one greate Lottrie, & did appointe the same to bee opened and held in the Cittie of London, and for the better marshallinge disposinge guidinge & gou9ninge of the said Lottrie, did deuise & compose certen Lottrie bookes to the nomber of seauen bookes wch were distinguished & knowne by three nombers, and did elect and choose out certen knightℯ gentlemen & marchantℯ into whose handes they comitted & putt the said bookes, of purpose that those p̱sons soe imploied should bee receyvors of such somes of mony as any Noblemen gentlemen and other p̱sons would putt in and adventure in the said Lottrye, wch speciall trust and confidence reposed in the said receyvors to this effect followinge viz: that whatsoeu9 some or somes of mony should soe as aforesaid bee by them collected and receyued that they should returne in & deliver the same together with the said bookes vnto the Treasurer of the Companye aforesaide or to such other p̱sons as were appointed to receyue the same, and further to make a true and iust accompt to yor said orators of all such somes of monye as should come vnto there handes or bee by them receyued in manner and forme aforesaid. And therevpon amongst other p̱sons of good sort ranke and degree wch were accordinglie appointed Receyvors of the said Lottrye monye, and vnto whome such Lottrie bookes as aforesaid for the purpose aforesaid were deliu9ed William Leveson of the Cittie of London Mercer was vpon his owne request & intreatie nominated and appointed to bee a Receyvor of the said Lottrie monyes, and therevpon there were deliuered and putt into his handes seauen of the said Lottrie bookes, with and vpon the trust & confidence aforesaid viz: that he should collect and receiue such monyes as beinge adventured by any Nobleman gentleman marchant or other should bee registred and written in the said bookes or any of them. Wherevpon the said William Leveson hauinge about two yeares sythence & about halfe a yeare before the said greate Lottrie was opened receyued the said bookes with such Comission and trust as aforesaid, did by reason therof receyue of sundrye p̱sons to be putt in, and adventured in the said Lottrie divers somes of monye amountinge in the whole to the some of two thousand seauen hundred fower score and thirteene poundes tenn shillinges wth wch bookes and receytes he the said Leveson made the said Treasurer, and some of the said Companye vsed and imployed in that busines acquainted, and paid in to the Lottrie house, or to such p̱sons as were appointed to receiue the same dyvers somes of monye, and p̳mised faithfullie to paie in the rest, & by such his promises p̳testac̃ons and faire speaches he the said William Leveson did p̳cure lottℯ and Tickettℯ in the said Lottrie House for the said some of two thousand seuen hundred fower score and thirteene poundes tenn shillinges as thoe all the said mony had beene brought in by him and receiued at his handes. And soe yor said orators did beare the adventure and made allowance for the whole some of two thousand seven §hundred fowerscore & thirteene poundℯ tenn shillingℯ§ poundes Howbeit yor said orators doe further informe yor good Lorpp that notwthstandinge the p̳testac̃ons & faire promises of the said William Leveson to deliuer and paie in all the said monyes wch he had soe as aforesaid receiued, & to make a true and iust accompt for the same, that the said William hath wth held backe retayned and kept in his owne handes of the said two thousand seuen hundred fower score and thirteene poundes tenn shillinges soe as aforesaid by him receyued the some of seuen hundred poundes wch he should have deliuered & paid in as aforesaid, contrarye to all equitye, honestie and good conscience, and to the greate p̢iudice and damage of yor said orators, whoe have beene forced att there owne charge to support the said plantac̃on, and out of there owne purses to disburse the said some of seuen hundred poundes soe as aforesaid vniustlie & wrongfullie wthheld from them by the said Wilɫm Leveson & by him conu9ted to his owne pryvate & p̱ticuler vses, to the greate hin- derance of the said plantac̃on. In considerac̃on whereof, and for that his said most gratious Maties will & pleasure is (wch he hath to that purpose expresslie signified in his said letters patentℯ) that in any suit or suites Comenced or to be Comenced in any of his Maties Courtℯ at Westminster by the said Treasurer & Companie, or otherwise against anye such p̱sons as defraude them of monyes p̳mised or due, That his Judges for the tyme beinge both in the Court of Chancerye & at the Comon lawe should favour & further the said suites soe farr forth as lawe & equitie will in any wise p̱mitt. And for that likewise yor said orators haue noe remedye at the Comon Lawe to recou9 the monyes whereof they are defrauded in regard they doe not knowe by whose handes or at what tyme the said some of two thousand seuen hundred fower score & thirteene poundes tenn shillingℯ was receyued, the same beinge had & receiued by the said mr Leveson, most of it by pettie & small somes, & by the handes of a very greate & almost infinite nomber of seu9all p̱sons. May it therefore please yor lorpp for the releife of yor orators herein to grant vnto them his Maties most gratious writt of sub- pœna to bee directed vnto the said Wilɫm Leveson comandinge him thereby at a certen day & vnder a certen paine therein to bee limitted p̱sonallye to app̱e before yor good Lorpp in his Matℯ most high Court of Chancery then & there p̱ticularlye to answere the p̢misses & to sett downe vpon his oathe what monyes he hath soe as aforesaid receiued & howe much thereof he hath paid in, & howe much as yett remayneth in his handes. And further to stand to & abide such order & direction therein as to yor Lorpp shall seeme agreable wth equitie and iustice. And yor said orators shall &c.

Colon: Virginiæ

Chr: Brooke 1613

XVIII. Virginia Company vs. William Leveson. The Answer of William Leveson to the Bill of Complaint November 30, 1613
Chancery Proceedings, James I, Bundle U, Nos. 2/55 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 29

The Aunswere of William Leveson Defendant to the Bill of Complainte of the Thr̃er and Companye of Adventurers and Planters of the Cittie of London for the ffirste Colonye in virginia.

Pennyman. Jur̄ vlto Nov: 1613 Mat Carew Jur̄ denuo post emẽ- datioñ 3 Decẽbr: ut supra.

The said defendant savinge to himself all advantage of Excepc̃on to the incerteintie and insufficiencie of the said Bill of Complainte for Aunswer therevnto and for manefestac̃on of the Truthe saithe That true yt is as this defendant thincketh that the said Company in the Bill menc̃oned had graunted vnto them the Kingℯ matℯ Letters Pattentℯ That they might erecte sett furthe and publishe one or more Lotterries for the Causes in the said Bill expressed, And also thinckethe yt to bee true that his matie by his Letters Pattentℯ did giue and graunte vnto the said Com- panie full power and authoritie for the Choice of Officers and makinge of suche Constitution as in the Bill is menc̃oned, And also thincketh ytt to bee true that the Complaynantℯ did erecte and publishe one greate Lotterie in such sorte as in the Bill of Complainte is sett downe and expressed And also saieth that true ytt is that the Compɫtℯ for the said ppurose made diuerse Lotterie bookes as by their bill of Complaynte they haue alleadged, for the purposes in the Bill of Complaynte Con- teyned And this defendant further sayethe That true it is also that hee this defendant was appointed to bee a Receivor of parte of the Lotterrie money, And that there were seaven or more Lotterie Bookes delivered vnto this Defendantℯ handℯ as by the said Bill is alleadged, And that hee this Defendant did by reason thereof and the authoritie to him there- in given from the Complaynantℯ Receave diuerse somes of money of diuerse and sondrie p̱sonns amountinge to a greate som̄e of money the Receytℯ whereof are by this defendant sett downe in the Bookes, wch this defendant Receaved from the said Companye wch bookes wth the Receiptℯ there§in§ is Conteyned this defendant hathe longe sithence deliv- ered over vnto Sir Thomas Smithe Tresurer of the said Companye vnder whose Custodie or vnder the Custodie of suche person or p̱sons as hee the said Sr Thomas Smithe hathe com̄itted the same this defendant verrelie thinckethe the said bookes are remayninge, But this defendant sayeth that hee this defendant hathe not receaved the some of Two thousand seaven hundred ninetie three poundℯ of Lotterie money as the Playntiffℯ by their Bill of Complainte pretend, But this defendant to his beste Re- membrance thinckethe That hee this defendant hathe receaved as by the Bookes will appeare Two Thousand sixe hundred fiftie seauen poundℯ ffifteene shillingℯ or thereaboutℯ for the more Certeintie thereof this defendant referreth himself to the severall particulars sett downe in the said bookℯ by this defendant deliuered overr to the said Sr Thomas Smithe hee the defendant havinge in the said bookℯ trulie sett downe the same §in wch said bookes this deff̴ hathe not demaunded allowaunce for dyu9se greate losses this defendt hathe had in the receavinge of the said 2657li 15s but now desireth allowaunce for the same§ And this defendant say the that hee neither Can nor is able in this his Aunswere to expresse the name of everie person from whome hee receaved theire money of Two shillingℯ and sixe pence a peece as the Plaintiffes by theire Bill require for that the same would make a most tedious Aunswere And therefore hee this deffendant referrethe himself to his bookes of Account aforesaid deliuered to the said Sr Thomas Smithe to bee iustlie and truelie Caste vp what the Receitℯ of the deffendant hathe beene And this deffendant further saiethe That true it is That hee this deffendant hathe made the Tresurer and some of the said Companye acquaynted wth the said Bookes and Receitℯ And also withe those som̄es of money the said defendant hathe paid into the said Lotterrie house vnto diverse personns beinge diverse great som̄es of money as they the said Complaynantℯ by theire Bill of Complaynt doe Confesse And this defendant dothe Confesse that true ytt is that hee this defendant hath hadd many Lottℯ and Tickettℯ in the said Lotterie house, But denieth that hee this defendaunt §hathe had§ soe many Lottℯ and Tickettℯ out of the said house as yf hee this defendant hadd broughte in and Receaved the some of Two Thousand Seaven hundred ninetie three poundℯ and Tenne shillingℯ as by the said Bill of Complainte is pretended, All wch will appeare vppon a iuste. Accounte to bee taken and had between the Complaynantℯ and the defendant, And this defendant further sayethe That att a Courte houlden by the said virginian Companye, Tres- urer and Socyetie aboute Twoe yeeres paste they the said Companye did Constitute authorise and appointe this deffendant for the provydinge buildinge erectinge and settinge vpp of a Convenyent house for the said Lotterye and furnishinge of ytt wth all hangingℯ furniture and other stuffe for to serve the same Lotterie wch accordinglie this defendant did take vppon him, And therevppon hee this defendant and Companye havinge obteyned a Place for the settinge vppe of the said house at the weste Ende of St Paules Churche hee this defendant did buye and provide timber and all other thingℯ for that purpose And also did provide workemen of all sortes to build erecte and make the same and payed for all the Tymber and other thinges that went to the same And also from tyme to tyme paid the hyer dyett and wages of all the workemen that wroughte about the same house §and all other chargℯ expended and laied aboute the said lotterye§ All wch from tyme to tyme was doune by this defendant by the order and appointement of the Tresurer and some of the said Companye and theire advise or the advise of suche as the saide Companye appointed was from tyme to tyme vsed and taken therein, And this defendant fur- ther sayethe that hee this defendant was by the said Tresurer and Com- panye appointed to take the money that should and was to bee paid for the stuffe workmens wages and all other Chardges bothe for the build- inge of the said house and furnishinge §of§ the same out of suche money as hee this defendant hadd and shoulde receaue for Lotterie money, And then at the said Courte the Complaynantℯ wth one Consent did graunt and agree to allowe and paie to this defendant for his stypende or wages for his travayle therein the som̄e of sixe shillinges eight pence a daye wch the said Companye appointed this defendant to take and allowe to him- self also out of the said Lotterrie money that should bee by him this defendant Collected, And this defendant further sayethe that accord- inglie vppon the Agreemente aforesaid hee this defendant hathe sette vpp erected and builded the said Lotterie House at the weste ende of Paules Churche and furnished the same wth the good likinge of the plain- tiffes or the more parte of them whoe from tyme to tyme hadd the vewinge of the worke as yt was to bee doune and gaue direcc̃on therein and Causedd many thingℯ to bee chaunged and altered before the said worke was fin- ished and did knowe and were made acquainted wth suche som̄es of money as was paid and disbursed about the same house, hee this defendant shew- inge sometimes to all of the plaintiffℯ or the greater number of them and sometimes to two or three of the Plaintiffℯ his disbursemtℯ and paymentℯ And this defendant further sayethe that sithence his dealinge in receavinge of the said Lotterie money hee hathe paid vnto Sr Thomas Smithe diverse somes of money att diverse and sondrie tymes And likewise this defendant hathe also paid to other men diuerse somes of money the particulars of all wch are sett downe in the Lotterie Bookℯ by this defendant receaved from the company and in suche other bookes as this defendant hathe deliuered to Sr Thomas Smithe and one mr Wilɫm Rowsse nominated the husband of the Companye to looke vnto the busines of the Companye And this defendant also saiethe that hee the said mr Rowsse hathe Caste vppe the paymentℯ and disbursementℯ paid and layd out by this defend- ant and hathe sum̄ed vpp everie leafe of them as hee said and as this defendant verelie beleeveth All wch bookes of paymentℯ and disburse- mentℯ bothe for the Lotterrie house as aforesaid and the money paid to Sr Thomas Smythe were delivered to the said Sr Thomas Smithe and are as this deffendant beleeveth in their custody or in the Custodye of suche p̱sonns as the said Sr Thomas Smithe hathe Com̄itted them vnto wch Bookes this defendant humblye prayeth this Honorable Courte that hee this defendant may have againe or the true Copies thereof. And then hee this defendant will enter into Accounte with the plaintiffes for all matters whatsoever, And whereas the said Plaintiffℯ by their Bill §do§ alleadge that this deffendant dothe hould backe and deteine from them the Complayn- antℯ the some of seaven hundred poundℯ wch this defendant ought to haue delivered and payed to the Compɫtℯ this deffendant vtterlie denyethe §that§ and hee this defendant dothe deteine or in any waies is indebted to the said Complaynantℯ the som̄e of seaven hundred poundℯ or any some of money at all to this defendtℯ knowledge, hee this defendant havinge allow- ance of his iuste paymtℯ and that is due to this defendant as by the said Bookes will appeare, ffor the Certeintie of all wch matters hee this defend- ant referrethe himself to the said bookes, But this defendant Confessethe that there is Certeine bourdℯ some peecℯ of tymber and other stuffe that was lefte by the workemen vppon finishinge and furnishinge of the house wch yett remayne But the same is not of any great value as this defendant takethe ytt, But this defendant hathe the Custodie thereof and wilbee readie to produce the same or accompte for ytt, wthout that that hee this defendant ever refused to come to an Accompte wth the pɫtℯ for suche moneys as hee the said defendant hadd receaved for the said Lotterie if hee might haue the Bookes backe againe And wthout that that hee this defendant hathe receaved the some of Two Thousand seaven hundred Ninetye three poundℯ Tenne shillingℯ of diverse and sondrye personns to bee putt in and adventured in the said Lotterie as they the said Com- playnantℯ doe by theire Bill laye to the Chardge of this defendant, And wthout that that the said defendant did procure Lottℯ and Tackettℯ in the said Lotterie house to the some of Two thousand seaven hundred ninetie three poundℯ Tenne shillingℯ as the Complaynantℯ by theire Bill haue surmised, And wthout that that hee this defendant doth wthhold and deteine in his handℯ from the Complaynantℯ the som̄e of seaven hundred poundℯ or any some of money at all to the knowledge of this defendant contrarie to anie equitie honestie and good Conscyence as they the said Complaynantℯ supposed by their Bill And wthout that that there is any other matter or Thinge in the said Bill of Complainte conteined materiall or effectuall in the lawe to bee aunswered vnto and §by theise deffendt§ not heerein sufficientlie aunswered vnto Confessed and avoyded traversed or denyed is true All wch matters this defendant is readie to averre and proue as this honorable Courte shall award and humblie prayeth to bee dismissed out of this Courte wth his reasonable Costℯ and Chardges in this behalf wrongfullie susteined


Virgin Coloñ q̃ Def Leuison

Bd. Clap

Jd: Moore

XIX. Virginia Company vs. William Leveson. The Answer of William Hall to the Bill of Complaint February 16, 1613/14
Chancery Proceedings, James I, Bundle U, No. 4/17 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 31

The aunswere of William Hall Esquior one of the defendtℯ to the bill of Complaynte of the treasurer and Companye of the Adventurers & Planters for the Cittye of London for the ffirst Colonye in Virginia Complaynantℯ.

Jur̃ 16 Febr 1613 Mat Carew Saunders.

This defendt saveinge to him self now and at all tymes heerafter all the advauntage of excepc̃on to the incerteynetyes and insufficiencyes of the said bill of Complainte ffor full & perfecte aunswere to soe much thereof as anie waie concerneth him this defendt to aunswere vnto saith that he this defendt hadd not at anie tyme anie speeches or Comunicac̃on with the Adventurers towardℯ the Plantac̃on & supplie in the bill menc̃oned or with anie of them as by the bill ys supposed, nether hath he this defend- aunte att anie tyme bynne moved to be an Adventurer in or towardℯ the said Plantac̃on to his this defendauntℯ best remembraunce, And this defendaunte absolutelie denyeth that he did at anie tyme assume or promise to disburse paye in or deliu9 vnto the Treasurer in the said bill menc̃oned towardℯ the said adventures or Plantac̃on the som̄e of Seaventye ffyve poundℯ or anie other som̄e or som̄es, as in and by the said bill ys supposed, And this defendaunte lykewise vtterlie denyeth that he this defendt hath vnderwritten his name to anye such assumpc̃on or promise, or in anye such booke or Roll as in and by the said Bill ys menc̃oned as an Adventurer towardℯ the said Plantac̃on or supplie of the sayd Collonye of Virginia, as in and by the said bill ys surmized, without that that anie other matter or thinge in the said bill of Complaynte conteyned concerninge this defendaunte materiall or effectuall in the lawe to be aunswered vnto and not herein sufficientlie aunsweredvnto Confessedand avoyded trav- ersed or denyed ys true All which matters this defendt ys readye to averre maynteyne and prove as this honorable Courte shall awarde And humblye prayeth to be dismissed ffourth of the same with his reasonable costℯ and Charges in this behaulfe moste wrongefullie susteyned.

B Virgin Coloñ q̃ vers: Hàll Bd Cl: pas. vlt.

vel T̃ vlt

Ph: Gerard

XX. Shareholders in the Virginia Company from 1615 to 1623 March 6, 1615/16—June 9, 1623
C. O. 1, Vol. II, No. 33 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 36

1615 Sha:
March 06 A Bill of Advent̃ of 12ɫi 10s to Mr Codrington 1
Nouem: 08 Capt Martin allowed in reward 10
Janua: 08 Mr Raphe Hamor had given him 8
Janua: 15 Bills of Adventure allowed to Capt̃ Raphe Hamor and the persons herevnder named for euery man transported at their charge, being 16 who were to haue noe Bond vizɫt
One Bill of 12ɫi 10s for Mr Rob: Sturton.
One Bill of 25 00 for Mr Christo: Martin.
One Bill of 12 10 for Mr John Blachall.
One Bill of 50 00 for Mr Tho: Hamor.
One Bill of 62 10 for Mr Raphe Hamor.
One Bill of 25 00 for Mr Wm Tucker.
One Bill of 12 10 for Mr Elias Roberts.
Febru: 12 Doctor Chatterton renouncing all Prizes by ye Lott͠ had a Bill of Adventure of 12ɫi 10s adventured in the Lott͠ 1
Mr Stacy renouncing all Prizes in the Lott͠ had a Bill of Adventure of 12ɫi 10s 1
Capt Argoll & his Associats herevnder named allowed seuerall Bills of Adventure for transport of 24 p̱sons at their charge vizɫt
One Bill of 25ɫi 00s to Sr Wm Louelace knt
One Bill of 50 00 to Sr Antho: Aucher knt
One Bill of 50 00 to Mabell Lady Cullamore.
One Bill of 50 00 to John Argoll Esquire.
One Bill of 25 00 to John Tredescant.
One Bill of 100 00 to Capt Sam: Argoll.
March 05 Jo: Bargraue allowed 15
Geo: Bargraue 05
May 21 Mr Doctor Anthony admitted & a bill of Advent̃ sealed for 100ɫi 08
June 25 A Bill of Advent̃ of 50ɫi sealed to Mr John Haulsey 04
Julie 30 A Bill of Advent̃ of 43ɫi 15s sealed to Mr Darnelly
Sept. 24 Mr Berblock admitted
1617 Sha:
Nouem: 19 Mr Edward Woller passed 7 shares to Mr Gabriell Barbor of 12ɫi 10 s. apiece 07
Decem: 17 Sr Foulke Grevill admitted.
Janua: 07 Mr John Tavernor surrendered to Mr David Wiffin a Bill of Adventure of 37ɫi 10s 03
Janua: 14 Mr Regnes to haue a Bill of Ad: of 04
Mr Sidrake Soane surrendred vnto Henry Fotherby one Bill of Advent̃ of 03
Febr: 11 Samuell Tubman allowed 01
18 Mr Wm Berblock allowed a Bill of Advent̃ of 05
March 04 A Bill of Adventure graunted to Sr S. Saltingston for 03
[2] 1618
May 06 Sr Eustace Hart surrendred vnto Mr Thomas Gibbs a Bill of Adven: of 25ɫi & for that Mr Gibbs paid in 12ɫi 10s more had allowed him 03
June 10 Sr Nich° Tufton admitted.
17 Sr Hen: Raynsford allowed a Bill of Advent̃ for 03
July 22 Mr Rich. Paulson sold to Rob̴t Hudson a Bill of Ad: of 50ɫi 04
24 Francis Baldwin allowed a Bill of Ad: of 12ɫi 10s 01
Edward Crosse allowed one Personall share
Tho Norincott passed to Mr Francis Meverell 03
Mr Crowe passed to Mr Wm Bolton 05
Sept. 09 A Bill of Ad: of 12ɫi 10s allowed David Wiffin 01
16 Mr Dauid Waterhouse passed a Bill of Ad: of 50ɫi to Mr Bland 04
Nouem: 18 Twenty great Shares giuen Capt Yeardly for transport of 26 per- sons 20
Decem. 02 John Pountice admitted & Three Shares given him 03
Lo: Doncaster admitted
09 Ea. of Bedd assigned to Sr Edw: Horwood a Bill of Ad: of 50ɫi 04
23 Mr Edward Lukin renouncing his Prizes in ye Lott͠ is to haue a Bill of Ad: for 25ɫi 02
March 04 Mr Joseph Man assigned to Sr Nath: Rich 03
17 Mr John Tavernor allowed a Personall Share of 100 Acrs 01
Sr Wm Smith to Mr Nich° Ferrar 02
May 28 Giuen vnto Sr Thom̃s Smith for a Gratificac̃on 20
Ea: of Salisbury passed to Capt Brett 02
June 07 John Hodgson to Fra: Whitner, two shares, wch he passed to Mr Nich° Ferrar 02
John Tavernor to Tho: Sheppard 03
Martin Earle to Nicholas Buckeridge 01
To Rich: Boothby 01
To Dr Tho: Winston 01
June 07 Doctor Bohune {To Hugh Windham 01
To John Tucker 01
To John Strange 01
Captaine Edward Brewster to Wm Cranmer 01
14 Rob̴t Browne allowed a Bill of Ad: of 25ɫi to be dedacted out of ye 500ɫi Ad: of ye Lo: Lawarrs, & for his Personall Ad: 100 Acrs 03
24 Wm Shacley to Oliver St John 02
Mrs Millisent Ramsden to Oliver St John 03
Novem. 15 Abraham Piersey given him 200 Acrs 02
17 Mathew Cavill admitted & a Bill of Advent̃ given him 01
More one share given him 01
Decem. 15 John Cage Esq̢ {To Dr Theodore Gulston 06
To Isaak Seaward 03
Peter Bartle 3 John Payne Gent 1 }To Dr Theodore Gulston 04
Augustine Steward to Sr Henry Jones 03
Katharine Clarke wid̴d̴ to Edward Harber Esq̢ 01
23 Elias Roberts for a single share by a Bill deliuered him 01
Janua: 12 Humfrey Tomkins admitted by Bill of Advent̃ 01
31 John Archer Brother to Capt̃ Gabr̃ Archer admitted for one Share as heire to his said Brother 01
Stephen Sparrowe to John Hope 01
Feb: 02 Order to ye Governor in Virginia to sett out 400 Acres for Capt̃ Powle and Mr John Smith 04
16 Peter Arundell reasigned to Sr Thomas Roe 05
22 William & Arthur Franke allowed 200 Acres for transport of Foure Men 02
John Holloway giuen him 01
March 02 Ea: of Arundell admitted
Sr Thomas Gates to Mr Samuell Wrote 05
Mr Hum: Reynolds to Mr Hum: Slany 05
15 Sr Thomas Gates to Edward Palavicine 01
18 Mr Thomas Gibbs to his Two sonnes Edmond & Thomas Gibbs 02
Capt̃ Bargraue to Rob̴t Briggs 02
Mr Aliano Lupo admitted for 1 share, & for Three men more wch he sent 1 ½ 02 ½
Tho: Hodges to Walter Eldred by will 03
Henry Davies Land allowed to Susan Hamond.
Aprill 03 Lady Lawarr to Antho: Browne 25
May 11 Capt̃ Bargraue to Elias Foxton 01
To Edmond Hackett 02
To Sr Edw: Lawly 01
Sr Tho: Gates {To Sr Walter Earle 05
To Edward Clarke 01
To Christo: Earle 05
15 Ea: of Dorsett to Mr Henry Manwairing 10
To John Thorneburrough 01
To John Collett Gent̃ 01
Capt̃ Bargraue {To Tho: Collett Gent̃ 01
To Tho: Masterson 01
To Cap: Law: Masterson 01
To Augustine Linsell 01
Thomas Melling to John Cuff 01
George Persey to Christo: Martine 04
Thomas Harris to Thomas Combe 01
17 Wm Barretts Gent̃ to Sr Hen: Crofts 01
Mr Abraham Cartwright to Mr Chaloner 01
Sr Wm Cockaine Bishop of London } Admitted
23 Sr Hen: Manwayring to Sr Edward Sackville 05
Anthony Irby to Sr Nich° Tufton 02
31 Sr Tho: Gates. { To Sr Henry Raynsford 03
To Edward Morgayne 03
Lady Lawarr to William Waller 01
To Sr Phillip Carewe 14
To Mr Francis Chalinor 05
To Mr Henry Box 03
To Mr Tho: Vyner 02
To Mr Wm Swayne 01
To Mr Arthur Swayne 01
June 23 Sr Tho: Gates 34 { To Mr Thomas Swayne 01
To Mr Wm Swayne 01
To Mr Anthony Biddolph 01
To Mr Geo: Clarke 01
To Mr Wm Watson 01
To Mr Rich: Greenway 01
To Mr John Lawrence 01
To Mr Tho: Stubbins 01
June 23 Mr John Halsey 4 { To Mr Rich: Lambe 01
To Mr John Lambe 01
To Mr John Budge 01
To Mr Tho: Witherall 01
Capt̃ Bargraue to Mr Phillip Jermine 01
David Bennett admitted for 03
Lo: Lawarr to ye Ea: of South[amp]ton 05
26 Ea: of South̴ton 5 p̱sonall shares { To Mr Tho: Risely 02
To Mr Porter 01
To Mr Phillip Gifford 01
To Wm Smith 01
Mr Harper to Mr Whitcombe 01
Sr Fran: Parington { To Wm Pollard 01
To Hen: Hickford 01
Hen: Hickford to John Martine 01
28 Mr James Bagg given him 05
Sr Ferdinando Weynman allowed vpon Acc° to his daughter for 100li adventured wth ye Lo: Lawarr 04
More allowed his said daughter for adventure of his person 04
Francis Carter to Toby Pallavicine 02
John Gray to Rich: Baynam 02
July 18 Ambrose Austine 1} To Doctor Anthony 02
Joane Danks widd 1
Edward Kirby a Planter admitted
Richard Paulson { To Mr Andrewes 01
To Mr Greene 01
Nouem: 04 Mr Reynolds admitted & one Bill of Advent̃ 01
13 Mr Delbridge to his sonne 02
Capt̃ Bruster to Sr Francℯ Wyatt 04
Thomas Maddocks to Mr Stubbs 02
Wm Litton esq̢ to Capt̃ Harvy 03
Nouem. 13 Edward Harrison to Raphe Fogg 05
Graunted to ye som̃er Ilands Compān 100 Acres to a share, & 3000 1

Possibly 5,000.

Acres for publiq̢ Land.
Dauid Lloyd to Henry Rowland 01
More one Personall share giuen him 01
Rich: Moreton admitted for a Personall share 01
Given to Capt̄ Tucker 15
Janua: 29 Mr Geo: Sandis to Sr Francis Weyneman 02
1621 Sr Rich: Bulkly admitted for 02
Aprill 12 Mr Edward Bennett admitted.
Lady Berkley admitted for 01
30 Mr Newland admitted for Fiue shares given him 05
Mr John Bonnall admitted for Two shares given him 02
Tho: Colby allowed one Bill of Ad: of 12li 10s & one p̱sonall share due to his Brother Edmond Colby deceased 02
To Sr Hen: Rainsford 2
To Mr Craddock 01
Francis Carter 5 { To Mr Palmer 01
To Mr John Hart 01
Lott Peere to Mr Barbor 02
Mr Downes to Mr John Smith 03
May 2 Sr Edwin Sandis given him 20
June 13 Mr Edmond Hackliut to John Moore 02
Ambrose Wood as heire to his brother Tho: Wood deceased 04
More for the adventure of his Person 01
Joice Lodge allowed 1 share & 50 Acres for a Personall share 01 ½
July 10 Given to Capt̃ Maddison 02
Mrs Newport 35
Thomas Webb allowed him 03
24 Mr Anthony Withers admitted.
Francis Carter-2 To Rowland Truloue 01
To Tobias Cooper 01
Octob. 24 Mr Patrick Copland admitted & 3 shares given him 03
30 1000 Acres allotted to a Schoole.
Anthony Gosnold 03
Anthony Gosnold { To Rob̴t Gosnold 01
To Roger Castle 01
To Charles Cratford esq̢ 04
Nouem: 14 Mr Churchill Moone { To Richard Chetle esq̢ 02
To Wm Wheat esq̢ 02
To Robert Chetonly gent̃ 01
Francis Carter { To James Woodcott 01
To Geo: Butler Clarke 01
Nouem: 14 To Isaack Gold 01
Francis Carter { To John Kirby 01
To Tho: Wilson 01
To Geo: Cornish 01
1621 Sha:
21 Mr Waterhouse given him Two shares 02
Decem: 19 Francis Carter {To Rob̴t Hall 02
To Rich: Delbridge 01
Janua: 28 Mr Balmford given him 02
Mr Evans to Thom̃s Newton 02
Febru: 13 Sr John Wolstenholme to John Harrison 03
Sr Edmond Harwell to Mr Francis Harwell 03
Mr John Clarke admitted & given him 02
Francis Carter {To Francis Goodwine 02
To Oliuer Mordon 01
Mr Tho: Bulkly in ye right of Sr Rich. Bulkly 02
Mrs Elizabeth Barkly allowed 5½ shares of 12li 10s p̱ shares 05½
27 Hildebrand Pruson to Tho: Pemble 01
Edward Faucett to Mr Nicho Ferrar 03
Mr Scott to Mr Patrick Copland 03
March 13 Capt̃ Tho: Each admitted, & giuen him 05
Joane Read allowed her 100 acres due to her father deceased 01
Francis Carter to Phillip Wood 01
Francis Carter of Mr Hamors to Tho: Melling 06
Capt̃ Hamor to Henry Hutchinson 02
20 John Dennis admitted.
27 Sr Antho: Pell & his Lady to Wm Savill 02
Edmond Brudnell to Francis his sonne 02
To Mr Paulsteed 03
To Geo: Mole gent̃ 02
Francis Carter {To John Bowater 02
To Rich: Stevens 01
To Mr Rich: Markham 01
Thomas Melling to Mr Ro: Jefferyes 02
3 Hen: Wolstenholme to John Wolstenholme 03
Francis Carter To Geo: Brookes 02
Ambrose Wood to Nathaniell Elthrington 02
May 08 Clement Wilmer to Geo: Wilmer 02
Francis Carter to Henry Wentworth 01
20 Lo: Lawarr & ye La: his Mother 5 p̱sonall sha: to Jo: Parkhurst 05
Sr Hen: Manwayring to his Brother Tho: Mainwayring esq̢ 05
[7] Sr Samuell Sandis to his sonne Sr Edwine Sandis 01
May 20 Wm Felgate to Tobias Felgate 01
Phillip Jacobson to James Jacobson 01
Francis Carter to Tho: Addison 01
May 22 Doctor Dun, Deane of Paules
Doctor Sunnibanck
Mr Leech
Mr Purcas} Admitted
Mr Damport
Mr Wm Clarke
Mr Tho: Barwick
Mr Whitson Aldr̃an of Bristoll
Elias Roberts to his sonne Elias 01
June 19 James Mootham to 1

Blank space in manuscript.

Francis Carter To Thomas Waynwright 01
To Rob̴t Smith 02
July 3 Capt̃ Martin Prin admitted & giuen him 02
Tho: Kerridge admitted & giuen him 02
Rob̴t Careles admitted & giuen him 01
Mr Swaine admitted & giuen him 01
Mr Sam: Seaward
Mr Lawne Preacher
Mr Pemberton Minister
Mary Tue 150 Acres to Mr Daniell Gookine 01½
Mary Tue to Samuell Jordan 01
Lo: Marques Hamilton
Sr Edw: Conway
Sr Hen: Mildmay Admitted
Sr Tho: Couentry
Sr Edw: Barkham
Mr Henage Finch
Francis Carter to Edw: Palmer 16
Francis Carter to Mr Edw: Butler 01
Mr Browne admitted
Tho Read to Edward Hurd 01
17 Capt̃ Thomas Jones admitted.
Francis Carter to John Hitch 01
Rich: Bull. To Raphe Bateman 01
To John Budge 01
William Fleete to his daughter Kath: Fleete 03
Nouem: 6 Mr John Ferrar to Mr Edmund Hun 01
Sr Hen: Rich & his Lady to Mr Hen: Piercy 04
[8] Nouem: 6 Henry Reynolds to Wm Vesy 02
20 Lo: St John admitted & giuen him 10
Decem: 4 Mr Nicho Ferrar to Mr Geo: Mordent 02
Henry Lo: Lawarr & ye Lady Cicely to Mr Nicho Downes 02
To Christopher Vivian 01
To Mr Edw: Palmer 14
To Tho: Morse 01
Febru: 03 Francis Carter To James Carter 01
To Thomas Latham 01
To Edward Palmer 11
To Rich Norwood 01
Sr Wm Twisden to his sonne Sr Roger Twisden 03
Wm Burnham to James Fotheringill one bill of Ad: of 12li 10s and one p̱sonall share 02
Collonell Ogle admitted.
4 Ea: of South̴ton to Mr Geo: Garrett 02
Mr John Ferrar to Sr Rob̴t Harley 01
Mr John Ferrar to Elias Southerton 01
5 Sr Humfry Handford to Sr Timothy Thornehill 01
19 Mr Melling to Mr Boothby 02
Mr Gideon D'Lawne to his sonne 02
22 Sr John Trevor ye father to Sr John the Sonne 02
Mr Viner to Mr Francis Bickly 01
Mr Viner to Mr Rob̴t Alden 01
Mr John Ferrar to Mathias Caldicott Esq̢ 01
March 7 Sr Edwin Sandis to Mr Henry Sandis his sonne 05
Mr John Budge to Mr Middleton 01
Mr Wm J—oson 1


to Mr Rich: Biggs
Aprill 2 Sr Walter Rawleighes sonne admitted.
To John Gibbens 01
Mr Webb To James Gibbens 01
To Law: Williamson 01
30 Mr Scott to Mr Tho: Culpeper 03
May 07 Sr John Culpepper to Mr Freake 01
14 Lo: Bruice admitted.
Peter Humble to John Burgh 10
Mr Bland to Mr Rob̴t Edwards 01
Junii 9 Mr Burgh to Mr Antho: Withers 01
Lo: D'Lawarr to Collonell Ogle 03
Mr Downes to Mr Rich: Winckfield 02

[Then follows Number 33, I, used as a cover to the whole and indorsed "Virginia. ∥Businesse 2

See post, in Vol. IV; List of Records, 518.


XXI. Virginia Company. A Letter to the Mayor of Salisbury 1

This document is printed in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 31, page 21, 1877, in an article entitled "Notes on American History No. XIII, The Virginia Lotterie," by the Reverend Edward D. Neill, President of Macalester College, Minneapolis, Minn., who describes it as "among the records of the city of Salisbury."

December 19, 1616
List of Records No. 37

Whereas the Royal, most excellent Majesty, under his great seal of Eng- land, authorizes the Virginia Company for the setting up of a lottery for the benefit of that Plantation.

We by virtue of said grant do earnestly pray and desire you Mr Mayor, Mr Recorder, and the Aldermen of the City your brethren to be assistants to our deputies Gabriel Barber and Lott Peere being also members of our Company, to whom, for the approved trial we have of their care and sufficiency, we have committed the management of a running lottery to be kept in that, your City of Salisbury, requesting so much more earnestly, your furtherance therein, for that it is for so good a work as the upholding of that Plantation which we have now great hope and greater than before, shall stand and flourish to the honor and benefit of the realm.

And although we are well satisfied of these men's integrity, and have already given them an oath for their just and true dealing in this employ- ment, with all men, yet to Satisfy you and the world in the most exact manner that may, we desire you to receive the key here enclosed, of the prizes and to see them mingling of them with the blanks, and appoint one or two of your City, men of care to lock up and open the same every morning and evening, and permit a child who shall be allowed for his pains, to draw out the lots for all that adventure, as shall those we employ not be suspected of popularity who shall only pay out those prizes that shall be drawn, and yourselves be encouraged if they shall so desire to give them your testimony of the said proceedings.

In so doing both ourselves shall have great cause to thank you and the Plantation to acknowledge your love and kindness towards the same.

And so we bid you very hearty farewell.

From London, 19th of December, 1616

E. Sheffield Pembroke    Edwin Sandys H. Southampton    Dudley Digges Will. Paget    John Wrothe Thomas Cavendish    Richard Martyn Thomas Smyth    Jo. Wolstenholme Jo. Danvers

XXII. "His Majesty's Councell for Virginia." A Proclamation Giving License to Any Who Are in Virginia, to Return Home 1

This document is printed by Alexander Brown in The Genesis of the United States, II, pages 797, 798, with the statement that it was preserved by John Smyth of Nibley and at that time was in the possession of Charles H. Kalbfleisch. Where it is at present is not known to the editor, as after Mr. Kalbfleisch's death, his collection was scattered. According to Alexander Brown, it was a broadside.

List of Records No. 38

By his Majesties Councell for Virginia.

Whereas upon the returne of Sir Thomas Dale Knight, (Marshall of Virginia) the Treasurer, Councell and Company of the same, have been throughly informed and assured of the good estat of that Colony, and how by the blessing of God and good government, there is great plentie and increase of Corne, Cattell, Goates, Swine, and such other provisions, necessary for the life and sustenance of man; And that there wants nothing for the setling of that Christian Plantation, but more hands to gather and returne those commodities which may bring profit to the Adventurers, and encouragement to others: And whereas thereupon the Company hath given a commission to Captaine Samuel Argol to be the present Governour of that Colonie, who hath undertaken to transport and carry thither a certain number of men, upon his owne charge, and the charge of other his friends that joyne him in that Voyage; in which divers men of good qualitie have resolved to adventure, and to goe thither themselves in person, and to carry with them their wives, their children and their families, whereby in short time (by the favor and assistance of Almighty God) that goode worke may be brought to good perfection, by the division and setting out of lands to every particular person, the settling of trade, and returne of Commodities to the contentment and satisfaction of all Well affected Subjects, which eyther love the advancement of Religion, or the honour and welfare of this kingdome: Wee his Majesties Treasurer, Councell and Company for the same Plantation, have thought good to declare and make knowne to all men by these presents, that wee have resolved to give free leave and license to any who are now remaining in Virginia, at his will and pleasure to returne home into England, which liberty wee doe likewise grant and confirme unto all those which hereafter from time to time shall go thither in person, without any other restraint, there to aske leave of the Governour (for the time being) to depart. And therefore if any man be disposed to send for any of his friends from thence, he may hereby take notice, that he hath full power and meanes to doe eyther of them at his good descretion.

God save the King.

XXIII. Governor Argall. Proclamations or Edicts June 7, 1617
(1) Miscellaneous Papers, 1606–1683, quarto. (Abstract only.) (2) Manuscript Collection Virginia Historical Society, John Randolph Manuscripts, III, 91Document in (1) Library of Congress, (2) Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Va. (Cited from "N°/41. A Register book during the Gov'ent of Saml Argall Esqr Admiral, & for ye time p̢sent, principal Govr of Virga," a record not known to be in existence)List of Records No. 39

[97]    Proclamacons or Edicts

Goods to be sold for 25 p̱ Cent & Tob° at 3/p̱ C & not under or over penalty 3 years Slavery to the Colony 1

Blank space in manuscript.

John Hudson sometimes Provost Marshll General for divers crimes & misdemeanors comitted agt the just & Sacred Articles laws & Gou9mt of this Colony & Comon Weale was at 2 Marshalls Courts condem'd to die and according to L̃ers from Sr Tho: Smith Treasr for ye Compa to Sr Tho: Dale Govr reprieved in hopes of Amendmt And now has been guilty of more Errors Therefore to prevent ye danger in harbrg so ungratefull a Viper in the young & tender bosom of this so religious & lawfull an action He is Exiled & banished & if he returns to be put to death without further Judgmt

7. June 1617

XXIV. John Rolf. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys June 8, 1617
Ferrar Papers Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge List of Records No. 40

Honored Sr

 The many courtysies and favors I haue receaued at yor hands shall (during my life) bynd me to you in my best service: and so often as occasion shall offer itself, I will not forgett to express the same. At this p̢sent I haue breifly noted to you, in what estate wee found the Colony; and of or speedy passage hether.

 Upon the 10th of Aprill wee departed from Plymouth, and the next daie lost sight of the Lyzard, having the Treasurer in or Company, wch kept wth us about 3 weeks: at what tyme we lost her in foggy weather wch contynued after 20. daies, in wch tyme wee hadd hardly a daie to make a certeyne obseruacon. The same daie month (according to the daie of the weeke) that we lost the lands end, we fell wth the dangerous shoulder of Cape Codd, runnying in one glass from 20 to 5 and 4 fathom water, not able to see (by reason of the thyck fogg) halfe a Cables length from the shipp. Here wee ancored all night, and the next daie wth no small p̱ill gott cleere of them. From heare wee shaped a Course along the Coast of Virginia, keeping our lead all the waie, wch was or best guide having so good a Pylott as or Gournr, the fogg still contynuyng, and arryved at Point Comfort ye 15th of May, all or Company being in good health, only one man dyed, who was sickly before we came from England. Thus it pleased God to bless vs wth a speedy and p̢sperous passage, yea hadd wee not bene troubled, to free or selves from those showlds, and wth mysty weather, we hadd assuredly (by Gods help) arryued in Virginia in a months space. The next daie befo Two, or 3 daies after arriued Captaine Martyne wth the pynnace all his men in good health to increase or ioyes.

 Wee found the Colony (God be thanked) in good estate and inioyng a firmer Peace and more plenty, howeur in buildings, fortyficac̃ons, and for want of boats, much ruyned and greate want. Or p̢sent Gournr at James towne is repayring and making straight what he fyndeth decayed and crooked, to whose good indeavors and noble disposicon or Colony hath bene, is, and wilbe much indebted. All men cheerefully labor about their grounds, their harts and hands not ceasing from worke, though many have scarce ragges to cour their naked bodyes. English wheate, barly, Indyan Corne, Tobacco greate plenty in the ground. Hemp and flax seed distributed to most men by the Gournr and is putt into the ground: nothing neglected, wch any waies may be avayleable to advance the Colony, and to give incouragemt to yorself and the rest of the Hoble Company. The Cattle thrive and increase exceeding well, the ploughes yerely worke and oxen are plentyfull. The Indyans very loving, and willing to parte wth their childeren. My wives death is much lamented; my childe much desyred, when it is of better strength to endure so hard a passage, whose life much greately extinguisheth the sorrow of her loss, saying all must die, but tis enough that her childe liueth. I know not how I may be censured for leaving my childe behind me, nor what hazard I may incurr of yor noble loue and other of my best frends. At my departure from Gravesend (nothwthstanding I was ymportuned) I hadde no such intent. But in or short passage to Plymouth, in smothe water, I found such feare and hazard of his health (being not fully recouered of his sicknes) and lack of attendance (for they who looked to him hadd need of nurses themselues, and indeed in all or passage p̳ved no better) that by the advise of Captaine Argall, and diuers who also foresaw the danger and knew the inconvenyence hereof p̱swaded me to what I did. At Plymouth I found Sr Lewes Stukely so nobly mynded toward me, that he most earnestly intreated to haue the keping of him, vntill my Brother tooke further order. I thought good to rectyfie you hereof, and desyre yor self and all the Company, for those causes, to hold me excused, if in their iudgemts I may be censured to haue erred herein. A firme contynuance of yor favor and love toward me I daylie praie for. And although greate is my loss, and much my sorrow to be depriued of so greate a comfort, and hopes I hadd to effect my zealous intenc̄ons and desyres as well in others, as in her whose soule (I doubt not) resteth in eternall happynes: yet such temperance haue I learned in p̳sperity, and patience in adversitie, that I will as ioyfully receiue euill, as good at the hand of God: and assuredly trust that Hee, who hath p̢served my childe, euen as a brand snatched out of the fier, hath further blessings in store for me, and will give me strength and courrage to vndertake any religious and charitable ymploymt, yorself and the Hoble Company shall com̄and me, and wch in duty I am bound to doe. Now my last request at this tyme is to yorself, whom I haue found a father to me, my wife and childe, and will eur acknowledg it wth the best gratefullnes my hart and penn can offer, that you would be pleased as you haue begun and ben the one of ye principall instrumts herein, to contynue yor noble favor and furtherance even for my childe sake, being the lyving ashes of his deceased Mother, and that you will still be the meanes, that yor owne free lib'ality and all others by yor p̱curemt in obtayning so liberall a stipend, may not die wth my wife, but contynue for her childes advancemt, wch will the better inhable myself and him hereafter to undertake and execute what may be com̄aunded and requyred from us, Thus refering myself to yor approued wisedom craving p̱don for my boldnes, desyring no longer to liue, then when I shall cease from studying and indeavoring to bend my best strength to p̱seuer in this Accon for the advancemt of the hour of or God, King and Cuntry, wth my humble remembrance to yorself and yor noble and virtuous Lady whose requests I will not forgett to satisfie wherein I may when tyme shall serve I take my leave and rest

At yor command ever ready Jo: Rolf James Towne this 8 of June 1617. P'script. May you please yu Sr as occasion shalbe offered to remember me for some place of com̄aund and some estate of land to be confirmed to me and my childe, wherein I haue formerly found yor love and readynes, for wch I shall rest much bound vnto you. [Addressed:] To my honored and much respected frend Sr Edwyne Sandys Knight deliuer these. [Indorsed:] Mr John Rolph From Virginia, To Sr Edwin Sandys 8 June: 1617 Their iournie to Virginia. Good estate of the Colonie. Store of Cattle & ploughs. The Indians loving: & will part wth their child'n. Their Comfort of his son. He left at Plimmouth wth Sr Lewes Stukeley. Desireth the Stipend may be continued to him. Prayeth a place of command & land for gift[?].

XXV. Governor Argall. A Letter, probably to His Majesty's Council for Virginia June 9, 1617
For References see No. XXIII List of Records No. 39

No 41. A Register book during the Gou9ent of Saml Argall Esqr Admiral, & for ye time p̢sent, principal Govr of Virga.

9 June 1617 a L̃er from James Town that he lost sight of the Lizard 11 apl 1617 came N° course & anchor'd 15 May before point Comfort, found ye people well—tilling ground for corn & Tob° 2 or 3 daies after arrived Capt Martin 5 weekes passage in his pinace. then he went to James Town & found all boats &c out of repair Sent Capt Martins pinace to ye No to fetch the boats ye fishing Compa gaue him. desires 100 men with tools & &c that he will p̳vide wth victuals likes James Town better than Bermudas 40 miles aboue it, will Strengthen it. Great plenty & peace That he sent Tomakin to tell Oppachancano of his arrival & he came to James Town rec̃d a present wth great joy. Tomakin rails agt Engld English people and particularly his best friend Tho: Dale all his reports are disproved before opachanko & his Great men whereupon (to the great satisfaccion of ye Great men) Tomakin is disgraced Powhatan is gone to ye K. of May—umps in patawamack Rivr & has left ye Gou9nt of his Kingdom to opachanko & his other brother. thinks Hemp & flax will grow well here especially flax. little trial yet of pocoon but will proceed in it Had Instrucc̃on to plant anisseed but brot none pray send some. Silk wormℯ thrive exceedingly. Excellent Wheat Barley cattle thrive. Ground wore out with maze will bring English grain. Want minrs. mr Whitaker being drown'd desires another Govr to be sent in ye mean time will use his best endeavours on wch he prays they'l put ye best construction desires Sr Dudley Diggs may Solicit A Bp to giue mr Wickham power to admr Sacramt here being no other parson

XXVI. Governor Argall. Pardons to George White, Arthur Edwards, and Henry Potter October 20, 1617
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 42

[53]    pardons

Geo. White pardoned for runing away to ye Indians with his arms & ammunition which facts deserve death according to ye express articles & laws of this Colony in that case provided and established and for wch offences he stands liable to ye Censure of a marshalls Court.

under Seal Colony 20. 8br 1617.

Antho Edwards for Stealing a prisoner woman, for wch he was liable to Censure marshalls Court

Henry potter for Stealing a Calf & running to Indians. death 1

Blank space in manuscript.

the others ye same crimes

XXVII. Governor Argall. Commissions October 20, 1617 (?)
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 43

[54] Sevl Comissions to trade to ye No parts of Virga and for Comanders of the sevl hundreds

XXVIII. Governor Argall. Appointment of William Powell October 20, 1617/?
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 44

[74] Argall xxxxx Admiral during his life & p̢sent Govr makes Wm Powell Capt of his Guards & Compa, Lt Govr & Comdr of James Town, blockhouses §&§ people there

XXIX. Governor Argall. Commission to Trade October 20, 1617
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 45

Como to trade in So pts & in ye bay

XXX. Governor Argall. Commission to Capt. Nathaniel Pool October 20, 1617
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 46

to Cap Nath Pool to be Serjant Major Genl

XXXI. Governor Argall. Commission to Francis West October 20, 1617
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 47

to ffra. West maker of ye ordinance during life

XXXII. Governor Argall. Commission to Nathaniel West October 20, 1617
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 48

[55] By Instrucc̃ons from Lo: La Warr Lord Govr & Captain Genl of Virga Argall makes Nat West Capt of the Lord Generals Compa 1

Blank space in manuscript.

Wm Cradock Provost Marshall his Com̄. Shows his duty wch no other Com̄ does

XXXIII. Governor Argall. Confirmations as to Cattle November 15, 1617
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 50 Confirmac̃ons

divers cattle were given to the Captains & others, xxxx with ye female increase in lieu of their places And now absolutely sold

15. Nov. 1617.

XXXIV. Citizens of Bermuda Hundred. A Letter to the Governor of Virginia November 27, 1617
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 51

A L̃er Sent to Govr by ye Citizens of Bermuda hund came to hand 27. Nov. 1617. Signed by Recorder & 9 others Citizens Claim West & Shirley hund as belonging to them & refuse to let Capt Madison clear there an. to ordr Govr

XXXV. Governor Argall. Letter to Citizens of Bermuda Hundred November 30, 1617
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 52

30 Nov. 1617. Govr answers that he will not Infringe their rights being a member of that City himself but beggs that ye Colony Servts may stay there this year

XXXVI. Lord De La Warr. Covenant with Lord Zouch December 27, 1617
C. O. 1, Volume I, No. 36 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 54

Whereas the right Honorble Edward Lord Zouch, Lord Warden of the Cinque portℯ hath paid One hundred pounds of current mony of England into the handℯ of the lord Lawarr which mony the said Lord Zouch * * doth aduenture with the said lord Lawarr in his present intended voyage to Virginia uppon theise Condic̃ons followinge (that is to saye) the lord Lawarr doth covnãnte with the said Lord Zouch * * * to transporte Seaven able men into Virginia and their to plant them and to and to prouide for their subsistinge and to ymploye them and their labours for the best proffitt he can promissinge and covenantinge to retorne into England a full third parte of the proffit of their labours be yt more or lesse to the vse of the said Lord Zouch * * vntill such tyme as by the costome of the Contrey the said men soe transported are to be made ffreemen and afterward to ympose such convenient rent as they shalbe hable to bare. A §which§ rent shalbe established to the said * * * * * Lord Zouch * and his Assignes duringe the lives of the said men soe transported And the lord Lawarr doth Covnãnte to give a true noate of the names of those Seaven men to be soe transported soe soone as they are of shalbe shipped for Virginia In witnes whereof the said lord Lawarr hath sett his hand and seale the Seauen and twentith daie of December Aō. d̴ni 1617 and in the ffifteenthe yere of the Raigne of Or sou9aigne lord Kinge James of England ffraunce and Ireland and of Scotland the one and ffiftith

Tho: Lawarr Sealed and deliuered in the presence of James Barker Edwarde Fowkes Thomas Banestr [Indorsed:] My lo: De la Warres Couenant for my lo: Zouches aduenture to Virginia.

XXXVII. Governor Argall. Memoranda 1617/18
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 55

[51 1

This number does not belong to the original roll.

] Certain Reasons touching ye most convenient times & Seasons of ye year for ye Magazine Ship to Set forth for Engld towards Virga

Record p̱ Jo: Rolff Secretary & Recordr General

XXXVIII. Governor Argall. Letter to the Council for Virginia 1618 (?)
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 56

Govrs L̃er to the Council for virga without date Earnestly desires to give up his place He is glad he is freed from ye Magazine business Lets em know they have affronted him by joining ye Cape Mercht with him in equal trust No such thing as Idleness now. you won't be overburdened wth Tobo nor any other Como because Tobo being §is§ low & yr goods high priced and if the people fall upon hemp or other Como it will be even as with Tobo you have wholly destroyed discouraged them. They are forced to tend old ground for want of tools that hee expected 3/p̱ɫi for Tobo he sold cattle for & had but 2/3d

XXXIX. Governor Argall. Four Warrants 1618 (?)
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 57 Warrants
XL. A Complete List in Alphabetical Order of the "Adventurers to Virginia," with the Several Amounts of their Holding 1

This is an alphabetical list, but is not the same list as the one printed in Force, Tracts, III, No. IV. Manchester Papers 241 is all in one hand, being a copy made at one time, even the entry "Sr John Harington now lord" has all been written at one time. The list is not the same as List of Records No. 36 (C. O. 1, Vol. II., No. 33.)

1618 (?) 2

The date may be 1619. See an Order of the Virginia Company. Court Book, December 15, 1619, and June 23, 1620.

Manchester Papers, No. 241 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 58

Adventurers to Virginia

Sr Anthonie Ashly 37 10
Sr Roger Aston 10
Sr William Ayliffe 50
Sr John Ackland 12 10
Morris Abbot 50
Giles Allington 25
Charles Anthonie 137 10
Edward Allen 100
William Atkinson 37 10
Richard Ashcrofte 25
Nicholas Andrewes 62 10
James Askue 62 10
John Andres 50
Thomas Allen 12 10
John Allen 12 10
Ambrose Austen 12 10
Edmond Allen 25
John Arundell 25
D: Francis Anthonye 10
Robert Askwith 37 10
Anthonie Abdey 37 10
The Earle of Bedford 120
Bishop of Bath & Wells 75
Sr Morrice Barkeley 80
Sr Thomas Bludder 25
Sr Thomas Beamont 25
John Bucher 37 10
Sr John Bennet 25
Sr Francis Barington 37 10
Sr Amias Bamfeild 12 10
Companie of Barbersurgions 25
Companie of bakers 40
Capt: Thomas Button 25
Capt. John Brough 25
Richard Banister 50
John Baukℯ 112 10
Thomas Barber 62 10
William Benham 120
William Barnarℯ 37 10
James Brearely 87 10
William Bruster 20
Richard Brooke 50
Hugh Broker 50
Ambrose Brewsie 12 10
John Brooke 12 10
Mathew Bronericke 66
Christopher Brooke 50
Martin Bond 12 10
Gabriell Beadell 12 10
Dauid Borne 25
Edward Barnes 50
John Badger 12 10
Edmond Brundwell 25
Robert Bowyer 25
Robert Bateman 25
Thomas Britton 25
Nicholas Benson 75
Peter Burgoney 12 10
Thomas Burgoney 12 10
Robert Burgoney 12 10
Edward Bishop 75
Christopher Barron 62 10
John Bingley Esq̢ 125
Peter Benson 25
John Baker 25
John Busteridge 62 10
Francis Burley 25
William Browne 12 10
Robert Barker 25
Samuell Burneham 12 10
Edward Barkley 12 10
Williã Bennet 25
George Barklie 12 10
Anthonie Barners 100
Edward Bruster 30
Thomas Bocket 25
John Bullocke 25
George Bache 12 10
Thomas Baley 37 10
William Barklie 12 10
Miles Bankℯ 50
George Butler 25
Thomas Bathurst 25
George Burton 12 10
Thomas Bret 25
Thomas Baker 100
John Blunt 37 10
Richard Blunt 12 10
Minion Burrel 12 10
Richard Blackmore 25
Benjamin Bland 12 10
Williã Burrel 37 10
Williã Barret 25
Francis Baldwin 12 10
Williã Becke 25
Sr Edmond Bowyer 12 10
Sr George Bowles 37 10
Edward Barber 12 10
Humfry Basse 25
Robert Bell 37
Mathew Bromerighe 16
John Beomont 12 10
Peter Barklet 37 10
Ruben Borne 37 10
John Betton 12 10
Arthur Bromfeild 25
Williã Bearebb§1§ocke 12 10
Charles Becke 25
The archbishop of canterbury grace 75
the Earle of Clanricard 20
the Lord Cavendish 137 10
the Lord Compton 100
the Lord Cranborne 25
the Lord Chandos 25
the Ladie Carie 12 10
Williã Cooke 25
Sr Oliver Cromwell 65
Sr Henry Carie 20
Sr George Coppin 115
Sr George Calvert 25
Sr Rowland Cotton 25
Sr Anthonie Coape 40
Sr Edward Conway 100
Sr Henry Cary Capt: 25
Sr Walter Covert 12 10
Sr Edward Culpepp̱ 12 10
Sr George Carie 45
Sr William Craven 75
Sr Walter Chute 25
Sr Walter Cope 165
Sr Edward Cecill 25
Sr Lionell Cranfeild 12 10
Sr Edward Carre 12 10
Sr Tomas Cornesbe 50
Sr Williã Cavendish 25
Sr george Chute 12 10
Robert Chamberlin 100
Francis Covell 112 10
Williã Coice 100
Abraham Chamberlen 112 10
Thomas Carpenter ( 1

Left blank in manuscript.

Anthonie Crue 25
William Crosley 75
James Chatfeild 12 10
Richard Caswell 125
John Cornellis 62 10
William Cantrell 12 10
Randall Carter 125
Richard Champion 37 10
Richard and george Chamberlen 125
Rawlie Crashawe 25
Henry Collins 12 10
Henry Cromwell 62 10
John Cooper 25
Richard Coop̱ 37 10
Thomas Colethurst 25
John Casson 50
Allen Cotton Ald̴r 62 10
Edward Caghe 87 10
Abraham Cartwright 75
Robert Coppin 12 10
Thomas Cannon 25
John Clapham 25
William Crashawe 37 10
Thomas Church 62 10
William Carpenter 37 10
Lawrence Camp 100
Clemen Chitley 25
James Cambell 25
Christopher Clethrae 50
Mathew cooper 25
george Chambers 12 10
James Culliner 25
Companie of clothworkers 100
Capt John Cooke 25
Capt Thomas Conaway 37 10
Dauid Culpepp̱ 25
Abraham Culliner 12 10
The towne of Chichester 25
John Culpepp̱ 37 10
Edmond Colbee 12 10
Robert Creswell 12 10
William Crowe 12 10
Abraham Carpenter 12 10
John Crowe 37 10
Thomas Cordell 50
Richard Connocke 20
William Chester 12 10
Richard Chamberlen 25
Thomas Covell 25
William Compton 25
Richard Carmarden 25
Simon Codrington 12 10
Williã and paul Camming 37
Thomas Coventry ( 1

Blank space in manuscript.

The Earle of Dorset 120
The Lord Denny 13 6 8
Sr Andrew Drewry 75
Sr Thomas Dennis 30
Sr John Digbie 25
Sr John Davies 25
Sr Robert Drurie 10
Sr Thomas Dale 25
Sr Dudlie Digℯ 37 10
Sr John Dodeiudge 25
Sr John Davies 25
Sr Marmaduke Dorret 50
Clement and Henry Daubny 20
Richard Deane 50
Henry Dawkℯ 12 10
Jeffery Duppa 50
Richard Dichfeild 25
William Dunne 25
Phillip Durdent 25
Abraham Dawes 62 10
John Dicke 50
Thomas Draper 75
Comp̃ of Drapers 150
Lancelot Davies 25
Rowley Dausey 25
Edward Dichfeild 43 15
William Dobson 37 10
The towne of Dover 25
Anthonie Diot 25
Avery Dranfeild 25
Roger Dye 37 10
John Downes 37 10
John Drake 12 10
John Delbridge 37 10
Benjamin Decrewe 37 10
Thomas Dicke 25
Comp̃ of Diers 75
Sara Draper 12 10
Daniell Darnelly 45
The Earle of Exeter 220
Sr Thomas Everfeilde 12 10
Sr Francis Egcocke 37 10
John Eldred 137 10
Robert Evolin 17
John Exton 12 10
William Evans 87 10
John Elkin 87 10
Richard Evans 50
Hugh Evans 50
Raph Evins 37 10
georg Etheridge 62 10
Nicholas Exton 75
Sr Henry Fanshawe 70
Sr Thomas Freake 25
Sr William Fleetwood 37 10
Sr Peter Frechvill 37 10
Sr Moile Finch 50
Sr John Fearne 12 10
Sr Henry Fanne 12 10
Comp̃ of fishmongers 150
John Fletcher and Comp̃ 137 10
Martin Freeman 75
John Farmer 100
William & raph freeman 87 10
Thomas Forrest 50
Edmond Fleetwood 62 10
William Filder 25
William Felgate 62 10
Nicholas Farrer 50
John Franklin 25
Edward Facett 57
Giles Francis 25
Richard Frith 25
george Farmer 12 10
Richard Farington 25
Dauid Floyd 12 10
John Ferneℯ 12 10
Thomas Francis 12 10
John Fermer 50
Nicholas Fuller 20
Thomas Foxall 37 10
William Fleet 37 10
Peeter Franke 12 10
William Faldoe 12 10
Richard Fishborne 25
Thomas Fox 12 10
William Ferres 37 10
John gardner 75
John greenige 12 10
John greenige 100
John gilbert 62 10
John graue 25
John gray 25
Richard gardoner 12 10
Nicholas greece 25
Richard god§d§eard 25
Thomas gipps 12 10
Peter gatℯ 12 10
Laurence greene 37 10
William greenwell 100
Robert garset 12 10
Robert goare 37 10
Francis glanvill 37 10
Thomas gouge 12 10
Thomas gibbs 12 10
Lady gray 25
Sr William godolfin 37 10
Sr Thomas gates 100
Sr William garaway 83 6 8
Sr Richard grobham 50
Sr William gee 25
Sr John gray 12 10
Sr Francis goodwin 37 10
Sr george goring 25
Comp̃ of grocers 487 10
Comp̃ of goldsmithes 200
Comp̃ of girdlers 50
The Earle of Huntington 120
The Lord Howard 87 10
Sr John Harington now lord 187 10
Thomas Holdcrofte 10
Sr Warwicke Heale 37 10
Sr Thomas Horwell 37 10
Sr Baptist Hickℯ 100
Sr John Hollis 50
Sr Thomas Hewit 75
Sr Ferdinando Hyborne 37 10
Sr William Herricke 25
Sr William Harris 75
Sr John Hayward 12 10
Sr Thomas Harefleete 12 10
Sr Vstacie Hart 25
Sr John Hanham 12 10
Sr Edward Heron 25
Sr Arthur Harris 37 10
Richard Humble 100
Richard Hacklewt 21
Edward Harrison 112 10
John Harper 62 10
george Houleman 100
Robert Hill 87 10
Raph Harrison 25
griffith Hinton 12 10
Thomas Hawkinℯ 25
Raphe Harreson 25
William Hancocke 62 10
george Hanger 25
John Ho§u§lt 12 10
Harmon Harrison 25
John Hunkly 25
Jeromie Haydon 75
Raph Hamor 133 6 8
John Ho§d§gsall 25
John Hanford 37 10
Thomas Harris 25
Richard Howell 12 10
John Hayward 100
Thomas Henshawe 75
Hugh Hammerslie 25
Leonard Harwood 37 10
Francis Haselrage 12 [10]
Raph Hamor the yonger 25
Tobias Hinson 45
Peter Highlie 2 25
george Hawkinson 12 10
Thomas sh Hackshawe 12 10
Charles Hawkinℯ 62 10
george Hooker 25
John Hoge 50
William Houlden 12 10
Robert Hartelie 12 10
gregory hearst 12 10
Roger Harris 68 15
Nicholas Hide 37 10
Laurence Hide 37 10
John Harris 37 10
John Hare 37 10
Thomas Hogℯ 37 10
James Hayward 12 10
William Hackwell 12 10
gressam hogan 37 10
Humfry Handford 50
William Haselden 12 10
Nicholas Hacker 25
Dc̃or Anthonie Hunton 37 10
John Hogsall 37 10
Tristram Hill 25
Richard Hearne Aldr 37 10
William Hogℯ 25
Thomas Hamp§y§ton 25
William Hickℯ 30
Samuell Holliland 37 10
Sr Francis Jones 37 10
Sr Thomas F Jarman 12 10
Sr Arthur Ingram 25
Robert Johnson Alderman 241
Richard Ironside 75
Henry Jackson 25
Thomas Jones 12 10
Williã Jobson 25
Thomas Jonson 62 10
Thomas Jadwin 15
John Josua 12 10
george Isham 37 10
William Janson 37 10
Comp̃ of Inholders 25
Comp̃ of Imbroderers 25
Comp̃ of Ironmongers 33 6 8
Thomas Juxson 25
Philip Jacobson 62 10
Peter Jacobson 50
James Jewells 25
gabriell Jaques 25
Walter Jobson 25
The Towne of Ipswich 100
Humfry Jobson 12 10
Edward James 37 10
Zacharie Jones 10
Antonie Irbie 12 10
Sr Robert killegrew 110
Sr Charles kelke 25
Sr John kaile 25
Sr Valentine§e§ knigtly 37 10
John kirrell 75
Raph king 62 10
Richard Knaresborough 12 10
Henry Kent 25
John kettlebee 25
Walter kirkham 16
The Earle of Lincolne 50
The lord Lisle 90
Sr Samuel Leonard 37 10
Sr Francis Leigh 33 6 8
Sr John Lewson 12 10
Sr Williã Lower 37 10
Capt Richard Lindsey 25
Comp̃ of lethersellers 50
Thomas Langhton 62 10
Williã Lowson 37 10
Peter Latham 12 10
Henry Leigh 12 10
Morrice Lowellen 37 10
Thomas Lever 62 10
Christofer landman 50
Edward Lewes 37 10
Edward Lewkin 37 10
Peter lodge in stockinℯ 12 10
Thomas Lawer 12 10
Thomas Lawson 12 10
Francis Lodge 25
John Langley 25
John Lewet 25
Lewke Lodge 12 10
Arnold Lulles 50
William Laurence 12 10
John Landman 25 10
Campson Leonard 12 10
Nicholas Lichfeild 6 5 5
Nicholas Leate 25
The towne of kingℯ Linne 75
gideon de lawne 37 10
the Earle of Montgomery 40
the Lord Mounteagle 50
Sr John Mericke 62 10
Sr george Moore 75
Sr Rob̴t Mansell 97 10
Sr Thomas Midleton ( 1

Blank space in manuscript.

Sr Edward Michelborne 12 10
Sr Cavaliero Macot 125
Sr Dauid Murry 337 10
Sr Peter Manhood 50
Sr Robert Miller 37 10
Sr Arthur Mannering 25
Sr Thomas Mansel 50
Sr William Mynard 12 10
Sr Tomas Mildmay 12 10
Sr Humphry May 31 10
Comp̃ of Mercers 200
Comp̃ of Merchant tailors 200
Doctor Medduℯ 15
Doctor mountaine 12 10
Capt: John Martin 95
Capt: Alphonsus van Metkerke 25
Captaine Henry Meoles 25
Otho Madite 62 10
Arthur Mouse 37 10
Adryan Moore 100
Thomas Mumford 20
Thomas Morris 87 10
Raph Morton 30
Francis Mapeℯ 12 10
Richard Maplesden 50
James Monger 25
Peter Monsell 75
Robert Midleton 37 10
Josias Mand 12 10
Richard Morton 12 10
geroge Mason 25
Thomas Maddox 25
Richard Moore 25
Nicholas Moone 12 10
Richard Martin 75
Philip Moleℯ 12 10
John Midletonne 6 5
Humfry Marret 12 10
Jarvis Monday 12 10
Robert Mildmay 37 10
Williã Millet 37 10
Richard Morer 25
Francis Midleton 12 10
John Miller 37 10
Thomas Martin 37 10
Thomas Nicholes 62 10
Christopher Nicholles 62 10
Thomas Norton 13 6 8
george Newce 12 10
Joseph Newborne 20
Christopher Nugate 25
the Lord Norrice 50
The Lord North 13 6 8
Sr Henry Nevill 37 10
Thomas Norncot 37 10
William Nicholeℯ 50
Jonathan Newtall 12 10
Rob̴t ofley 112 10
Williã Oxenbridge 100
Francis Oliver ( 1

Blank space in manuscript.

The Earle of Pembroke 400
The L Peeter 95
L Pagett 60
Sr Amias Preston 100
Sr Robert Paine 25
Sr Hary Payton 25
Sr Stephen Powell 100
Sr Christopher Perkins 50
Sr Nicholas Parker 12 10
Sr Nich: Pewrifie 12 10
Sr John Pettus 25
James Parrott 12 10
Wm Poole 37 10
Capt̃ Willl͠m Proud 25
Ric̃: Pointell 62 10
Thom̃s Perkins 12 10
George Peatlie 20
Ric̃ Perciuall ( 1

Blank space in manuscript.

Mihell Fettiplaise 12 10
Edw Perkins 50
Willm̃ Fittiplaise 10
George Prettie 12 10
Rob̴t Parkhurst 75
George Pitt 112 [10]
Thom̃s Phillipps 12 10


Henry Philpott 25li 0 0
Wm Payne 100
Fenice Pett 37 10
Ric̃ Partridge 25
George Procter 25
Miles Palmer 12 10
Rob̴t Pennyngton 25
John Pratt 12 10
Adam Perkins 25
Edmund Peirce 25
Wm Powell 25
John Payne 12 10
Edmund Peashall 25
Allen Percie 12 10
Henry Price 12 10
Thom̃s Pelham 6 5
Ric̃: Piggott 25
Wm Palmer 62 10
John Pawlett 12 10


Rob̴t Poory 25
Peter Peter 12 10
Ric̃ Powlson 37 10
Abram Peirce 12 10
Mathew de Questor 87 10
Wm Quicke 62 10
Sr Wm Romney 170li
Sr Wm Russell 62 10
Sr Stephen Riddleson 56
Sr Tho. Roe 60
Sr Ro. Riche 75
Capt̃ John Ratcliff 50
Ric̃ Robbins 12 10


Humfrey Raymell 12 10
Theodore Robertℯ 37 10
Henry Robinson 87 10
John Russell 12 10
Arthur Robinson 25
Ric̃: Rogers 75
Ric̃: Reynell 50
Robert Robinson 25
Millisent Ramesden 37 10
John Robinson 75
Edw Retheram 25
Robt Riche 12 10
George Robbins 62 10
Nicholas Raynton 25
Henry Rolfe 12 10
Henry Reynoldℯ 37 10
John Reynoldℯ 12 10
Elias Robertℯ 25
Wm Roscarrocke 37 10
Sr Henry Rainsford 37 10
Sr Nathaniel Rich 37 10


E of Salisbury 333li 6 8
E of Southampton 350li
E of Suffolke 133 6 8
L Sheffeild 140
L Stanhope 50
L Spencer 33 6 8
Countesse of Shrewsbury 50
Sr Tho. Smith 165
Sr Edwin Sandys 287li 10s
Sr Jo. Smith 26 13 4
Sr Samuel Sandys 62 10
Sr Wm Smith 25
Sr Wm St John 50
Sr John St John 37 10
Sr Stephen Somes 25
Sr Thomas Stewklye 37 10
Sr John Sames 50
Sr Raph Shelton 12 10
Sr Ric̃. Smith 37 10


Sr Martin Stutfeild 40li
Companie of Stationers 125
Companie of Skinners 100
Companie of Salters 50
Capt. Jo. Smith 9li
Sr Nich. Salter 125
John Stokes 50
Ric̃ Stapers 37 10
Thoms Shipton 62 10
Rob̴t Shingleton 75
Cleophas Smith 87 10
Ric̃: Strongtharme 100
Mathew Scriuen9 100
Hildebrand Spruson 59 9 9
Othowell Smith 42 6 8
George Scott 125
Wm Sandbache 10
Hewett Stapers 77 10
Mathew Sutcliff 20
George Sandys 12 10
James Swift 25
Ric̃ Stradfort 75
Edmund Smith 12 10
Rob̴t Smith 25


John Swineho 25li
Mathew Springham 25
Ric̃ Smith 25
Joseph Sone 25
Wilɫm Shakeley 25
John Southwicke 12 10
Henry Shelley 25
George Stone 12 10
Hugh Shipley 12 10
Wilɫm Strachey 25
Vrion Spencer 12 10
John Scarff 12 10
Thom̃s Scott 50
Wilɫm Sharpe 25
Edw: Smith 12 10
Stephn Sparrow 75
Thom̃s Stokes 12 10
Ric: Shepheard 25
Jonathan Smith 12 10
Henry Spranger 12 10
Wilɫm Stannerd 25
Stephn Sade 12 10
George Swinehow 37 10
Thom̃s Steph̴ns 37 10
Mathew Shepheard 50


John Stokeley 50li
Thom̃s Sherwell 12 10
Nicholas Sherwell 12 10
Wilɫm Seabright 12 10
Walter Shelley 12 10
Rob̴t Smith 12 10
Augustine Steward 25
Humphrey Smith 37 10
Thom̃s Stile 62 10
Abram Speckers 12 10
Edward Scott 25
Francis Smaleman 12 10
Gregorie Sprint 37 10
Thom̃s Slacey 25
John Smith 37 10


Sr John Trever 70
Sr Williã Twisden 37 10
Sr Williã Throgmorton 50
Sr Thomas Tracey 37 10
Richard Turner 37 10
John Taverner 37 10
Daniell Tucker 31 5
Charles Towler 12 10
Wilɫm Turner 25
Lewes Tite 25
Robert Thorneton 25
William Taylor 12 10
Leonard Towneson 25
Richard Tomlins 25
Francis Tate 25
Andrew Throughton 25
The Trinitie house 150
george Tucker 12 10
William Tucker 25
Henry Timberlie 37 10
Richard Tomlins ( 1

Blank space in manuscript.

George Thorpe 2[5]


Sr Horatio veere 121
Arthur venne 12 10
Peter van Loare 112 10
Christofer vertew 12 10
John vassall 25
Richard venne 12 10
Henry vincent 37 10


L: Walden 50
Sr Wilɫm Wade 144 10
Sr John Woolstenholme 137 10
Sr John Watℯ 162 10
Sr Robert Wroth 50
Sr Hugh Wirrall 25
L: de la Ware 500
Ep Bishop of worcester 13 6 8
Sr Edward Water house 25
Sr Richard Willinson 25
Sr Charles Wilmot 27 10
Sr Tho: Wesford 2


Sr Percivall Willobee 50
Sr Jo: Wentworth 12 10
Sr Raph Winwood 75
Capt: Maria Winkfeild 88
Thomas Webb 12 10
Thomas Wilson 37 10
Sandℯ Webb 12 10
Thomas White 62 10
Richard Wiffin 12 10
Tho: Wheatlie 87 10
Wilɫm Wilmson 50
Humfry Westwood 62 10
Hugh Willeston 12 10
Francis West 25
Edmond Winne 62 10
Rice Webb 62 10
Wilɫm Wattey 25


Wilɫm Webster 37
Edward Webb 100
James White 25
Jo: West 50
Joh: Wroth 87 10
Katherine west 25
Jo: Write 25
Edward Woller 50
Thomas Watson 62 10
Thomas Wood 25
Thomas Walker 25
Jo: Westcrowe 37 10
Edward Welch 25
Nathaniel Wade 25
Richard Weedowes 25
Felix Wilson 25
Dauid Waterhouse 37 10
Owin Winne 50
Randall Wetwood 25
george Wilmer 25
Edward Wilkℯ 25
Leonard White 25
Andrew Wilmer 25
george Walker 25
Clement Wilmer 25
Wilɫm Welbie 87 10
Francis Whistler 25
Tho: Wells 25
Tho: Wheele 12 10
Tho: Winne 25


John Whittingham 12 10
William Willet 12 10
Devoreux Woogan 50
Thomas Wale 75
John Weld 37 10
John Willet 37 10
Jo§h§n Wooller 37 10
Thomas Ware 50
William Willeston 37 10
Thomas Watson 25
John Walter 37 10
Wilɫm Ward 37 10
Nicholas Wheeler 12 10
Dauid Wiffim§n§ 12 10
garret Weston 12 10
Jo: Walter per Sr Amias Preston 5


Williã Young 12 10
Simon Yeoman 12 10
Sr george Yardely 25
Lo: Zouch 60

[Indorsed in the same hand:] [* * *] 1

Manuscript torn.

of Aduenturers to Virginia

XLI. Governor Argall. Order Addressed to the Commander of Kiquotan February 3, 1617/18
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 64

Govr orders the Comdr of Kiguotan not to let Sailors come ashore or people go aboard because when ye Sailors heard of a mans death they Imbezelled their goods sent 'em. ordr to send to him on any Ships arrival.

3 ffeb. 1617.

XLII. Governor Argall. Commission to William Cradock February 20, 1617/18
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 65


By the Admiral &c

To all to whom these presents shall come I samuel Argall Esqr Admyrall and for the Time present principal Governor of Virginia Send Greeting in Our Lord God Everlasting. Sithence in all places of Warrs and Garrison Towns it is most Expedient and necessary to have an honest and Carefull provost Marshall to whose charge and Safe Custody all Delinquents and prisoners of what Nature of Quallity soever their Offences be are to be com̃ytted Now Know ye that for the Honesty Sufficiency and Carefulness in the Execution and Dischardge of the Said Office— which I conceyve of William Cradock I do by these presents nõiate con- stitute Ordain & appoint the Said William Cradock to be provost Marshall of the Bermuda City and of all the Hundred thereto belonging Giving and granting unto the said William Cradock All power and Authority to Execute all Such Offices Duties and Comands belonging to the Said place of provost Marshall with all priviledgs rite and prehemynences thereunto belonging And in all Cases wch require his Speedy Execution of his Said Office by virtue of these presents he shall require all Captains Officers Soldiers or any other Member of this Colony to be [93] aiding and assisting to him to appease all Mutinies factious Rebellions and all other Discords contrary to the quiet and peaceable Government of this Comon-Weale as they will Answer the Contrary at their further Perils

Given at Bermuda City this 20th of ffebraury in the 15th year of the Reign of Our soveraigne Lord James by the Grace of God King of England &c and of Scotland the 51 And in 11th Year of this plantation Año Dñi 1617 Extract & recordat per

Jo. Rolf Secretar & Recordat general Copia Test R Hickman Cl sec Off. 1

This document is attested in Hickman's handwriting.

XLIII. Governor Argall. A Lettter to the Virginia Company March 10, 1617/18
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 67

[50] 10 Mar̃ 1617 The Govr tells ye Compa in what a ruinous condic̃on he found ye Colony by ye carelessness of ye people & lawless living and how he has improued almost euery thing That the Citizens of Bermuda hundd claims ye privileges granted them wch he can't refuse, and he there- fore cant force the artificers there to follow their arts to great p̢judice Colony Now hereafter to be made free of ye Colony till bound to follow their trades. Ship Carpenters are controuled to serve without ye wages agreed, for, all artificers sent upon wages he undertakes to pay here. Corn dont ansr his expectac̃on desires but 50 men to be sent Indians so poor cant pay their debts & tribute pohawtan goes from place to place visiting his Country taking his pleasure in good friendship wtt us laments his daughters death but glad her child is living so doth opa- chanko both want to see him but desires that he may be stronger before he returns want cloathes & tools sent here. ground will hold out but 3 yrs and cant clear more for want of tools ploughs Set to work for wheat barley pease hemp fflax &c. hath planted mulbery trees. mr Lambert has found out that Tobo cures better on lines than in heaps and desires lines be sent. last summer a great mortality among us, far greater among the Indians and a morrain amongst the deer. desire ordrs for mr Wickham & mr Maycock a Camb. Schollar and a person to read to mr Wickm (his eyes being dim) desires another Govr to be sent all desire The Lord La Warr (who is our Lord Govr) to return to his Gov9mt where he'l find all things in good ordr & p̳sperity.

X. Seals used by members of the Virginia Com found among the papers.

1. Sir Edwin Sandys. 2. J. Dickenson. 3. John Ro
4. George Thorpe. 5. Francis Smith. 6. Captain Thomas Nnce.
7. John Rolfe. 8. Abraham Peirsey. 9. Jacob Whittaker.

XLIV. Governor Argall. Proclamations or Edicts May 10, 1618
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 74

Every person to go to Church Sundays & holidaies or lye neck & heels on the Corps du Guard ye night following & be a slave ye week following 2d offence a month 3d a year & a day

10. May 1618.

XLV. Governor Argall. Proclamations or Edicts May 18, 1618
For Reference, See No. XXIII List of Records No. 75

Agt private Trucking with Savages & pulling down pallisadoes

Agt teaching Indians to shoot wth guns on pain of death to learner & teacher and how to hunt deer or hogs without Govrs leave to go armed to Church & to work, keep watch Hoggs in Ja. Town 2d time forfeit to Colony Hoggs to be ringed at Bermuda.

No man to take hay to sweat their Tobo because it robs the poor beasts of their fodder and sweating Tobo does it little good as found by Experience

Every man to sett 2 acres with corn (Except Tradesmen following their trades) penalty forfeitr of corn & Tobo & be a Slave a year to ye Colony

No man to shoot but in defence of himself Agt Enemies till a new supply of ammunition comes on pain of a years Slavery

None to go aboard ye Ship now at Ja. Town without ye Govrs leave

No trade with ye perfidious Savages nor familiarity lest they discover our weekness

18 May 1618

XLVI. Sir Edwin Sandys, Henry Timberlake, John Ferrar. Meeting of a Committee for Smythes Hundred May 18, 1618
Ferrar Papers Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge University Photograph in Library of Congress. Corrections by Nicholas Ferrar and address and notes by J. Ferrar List of Records No. 76

At a Court of §meeting of the§ Comittees houlden for Smythe's Hundred in Virg: the .8. of May. 1618. were p̢nte the R: worshipfull Sr Edwin Sandys Knight Trearr.

At a generall Courte §Assemblye§ held by the Adventurors of this Socyetye the 7 of this instant. The Treasuror intreated the Comittees there present to meet the day following at 3 in the afternoon, there to consider and set doune a proporton of the charge to intertain, transport, furnish and victuall the 35 men agreed uppon, that it may appeare what Sum of monye shall be assessed uppon every particuler Advenror according to the number of their shares

The first thing offred to the consideration of the Trar and Comittees was the charge to intertain and keep 35 men for one month before they shall be shipped.

It was next supposed and thought meet that every man to be sent for this Devision of Land should p̢nte himselfe well apparrelled, before the Trear̃ and them to whom its ordered that ten shillinges a persn shall be allowed and given to every man uppon his arrivall in Virg. And that every man shall be transported, victualled, furnished wth apparrell and all other implements both for labor, necessaries of the [ethould] and defense, at the charge of the Adventurors in such proportion as hereafter enseweth

It was also propounded to the consideration of this Council §the Com- mittee§ what manner of men were fittest to be imployed in this Devision. And also the fitt division the meanes 1

Probably should be "names."

of said Adventurors to whose care the procuring of the said men shall be referred.

And that the monye assessed uppon every Member of this Society for the charges hereafter specified, shall be paid to the Trea[sure]r of this Hundred by the 29 of this month being the Last of Easters tarme.

The charge of every particuler belonging to the furnishing of 35 men agreed on by the Comittees

The charge to kept .35. men after their intertainment for ¥ 28 dayes at 12d p diem 50
Their transportation at 5ɫi 6s a man 175
Seventeen§Seaven§thousand of Biskett §& meale§ for one §half yeare after landing at§ wholl year at 25s a hundred is 52 105 ¥ s
The allowance to every perticular man on his arrivall in Virg: at: 10s a man 17 10ɫi 347 10
The Charge of Lodging 35 men, allowing to evy man after the rate as followeth, viz .3 – 14 – 4 a peese 130 1 8
Three pair of shooes at .2s 4d a paire 0 7 0
Three pr of stockinges one of Sarsey and .2 pr of Linnen 0 4 0
A Cassock and breeches of sarcy wth Lining and buttons of twined at 1 8 8
A Dublett of fustian made up 0 12 0 3 14 4
A Cassock and breeches of Canvas 0 8 0
three twirled at 3s 4d a peese, and two banded at 8d a peese 0 11 4
A Cappe 0 1 8
poynted garters needle and thredd for evy man 0 1 8
Shooe lether, thred, aules pitch rosen, at for each man 5 0 0
Provisions for Lodging, Viz: for a flocke bed and boul- ster,13–4 a blankett and Covering,8d with two pairs of tweed for every two men,16.8 Twenty at the Charge of 34s – 4 and not for our men * * * * * * for servis and * * §wre for B. Copley in the * * * * * * * * * * * * & to spare * * * * to§ 36ɫi 2s
34 4 0 +
Twenty Musketts .10. with snapphammers, & 10 without and moulded onto them

36h at 23a

16 13 4 +
40 forty §Twentie§ Swordes and Daggers 12 0 0 +
Two barrells of pouder being 200 pound, wch will allow to evry man 10 pounds and more at 5lb the barrell 10 0 0 +
Six hun. wt of lead and melting pans 3 2 13 4
Aqua vite .36. gallons at 4s the gallon 7 4 0
A gallon of ginger 1 10
[Armeger] a book 4 0 0 +
Six Kettles of three sizes with hooks 4 0 0 +
Twenty brest plates and 36 head peeses the brest plates valued at 6s a peese, and the head peeses at 2s – 6d. amounted unto in all 10 10 0 +
Iron .500. wt at 12d p̱ C 3 0 0 + 167 17 8
157 7 8
Copper one hundred wt for the purchase of the land and corn if need be C[opper] to be traded 6 0 0 +
Netts hookes and Lines

S = Barrels' 2

10 0 0 +
provision of hemp std flax etc 2 0 +
A plough wth all things belonging to it 1 20 0
1 10 0
Implements and necessary tools for labor viz.
For 20 pickaxes at 3s a peese 3 0 0
Thirty six shovels and as many spades

18 20

7 0 0
Fower pitt Sawes 1 20 0
Twelve free hand sawes

2 Sh 2d

4 0 0
Fower and twenty hand sawes 1 20 0
Eighteen hewing axes at 2s—6d

18d Day

2 5 0
Six broad axes at 18s 3d

2¥ 8d

0 18 0
Thirty six hatchetts at 12s 1 16 0
Iron hammers, 18 at 8s a peese 0 12 0
Six Iron Crow[bars] at 5s 1 10 0
Twelve Iron wedges at 2s a peese 1 4 0
Aug * * s pepper and A Mill to grind them with [2 0 0]
Nailes of all sortes 4 0 0
Files, pearser bitts, gimletts, chisells & augurs etc 2 0 0
Six Sithes, 12 Sickles and eight 1 10 0 22 10 0
Extraordynary expenses for carrage portage etc and high ferridge 5 0 0
The Officers wages 10 0 0
The totall charge is 657¥s 9s 4d

The men to be sent, to be

Carpenters 4
Sawyers 2
A brick layer with his tooles 1 35 men
Husbandmen and Labouring men 28

For the defrayinge of these charges there is to be levyed uppon every share fifty shillings wth abateing for the thirty shares of the Lo: la warre Cap. Argall and Capt Yardlye amounteth unto 675— wch is to be paid into Sr E. Sandys Trear for his hands: on the last day of his Eastr tarme.

The names of such as by order of Courte are intreated to undertake the providing of theis men.

The Earl of Lincoln 2 men
Sr Samuel Sandys for 4 men
The Earl of Lincoln 2
Sr Wm Throckmorton 2
Sr John Danvers 2
Sr John Wolstenholme 2
Mr Syruss Johnson 4 men 26 men.
Mr George Thorpe 2
Mr Morris Abbott 2
Mr George Wilmer 2
Mr Broomfield and Mr Timberlake 4
Mr Gabriel Barbor 4
Mr John Farrar 2 men

Lastly it was agreed, that as many of the Adventurors of this Society as be in Towne, should be intreated to meet at the General assemblye the .13. of this instant, halfe an hower before two in the after noon, to consider of the proportions above written and of any other thing wch may tend to the advansemt of this Plantation things wanting 1

This entire entry is crossed out.

Twiners ware & Lanturns
Sea beeds
For the women apparell 46 Duzun
A Mill 10 Barralls of Good Whiskie
Pepper & Spice 5 Barralls of Barly
for the wall 4 Barralls of Grasses
Beades of all Coullers 20 Sun
Sixty nine pencls & prchments
Tooles for a Brick yard
A greate peice of Bellows and Anville for a Smith

[Indorsed:] 8 May 1618 At a Court §meeting§ of §the§ Comittees houlden for Smythes Hundred

XLVII. Virginia Company. Instructions to George Yeardley November 18, 1618
(1) Miscellaneous Records, 1606–1692, pp. 72–83. (2) Randolph MSS., III, pp. 46–150 Document in (1) Library of Congress, (2) Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Va. List of Records No. 87

The Treasurer and Companie of Adventurers and Planters of the City of London for the first Colony in Virginia. To Captain George Yeardly Elect Governor of Virginia and to the Council of State there being or to be Greeting.

Our former cares and Endeavours have been chiefly bent to the procuring and sending people to plant in Virginia so to prepare a way and to lay a foundation whereon A flourishing State might in process of time by the blessing of Almighty God be raised. Now our trust being that under the Government of you Captain Yeardly with the advice and Assistance of the said Council of State such public provisions of Corn and Cattle will again be raised as may draw on those Multitudes who in great Abundance from diverse parts of the Realm were preparing to remove thither if by the late decay of the said public Store their hopes had not been made frustrate and their minds thereby clene discouraged We have thought good to bend our present cares and Consultations according to the Authority granted unto us from his Majesty under his great Seal to the setling there of A laudable form of Government by Majestracy and just Laws for the happy guiding and governing of the people there inhabiting like as we have already done for the well ordering of our Courts here and of our Officers and accions for the behoof of that plantation And because our intent is to Ease all the Inhabitants of Virginia forever of all taxes and public burthens as much as may be and to take away all occasion of oppression and corruption we have thought fit to begin (according to the laudable Example of the most famous Common Wealthes both past and present) to alot and lay out A Convenient portion of public lands for the maintenance and support as well of Magis- tracy and officers as of other public charges both here and there from time to time arising We therefore the said treasurer and Company upon a solemn treaty and resolution and with the advice consent and assent of his Majesties Council here of Virginia being Assembled in A great and general Court of the Council and Company of Adventurers for Virginia require you the said Governor and Council of Estate to put in Execution with all convenient Speed a former order of Our Courts (which had been commended also to Captain Argal at his making Deputy Governor) for the laying and seting out by bounds and metes of three thousand Acres of land in the best and most convenient place of the territory of James town in Virginia and next adjoining to the said town to be the seat and land of the Governor of Virginia for the time being and his Successors and to be called by the name of the Governors Land which Governors Land shall be of the freed grounds by the common labor of the people sent thither at the Companies Charges And of the Lands formerly conquer'd or purchased of the Paspeheies and of other grounds next adjoining In like sort we require you to set and lay out by bounds and Metes other three thousand Acres of good land within the territory of James town which shall be con- venient and in such place or places as in your discretions you shall find meet which latter three thousand Acres shall be and so called the Com- panies Land And we require you Captain Yeardley that immediately upon your arrival you take unto you the Guard assigned to Captain Argal at his going Deputy Governor or sithence by him assumed to be of your guard [for the better defence] of your Government and that as well the said guard as also fifty other persons now sent and transported with you you place as tennants on the said Governors land and that all other persons heretofore transported at the Common Charge of the Company since the coming away of Sr Thomas Dale Knight late Deputy Governor be placed as Tennants on the said Companies Lands And we will and ordain that all the said Tennants on the Governors and Companies Lands shall occupy the same to the half part of the profits of the said Lands so as the one half to be and belong to the said Tennants themselves and the other half respectively to the said Governor and to us the said Treasurer and Com- pany and our Successors And we further will and ordain that of the half profits arising out of the said Companies Lands and belonging to us the said Treasurer and Company the one Moiety be imploied for the Enter- tainment of the said Councel of Estate there residing and of other public officers of the general Colony and plantation (besides the Governor) accord- ing to the proportion as hereafter we shall Express and in the mean time as you in your discretions shall think meet And the other moiety be carefully gathered kept and ship'd for England for the public use of us the said Treasurer and Company and our Successors And we will and ordain that out of the half profits of the said Companies Lands to us belong- ing one fifth part be deducted and alotted for the Wages of the Bailiffs and other Officers which shall have the oversight and Government of the said Tenants and Lands and the dividing gathering keeping or shiping of the particular moiety of the profits belonging Either to the said Council and Officer there or to us the said treasurer and Company and our Succes- sors as aforesaid Provided alwaies that out of the said Companies Land A sufficient part be exempted and reserved for the securing and Wintering of all sorts of Cattle which are or shall be the public Stock and Store of the said Company And forasmuch as our intent is to Establish one Equal [blank of several lines] Plantations, whereof we shall speak afterwards, be reduced into four Cities or Burroughs Namely the cheif City called James town Charles City Henrico and the Burrough of Kiccowtan And that in all these foresaid Cities or Burroughs the ancient Adventurers and Planters which [were] transported thither with intent to inhabit at their own costs and charges before the coming away of Sr Thomas Dale Knight and have so continued during the space of three years shall have upon a first division to be afterward by us augmented one hundred Acres of land for their personal Adventure and as much for every single share of twelve pound ten Shillings paid [for such share] allotted and set out to be held by them their heirs and assigns forever And that for all such Planters as were brought thither at the Companies Charge to inhabit there before the com- ing away of the said Sr Thomas Dale after the time of their Service to the Company on the common Land agreed shall be expired there be set out One hundred Acres of Land for each of their personal Adventurers to be held by them their heirs and Assigns for ever. paying for every fifty Acres the yearly free Rent of one Shilling to the said treasurer and Company and their Successors at one Entire payment on the feast day of St Michael the archangel for ever And in regard that by the singular industry and virtue of the said Sr Thomas Dale the former difficulties and dangers were in greatest part overcome to the great ease and security of such as have been since that time transported thither We do therefore hereby ordain that all such persons as sithence the coming away of the said Sr Thomas Dale have at their own charges been transported thither to inhabit and so continued as aforesaid there be allotted and set out upon a first division fifty acres of land to them and their heirs for ever for their personal Adventure paying a free rent of one Shilling yearly in manner aforesaid And that all persons which since the going away of the said Sr Thomas Dale have been transported thither at the Companies charges or which here- after shall be so transported be placed as tenants on the Companies lands for term of seven years occupy the same to the half part of the profits as is abovesaid We therefore will and ordain that other three thousand Acres of Land be set out in the fields and territory of Charles City and other three thousand Acres of Land in the fields and territories of Henrico And other three thousand Acres of land in the fields and territory of Kiccowtan all which to be and be called the Companies lands and to be occupied by the Companies Tenants for half profits as afore said And that the profits belonging to the Company be disposed by their several moieties in the same manner as before set down touching the Companies lands in the territory of James town with like allowance to the Bailies and reservation of ground for the common Store of Cattle in those several places as is there set down And our will is that such of the Companies tenants as already inhabite in those several Cities or Burroughs be not removed to any other City or Burrough but placed on the Companies Lands belonging to those Cities or Burroughs where they now inhabite Provided alwaies that if any private person without fraud or injurious intent to the public at his own charges have freed any of the said Lands formerly appointed to the Governor he may continue and inhabite there till a valuable recompence be made him for his said Charges And we do hereby ordain that the Governors house in James town first built by Sr Thomas Gates Knight at the charges and by the Servants of the Company and since enlarged by others by the very same means be and continue for ever the Governors house any pretended undue Grant made by misinformation and not in a general and quarter Court to the contrary in anywise notwithstanding And to the intent that godly learned and painful Ministers may be placed there for the service of Almighty God & for the spiritual benefit and comfort of the people We further will and ordain that in every of those Cities or Burroughs the several quantity of one hundred Acres of Land be set out in quality of Glebe land toward the maintenance of the several Ministers of the parishes to be there limited and for a further supply of their maintenance there be raised a yearly standing and certain contribution out of the profits growing or renuing within the several farmes of the said parish and so as to make the living of every Minister two hundred pounds Sterling p̱ annum or more as hereafter there shall be cause And for a further Ease to the Inhabitants of all taxes and Contributions for the Support and Entertainment of the particular magistrates and Officers and of other charges to the said Citys and Burroughs respectively belonging We likewise will and ordain that within the precincts or territories of the said Cities and Burroughs shall be set out and alotted the several Quantities of fifteen hundred Acres of Land to be the common Land of the said Citie Or Burrough for the uses aforesaid and to be known and called by the name of the Cities Or Bur- roughs Land And Whereas by a special Grant and licence from his Majesty a general Contribution over this Realm hath been made for the building and planting of a college for the training up of the Children of those Infidels in true Religion moral virtue and Civility and for other godly uses We do therefore according to a former Grant and order hereby ratifie confirm and ordain that a convenient place be chosen and set out for the planting of a University at the said Henrico in time to come and that in the mean time preparation be there made for the building of the said College for the Children of the Infidels according to such Instructions as we shall deliver And we will and ordain that ten thousand acres partly of the Lands they impaled and partly of other Land within the territory of the said Henrico be alotted and set out for the endowing of the said University and College with convenient possessions Whereas also we have heretofore by order of Court in Consideration of the long good and faithful Service done by you Captain George Yeardley in our said Colony and plantation of Vir- ginia and in reward thereof as also in regard of two single shares in money paid into our treasury granted unto you the said Captain Yeardley all that parcel of Marsh ground called Weynock and also one other peice and parcel of Land adjoining to the same Marsh called by the Natives Konwan one parcel whereof abutteth upon a Creek there called Mapscock towards the East and the other parcel thereof towards a creek there called Queens Creek on the West and extendeth in breadth to landward from the head of the said Creek called Mapscock up to the head of the said Creek called Queens Creek (which creek called Queens Creek is opposite to that point there which is now called the Tobacco point and abutteth south upon the River and North to the Landward) all which several Lands are or shall be henceforward accounted to be lying within the territory of the said Charles City and exceed not the quantity of two thousand and two hundred acres We therefore the said Treasurer and Company do hereby again grant ratifie and Confirm unto you the said Captain George Yeardley the said several Grounds and Lands to have and to hold the said Grounds and Lands to you the said Captain George Yeardley your heirs and Assigns for Ever And for the better Encouragement of all sorts of necessary and laudable trades to be set up and exercised within the said four Cities or Burroughs We do hereby ordain that if any artizans or tradesmen shall be desirous rather to follow his particular Art or trade then to be imploied in husbandry or other rural business It shall be lawful for you the said Governor and Councel to alot and set out within any of the precincts aforesaid One dwell- ing house with four Acres of Land adjoining and held in fee simple to every said tradsman his heirs and Assigns for ever upon condition that the said tradesman his heirs and Assigns do continue and exercise his trade in the said house paying only a free rent of four pence by the year to us the said Treasurer and Company and our Successors at the feast of St Michael the Archangel for ever And touching all other particular Plantations set out or like to be set out in convenient Multitudes either by divers of the ancient Adventurers Associating themselves together (as the Society of Smiths hundred and Martins hundred) or by some ancient Adventurer or Planter associating others unto him (as the plantation of Captain Samuel Argall and Captain John Martin and that by the late Lord La warre advanced) or by some new Adventurers joining themselves under one head (as the plantation of Christopher Lawne Gentleman and others now in providing) Our Intent being according to the Rules of Justice and good government to alot unto every one his due yet so as neither to breed Dis- turbance to the Right of others nor to interrupt the good form of Govern- ment intended for the benefit of the people and strength of the Colony We do therefore will and ordain that of the said particular plantations none be placed within five Miles of the said former Cities and Boroughs And that if any man out of his own presumption or pleasure without special direction from us hath heretofore done otherwise a convenient time be Assigned him and then by your Discretions to remove to Some farther place by themselves to be chosen with the Allowance and Assent of the Governor for the time being and the Council of Estate And that the Inhabitants of the said City or Burrough too near unto which he or they were placed make him and them a valuable recompense for their Charges and expence of time in freeing of Grounds and building within those pre- cincts In like sort we ordain that no latter particular plantation shall at any time hereafter be seated within ten Miles of a former We also will and ordain that no particular plantation be or shall be placed straglingly in divers places to the weakening of them but be united together in one seat and territory that so also they may be incorporated by us into one body corporate and live under Equal and like Law and orders with the rest of the Colony We will and ordain also for the preventing of all fraud in abusing of our grants contrary to the intent and just meaning of them That all such person or persons as have procured or hereafter shall procure grants from us in general Words unto themselves and their Associates or to like Effect shall within one year after the date hereof deliver up to us in writing under their hands and seals as also unto you the said Governor and Councel what be or were the names of those their first Associates And if they be of the Adventurers of us the Company which have paid into our treasury money for their shares that then they express in that their writing for how many shares they join in the said particular Plantation to the End a Due proportion of Land may be set out unto them and we the said Treasurer and Company be not defrauded of Our due And if they be not of the Adventurers of the Company which have paid into our treasury money for their shares yet are gone to inhabit there and so continue for three years there be allotted and set out fifty Acres of Land for every such person paying a free rent of twelve pence the year in manner aforesaid and All such persons having been planted there since the coming away of Sr Thomas Dale And forasmuch as we understand that certain persons having procured such Grants in general Words to them- selves and their Associates or to like Effect have corruptly of late endeav- oured for gain and Worse respects to draw many of the ancient Planters of the said four Cities or Burroughs to take grants also of them and thereby to become associated unto them with intent also by Such means to over- strengthen their party And thereupon have adventured on divers Enor- mous Courses tending to the great hurt and hindrance of the Colony Yea and have also made Grants of like Association to Masters of Ships and Mariners never intending there to inhabit, thereby to defraud his Majesty of the Customs due unto him We to remedy and prevent such unlawful and greedy Courses tending also directly to faction and sedition Do hereby ordain that it shall not be lawful for the Grantees of such Grants to asso- ciate to any other unto them then such as were their Associates from the first time of the said grants without express licence of us the sd Treasurer and Company in a great General and Quarter Court under our seal ob- tained And that all such after or under Grants of Association made or to be made by the said Grantees shall be to all intents and purposes utterly void And for as much as we understand that divers particular persons (not members of our Company) with their Companies have provided or are in providing to remove into Virginia with intent (as appeareth) by way of Association to shroud themselves under the General Grants last aforesaid which may tend to the Great disorder of our Colony and hinder- ance of the good Government which we desire to Establish We do there- fore hereby ordain that all such persons as of their own Voluntary Will and authority shall remove into Virginia without any Grant from us in a great general and Quarter Court in writing under our seal shall be deemed (as they are) to be occupiers of our Land that is to say of the Common Lands of us the said Treasurer and Company And shall yearly pay unto us for the said occupying of our Land one full fourth part of the profits thereof till such time as the same shall be granted unto them by us in manner aforesaid And touching all such as being Members of our Com- pany and Adventurers by their monies paid into our Treasury shall either in their own person or by their agents Tennants or Servants set up in Virginia any such particular Plantation tho with the privity of us the said Treasurer and Company yet without any grant in Writing made in our said General Quarter Courts as is requisite We will and ordain that the said Adventurers or Planters shall within two year after the arrival of them or their Company in Virginia procure our grant in writing to be made, in Our General Quarter Court and under our seal, of the Lands by them possessed or occupied or from thenceforth shall be deemed only Occupiers of the Common Land As is aforesaid till such times as our said grant shall be obtained We also not more intending the reformation of the Errors of the said 2

This memorandum was added by John Ferrar.

than for advancing of them into good Courses and therein to assist them by all good means We further hereby ordain that to all such of the said particular as shall truly fully observe the orders Afore and hereafter specified there be alotted and set out over and above Our former Grants One hundred Acres of glebe land for the Minister of every and fifteen hundred Acres of Burough Land for the public use of the said Plantation Not intending yet hereby either to abridge or enlarge such grant of glebe or common Land as shall be made in any of our grants in writing to any of the said particular planta- tions We also will and ordain that the like proportion of maintenance out of the and profits of the Earth be made for the several Ministers of the said particular Plantations as have been before set down for the Ministers of the said former Cities and burroughs We will and ordain that the Governor for the time being and the said Council of Estate do justly perform or cause to be performed all such grants Covenants and Articles as have or shall be in writing in Our great and general Quarter Courts to any of the said particular Plantations Declaring all other grants of Lands in Virginia not made in one of our great and general Quarter Courts by force of his Majesties Letters patents to be void And to the End aforesaid we will and ordain that all our grants in writing under our seal made in our great and general Quarter Courts be Entered into your records to be kept there in Virginia Yet directly forbiding that a Charter of Land granted to Captain Samuel Argal and his Associates bearing date the twentieth of March 1616 be entered in your Records or otherwise at all respected forasmuch as the same was obtained by slight and cunning And afterwards upon suffering him to go Governor of Virginia was by his own voluntary act left in our Custody to be cancelled upon Grant of a new Charter which 1

Blank spaces.

We do also hereby declare that heretofore in one of our said general and Quarter Courts we have ordained and enacted and in this present Court have ratified and Confirmed these orders and laws following. That all Grants of Lands privileges and liberties in Virginia hereafter to be made be passed by Indenture A Counterpart whereof to be sealed by the Grantees and to be kept the Companies Evidences And that the Secretary of the Company have the Engrossing of all such Indentures That no patents or Indentures of Grants of Land in Virginia be made and sealed but in a full General and Quarter Court the same having been first thoroughly perused and Approved under the hands of A Select Committee for that purpose That all Grants of in Virginia to such Adventurers as have heretofore brought in their money here to the treasury for their several shares being of twelve pounds ten shillings the share be of one hundred Acres the share upon the first division and of as many more upon A Second Division when the land of the first division shall be Sufficiently peopled And for Every person which they shall transport thither within seven years after Midsummer Day One thousand six hundred and Eighteen if he continue there three years or dye in the mean time after he is Shiped it be of fifty Acres the person upon the first Division and fifty more upon a second Division the land of the first being Sufficiently peopled without paying any rent to the Company for the one or the Other And that in all such Grants the names of the said Adventurers and the several Number of Each of their Shares be Expressed Provided alwaies and it is ordained that if the said Adventurers or any of them do not truly and Effectually within One Year next after the Sealing of the said Grant pay and discharge all such Sums of money wherein by subscription (or otherwise upon notice thereof given from the Auditors) they stand indebted to the Company or if the said Adventurers or any of them having not lawful Right either by purchase from the Com- pany or by Assignment from some other former Adventurers within one year after the said Grant or by Special Gift of the Company upon merit preceding in A full Quarter Court to so many shares as he or they pretend Do not within one year after the said Grant satisfie and pay to the said Treasurer and Company for every share so wanting after the rate of twelve pounds ten shillings the share That then the said Grant for so much as concerneth the 1

Blank space.

part and all the shares of the said person so behind and not satisfying as aforesaid shall be utterly void Provided also and it is ordained that the Grantees shall from time to time during the said seven years make a true Certificate to the said Treasurer Councel and Company from the Chief Officer or Officers of the places respectively of the Number names ages sex trades and conditions of every such person so transported or shiped to be entered by the Secretary into a Register book for that purpose to be made That for all persons not comprised in the order next before which during the next seven years after Midsummer day 1618 shall go into Virginia with intent there to Inhabite If they con- tinue there three years or dye after they are shiped there shall be a grant made of fifty acres for every person upon A first division and as many more upon a second division (the first being peopled) which grants to be made respectively to such persons and their heirs at whose charges the said persons going to Inhabite in Virginia shall be transported with reserva- tion of twelve pence yearly Rent for every fifty acres to be answered to the said treasurer and Company and their Successors for ever after the first seven years of every such Grant In which Grants a provisoe to be inserted that the Grantees shall from time to time during the said Seven years make A true Certificate to the said Treasurer Councel and Company from the Chief Officer or Officers of places Respectively of the Number names ages sex trades and Conditions of every such person so transported or shiped to be entred by the Secretary into a Register book for that purpose to be made that all Grants as well of one sort as the other respec- tively be made with equal favours and grants of like Liberties and immuni- ties as near as may be to the End that all Complaint of partiality [or] differencie may be prevented All which said orders we hereby will and ordain to be firmly and unviolably kept and observed And that the Inhabit- ants of Virginia have notice of them for their use and benefit Lastly we do hereby require and Authorize you the said Captain George Yeardley and the said Council of Etats Associating with you such other as you shall there find meet to Survey or cause to be Survey'd all the Lands and terri- tories in Virginia above mentioned and the same to set out by bounds and metes especially so as that the territories of the said Several Cities and Buroughs and other particular plantations may be conveniently divided and known the one from the other Each survey to be set down distinctly in writing and returned to us under your hands and seals In Witness whereof we have hereunto set our Common Seal Given in a great and general Court of the Council and Company of Adventurers of Virginia held the Eighteenth Day of November 1618 And in the years of the Reign of Our Soverain Lord James by the grace of God King of England Scot- land France and Ireland Defender of the Faith &c Vizt of England France and Ireland the Sixteenth and of Scotland the two and fiftieth.

Novr 18. 1618.

XLVIII. Ferdinando Yate. "The Voyage * * * to Verginia 1619" 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, 13 Document in the New York Public Library Autograph Document 1

Blank space.

List of Records No. 91

I §was§ wished by mr Georg thorpe to take a note of everie daies travil vpon the seas; which I haue performe in a true Collection althouge not in so good form as I could §wish§ it were therfor I hope you will exceept §of it§ as it is; not looking for anie greater mater in soe mean a scoller the seas wer trublsum and manie occation at sea hapeneth to hinder a man from his studie and now wee are ashore wee haue worke enuf to follow our daiely husbandtrie sum to clering ground for cor§ne§ and toback sum to building housses sum to plant vines and mulberie trees and all these must be seen vnto otherwise they will not follow their busines therfor I hope §you will consider§ of vs in whom the charge §doth§ light vpon

A short noote of or time spent at sea and the varietie and change of wind and wether and the extremities that seamen endure and the mercies of allmighttie god to support them in all disstreses

To worshipfull gentlemen of gloucs Georg Thorp of wanswell essquier and John smith of nibly essquier wishing you all maner of p̳speritie and espesially in this honorable attempt of planting in this cuntrie which I make noe doubt with gode assistance, wilbe a benifit to your selves and posterie; a good to the common welth of eingland; and in time, a meanes to convert these poore faithles Indeans

your poore servant to his ponerffard: Yate

The. 16. day of September anno dom .1619. this .16. day by the assistance of the allmigtie god our Captaine Capt John woodlefe being sett foorth by the worthy and worshipfull gentlemen of Glous Sr william Throgmarton knight and barannet Richard barkeley Essquier Gorge thorpe Essquier John smith Essquier and or Capt Essquier and partner with those gentle men this day abouementioned at .8. of the clocke orther aboute we sett §saile§ in kingrod in a barke of bristow caled the margrett the winde being southwarly we could not make anie great speede one or quorse the seventh day in the morning the wind god bethanked came sumwhat faierer with a smal gale and verie faier wether and with gode assistance proseeded on or quorse about ten of the clocke this day we lost the sight of lundie and about .2. a clock of the same daie the wind rose a litle and blue a faier gale at southwest and the wether faier the which I pray god §to§ make vs thankfull for it: the—18th day wee prosseed one or quorse the wind being faier but a verie smalle gale and with gode assistance wee recovered to the southward of ir§eir§land this night we were becalmed but only now and then with vncertain winde contrarie to our quors thus waiting vpon the mercies of the allmigtie god and wavering vpon the wide Seas with vncer- taine winde vntle it shall plese god god to send vs wether to bring vs to or expected port. the .19. day being the first saboath day in or viage we were becalmed as the daie night before but only with a smale gale §at§ norwest about .2. a clocke of this daie it pleased god to send vs a faier gale at norwest and soe we held or quors to the sowwest the .20. day we lickwise proseeded on or quors the wind houlding with a strong gale as the day before this day about .2 a clocke the wind came at north with a verie strong gale in so much that when the night came we were driven to strike or topsailes then the wind shifted that estnorthest and so the .21. day with the same wind wee held our qurs at west sowwest according to or desier and praing to the allmightie god to continue so faier a wind, the .22. day we had the wind southest and held or quors as the day before Runing with a strong gale as much as our smale ship is able to bere towarde

Or expected port thus ver depending vpon the mercies of the all mightie god and desiering him allwais to continue his favorable hand of cumpassion towarde vs without the which §we cannot§ long continue the .23. daie the wind God bethanke held as the day before and we continued or quors at westsouwest which we hould to be §the direct§ poynt for or port this .23 day at night wee had a shroud storme out of the southest both of wind and raigne which did both annoy mariners and pasengers for the time the .24. day in the morning it pleased god to send vs calme wether but §the§ wind vncertaine then about ten a clocke we had a faier gale at est and by south and we held or quorse at westsouwest the .25 day wee had the wind estnorthest and helld or quors as the §daie before§ .26. the wind held at southest and wee held or quors at souwest an by west this day in the after noone wee had stormes and gustes out of the est and the night following proued verie tempestuous both with wind and raigne the 27 daie we had faier wether and the wind at estsouthest the .28. daie in the morning we had the wether faier and the wind at southest the .29. daie we had the wind a sousouwest contrarie to or quors the .30 day the wind held contrie as the daie before the first day of october we were becalmed with verie faier wether [and about] the .2. day god be thanked we had the §wind at§ sousouthest and directed or quors at souwest and by west the .3. daie we had a verie great storm from the estsouthest which held from saturday night vntle morndad morning the .4. day it pleased god we had the wether faier but the wind contrie at souwest the .5. daie we had the §winde§ southwardly the .6. daie we had the §wind§ at north west the .7. day we had the §wind at§ south and south an by west and in the afternoone blew so much wind that we could hardly bear anie saile the 8 day we were becalmed this night about midnit we had a faier gale at est which held .2. or .3. houres and as the morning came the wind shifted the .9. day the storme grew soe extrem that we were licke to cutte or maine mast by the bord and then it plesed god to favor vs in slakeing the wind a litle which cased vs to stay o hande and so by the helpe of the all- mightie we enduered the storm all that day and night the tenth day we had the wind at norwest and soe proseeded one or quors as nere as wee could the .11. day wee had the wind as the daie before and verie faier wether the .12. daie we had the wind at south and foule wether full of mist and fog this night about midnit the wind came northwardly the .13. day we had the wind at north and by est with a verie strong gale the which we praied god to continue to his will and plesur the .14. day we had the wind faier but shifted to the southest and towarde night shrunke away to souwest with foule wether the .15. day §we§ had the wind con- trarie as the daie before and towarde the evening the wind came a litle northwardly the .16. day we had the wind at west and by north the .17. day wee had faier wether and calme that we coulnot make anie way one our viage in the evening we had a litle fresh gale at west and the wind increased that night the .18. daie we had a verie great storm which cased vs to strike or sailes and topmast and toward night the storm ceased a litle and then wee sett or maine quors the .19 day we had the wind faier the .20. daie the §wind§ blue at west norwest the .21. daie we had the wind lick wise as the daie before and we held or quors at west and by south the .22. daie we had faier weth and the wind northwardly but a vrie smale gale the .23. day was faier and calme and the wind at north and by est the .24. day the wind blue as the daie before with a faier gale the .25 day wee had the wind and wether faier luckewise the .26. day we had the wind and wether faier lickewise with a good full gale and we held our quors at west and by north proseeding one our viag as opertunitie serueth the .27. we had the wind sanct and in the afternoone fel away westward contrarie to our quors the .28. day the wind was faier and wee held our quors fitt for or portt the .29. day we had the wind at est and a verie strong gale and we sailed away afor the wind the .30. daie §we had§ the wind faier at north est with a smal gale the .31. daie we had a shroud storm at norwest with wind and raigne and we struke or sailes and topmastes, the first daie of novenber we §had§ the wether faier and the wind at north an by est and we sett or mast and sailes the .2. daie §we had§ the wind and wether §faier§ at south with a strong gale the .3. daie foule wether and the wind at south the 4 daie we had the wind at north and resonable faier wether the .5. daie wee had the wind estandbynorth with a faier gale the .6. day the wind shifted to the west contrari to or quors and in the after noone we had a shroud storm and we struck or sailes and topmaste and in the evening the wind cam faier at north and by est and so the storm cesed and we set or maigne quors halfe mast hie the 7. daie was faier wether and the wind at southest the 8 daie the wind came at south and we held our quorse at north an by west the .9. day we had the wind at est with a faier strong gale and continued most part of the neight and a storm cam and the wind shefted at west the tenth day wee strucke sailes and topmastes and the storme continued all that day in the evening the storm cessed a litle and we set or maigne quors and continued that neight the .11. day in the morning we had faier wether and held the same quors at westsouwest with a verie small gale and sumtimes a calme the .12. day we had a rufe §gale§ from the norwest the .13. day we had faier wether and becalmed the .14. daie we had a storm at west contrarie to our quors and we strucke or saieles and top mastes and huld away befor the wind. about midnight the storm ceased the .15. day we had §the§ wind at norwest in the evening the wind came faier at est and continued with a strong gale that night the .16. daie the wind held as the the daie befor but the wind encreased and continued with much raigne & foule wether that we strucke or saieles and top mastes and huld befor the wind about midnight the storm cesed both of wind and raigne the .17. daie we had the wind faier in the morning and about .9. of the clocke we had a storm out of the est at .12. a clocke faier wether and a good obcervation and the wind came againe at est with a faier gale and we set or sailes and topmast and befor night it turned to a storm that we struck * * * §sailes§ againe and huld befor the wind with gret extremitie of wether the .18. daie the storm held as the daie before with as much extremitie and about noone wee strucke or fortopmast thus remaining acording to the plesur * * * of the allmightie god in the surging and overgroune seas in which daingers the lord hath hetherto preserued vs and we lick pore passenger and pilgreimes depending vpon god mercies and praiing vnto his maiestie to lend vs such cumfortable wether that may be for our goode and bring vs to our expected port free from all hurte and dangers and out of the hande of our enimies the .19. daie in the morning the storm sum wht a bated and a bout .6. a clocke we sett saile and proseeded on or quors as opertunitie serueth the .20. daie we had the wind faier at northest and pro- seeded one or quors the .21. day the wind held faier lickwise the .22. daie the wind held faier as the daie before and we held or quors and looked out for land and sounding often not finding ground & neither discovered land the 23 d[ay] the wether was veri faier and the wind resonable large the .24. daie the wind and wether was faier the which we praied god to continue the .25. daie we had the wind §at south§ and blew a strong gale and we sterd away west and about .4. a clocke we sounded and had ground at .16. fathom of water the .26. daie we had the wind at nor west con- trarie to or quors the .27. daie §the§ wind was contrarie lickewise but the wether faier and callme this night §the wind cum§ at souwest and we bore vp at west and by north and sumtimes norwest the .28. daie being the sabaoth daie we had the wind at souwest, and we bore vp at west and by nore and in the morning wee sounded and had lande at at a .11. fathom of water and about §.11.§ a clocke one went vp in the maine top and desscried land which was noe smale ioy to the whole cumpanie, and this night we came to an anker in Cheskeak baie the .29. daie we had a shroud storm and we endevored to waie anker and or Capston brock, which put vs in great disstreese and so we were driven to ride it out vntle the next morning the .30. daie we had or Capston mended and waied anker, and in the evening god bethanked we came to an anker at kecketan in a good harbore where my Captaine went a shore to see sum of his frendℯ and my selfe and his mane with him thus leauing the seas I leave to wright at this time the last of november .1619.

I need not report anie thing of the cuntrie you hauing had soe good enteli- genc of it by soe manie worthy gentle men: that i should but loose my labore to wright anie farther, but only this I must need saie, that if I had the eloquence of Cesero or and the skillfull art of Apellese I could not pen neither paint out a better praise of the cuntrie then the cuntrie it selfe deserveth we are well settled in good land by the means of the Governor of this cuntrie, and the care and experienc of or Capt our house is bilt with a stoore convenient [Indorsed in the handwriting of John Smyth:] The voyage written by ffer- dinardo Yate to verginia 1619.

XLIX. Virginia Company. A Note of the Shipping, Men, and Provisions, Sent to Virginia, by the Treasurer and Company in the yeere 1619"
(1) Pamphlet. Printed. (2) Manuscript formerly of Earl De La Warr. (1) New York Public Library. (2) Document in Collection of Lord Sackville, Knole Park, Kent.List of Records No. 92 A Note of the Shipping, Men, and Provisions, sent to Virginia, by the Treasurer and Company, in the yeere 1619.

The Bona Noua, of 200. Tun, sent in August 1619. with 120. persons.
The Duty, of 70. Tun, sent in Ianuarie 1619. with 51. persons.
The Ionathan, of 350. Tun, sent in Februarie, 1619. with 200. persons.
The Triall, of 200. Tun, sent in February, 1619. with 40. persons, and 60. Kine.
The Faulcon, of 150. Tun, sent in February, 1619. with 36. persons, & 52. Kine, and 4. Mares.
The Marchant of London, of 300. Tun, in March, 1619. with 200. persons.
The Swan of Barnstable, of 100. Tun, in March, 1619. with 71 persons.
The Bonauenture, of 240. Tun, sent in April, 1620. with 153. persons.


Besides these, set out by the Tresurer and Company, there haue been set our by particular Aduenturers for priuate Plantations.
The Garland, of 250. Tun, sent in August, 1619. with 45. persons.
who are yet detained in the Summer Ilands.
A Ship of Bristoll, of 80. Tun, sent in September, 1619. with 45. persons.
There are also two Ships in prouiding to be shortly gone, for about 300. persons more, to be sent by priuate Aduenturers, to Virginia 300. persons.
Summe of the persons 1261.
Whereof in the eight Ships set out by the Treasurer and Company 871.
Of these persons there are sent for publicke and other pious vses, these ensuing:
Tenants for the Gouernours Land, (besides fiftie sent the former spring.) 80.
Tenants for the Companies Land 130.
Tenants for the Colledges Land 100.
Tenants for the Ministers glebe Lands 50.
Young maids to make wiues for so many of the former Tenants 90.
Boyes to make Apprentices for those Tenants 100.
Seruants for the publicke 50.
Men sent by their labours to beare vp the charge of bringing vp Thirty of the Infidels children in true Religion and ciuility 50.
Summe of Persons for publicke vse, &c 650.
The 611 remaining, are sent for priuate Plantations.


The Commodities which these people are directed principally to apply, (next to their owne necessary maintenance) are these ensuing:


Iron: for which are sent 150. persons, to set vp three Iron workes; proofe hauing been made of the extraordinary goodnesse of that Iron.

Cordage: for which (besides Hemp) direction is giuen for the planting of Silke-grasse, (naturally growing in those parts) in great abundance: which is approued to make the best Cordage and Linnen in the world. Of this, euery house-holder is bound to set 100. Plants: and the Gouernour himselfe hath set fiue thousand.

Pitch and Tarre: for the making whereof the Polackers are returned to their workes.

& sope

Timber of all sorts, with Masts, Planks and Boords for prouision of Ship- ping, &c. there being not so good Timber for all vses in any one knowne Countrey whatsoeuer. And for the ease and encrease of diuers of these workes, prouision is sent of men and materials, for the setting vp of sundry Sawing Milles.

Silke: for which that Countrey is exceeding proper hauing innumerable store of Mulbery Trees of the best, and some silke-wormes naturally found vpon them, producing excellent Silke: some whereof is to bee seene. For the setting vp of which Commodity, his Maiesty hath been graciously pleased now the second time (the former hauing miscarried) to bestow vpon the Company plenty of Silke-wormes feed of his owne store, being the best.

Vines: whereof the Countrey yeeldeth naturally great store, and of sundry sorts: which by culture will be brought to excellent perfection. For the effecting whereof, diuers skilfull Vignerons are sent, with store also from hence of Vine plants of the best sort.

Salt: which works hauing bin lately suffered to decay, are now ordered to be set vp in so great plenty, as not onely to serue the Colony for the present; but as is hoped in short time also the great Fishings on those Coasts.

For the following, working, and perfecting of these Commodities, all prouisions necessary for the present are sent in good abundance. As likewise the People that goe, are plentifully furnished with apparell, bedding, victuall for sixe moneths: Implements both for House and labour, Armour, weapons, tooles, and sundry other necessaries. And a supply of Armour, Powder, and many necessary prouisions is made for those of the Colonie which were there before; yet without any preiudice to the former Magazin.

There haue been giuen to the Colonie this yeere by deuout Persons, these gifts ensuing.


Two Persons vnknowne, haue giuen faire Plate, and other rich Ornaments for two Communion Tables; whereof one for the Colledge, and the other for the Church of Mistrisse Mary Robinsons founding: who in the former yeere by her Will, gaue 200. pounds towards the founding of a Church in Virginia.

Another vnknowne person, (together with a godly letter) hath lately sent to the Treasurer 550. pounds in gold, for the bringing vp of children of the Infidels: first in the Knowledge of God and true Religion; and next, in fit trades whereby honestly to liue.

Master Nicolas Ferrar deceased, hath by his will giuen 300. pounds to the Colledge in Virginia, to bee paid, when there shall be ten of the Infidels children placed in it. And in the meane time foure and twenty pounds by yeere, to be distributed vnto three discreet and Godly men in the Colony, which shall honestly bring vp three of the Infidels children in Christian Religion, and some good course to liue by.

An unnamed person sent to the Treasurer the summe of ten pounds, for aduancing of the Plantation.

There haue been Patents granted this yeere for particular Plantations, as here ensueth.
To the Society of Southampton hundred.
To Master Heath Recorder of London.
To Master Wincopp.
To Master Tracie.
To Doctor Bohun. Who haue vndertaken to trans- port to Virginia great multi- tudes of People, with store of Cattell.
To Master Pierce.
To Master Delbridge.
To Master Points.
To Master Barkley.
To Captaine Bargraue.
To Captaine Ward.

The foresaid twelue hundred sixty one persons being arriued, will make the number of the English in Virginia to amount to about foure and twenty hundred Soules: and the Cattell, to about fiue hundred: with some Horses and Goates; and infinite number of Swine, broken out into the woods.

L. (John) Delbridge (Yeardley). A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys [1619]
Ferrar Papers Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge University An indorsement in a later hand gives letter as from Delbridge. Autograph is Sir George Yeardley's. Written soon after April 29, 1619. (Photographic repro- duction of part, in the Library of Congress)List of Records No. 93

Noble Sir, trewly p̱ceiving your constant affection still to remayne towards me, aswell in the great travaile and paynes you take for defending vp- houlding and mayntayning my reputation and Creditt, as allso for the good advise Counsell and directions I doe receave frõ you, with your harty wishes and prayers for my happy and good p̳ceeding, I may not omitt ffirst to give thankes vnto God who hath raysed me so worthy a ffreind, next to retorne to your good selfe all my best and strongest endevors in ffaythfull Love and service, whereby I may in some measure deserve your so great kindnes shewed me, meane whille I retorne vnto you vnfayned thankes, with p̳mise to p̱forme to the vttmost of my strenght and vnder- standing all things I am required for the publike good, p̳ceeding in this wayghty worke wch I have by god his p̳vidence now in hand, even with all the dilligence I can, wherein considering the littell helpe I have for men of vnderstanding and honesty with willingnes to lend theire helping hand vnto me, I find great troble and some diffulty, wch I make shift so well as I can to wade through being in many things by argument opposed by those by whõ I should be strenghned, the reasons endeed being that they themselves §some of them§ have bin partakers in Argalls actions, the rest having fformerly by his p̱swasion sett theire hands to vntruthes are now vnwilling to give themselves the ly but rather care not yf the whole publike where overthrowne then theire p̱vate Credit crabt, to be taxed with indiscretion or dishonesty but this they Smother and Smooth over, and I am willing to lett pass so the p̱incipall may be p̱fected, and so it will, and playnly apeare by Testimony vpon oath that Argall hath wrought Craftily and dishonestly in all his p̳ceedings, and they won with the love of his good Licour, and fayre p̳testations to be Joyned to sett theire hands to that wch they cannott now chuse but in theire harts condem [1a] May it please you to consider it will be alltogether requisite that I should be assisted with the ffull nomber of 8 Counsellers here being now but six neither could I tell in all the Land where to Chuse too more to ad to this nomber, now mr wicham being dead whom the whole Land doth much miss and lament and Capt West gon for England wohe helpe may easily be spared, there Remaynes now but the nomber of 4 and those too of them Capt Powell and Mr Macok dwelling at Charles Hundred 40 miles frõ James towne it is a very great troble for them vpon all ocations to come away frõ theire p̢vate workes to attend herevpon the publike, yett in truth I find thẽ both willing to spare what tyme they can for the publike espetially Mr Macok who is endeed my Cheife strenght in the ryght all- though while Capt Argall was heere he did a littell run with the tyme, as it was his safest Course for endeed, there was no daring to deny what he would have done, what in p̱ticullar I have done, as I was Comanded by §my§ Comissions and Instructions, may it please you that I refer you to the generall letters, what remayneth with as much speed as tyme and other most needfull ocations will give leave, I meane god willing to p̱fect, allthough for restitution frõ Capt Argalls goods and Lands to be made both to the Publike and p̢vate, there is found here at my Coming but littell to make it good for having that littell tyme to run away frõ the Collony he Caryed his Cheifest goods with him, leaving only behind him his Cattell wch is the Cheifest and some other things arysing to no great valew, but Concerning the publike, espetially for Corne, I will vse all the care and Industry I can to rayse a stock by way of trade to wch end I desire some trucking stuff may be sent me, for Cattell I finding I finding 1

The voyage was probably in September, and the account written in January.

none to remayne to the Collony at my Arivall, I know not as yett how to rayse that stock, but so soone as I can I will examine more exactly how every man hath come by his Cattell so yt yf I find any vnlaufully bought I may restore thẽ to the Publike, there are yett in the possession of Capt West six Cowes with the encrease wch Capt Argall at his Arivall when he had served himselfe and those he would, sett apart for my Lord Delawars vse but my Lorde being dead they had now bin otherwyse to have bin disposed to the Publike vse, wch I would have done but that Capt West assureth me that my Lady Delavar hath allready gotten a grant of thẽ ffrõ the Company, wch till I heare frõ you I lett them remayne in his pos- session, being no whitt the farther yf the Company shall thinke fitt either to Mr Wodall or otherwise to dispose of thẽ

[2a] I find that we * * * Smyths Hundred are alltogether destitute of Cowes therefore I sho[ul]d be glad you would take order we may be furnished with those, and more I hope you have, p̳vided that we may buy of thẽ that are coming in the Shipp, for oxen of those that remayne here to the Collony I entend about Michallmas to take as many as will sett vp 3 ploughs at Smythes Hundred, for we have there great store of good Cleered grounds, this yeare both before and since my coming in hath bin a very great drought, so yt I cannott expect much tobako our Cheifest care must be for Corne, whereof I hope the next yeare to send you word of plenty, I am sory that I shall not this yeare send home tobako as I well hoped to have done, what I fayle this yeare I doubt not but to make good the next, when I shall have the whole winter before hand to dispose, and order the men, yett I confes the care Charge and troble of the Publike buisines doth much hinder me and keepe me frõ looking after that of Smyths Hundred, where I wish to be p̢sent oftner then my occa- tions will suffer me. agayne, I want some experienced men for officers and Baylyes to direct the workes in my absence, for lack whereof there are many things canot goe well foreward when I am away—and to say truth it would desire my p̢sence there alltogether and I could be well content, so yt the publike were otherwise by gods apoyntmen well p̳vided for, to spend my tyme wholly in that employment. There hath lately hapened a misfortune done by him who Comanded there Mr Eps whõ I found cheife in the buisines at my coming Mr Haull and Mr Neman being dead, Mr Eps being a hopefull yong gentellman I constituted Captayne over the people and Comitted the buisines wholly to his disposing in my absence and as he should receave directions frõ me, but so it fell out one the 30th §of§ may last that one Capt. Stalling employed hether by Sir ffardinando Gorge, Coming to Smythes Hundred some difference ffell betweene thẽ and drunkennes wch of late hath bin to Common stiring them farther to malice and blowes, so that Epps lett drive at Stalling and with his sworde but scaberd and all, yett the blow was so fforcible that he Cleft him to the scull and next day he died thereon, this matter is not yett tryed in regard I have bin trobled with these buisinesses of Capt Argalls, in the meane he is Committed to the Provost Mareshalls, and in his stead I have entreated [2b] Capt Graves and Antient officer of this Co[mpa]ny to take Charge of the people and workes my selfe as occassion will p̱mitt making a step thether, I am sory for Capt Epps in Regard he is a proper yong man, and Recomended to me by Sir Nicholas Tuston for whose sake I desired to doe him all the ffurtherance I could, and I hope yett yf he be Cleared with his lyfe of this matter he may by god his grace repent and become a good member of that Plantation, wherein I shall be willing to Instruct him, Stalling his Shipp being maymed before he died lyeth now like a wrack vpon the shoare and yf I doe not vse some speedy course to trim hir she will be for ever vnserviteable, but therein I entend to doe the Owner a pleasure, yf it Shall stand with your good liking I should be glad Sir ffardinando had content for hir, and that I myght Employ hir here to trade for Smyths Hundred, herein yf you send your resolution by the next retorne after I see hir trymed I shall be able to say what she is worth, Sir I vnderstand by §a letter§ I receaved frõ you of Capt Lawne, that some of the Company tooke it ill I putt into Dartmouth, but therein I may be very well excused being resolved to put in to some place of the West Country to make vp the nomber of the men and to certify you thereof with other reasons Wch myght have hapened to any of the excepters but theire malitious harts are herein more seene, that any way I can be Justly taxed, for those my ffreinds that wisht me me 1


so well, that they would have bought the wine yf so to have bin sould my Love and service shall allway be ready to requite those theire good wishes, for those wch are Jelous about my touching there being p̱swaded by some neere §me§ I cleere them of that doubt, allthough in some other matters they may doubt, but for my Capitall Enimy I hope I shall by the mercy of god stand Cleare of him his ends being evill mine good, for the generall con- ceite that I will either be slack or misled or in any respect hindred in the orders given §me§ for the reformation and restitution of all matters, they Judge amiss of me, yett endeed as it is ffallen out, Capt Argall being gon with his Ritches I am destitute in the greatest to make restitution yett for restoring the Publike stock of Corne I will doe my best, and for resti- tution of all damages there remaynes at the stake only his Cattell the nomber whereof the Lyst will shew you, and a few other goods whereof allso I have sent an Inventory [Indorsed] Delbridg to Sr Edw Sandes.

LI. Sir George Yeardley. A Letter to [Sir Edwin Sandys] 1


Ferrar Papers Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge University List of Records No. 94


Sir, since my Last vnto you by the Swan, wherein I was forced to wryght breifly, hoping to have more tyme by the Ships that were to ffollow hir, to signify at large vnto you of all matters, and espetially about the bewsines of Capt Argall, it hath pleased god in his mercy that Capt Nuce with his whole Company are safely arived at Elisabeth Cyty, whether I am now come to lend him my best assistance and furtherance for the seating himselfe and his people with most conveniency and best helpe this place will any way afford, and p̱swading the ould Inhabitants here to remove frõ of this Land now chosen for the Company and to leave theire howses with some resonable consideration of helpe to build others vpon theire owne dividents, wherein I will p̢vaile god willing, wherefore yf I shall entreat you to excuse me in not wryghting so largly as I entended, and not therein p̱forming the things I p̳mised in answering of all your letters, I pray Impute it to this nessisary troble wch at this tyme doth posses me and suffer me to take a littell more tyme therein, wch shall be no longer then the dep̱ture of the Bona Nova now this second tyme, yett have I not left all things vndon, though I endevored to doe more yf tyme and buisines would have given leave but have now by this ship sent home enclosed in the Companyes pakett, such of our p̳ceedings in Capt Argalls matters as in this tyme wee could ffinish with some other discourses I hope not vnnessisary, wee doe entend by the Bona Nova to make a full conclusion of Capt Argalls buisines and to send you home what we can, expecting your resolution therevpon, I fynd in this gent Capt Nuce much worth and suffitienty, and cannott but comend the godly care of the com- pany in p̳curing and making choyse of men of such good quality, and I doe assure my the bivsines, both by him and mr [1b] Traysy a worthy gent as I heare, but have not yet spoken with him though thanks be to god he is safly arived in the River, I missing his Ship as I came downe the River hether in the nyght tyme, by them both and Capt Thorpe who I can never suffitiently comend, nor give you enough thankes for, will be exceedingly strenghned and in all good things forwarded, for Capt Thorpe espetially of whõ I have had most experience, I find to be a most suffitient gent vertuous and wyse, and one vpon whose shoulders the fframe of this godly building the goverment of this whole Collony would most fittly sitt, And my humble request therefore shall be vnto your Noble selfe whõ I hould still to Patronise this noble worke, though god of his Infinite goodnes and espetiall p̳vidence hath for the farther and more greater good of this his worke moved the hart of that most Noble p̱son to take vpon himselfe the Cheife place and Gard hereof, for wch great blessing and mercy my selfe as being s trewly sensible thereof retorne most harty prayse vnto the Allmyghty for the same, that therefore being I am assured you tender most deerly the welfare of this plantation you would be pleased my tyme of 3 yeares being expired in the Goverment, to comend vnto the good regard of the Company this worthy p̱son Capt Thorpe whõ I doe find to be a man most Jeolesly affected vnto the well p̳ceed of the whole plantation, and being it pleaseth god to give him health and strenght having allso bin well seasoned to the Country assuredly will be the most ffitt man to be Governour of Virginia vnto whõ I shall be most willing to surender my place and Comand, and be as ready and foreward to doe my best service to the Collony in what I may as yf I still remayned in the Goverment, neither will it seeme harsh to me to be comanded as I my selfe have done espetially by one whõ I can obey with such Love, as I shall doe vnto him, then allso shall I be able to attend with Dilligence that bewsines wch partly through my absence hath so much miscarryed I meane the place I love and greive to see it yett not thrive Sowthampton Hundreth, and to speake truth it is Impossible for any man that shall be Governour throughly to looke vnto the p̳ceed of any one p̱ticular planta- tion, in regard the publike Affayres of the Collony and the care of all will draw him frõ that dayly regard a p̢vate plantation doth and will require, and so shall he be forced to trust others and [2] to beare the blame himselfe, yett Sir I beseech you not to conceave that I goe about contrary to my p̳mise both to god your selfe and the Company to shyse my selfe out of the Goverment of Virginia for yf I spend my lyf substance strengh and all I have in the service thereof, I shall thinke my selfe hapy to ffinish my course in such a worke, and will not be found a murmurer agaynst god, yf he shall please to pick me out for the same. But being I have now well weyghed and considered that I may be able to doe the Country as good servise, yea and being best acquainted with my owne disposition, better service then yf I did continew Governour, and that in many respects wch your selfe Sowthampton Hundreth and allso the whole Company shall fynd god willing, yett wherein for the p̱ticulars I will not boast, till I shall have p̱formed thẽ, in execution whereof I shall not stick to spend my Lyfe for the effecting of such matters for the Publike good, I doe now therefor beseech you Sir since my servise to the Country shall be no less but more, that you would be pleased my tyme of 3 years being expired to give your ffurtherance for this gent Capt Thorpe to be Chossen and established Governour of Virginia in my stead, wherein I know and am well assurd you shall doe a most worthy worke.

I have now sent home my Ship I bought of Capt Ward and Mr Bargraves Atornyes, having in hir such tobako as my selfe and ffreinds have thought good to adventure in hir vnto fflushing, seeing that by p̳clamation wee are restrayned for sending of any into England, wch I am the more boulder to doe since the Company have advertised of theire entents therein allso and therefore I hope it will not be ill taken, my Ship I hope shall fynd better sucses then my Pinas wch since the Company have bought hir I shall desire may doe the good service to wch I will ad my best advice and ffurtherance to Capt Nuce for the employing hir to the companyes beni- ffitt, Mr Bargrave thinkes he had a hard bargayne in the sale of the Ship and Pinas, but I am sure they cost me a sound pryse, and had I sent the tobako home I gave for thẽ I would not have douted to haue bought too better vessels with halfe the prys of that tobako, though perhaps he myght find but a bad markett for want of a good Chapman [2a] yett the gent shall fynd me ready to doe him any pleasure I may to give him helpe in his transportation att any tyme whilse I shall vse hir, though I know he cannott Chuse but make more mony of the tobako then they both cost him, and had they come home his they would have bin as dead a comodity as the Pinas was being myne, but he is a man as I conceave that wicheth well to the plantation and doth entend himselfe to come over, wherefor for his encoragment I doubt not s but in his voyage to pleasure him and thus much yf you please you may certify him, This bearer Capt Rostingam my wyfes Nephew, though yong yett of good worth and discretion as by experience had of him here in Virginia I may speake, him I most humbly recomend vnto your Noble ffavor beseeching you to afford vnto him your wonted courtesy, and your best assistance in all Lawfull causes wherein he shall have ocassion to entreat your helpe, herein as in all other your great ffavors shewed me I shall §be§ most thankfull vnto you for any ffavor shewed him as yf the same were Imediatly to my selfe, and doe not doubt but yf you shall please to give him admitans into your ffavor but that in some measur he will deserve it, and Manger all Malitious false forestalled reportes acquitt himselfe and win your aprobation, but of such reports I hope you have had of late good expe- rience, therefor I will not troble you with any more thereof, As for Mr Pory I have formerly written some thing to you concerning him, and doe not doubt but you have well considered it, wherein I Justified him I had my reasons for it and I know you will aprove them, and I beleeve you doe not conceave me so weake as not to see having lyght given me by so good a watchman as your selfe, the tyme I hope will not be long but you shall see how far I have beleeved and how I trust him, your words you spake to me a littell before my dep̱ture have never since dep̱ted frõ me and by experience I have found your Judgment not deceaved, neither have I bin slak in making vse of it, but nessitty hath no law and better a bad foole then none or worse.

[3a] I wrott vnto you by the Swan wherein I did entreat you to excuse §me§ that I had not ffurnished you with walnutt plankes, and that you would be pleased to ffurnish your selfe out of the Tryall with so much as would serve you I having as I wrott a 9th parte thereof and your selfe being ffurnished that you would be pleased in my name to p̢sent some other as Sir John Wolstenholme with as much as would be for a table, Sir Nicolas Tuston with another Sir Dudly Diges with another Mr Deputy ffarar with another and the remayne to dispose where you please, I doe therefore agayne beseech you soe to dispose of it acordingly, for my share and part of payment of the ffrayght of the Ship I have payed to Mr Edwards Mr of hir and therefore there is no charge to be layd vpon my part of the walnutt tree but to be delivered to you freely, I can not p̳cure it to be landed in the Downes because it is not devided and is in one bulk till it be Landed and shared, I did desire to have so ffitted it but could not, may it please you therefore to accept of my best endevor and to dispose of it at your owne pleasure, My Lady Dales Crop of tobako I have sent home in the Tryall she is not to pay any ffrayght for it, I having p̳cured the consent of all my partners in that ship, and because of the p̳clamation I have charged the Mr to Ryde in the Downes till he send away postlemy * * * to know what she will have done with hir * * * part of an honest man * * * therein I have en * * * paines wch is all the charge she * * * the transportation of 2300li of to * * * companyes pryse woulde have cost * * * herewith was ready to hir Ladiship a * * * shall ever be bound to doe in regard * * * love and service I owght vnto that * * * Sir Tho Dale whose losse I lament * * * plantation hauing lost a worthy and goo * * * 2

This is apparently an autograph letter written by Governor Yeardley to Sir Edwin Sandys in 1619. Pages 1a and 2b were written after Yeardley had been in Virginia three years. Pages 3a and 4b may be part of a later letter written soon after the Earl of Southampton became treasurer.

[3b] The deere for his Maiesty I mentioned are now sent home in my owne ship pray god they may safly arrive and be delivered.

Your letters by this ship the Bona Nova I have received the contents whereof I will not fayle to follow with my best endevors, desiring nothing more when I have done all I can doe but the good acceptance of the Com- pany whõ I have served allwayes with my best strengh and care, and now since it hath pleased god to dispose of the buisines into the hands of my most honored Lord of Sowthampton wherein every good man hath cause to reioyce, I for my part shall and will be both ready and willing to put in practice and p̱forme with my best witt and skill all such his Lord- ships comands and directions as I shall receave both §frõ§ him selfe and the Company, but what am I that I should be able to doe any thing against wch the Lord of Lords hath otherwise disposed, or what are wee all, that we should gaynesay the Allmyghty, and allthough as I doe acknowlege all things have bin most effectually and wisly p̳iected yett yf the Lord will lay his hand vpon vs and cross vs with sickness and mortality, and soe apoynt in his p̳vidence a longer tyme for the bringing those matters to pass wch are by man determined of, what then shall he say vnto these things but that it is the Lord lett him doe what he please, and allthough he kill yett still to trust in him, not doubting but there is a tyme wherein he will be mercifull, for my part as I know my consience to be cleare ffrõ any necglect in me of what I have bin able to doe to the vttmost §of my§ power, soe will I not Justify my selfe but that my sins and vnworthynes have gone together with the rest both of the people §here§ and company at home * * * might have desended * * * can work * * * ed but repent amend and p̳ceed * * * ty, wayting gods leysure, and not hasty * * * ur owne Imaginations, for things to be * * * are theire tyme, though man p̱haps con * * * it done, and the best workes have had * * * s, what by the care of man may be p̳ven * * * be ready to be with you waking vsing my * * * s and will not lett in all to doe the part of a man but I had need doe more.

No man shall more desire to win the ffavor of so Noble a p̱son as my Lord of Southampton, but it will not ly in my power to deserve it yf it shall be expected I should p̱forme what ever is p̳iected, but one thing I shall be willing to p̳mise and humbly to p̱forme to doe my best not to fayle, even so long till I fayle of lyfe yf yt may give content, yf not I know I shall aprove therein my selfe to god, and so will rest never to rest laboring to my power in this worke, I would you knew and saw both all my deeds and thoughts herein, then I am sure though I were not rewarded I should not be blamed the gent̃ you name in your letter are all dead except Mr Sandis who hath bin visited with long sicknes but now thankes be to god is well recovered, I doubt not but he will p̳ove a worthy member the people where he liveth take great liking to him, and I Assure §you Sir§ he is most faythfully affected to his study, and doth deserve to be beloved, what will become of the Iron workes I know not all the principall officers and Cheife men being dead we are now in hand to doe what possible we can with Capt Blevets Company having found an excellent water and good oare, yet without suply of good vnderstanding workers and good Capinters there being very few left we shall doe littell yf the Company please to suply I dare now bouldly §say§ theire shall not want matter to sett the men aworke meane tyme we doe what we can to make things ready with buildg of howses to entertayne more men, my care for that bivsines of S. H. [or H.] I assure you is not smale, I am now removed thether and my eye shall be ever p̢sent. The Spirituall vine you speake of will not so sodaynly be planted as it may be desired, the Indians being very loath vpon any tearmes to part with theire children, the best course I could devise herein to draw the people in to live amongst vs, was that Opachankeno would apoynt and Cuse out so many p̱ * * * families, as that in every Corporation and p̱rea * * * plantation there myght be placed a howshould p̳mising him they should have howses built in every place and ground to sett Corne and plant vpon to wch he willingly condisended and p̳mised he would apoynt the ffamilies that should remove to vs, wch yf he doe we shall then both have [4b] the opertunity to Instruct theire Children, and theire parents living amongst vs may have theire Children live with selves, and allso will by theire owne labors having ground to manure mayntayne theire owne ffamilies with Corne, so yf the Company please for the encoragment of thẽ to live with vs, to allov thẽ some aparel and cattell and such other nessisaryes it will be a means to begett in them a good affection to continew thẽ selves with vs and to draw in others who shall see thẽ live so hapily, what other course to take, I can not yett resolue, yet will I doe my best to purchase some Children to that nomber yf I may acording to your former Directions, as like wise by putting some of the Companyes boyes amõg thẽ to learne the Language, I find Capt Nuce and his wyf to deserve your Comendations and will therein doe acording to your Desire as allso my wyf in Duty to your good Lady will be ready to doe Mrs Nuce all the pleasure she is able, herein I must beseech you to excuse both me and my wyfe in that we have not retorned answer to those Letters wee have received frõ your vertuous Lady whõ we both honour, in the meane tyme in my wyfes name I doe retorne most harty thankes to my Lady for * * * The p̢sent my wyfe receaved frõ hir Ladiship by Mrs Nuce entending not to fayle but by the Bona Nova to retorne more humble thankes by our letters The service reco- mended vnto me by you frõ the Countes Dowager of Pembrok I will not fayle to p̱forme by the Bona Nova and to wryght thereof, the Dutchmẽ now come have sought all these partes about the teritories of Elisabeth Cyty and cannott fynd a place ffitting for water streame to sett vp theire workes, att my going vp hence I resolve to take thẽ * * * with me to lett thẽ see yf that water wherewith we entend to sett the Iron worke with Capt Blevets people will serve thẽ for theire milles yf it will I entend to seat thẽ there and to give thẽ the best helpe I can, but how ever they must have a fitt water before they can doe any thing I doubt not but this will ffitt thẽ excellent well.

[No signature.]

LII. Indenture between Sir William Throckmorton, Sir George Yardley, Richard Berkeley, and John Smyth, and the Vir- ginia Company February 3, 1618/19
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth 3 (4), pp. 53–58 Document in the New York Public Library. A Contemporary Copy List of Records No. 97

[53] This Indenture made the third day of ffebruary in the yeares of the raigne of our sou9aigne lord James by the grace of god of England Scot- land ffrance and Ireland kinge defender of the fayth &c. That is to say, in the yeare of his raigne of England ffrance and Ireland the sixteenth and of Scotland the lijth Betwene the Treasorer and company of Adven- turers and planters of the City of London for the first colony in Virginia with the advise and consent of the counsell of the same of the one p̱te, And Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton of Clowerwall in the County of Glouc̃ knight and baronet, Sr George Yardley nowe governor of Virginia knight Richard Berkeley of Stoke George Thorpe of Wanswell and John Smyth of North- nibley in the said county of Glouc̃ Esquiers free of the said company of Virginia and who have seu9ally adventured for their seu9all shares here- after menc̃oned and for eu9y of the said shares, either they or those whose estates they nowe have or shall have, have payd or are to pay within one yeare after the date hereof —xijli xs That is to say The said Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton for ten shares Sr George Yardley for five shares Richard Berkley for ten shares George Thrope for ten shares John Smyth for ten shares of the other p̱te. Witnesseth That wheras the said Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton Sr George Yardley Richard Berkeley George Thorpe and John Smyth have vndertaken to the said Treasorer and company to transport at their owne costℯ and charges divers p̱sons into Virginia, And there to erect and build a Towne and settle and plant dyu9s inhabitants there for the advancement of the generall plantac̃on of that country. Nowe the said Treasorer and company with the consent of the said coun- sell in Considerac̃on therof and for the furtherance of the said plantac̃on and incouragemt of the said adventurers, have agreed to assigne allot and appoynt to every of the said seu9all adventurers one hundred acres of ground for eu9y single share of his seu9all adventure besides dyu9s other priviledges liberties and comodyties hereafter menc̃oned. And to that intent they have granted allotted assigned and confirmed And by theis p̢sents doe grant allot assigne and confirme vnto the said Sr Will͠m Throk- m9ton Sr George Yardley Richard Berkeley George Thorpe and John Smyth their heires and assignes and the [54] heires and assignes of every of them seu9ally and respectively accordinge to their seu9all shares, One hundred acres of land in Virginia for eu9y of his and their §seu9all§ single shares of xijli xs above menc̃oned to have bene by him them and eu9y of them payd and adventured in manner aforesaid towards the same plan- tac̃on The same land to bee taken and chosen by them their deputies or assignes, with the privity and allowance of the governor and Counsell of State in Virginia residinge, in any place or places whersoever not already or heretofore inhabited by any Englishe and wherin noe English p̱son or p̱sons are already placed or setled, or have by order of court made choyce of, nor within ten miles of the same vnles the same bee on the opposite side of some great and navigable ryver to the former p̱ticuler plantac̃ons Togeather with the one halfe of the ryver or ryvers That is to say to the middest thereof, as shall adioyne to such land as they shall make choyce of, Togeather with all such liberties priviledges profits and comodyties as the said land and ryvers wch they shall make choyce of shall yeald, and in as ample and benefitiall manner as have bene heretofore granted to any other Adventurers or Vndertakers whatsoever. And forasmuch as the said Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton Sr George Yardley Richard Berkeley George Thorpe and John Smyth the adventurers aforesaid intend and have vndertaken to place preachers, build churches schoolhouses and such like workes of charity In regard wherof and to th'end the said Adven- turers their heires and assignes may have wherwithall to beare and support such like charges, Therfore the said Treasorer and company with the consent of the Counsell aforesaid doe grant vnto the said adventurers their heires and assignes fifteene hundred acres of land more over and above the said proporc̃on of one hundred acres for a single [55] share, to bee imployed vpon such publike vses as the said adventurers their heires and assignes shall thinke fit. And they doe further grant to the said Adven- turers their heires and assignes That for eu9y p̱son that they or any of them shall transport at their owne proper costℯ and charges into Virginia either vnto the lands hereby granted or adioyninge vnto them wthin seaven yeares after the feast of St John baptist last past, if the said p̱son trans- ported contynue there three wholl yeares either at one or seu9all tymes, or dye in the meane season after hee is shipped with intent there to inhabit, That the said p̱son or p̱sons that shall soe at his or their owne charge transport any other, shall have granted and allowed vnto him and them and his and their heires respectively for every p̱son soe transported fifty acres of land, And also that eu9y other p̱son or p̱sons who by contract & agreemt to bee had and made with the said Adventurers shall at his and their owne charge transport him and themselves or any other, and settle and plant themselves in Virginia within the said seaven yeares for three yeares space as aforesaid, or dye in the meane tyme, shall have granted and allowed vnto eu9y such p̱son soe transportinge or transported and his and their heires respectively fifty acres of land over and above the proporc̃on abovesaid, the same to bee by him and them or their heires or assignes chosen in any one entire place togeather, adioyninge to the fore- said lands and not straglingly nor before the tyme of such choyce made, possessed or inhabited by any Englishe company or within ten myles of the same (except it bee on the opposite side of the ryver as aforesaid) Yealdinge and payinge vnto the said Treasorer and company and their successors for eu9y fifty acres soe obtayned and possessed by those said other p̱sons and their heires who by contract as aforesaid shall at their owne charges transport themselves or others, the yearly rent of twelve pence at the feast of St Michaell Tharkangell to the hand of the rent gatherer of the said Treasorer and company and their successors for ever, To begin after th'expirac̃on of the first six yeares next after the date hereof. And [56] further it shall bee lawfull to and for the said adventurers their heires and assignes and their tenantℯ and servants and such as they or any of them shall contract with as aforesaid and send and imploy for the said plantac̃on to goe and returne, trade and traffique import & trans- port their goods and marchandizes at their will and pleasure payinge onely such duties to the kings Matie his heires and successors as the com- pany of Virginia doe pay without any other taxes, imposic̃ons, burdens or restraints vpon them to bee imposed otherwise then by the grant and consent of the general Colony in Virginia and for the publique necessary service of the plantac̃on. And it is further granted and agreed that the p̱son soe to bee transported shall not bee taken away nor comaunded eyther by the governor for the tyme beinge of Virginia or any other authority there from the busines and imployment of the said Adven- turers their heires or assignes and others contracted with or imployed as aforesaid vpon any p̢tence whatsoever (necessary defence of the Country p̢servac̃on of the peace, suppressinge tumults arysinge within the land and tryals of matters of Justice by appeale or otherwise by order from the said Treasorer and company and Counsell of Virginia hereafter to be established onely excepted) And the said Treasorer and company wth consent of the counsell aforesaid doe covenant and promise to and with the said Adventurers their heires and assignes That vpon a survey to be had and made by the said adventurers and true informac̃on given of the bounds meetes and quantity of the lands soe as aforesaid to bee by them chosen and possessed, They the said Treasorer and company vpon sur- render of this p̢sent grant and Indenture and vpon reasonable request to bee made by the said Adventurers their heires or assignes within seaven yeares nowe next cominge, shall and will by their Deed Indented and vnder their com̃on seale grant enfeoffe and confirme all or any the said lands soe let out and bounded as aforesaid to the said Adventurers their heires and assignes in as large and benefitiall manner as the same are in their p̢sents granted or intended to bee granted to all intents and purposes And shall [57] also within the said terme of seaven yeares grant to them the said Adventurers their heires and assignes ɫres and grants of incorporac̃on by some vsual or fit name or title, with liberty to them and their suc- cessors from tyme to tyme to frame and make orders ordinances and constitutions for the rule governemt orderinge and directinge of all [sorts] p̱sons to be transported and setled vpon the lands hereby intended to bee granted, or hereafter to bee granted, and of the said lands and profits theirby arisinge, Soe that the said orders ordinances and constitutions bee not repugnant to the lawes of England or to the forme of gou9nement by the said Treasorer company Counsell and company to bee established (ordinary appeales to the supreame Courts onely excepted) And lastly the said Treasorer and company with the assent aforesaid doe grant and agree to and with the said Adventurers and others contracted with and imployed as aforesaid their heires and assignes, That when they have planted and peopled the lands hereby to them assigned and appoynted That then it shall bee lawfull for them with the privity and allowance of the governor and Counsell of State as aforesaid, to make choyce of and to enter into and to have as much more land in Virginia as herein contayned with like priviledges as are above granted, to bee had and chosen in such place and places where noe Englishe shall bee then setled or inhabited, or made choyce of, And the same entred into the book of Actes at the tyme of such choyce to bee soe made or within ten myles of the same (exceptinge the opposite side of a great and navigable ryver as aforesaid.) And the said Adventurers for them their heires and assignes doe covenant and grant promise to and with the said Treasorer and company That they from tyme to tyme duringe the said seaven yeares shall make a true certificat to the said Treasorer company and counsell from the cheife officer or officers of the places respectively of every p̱son transported and landed in [58] Virginia or shipped as aforesaid to be entred by the Secretary of the said Treasorer and company into a register booke for that purpose to bee kept. In witnes whereof the p̱ties abovesaid to theis p̢sentℯ have & Interchangeably put their hands and seales the day and yeare first above written. Annoq̢ Dm̃. 1618.

Sealed and delyu9ed in the p̢sence of Mr Treasorer Counsell and company in a great and generall quarter court.

Teste Henrico ffotherby Secretary. Note that in the end of the Indenture granted to Will͠m Tracy and his associates and also others sealed since this vnto vs, is a Covenant on the p̱te of the said grantees, That they and all p̱sons by them transported for their p̱ticular plantac̃on, shall apply themselves and their labor in a large & competent manner to the plantinge sowinge settinge making working and p̳curinge of good and staple comodities, in and vpon the lands granted vnto them, As namely, corne, wine, oyle, silk, ∥gras,∥ gras, hempe, flax pitche and tarre, sope ashes and potashes, iron, clapborde, and other materials, and the like, And not wholly or cheifly vpon Tobacco. In all other things all grants are alike mutatis mutandis onely.

LIII. Lord Zouche. A Warrant for John Fenner, Captain of "Silver Falcon," and Henry Bacon, Master, to Pass to Virginia February 15, 1618/19
C. O. 1, Vol. I, No. 44 Document in Public Record Office, London Autograph Letter, Signed List of Records No. 99

To all mẽ to Whom these presẽts shall come greeting Knowe yee that I Edward Lord Zouche Sainctmaure and Cantalupe Cũstable of the Castle of Douer Lord Warden of the Cinque ports tow ancient townes and their menbers and Admirall of the same doe hereby geue notice and testifye that Captaine Thomas Androwes §Jhõ Fenner gẽtlemã whõ I haue made captayne of my pinnace the siluer falcun§ and Henry Bacon Maister of my Pinace called the Siluer Falcon §the same§ are by gods assistance to passe into Vie§r§ginia to make trade there both wth ower coũtryme there planted and wth the sauadges of those partes for the better imployment of the said Pinace as also to sett ower Marine men on Worke and dr §to§ drawe trade unto the ports where the people there doe want imployment these therfore are to pray all sutch to whõ it shall apartayne to lett §permitt§ the said Pinace Captaine and Maister wth all theire furniture prouisiõs and goods whatsoever beyng not goods prohibited by the kings most excellent Maiesty or the lawes of this realme of England but §and to trade and follow their affaires§ also to be aiding and assisting to the said Captaine and Maister in all things wherin they shall haue need as I shall haue occasion to use them or any of theirs in the places wherin I serue and be otherwise thanckfull vnto them in any sorte lying wthin my Power in testimony wherof I haue here vnto set my hande and affixed the seale of my office this first of Decẽber thirteenth §fifteenth day ffeb:§ 1618

E. Zouche. [Indorsed in another hand:] A Coppie of my Io: Com̃ of his pinnace the silver falcon to Mr Jo: ffenn9 & Mr Bacon to goe into Virginia. Dat. 13o ffeb: 1618. Mr Fennors Licence Virginia Sa: Mores Sa: Mores Sim: Mores A. M. Thomas Jones

LIV. Sir William Throckmorton and Others. A Letter to Sir George Yeardley February 18, 1618/19
Smyth of Nibley Papers, 4 Document in the New York Public Library. A contemporary copy List of Records No. 100

To our honorable frend Sr George Yardley knight governour of Virginia geve this.

Sr we hold it fit to let you knowe, That since your dep̱ture from England, we have procured our patent for plantac̃on in Virginia (a copy whereof we herewth send vnto you written by the virginian boy of mee George Thorpe) wherin accordinge to your agreement with mee George Thorpe, your name is vsed for five shares, done by the advise of Sr Edwine Sands, but if you please to cast more of your shares amongst vs (wch we also wish) we shall willingly assent theirvnto.

We had also sent our men and ship at this tyme, but that it hath pleased god to keep her wind bound in Ireland since before your dep̱ture to this p̢sent, where yet shee remayneth: By wch onely accident we have lost this season, but doe entend (god willinge) that shee shall leave the coast of England, by the first of August next wth fifty men furnished for that cuntry. And doe earnestly desire before that tyme (if possible) to vnder- stand from you what proportion of victuall and munition will bee fit to send wth them.

Of wch ship and company we hereby offer you a full fift p̱te if it soe please you to accept thereof, And doe entreat your effectuall furtherance in choyce of the place where wee shall sit downe, and all other favors whereof you will bee pleased to make vs your frends p̱takers, wch we in England shall be most willinge to requite.

If of this our offer you accept Then are you to send by the returne of this ship soe much good marchantable comodyties as doth amount to a fifth p̱te, An accompt of the charge whereof we will send you by the ship.

Even soe wth our frendly respects we rest

Yor very lovinge frends Wm Throkm̃ton, Rich Berkeley Geo. Thorpe — John Smyth. London. 18. ffebr. 1618. [Indorsed:] Copy of a ɫre to Sr Geo: Yardly in febr̃. 1618. to Virgin. from London.

LV. Richard Berkeley. A Letter to John Smyth, of Nibley April 3, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth, 5 Document in the New York Public Library (Autograph Letter, Signed, with Seal) List of Records No. 104

Mr Smyth, there is a gentleman my kinsmã, &, were he not so, one that I hold worthy & fitt, that desires to aduenture wth vs to Virginia, & vpon my motion seemes willing to vndertake ye com̃and of or men & care of or com̃on busines there, & to accept a share for ye yeres we continue a ioint course, & those ended, a man from each of vs wth land for him selfe & those men. there is also a surgeon of bristoll, well reported §of§ for more then ordinary skill, that tenders himselfe to goe in or aduenture. I haue written of them bothe to Sr Wm Throkmrton & my co: Thorp, & vpon answere from them & you will be Seale wth them as I shall please they & you are willing I should: & therefore entreating yor answere wth as much speed as conueinently you may, I kindly com̃end me vnto you.

Yor assured louing friend Ric: Berkeley Stoke, Apr 3, 1619 [Addressed:] To my worthy good friend Mr Iohn Smyth at Nibly [Indorsed by John Smyth:] Mr Berkeleys ɫre about Mr Chester to be geñall.

LVI. Sir William Throckmorton. A Letter to John Smyth, con- cerning the Plantation in Virginia April 10, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth, 6 Document in the New York Public Library. Autograph Letter, Signed, with Seal List of Records No. 103

Sr I vnderstand by this bearer that you goe tow towards London vpon monday next, where I intend to bee also (if please God) the weeke fol- lowing. In the mean time let mee intreat you as soone as you come vp to desire my cosin Thorpe to write to mee some answear of the letter I wrote to him the weeke after my last comming from London concerning our forrest busines, that I may vnderstand beefore my going vp what is determined concerning the same; desiring him to send his letter by some messenger that may conveigh it hither to mee by monday come senight at the farthest.

I will leave order here beefore my going vp for 10li to bee delivered towards the repairing and furnishing of our ship for Virginia, which is as much as my 4th part (by our computation) will amount vnto for that charge: If it shall exceed that computation, it shall bee afterwards supplied for my part at my returne. I pray you remember to help §mee§ to 12 men for my part according to your promise; for that these parts are so barren of men fit for that compleiment that I must wholy relie vpon your help therein. I wish that wee might all agree vpon the entertaining of my cosin Will͠: Chester for our chief in that busines vpon the conditions propownded by my cosin Berkley; for that I conceave the busines will not bee well ordered without the oversight of a sufficient man to bee in authoritie over the rest: And I thinke that the sparing him one man out of each of our partes will bee plentifully recompenced with the service hee will doe vs here there. And therefore I pray you consider well of it with my cosin Thorpe. And so with my vnfeined love vnto you I leave you to Gods good tuition.

Yours all assured W Throkm9ton Clowerwall, 10th of Aprill 1619 [Addressed:] To my approved good frend Iohn Smith esq. at nibley speed these [Indorsed by John Smyth:] Sr Wm Throgm9tons ɫre about Mr Wm Chester to bee our cheefe. Apr. 1619 [Second indorsement by * * *] Mr Effington a p̱ten9. Mr Wood- leefs ɫre & p̳posites the copy of the Invoys & mony about Walter copy & others. tooles: & implements.

LVII. Sandys, Harwood, Worselnham, Riche, Johnson. Draft of a Report of a Committee of the Virginia Company April 27, 1619
Manchester Papers, No. 245 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 105

At the meetinge of ye Comittees §27 Aprill 1619§ appointed for the settinge downe the seuerall offices belonging to the Virginia Companye by an order of Court of the 26 of this p̢ñt Aprill 1619

Sr Ed. Sandys Sr Na. Riche
Sr Ed. Harwood Mr Alderman Johnson
Sr Jo. Worselnham

The seuerall Officers, whose offices we conceiue fitt to be particularized, are these.

The Treasuror, the Deputie, the Counsell, the Com̃ittees the Auditors, the Secretarye, the Booke Keeper for Accompts, the Husband, and the Bedle. There is also a Cashyer who is im̃ediatly the Treasurors seruant and by him chosen howsoeuer as yet the companye hath giuen him a yearelie Salary of 40li p̱ Añ.

The Treasuror in regard of his Office we conceaue to be of a double Capacitie, 1 as Gouernour, 2ly as Treasuror. [2] 1

The sheet is partially torn away.

[3] To giue order for callinge §keepinge§ of Courts & in particular often to assemble his Counsell whom he is first of all to regard yt there be none of them who shall not be sworne, to keepe §stet§ §appoint§ §Re§ ye ordinary Courts, and to assemble extraordinary as occasion shall serue In all wch assemblyes himselfe shalbe§le§ hould the place of President and Moderator

§yt no man may be present when anything is treat- ed of wch con- cernes thimselfe§

He shall haue §only§ a castinge voyce

All propositions made by any member of ye Companye he shall either putte to ye question, or if theyr be any opposition then shall the first dem̃ first question be vnderstand the mynd of ye Court by dem̃andinge of them whither it shalbe putt to the question or no, and as ye greater part shalbe so shall he proceed: And if he refuse to loose his office and be made vncapable for euer after & then ye depute to doe it if he refuse to loose his place & any of ye Counsell to doe it.

To assemble ye Counsell vpon all weightie occasions to doe his best yt fitt men be chosen, yt they take theyr oath, yt by their aduise ye LLs of ye §priuy§ Counsell b may be acquainted with businesses of major great §est§ importance, such especially as concerne ye state in generall.

§ye Com̃ittees to take Accompt oi 1

There follows a blank page.

Husband whose Accompt§

To assemble ye Com̃ittees That

To haue care yt fitt Com̃ittees accordinge to ye Contents of ye ɫrs Patents be chosen and sworne. and keep theyr Courts as occasion requires.

That ye Treas. shall aske an Accompt to be rendred in open Court by all Com̃ittees wch shalbe vpon particular occasions designed.

That he may if he will be present at ye meetinge of any Com̃ittee, prouided it concerne not himselfe.

He shall suffer no Patent to pass wch hath not ben first consydered of and examyned by a particular select Com̃ittee and ye same reported to ye Court vnder theyr hand.

[4] As Treas:

he is to stand charged with ye publick Treas. of ye Companye and to be carefull to call in all moneyes and debts wch are due due payable by or due to ye Company

Not to issue it but by warrant such as ye Court shall allow of.

To yeald vp his §a true & p̱fect§ Accompt of course once euery §at thend of his§ yeare wch §Accompt§ shalbee appointed ye Wedsonday fortnight before ye day of yearely elecc̃on of Officers appointed by ye Irs Patents §presented to ye Auditors to be by them examyned 14 dayes before§ & vpon all occasions being demande §required§ by ye Auditors or Counsell to shew ye state of ye Cash, w that is to say what moneyes haue ben receaued, payd and rem9.

That he shalbe particularly sworne to bring yeald a iust and true Accompt.

In regard ye lotteryes are determyned and so ye Cash like to be little The reward of ye Cashier to be referred to ye Qua last qr Court §which§ vpon ye delyuerie §passing§ vp of ye Treas. Accompt shall giue order of a reward conuenient to ye paynes wch it shall appeare ye sayd Cashier hath taken for yt yeare.

It was conceaued in generall that all Office ye Gouernor and Deputie doe not contynew in his place and office for aboue 3 yeares.

& that for these reasons. 1 yt ye burthen thereof may not alwayes rest vpon 2: for yt it may be done without touch or imputation to any yt haue hold those places. 3. to auoyd too much dependanc 4 to breed §vp§ more men fitt for ye place.


The Deputie

In ye Treas. absence to p̱forme his office for §all§ matters of Court & Counsell §wch doe concerne ye Treas. as Gouernor§ & in his presence to assist him.

That ye Deputie shall ouersee ye Secretarye, yt §& cause him to enter§ ye orders & resolutions of ye Court may be entered accordinge to §as§ ye ffo shalbe agreed by ye §in [pri]vy§ Court and see that ye sayd Bookes be fayrely engroced §yt§ all letters to & from ye Companye to be registred and to endite §see yt§ such letters as shalbe ordered by ye Court for ye publick may be endited drawne and prepared for ye Court.

Generally to ouersee all inferior officers ytei p̱forme theyr dutyes.

The Deputye to haue a speciall charge of ye Com̃ittees

To keep the Court of Com̃ittees §vpon all occasions§

To suffer no warrants to be made and signed for issuinge of monye but in ye open Court of Com̃ittees after examinac̃on of ye cause.

The Counsell and Com̃ittees

That a Register of ye Counsell be kept and read euery qr Court, that they may be required to attend, and if there be any want, then to be supplyed of §with§ such men of abilitye qualitye & sufficiencye as will attend yt service: That they may be warned all to come and take theyr Oathes or els to be discharged §and theyr cheife care shalbe together wth ye Treas. or his Deputie to make orders and lawes for ye well ordering of ye Company her[e] & ye Colonyes there in Virginia.§

The Com̃ittees

That euery yeare 6 new, shalbe chosen, & 6 of ye old putt out §dismissed§. To deale in all businesses of buying & selling for ye Company for hyringe and furnishinge of shipps that are for inployed for ye Companye and prouidinge of all necessaryes &c. to be sent thither & §to§ regardinge the bestowinge & safe keepinge of such Com̃odityes as shalbe retourned to be layd vp where ye Company shall appoint.

In generall faythfully to p̱forme such things as shalbe com̃itted to them by ye Gouernor Deputy & Companye.

That they be carefull to appoint 2 or 3 at least among themselues who may shall alwayes be present at ye buying of all prouisions for ye Com- pany by ye Husb. & yt no prices be agreed vpon without such consent &c.


for ye Auditors

It is referred to Sr Ed: Sandys to propound such rules as he holds fitt to be obserued in ye execution of that office, for yt he hath ben long acquainted with it &c.

The Booke Keeper The Secretary

This is referred to ye an order of Court already made for yt purpose wch is to morrow to be presented to ye Lls. and if occasion be to add or change.

Wages p̱ Añ

Secretary 20li
Beadle 40li
Husband 50li
Bookekeep 50

The Booke Keeper

We thinke fitt to lett this office rest as hitherto he hathe done only this p̢nt Officer to be enioynd forthwith to attend ye Auditors wth all his Accomptℯ

The Auditors §booke keeper§ shall receaue his charge from ye Auditors and receaue Salarye at ye yeares end as ye Auditors shall find his paynes to deserve. This officer to be sworne to deale iustly and truly in his place, to conceale nothinge yt may serue for ye clearing of ye Accompts.

The Husband beeing sworne

Is to be directed in his office by ye Treas. Dep. and §standinge§ Com̃ittees to keepe his Accompts exactly & to bring then in first to be allowed by ye Dep. and Com̃ittees or vnder ye hands of 3 or more of them, and then to be examyned and reported §presented§ to ye Court by ye Auditors

The Beadle

The Hu

The Beadle

To be at Comd of Tres. Dep. & Courts

Generall consyderac̃ons

[7] You shall sweare to be true and faythfull to or Soueraigne L. the King his heyres and Successors, you shall truly and faythfully performe all matters belonging to yr office so much as shall lye in yor power vnless you shall haue a lawfull and iustifieable excuse, or be otherwise dispensed with by a generall Court. You shall giue vp a true and iust Accompt of all such moneyes and goods belonging to the Companye, or to the Colonye of Virginia as shall come to your hands accordinge to the order of the Company.

You shall practise no hurt or danger to ye Plantation of Virginia nor §what in you lyes§ suffer it to be done by any other, but shall hynder or discouer it §to some one or more of ye Councell 1

Erased before the rest of the phrase.

§ (to the Gouernor or Depute) to ye vtmost of yor power So helpe you God.

[Indorsed:] Description of ye p̱ticular dutyes belonging to ye seuerall officers of the Virginia Companye Ap: 27. 1619

LVIII. Treasurer and Council for Virginia. A Commission to William Wye June 17, 1619
Admiralty Court, Instance and Prize, Libels 80, No. 123 Document in the Public Record Office, London, in the records of the suit of the Virginia Company with Wye, 1620 List of Records No. 110

Prima schedula de qua fit menc̃o in artis p̃ntibus annexis

A Comission granted by vs the Treasurer Counsell and Company for Virginia vnto our loving freind Will͠m Wye for a voyage intended to Virginia

Whereas wee the Treasurer Counsell and company for Virginia for the better advancemt and support of that plantation have wth very good liking geven or consent to have such as have furnished out one good shipp called the Garland of London of the burden of two hundred and fifty Tunnes or thereaboutℯ to passe wth all convenient expidition vnto the Colonies there planted, Will͠m Wye being ordeyned Mr and captaine thereof, and to com̄and and govern the said shipp and marriners as allsoe all the passengers aswell such as are shipped for the Somer Ilandℯ to be landed there in the voyage outward bound being one hundred and thirty persons in number as allsoe such others as are putt abord to be transported for a particuler plantation intended in Virginia together wth those necessarie p̳visions of all kindℯ shipped by sundry Adventurers for the vse and supply of theyr Tenaantℯ heretofore and now to be planted in every of the said Colonies Wee doe therfore hereby Charge him to take his direct course (according to his best skill and knowledg) vnto the said plantac̃ons, and first to putt on land the said passengers appointed for the Som̄er Ilandℯ, and to deliver them safely to the charge of Captaine Miles Kendall Deputy Governor or to such other comaunder as he shall finde there prsent wth all their p̳visions belonging vnto them. And the rest being forty persons to land them in Virginia, and to com̄itt them and all goodℯ shipped for their vse to the Governmt and disposing first of Wilɫm fferrar Esquire if he be there resident, if otherwise to the charge of captaine ffrancis Whitney Esquire now imbarqued for the voyage, and in default of both to the com̄aund of Sr George Yardly knight Governor and Captaine generall of Virginia to be by him disposed of and imployed according to such Direcc̃ons as from hence he shalbe advised vnto Streightly charging and comaunding the said Wilɫm Wye to sett sayle from England wth the first opportunity of winde, and to make all possible speed he may to the portℯ intended, and not to interrupt any shipping of the subiectℯ of any his Maties freindℯ or allies or any other whatsoever during his said voyage. But if he shalbe chased or encountred by any man of warr or other saile whatsoever that shall goe about to hinder his p̳ceedingℯ or doe him any violence In such cases according to the power granted to vs by his Matie we will and comaund him wth all his power and vttermost endevour to repell resist and defend himselfe and our honors against the vniust force of what nation soever aswell in his passage outwardℯ and homewardℯ as in all our harbors and rivers members of the Territories of our Plantation. And this our Comission shalbe his sufficient warrant herein. In witnes wherevnto we have herevnto annexed or com̄on seale.

Dated this seaventeenth Day of June 1619 And in the yeers of the raigne of our soveraigne Lord James by the grace of god King of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland Defender of the faith &c. of England ffrance and Ireland the seaventeenth, and of Scotland the three and fiftith

LIX. Treasurer and Council for Virginia. A Letter to Sir George Yeardley June 21, 1619
Admiralty Court, Instance and Prize, Libels 80, No. 123 Document in the Public Record Office, London. In the Records of the Suit of the Virginia Company with Wye, 1620 List of Records No. 110

Sc̃da schedula de qua fit menc̃o in arlis p̃ntibus annexis

A coppy of a letter from the Treasurer and Counsell for Virginia to Sr George Yardly Knight Governor of Virginia dated at London 21 June 1619 and sent by the Garland

After or very harty comendac̃ons, we have wth great ioy vnderstood of yor safe arrivall in Virginia, and of yor firme resolution to reforme those errors wch have formerly been com̃itted One chiefe whereof hath byn the excessive applying of Tobacco, and the neglect to plant Corne wch of all other thingℯ is most necessarie for the increase of that planta- tion. Wee therfore much com̄ending yor resolution therein doe wthall earnestly pray you that nothing whatsoever may divert you from that worthy Course. The rather for that it is now high tyme (all thingℯ considered) to settle the Plantation in that proportion of strength as to defend it selfe against all forraigne enimyes, wch cannott be don wthout multitude of people to be sent, whereof there is no other soe forcible attractive as the plenty of Corne, and other p̳vision to enter- taine them (by way of loan) at their first arrivall. The hope that is conceived of yor industrious and iust carriage for the publique & generall good doth cause great expectation of prosperous successe in the speedy bringing of that plantation vnto that p̱fection wch hope wee pray you by yor best endevors to encrease there, And we assure you that on or partℯ there shalbe nothing defective to correspond wth our like endevours here to the vtmost of our powers vpon all occasions.

Wee cannott but in p̱ticular com̄end yor carefull lie vpon the p̳ceedingℯ of the Treasurer sett out by Captaine Argall and concurr wth you in opinion of the importance thereof wee pray you therfore according to our former instructions that nothing be neglected in that busines. And that you geve diligent order that the shipp be seased vpon ymediatly vpon her returne, and examynac̃on taken of her course and p̳ceedingℯ, that Justice may be don to all parties as the case shall require. And wee pray you to certifie vs at large, of yor doingℯ therein ffor the rest wee referr you to our first instrucc̃ons nothing doubting according to yor promise and our trust you will in all thingℯ observe them to the vtmost of yor power.

The outrage don by the Chekohomini deserveth a sharpe revenge, and it standeth you vpon in matter of state to p̳ceed therein wth a strong hand, not only to the p̱sonall destruction of the murtherers, but the removing that people further of from our Territories by all lawfull meanes if the same be not allready don by Captaine Argall, as he seemeth to in sinuate. But for the rest mainteyne amity wth the natives, soe much as may be and p̳cure their Children in good multitude to be brought vpp and to worke amongst vs Wee are now in setting forward a shipp vnto you wth one hundred able p̱sons victualled for a yeare and well furnished and armed fifty whereof are to be placed in the publique land of the Company, and other fifty vpon the colledge land at Henrico. Wee sett them out soe as to be wth you in October next. Wee praie you very hartily to make such prparation for them in both places against theyr com̄yng as that they may be well harboured against the winter and loose no tyme to p̳ceed wth their busines And soe wee betake you wth all yor charge to the pro- tection and blessing of the highest and rest

yor very loving freindℯ London 21 June 1619

LX. George Thorpe. A Letter to John Smyth of Nibley. July 2, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, 7 Document in New York Public Library, Autograph Letter Signed, with Seal List of Records No. 111

[7] Sr I haue receaued all oũ musketℯ for Virginia and the millℯ are almost ready I haue likewise boug[ht] diuers of the other thingℯ and doe purpose verie shortly to send doune all the thingℯ appointed to come hence, I haue likewise taken order wth Thomas Iames and my seruauntℯ att wans[w]ell to paie p̢sently vnto you 1li wch I hope wth what I haue formerly laied out and shall laie out here will goe nere my p̱te of the Voyage. If you p̱ceaue Sr Will͠im Throkm9ton bee discontented wth mee (Wch I verie much doute I praie p̱suade him that accordinge to my letter herewth sent I will take order for his indempnitie to his owne content. Soe hopinge to here from you speedyly and to see you shortly I rest

Yoũ most assured Louinge frend Geo: Thorpe [Thi]s 2d of July 1619 [Addressed:] To the Ri: Worll͠ my Verie Louinge ffrend John Smythe Esquier giue these att Nybley.

LXI. Committee of the Council for Virginia. Copy of Minutes relating to the Censure passed on Alderman Johnson July 8, 1619
Manchester Papers, No. 250 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 112

At a meeting of a Com̃ittee of the Counsell for Virginia at Southampton House on Thursday morning 8th of July 1619. beeing present.

The Earle of Southampton. Sr Nathan: Riche.
The Earle of Warwicke. Mr John Wroth.
Sr John Danuers. Mr Thorpe.
Sr Tho: Gates. Mr John ffarrar.

According to an Order of Courte made yesterday beeing the 7th of this instant July the Com̃ittees aforesaid haueing mett & maturely considered of the matters by the said Order referrd to §by§ them to be decided doe touching the same resolue & Order as followeth. ffirste for the ill & con- temptible language wch passed in open Courte from Mr Alderman Johnson to Sr Edwyn Sandis Treasuror for Virginia (houlding likewise the place of Governor) they concurre in opinion wth the Courte that there was noe occasion of offence at all at that tyme given by Sr Edwyn Sandys, nor any speach, (as they whoe were eare Witnesses hereof conceaue) §past§ from him wch mighte iustly be excepted against but on the contrary he after longe forbearance pressing the mo payment of certaine mony oweing to the Company by the Magazine (the direction whereof particularly concernes the office of the said Alderman Johnson) did that wch by vertue of his place he oughte, and by speciall oath & he was bound to doe. Sec- ondly they conceaue that both the wordℯ and gesture of the said Alder- man at that tyme were not onely vndecent & vncivill but very iniurious insomuch that by them much §wrong as also§ contempte & indignitye was offered as well to the whole body of the Courte (whose person the Gov- ernor did then sustaine & whose cause he contended for) as to Sr Edwyn Sandis in his owne particuler. Out of wch considerac̃ons they houlde that the Aldermans offence is great & the rather for that in regard of the quality of his person & gravity of his yeres others may by his example be animated to houlde a slighte esteeme both of the Officers & p̳ceedingℯ of the said Courte and make those meetingℯ wch shoulde tende onely to the furtherance of that noble & pious [2] worke (for wch they are appointed by his Maties Letters Patentℯ, to assemble themselues) to be a place to vent theire owne spleene, & particular passions a thinge most vnfitte & wch (if it be not p̢vented) will soone bringe wth it the ruyne & distruction of the whole businesse. And therefore in theire opinions deserves a hard censure especially if they shoulde guide theire Judgementℯ herein by such examples as were alleadged to be vsuall in cases resembling this wch they haue in hand. But for that they desire rather to prevent a future ill then to be severe in this p̢nte particular they doe order that for this tyme Mr Alderman w shall onely at the nexte Courte (to be helde for Virginia) make publike acknowledgement of his error, and desire both the Treasuror & Company to remitte the offence by him done to eyther of them. And §they§ doe further aduise that vpon this occasion some stricter lawe may be made by the said Treasuror, Counsell & Company againste any whoe shall offend in the like kinde hereafter.

[Indorsed:] The Counsell of Virginia their Censure vpon Alderman Johnson

[And in another hand:] ye Aldermans censure

LXII. Committee of the Council for Virginia. A Short Draft of Censure against Alderman Johnson abandoned in Favor of the Preceding July 8, 1619
Manchester Papers, No. 251 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 113

8th July. 1619

 At a meetinge at Southampton house of theise of ye Counsell by an order of Court


E: of Southampton Mr Jo: Wroth
E: of Warwicke Mr Thorpe
Sr John Danuers Mr Jo: Farrar
Sr Tho: Gates
Sr Na. Riche

 The Counsell aforenamed hauing by order of Court mett to consyder of some course for reparation to be done to Mr Threasurer and the Court for iniurious words openly spoken by Mr Alderman Johnson, they haue thought fitt accordin to order that Mr Alderman should make publick acknowledgement of his error and d confessing himselfe sorry for the same and that he should desyre both the Company and Mr Threasuror to remitt the offence done to either of them. And that if he shall refuse so to doe then they thinke fitt that he shalbe disfranchised and some strict lawe vppon this occasion to be made hereafter against any who in ye face of ye Court shall pass unciuill language or gesture according to ye quality of ye persons so offendinge.

 [Indorsed:] Order of the Counsell against Alderman Johnson

LXIII. George Thorpe. A Letter to John Smyth 1

Entered in margin.

July 20, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth, 8 Document in the New York Public Library. Autograph Letter, Signed, with Seal List of Records No. 114

Sr I am an ile writer and therefore I praie picke my meaninge out of the genen generall letter. I am sorie Partridge hath soe behaued himself that hee is lost but I haue sent for my horses and for him to bring them and therefore if there bee a[ny] possibilitie least on or p̱te to r * * * him vppon submission I mak[e] * * * doute but to worke him I p[ray] therefore indeuoure it if yo[u] * * * good and lett mee knowe yo[ur] * * * thereof when my horses come * * * I will speake wth my La: Dale [her]self concerninge her p̳mise to you. Soe assuringe that the cause of my staie here shalbe nothinge but by to hasten Mr Woodleafe & the mariners I rest.

Yours verie assured Geo: Thorpe this 20th of Iuly [1]619 [Addressed:] To the worll͠ my verie Louinge ffrend Iohn Smithe Esquier giue these

LXIV. Sir George Yeardley. A Letter concerning Argall's Letters from Lord Ritch July 20, 1619
Ferrar Papers Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge University. Autograph Letter, Signed List of Records No. 115


 Sir, I hope by this tyme, my letters are well nygh come vnto your hands, the wch I sent by the gyft the Will and Thõ and the Diana, together with these I entercepted of Mr Secritaryes, The Principalls I keepe here yf any ocassion should be, I retorned allso divers letters, wch were written to Capt Argall frõ my Lord Ritch and others of his ffriends

 I have now agayne written vnto you by the Prosperous, and have allso certifyed the Company what I can in this shorte tyme and tyme of sicknes, alls wch I have sent in that shipp one letter more of Mr Secretaryes, wch I entercepted and should have bin sent to my Lord Ritch by the Diana, that I suffered to goe in his owne hand that it may confirme to you the fformer copyes, you may please to Judg of all in your wisdome, what concernes the Publike, for anything that shall tend to my p̢vate damage I forgiue both him and them, and leaue it to the Lorde, In one thing I must agayne desire your Love and ffavour. In regard, (respecting my worthy ffriend as well as my selfe) I ffind it most fitt for me to live a retired life, that I may not be wronged in that wch is my deu and Ryght, I meane my Land of Weyonock so ffirmly confirmed by the Counsell and Company vnto me, I endeed as my Continence bearing me witnes having deserued no less, yett yf Smyths hundred Company beleeving Argalls §report§ wch is ffallse, that it is within the Teritorys of Smyth hundred shouɫ desire to [1d] by any meanes to haue it taken frõ me and added to that hundred, then my trust is in your selfe principally, with the rest that are Justly and religiously disposed for the Ryght, that shall be wronged no ffarther, then if that, be taken away, that I may have ffree Choyse, and Liberty to take, as much in proportion and quantity, as that of Weyenock is and agayne that it may be after Notice of the place that I have it granted and Confirmed by a generall Great quarter Courte, yf I mistrust ill dealing frõ the maior Partey. I hope you will not blame me, but rather comisserate, that I am so unkindly and hardly dealt with all, and that my best ffreinds suffer so much for my sake or rather as it is thought for my p̢ferment sake, wth payne I humbly desire they would mitigate that suffering to thẽ selues and rather then to endure any scan- dall for my Dysing to thes place to lett me easily come of agayne wch is my hartes desire, and I haue assured testimony I shall not offend God in so doing, This Ship is departing that I haue no tyme to ryght of any other matter, only my harte being ffull of greyfe this that Issued, wch I humbly desire you favorably to take into your consideration and so I desire the Lord to multiply his blessings both vpon you and yours, resting

always to be comanded by you George Yeardley James Cyty this 20th of July 1619

LXV. John Pory. "A Reporte of the manner of proceeding in the general assembly convented at James City" July 30, 31, August 2, 3, 4, 1619
State Papers, Domestic, James I., vol. I., no. 45 Document in Public Record Office 1

Original mutilated. The missing words are supplied from a transcript in the handwriting of Mr. Lydenberg of the New York Public Library.

List of Records No. 116

Proceedings of the Virginia Assembly, 1619

A Reporte of the manner of proceeding in the General assembly convented at James citty in Virginia, July 30, 1619, consisting of the Governor, the Counsell of Estate and two Burgesses elected out of eache Incorporation and Plantation, and being dissolved the 4th of August next ensuing.

First. Sir George Yeardley, Knight, Governor and Captaine general of Virginia, having sent his sumons all over the Country, as well to invite those of the Counsell of Estate that were absent as also for the election of Burgesses, there were chosen and appeared.

The most convenient place we could finde to sitt in was the Quire of the Churche Where Sir George Yeardley, the Governor, being sett downe in his accustomed place, those of the Counsel of Estate sate nexte him on both hands excepte onely the Secretary then appointed Speaker, who sate right before him, John Twine, clerke of the General assembly, being placed nexte the Speaker, and Thomas Pierse, the Sergeant, standing at the barre, to be ready for any service the Assembly shoulde comaund him. But forasmuche as men's affaires doe little prosper where God's service is neglected, all the Burgesses tooke their places in the Quire till a prayer was said by Mr. Bucke, the Minister, that it would please God to guide and sanctifie all our proceedings to his owne glory and the good of this Plantation. Prayer being ended, to the intente that as we had begun at God Almighty, so we might proceed with awful and due respecte towards the Lieutenant, our most gratious and dread Soveraigne, all the Burgesses were intreatted to retyre themselves into the body of the Churche, which being done, before they were fully admitted, they were called in order and by name, and so every man (none staggering at it) tooke the oathe of Supremacy, and entred the Assembly. At Captaine Warde the Speaker tooke exception, as at one that without any Comis- sion or authority had seatted himselfe either upon the Companies, and then his Plantation would not be lawfull, or on Captain Martin's lande, and so he was but a limbe or member of him, and there could be but two Burgesses for all. So Captaine Warde was comanded to absent himselfe till such time as the Assembly had agreed what was fitt for him to doe. After muche debate, they resolved on this order following:

An order concluded by the General assembly concerning Captaine Warde, July 30th, 1619, at the opening of the said Assembly.

At the reading of the names of the Burgesses, Exception was taken against Captaine Warde as having planted here in Virginia without any authority or comission from the Tresurer, Counsell and Company in Englande. But considering he had bene at so great chardge and paines to augmente this Colony, and adventured his owne person in the action, and since that time had brought home a good quantity of fishe, to relieve the Colony by waye of trade, and above all, because the Comission for authorising the General Assembly admitteth of two Burgesses out of every plantation without restrainte or exception, Upon all these considerations, the As- sembly was contented to admitt of him and his Lieutenant (as members of their body and Burgesses) into their society. Provided, that the said Captaine Warde with all expedition, that is to saye between this and the nexte general assembly (all lawful impediments excepted), should procure from the Tresurer, Counsell and Company in England a comission lawfully to establish and plant himselfe and his Company as the Chieffs of other Plantations have done. And in case he doe neglect this he is to stande to the censure of the nexte general assembly. To this Captaine Warde, in the presence of us all, having given his consente and undertaken to per- forme the same was, together with his Lieutenant, by voices of the whole Assembly first admitted to take the oath of Supremacy, and then to make up their number and to sitt amongst them.

This being done, the Governor himselfe alledged that before we proceeded any further it behooved us to examine whither it were fitt, that Captaine Martin's Burgesses shoulde have any place in the Assembly, forasmuche as he hath a clause in his Patente which doth not onely exempte him from that equality and uniformity of lawes and orders which the great charter saith are to extende over the whole Colony, but also from diverse such lawes as we must be enforced to make in the General Assembly. That clause is as followeth: Item. That it shall and may be lawfull to and for the said Captain John Martin, his heyers, executours and assignes to governe and comaunde all suche person or persons as at this time he shall carry over with him, or that shalbe sente him hereafter, free from any comaunde of the Colony, excepte it be in ayding and assisting the same against any forren or domestical enemy.

Upon the motion of the Governor, discussed the same time in the assembly, ensued this order following:

An order of the General Assembly touching a clause in Captain Martin's Patent at James Citty, July 30, 1619.

After all the Burgesses had taken the oath of Supremacy and were admitted into the house and all sett downe in their places, a Copie of Captain Martin's Patent was produced by the Governor out of a Clause whereof it appeared that when the general assembly had made some kinde of lawes requisite for the whole Colony, he and his Burgesses and people might deride the whole company and chuse whether they would obay the same or no. It was therefore ordered in Courte that the foresaid two Burgesses should withdraw themselves out of the assembly till suche time as Captaine Martin had made his personall appearance before them. At what time, if upon their motion, if he would be contente to quitte and give over that parte of his Patente, and contrary thereunto woulde submitte himselfe to the general forme of governement as all others did, that then his Burgesses should be readmitted, otherwise they were to be utterly excluded as being spies rather than loyal Burgesses, because they had offered themselves to be assistant at the mak- ing of lawes which both themselves and those whom they represented might chuse whether they would obaye or not.

Then came there in a complainte against Captain Martin, that having sente his Shallop to trade for corne into the baye, under the commaunde of one Ensigne Harrison, the saide Ensigne should affirme to one Thomas Davis, of Paspaheighe, Gent. (as the said Thomas Davis deposed upon oathe,) that they had made a harde voiage, had they not mett with a Canoa coming out of a creeke where their shallop could not goe. For the Indians refusing to sell their Corne, those of the shallop entered the Canoa with their armes and tooke it by force, measuring out the corne with a baskett they had into the Shallop and (as the said Ensigne Harrison saith) giving them satisfaction in copper beades and other trucking stuffe.

Hitherto Mr. Davys upon his oath.

Furthermore it was signified from Opochancano to the Governour that those people had complained to him to procure them justice. For which considerations and because suche outrages as this might breede danger and loss of life to others of the Colony which should have leave to trade in the baye hereafter, and for prevention of the like violences against the In- dians in time to come, this order following was agreed on by the general assembly:

A second order against Captain Martin, at James citty, July 30, 1619.

It was also ordered by the Assembly the same day in case Captaine Martin and the ging of his shallop would not thoroughly answere an accusation of an outrage committed gainst a certaine Conoa of Indians in the baye, that then it was thought reason (his Patent notwithstanding, the authority whereof he had in that case abused) he should from henceforth take leave of the Governour as other men, and should putt in security, that his people shall comitte no such outrage any more.

Upon this a letter or warrant was drawen in the name of the whole as- sembly to sumon Captaine Martin to appeare before them in the forme following:

By the Governour and general assembly of Virginia.

Captaine Martine, we are to request you upon sight hereof, with all con- venient speed to repair hither to James citty to treatt and conferre with us about some matters of especial importance which concerns both us and the whole Colony [and] yourself. And of this we praye you not to faile. James citty, July 30, 1619.

To our very loving friend, Captain John Martin, Esquire, Master of the ordinance.

These obstacles removed, the Speaker, who for a long time has bene ex- treame sickly, and therefore not able to passe through long harangues, delivered in briefe to the whole assembly the occasions of their meeting. Which done he read unto them the commission for establishing the Counsell of Estate and the general Assembly, wherein their duties were described to the life.

Having thus prepared them he read over unto them the greate Charter, or commission of privileges, orders and laws, sent by Sir George Yeardley out of Englande. Which for the more ease of the Committies, having divided into fower books, he read the former two the same forenoon for expeditions sake, a second time over, and so they were referred to the perusall of twoe Committies, which did reciprocally consider of either, and accordingly brought in their opinions. But some may here objecte to what ende we should presume to referre that to the examination of Committies which the Counsell and Company in England had already resolved to be perfect, and did expect nothing but our assente thereunto. To this we answere, that we did it not to the ende to correcte or controll anything therein contained, but onely in case we should finde ought not perfectly squaring with the state of this Colony or any lawe which did presse or binde too harde, that we might by waye of humble petition, seeke to have it redressed, especially because this great Charter is to bind us and our heyers for ever.

The names of the Committies for perusing the first booke of the fower:1
1. Captain William Powell, 2. Ensigne Rosingham,
3. Captaine Warde, 4. Captaine Tucker,
5. Mr. Shelley, 6. Thomas Douse,
7. Samuel Jordan, 8. Mr. Boys.
The names of the Committies for perusing the second booke:
1. Captaine Lawne, 2. Captaine Graves,
3. Ensigne Spense, 4. Samuel Sharpe,
5. William Cap, 6. Mr. Pawlett,
7. Mr. Jefferson, 8. Mr. Jackson,

These Committies thus appointed, we brake up the first forenoon's assembly.

After dinner the Governour and those that were not of the Committies sate a second time, while the said Committies were employed in the perusall of those twoe bookes. And whereas the Speaker had propounded fower severall objects for the Assembly to consider on: namely, first the great charter of orders, lawes and privileges; Secondly, which of the instructions given by the Counsel in England to my Lo: La: warre, Captain Argall or Sir George Yeardley, might conveniently putt on the habite of lawes; Thirdly, what lawes might issue out of the private conceipte of any of the Burgesses, or any other of the Colony; and lastly, what petitions were fitt to be sente home for England. It pleased the Governour for expedition sake to have the second objecte of the fower to be examined and prepared by himselfe and the Non-Committies. Wherein after having spente some three howers conference, the twoe Committies brought in their opinions concerning the twoe former bookes, (the second of which beginneth at these wordes of the charter: And forasmuche as our intente is to establish one equall and uniforme kinde of government over all Virginia &c.,) which the whole Assembly, because it was late, deferred to treatt of till the next morning.

Satturday, July 31.

The nexte daye, therefore, out of the opinions of the said Committies, it was agreed, these Petitions ensuing should be framed, to be presented to the Treasurer, Counsel and Company in England. Upon the Committies perusall of the first book, the Generall Assembly doe become most humble suitors to their lops and to the rest of that honble Counsell and renowned Company, that albeit they have bene pleased to allotte unto the Governor to themselves, together with the Counsell of Estate here, and to the officers of Incorporations, certain lande portions of lande to be layde out within the limites of the same, yet that they woulde vouchsafe also, that groundes as heretofore had bene granted by patent to the antient Planters by former Governours that had from the Company received comission so to doe, might not nowe after so muche labour and coste, and so many yeares habitation be taken from them. And to the ende that no man might doe or suffer any wrong in this kinde, that they woulde favour us so muche (if they meane to graunte this our petition) as to sende us notice, what comission or authority for graunting of landes they have given to eache particular Governour in times paste.

The second petition of the General assembly framed by the Committies out of the second book is. That the Treasurer and Company in England would be pleased with as muche convenient speed as may be to sende men hither to occupie their landes belonging to the fower Incorporations, as well for their owne behoofe and proffitt as for the maintenance of the Counsel of Estate, who are nowe to their extream hindrance often drawen far from their private busines and likewise that they will have a care to sende tenants to the ministers of the fower Incorporations to manure their gleab, to the intente that all allowance they have allotted them of 200 G. a yeare may be more easily raised.

The thirde Petition humbly presented by this General Assembly to the Treasurer, Counsell and Company is, that it may plainly be expressed in the great Comission (as indeed it is not) that the antient Planters of both sortes, viz., suche as before Sir Thomas Dales' depart were come hither upon their owne chardges, and suche also as were brought hither upon the Companie's coste, maye have their second, third and more divisions suc- cessively in as lardge and free manner as any other Planters. Also that they wilbe pleased to allowe to the male children, of them and of all others begotten in Virginia, being the onely hope of a posterity, a single share a piece, and shares for their issues or for themselves, because that in a newe plantation it is not knowen whether man or woman be more necessary.

Their fourth Petition is to beseech the Treasurer, Counsell and Company that they would be pleased to appoint a Sub-Treasurer here to collecte their rents, to the ende that the Inhabitants of this Colony be not tyed to an impossibility of paying the same yearly to the Treasurer in England, and that they would enjoine the said Sub-Treasurer not precisely according to the letter of the Charter to exacte mony of us (whereof we have none at all, as we have no minte), but the true value of the rente in comodity.

The fifte Petition is to beseeche the Treasurer, Counsell and Company that, towards the erecting of the University and Colledge, they will sende, when they shall thinke it most convenient, workmen of all sortes, fitt for that purpose.

The sixte and laste is, they wilbe pleased to change the savage name of Kiccowtan, and to give that Incorporation a new name.

These are the general Petitions drawen by the Comitties out of the two former bookes which the whole general assembly in maner and forme above sett downe doe most humbly offer up and present to the honourable con- struction of the Treasurer, Counsell and Company in England.

These petitions thus concluded on, those twoe Comitties broughte me a reporte what they had observed in the two latter bookes, which was nothing else but that the perfection of them was suche as that they could finde nothing therein subject to exception, only the Governors particular opinion to my selfe in private hathe bene as touching a clause in the thirde booke, that in these doubtfull times between us and the Indians, it would behoove us not to make as lardge distances between Plantation as ten miles, but for our more strength ande security to drawe nearer together. At the same time, there remaining no farther scruple in the mindes of the Assembly touching the said great Charter of lawes, orders and priviledges, the Speaker putt the same to the question, and so it had both the general assent and the applause of the whole assembly, who, as they professed themselves in the first place most submissively thankful to almighty god, therefore so they commaunded the Speaker to returne (as nowe he doth) their due and hum- ble thankes to the Treasurer Counsell and company for so many priviledges and favours as well in their owne names as in the names of the whole Colony whom they represented.

This being dispatched we fell once more debating of suche instructions given by the Counsell in England to several Governors as might be con- verted into lawes, the last whereof was the Establishment of the price of Tobacco, namely, of the best at 3d and the second at 18d the pounde. At the reading of this the Assembly thought good to send for Mr. Abraham Persey, the Cape marchant, to publishe this instruction to him, and to demaunde of him if he knewe of any impediment why it might not be admitted of? His answere was that he had not as yet received any suche order from the Adventurers of the in England. And notwithstanding he sawe the authority was good, yet was he unwilling to yield, till suche time as the Governor and Assembly had layd their commandment upon him, out of the authority of the foresaid Instructions as followeth:

By the General Assembly.

We will and require you, Mr. Abraham Persey, Cape Marchant, from this daye forwarde to take notice, that, according to an article in the Instruc- tions confirmed by the Treasurer, Counsell and Company in Englande at a general quarter courte, both by voices and under their hands and the Comon seall, and given to Sir George Yeardley, knight, this present governour, Decemb. 3, 1618, that you are bounde to accepte of the Tobacco of the Colony, either for commodities or upon billes, at three shillings the beste and the second sorte at 18d the punde, and this shalbe your sufficient dischardge.

James citty out of the said General Assembly, July 31, 1619.

At the same the Instructions convertible into lawes were referred to the consideration of the above named Committies, viz., the general Instructions to the first Committie and the particular Instructions to the second, to be returned by them into the assembly on Munday morning.

Sunday, Aug. 1.

Mr. Shelley, one of the Burgesses, deceased.

Munday, Aug. 2.

Captain John Martin (according to the sumons sent him on Fryday, July 30,) made his personall appearance at the barre, whenas the Speaker having first read unto him the orders of the Assembly that concerned him, he pleaded lardgely for himself to them both and indevoured to answere some other thinges that were objected against his Patente. In fine, being demanded out of the former order whether he would quitte that clause of his Patent which (quite otherwise then Sir William Throck- morton's, Captain Christopher Lawnes and other men's patentes) exempt- eth himselffe and his people from all services of the Colonie excepte onely in case of warre against a forren or domesticall enemie, His answere was negative, that he would not infringe any parte of his Patente. Where- upon it was resolved by the Assembly that his Burgesses should have no admittance.

To the second order his answere was affirmative, namely, that (his Patent notwithstanding) whensoever he should send in to the baye to trade, he would be contente to putt in security to the Governour for the good behaviour of his people towardes the Indians.

It was at the same time further ordered by the Assembly that the Speaker, in their names, should (as he nowe doth) humbly demaunde of the Treas- urer, Counsell and Company and exposition of this one clause in Captaine Martin's Patente namely, where it is saide That he is to enjoye his landes in as lardge and ample manner, to all intentes and purposes, as any lord of any manours in England dothe holde his grounde out of which some have collected that he might by the same graunte protecte men from paying their debts and from diverse other dangers of lawe. The least the Assembly can alledge against this clause is, that it is obscure, and that it is a thing impossible for us here to knowe the Prerogatives of all manours in Englande. The Assembly therefore humbly beseeches their lopps and the rest of that Honble house that in case they shall finde any thing in this or in any other parte of his graunte wherby that clause towards the conclusion of the great charter, (viz., that all grauntes aswell of the one sorte as of the other respectively, be made with equall favour, and graunts of like liberties and imunities as neer as may be, to the ende that all com- plainte of partiality and indifferency may be avoided,) might in any sorte be contradicted or the uniformity and equality of lawes and orders extend- ing over the whole Colony might be impeached, That they would be pleased to remove any such hindrance as may diverte out of the true course the free and publique current of Justice.

Upon the same ground and reason their lops, together with the rest of the Counsell and Company, are humbly besought by this general assembly that if in that other clause which exempteth the Captaine Martin and his people from all services of the Colony etc., they shall finde any resistance [to] that equality and uniformity of lawes and orders intended nowe by them to be established over the whole Colony, that they would be pleased to reforme it.

In fine, wheras Captaine Martin, for those ten shares allowed him for his personal adventure and for his adventure of $70 besides, doth claim 500 acres a share, that the Treasurer, Counsell and Company woulde vouchsafe to give notice to the Governour here, what kinde of shares they meante he should have when they gave him his Patent.

The premisses about Captaine Martin thus resolved, the Committies appointed to consider what instructions are fitt to be converted into lawes, brought in their opinions, and first of some of the general instructions.

Here begin the lawes drawen out of the Instructions given by his Maties Counsell of Virginia in England to my lo: la warre, Captain Argall and Sir George Yeardley, knight.

By this present General Assembly be it enacted that no injury or oppres- sion be wrought by the English against the Indians whereby the present peace might be disturbed and antient quarrells might be revived. And farther be it ordained that the Chicohomini are not to be excepted out of this lawe; untill either that suche order come out of Englande or that they doe provoke us by some newe injury.

Against Idlenes, Gaming, drunkenes and excesse in apparell the Assembly hath enacted as followeth:

First, in detestation of Idlenes be it enacted, that if any man be founde to live as an Idler or renagate, though a freedman, it shalbe lawful for that Incorporation or Plantation to which he belongeth to appoint him a Mr to serve for wages, till he shewe apparant signes of amendment.

Against gaming at dice and Cardes be it ordained by this present assembly that the winner or winners shall lose all his or their winninges and both winners and loosers shall forfaite ten shillings a man, one ten shillings whereof to go to the discoverer, and the rest to charitable and pious uses in the Incorporation where the faulte is comitted.

Against drunkenness be it also decreed that if any private person be found culpable thereof, for the first time he is to be reprooved privately by the Minister, the second time publiquely, the thirde time to lye in boltes 12 howers in the house of the Provost Marshall and to paye his fee, and if he still continue in that vice, to undergo suche severe punishment as the Governor and Counsell of Estate shall thinke fitt to be inflicted on him. But if any officer offende in this crime, the first time he shall receive reprooff from the Governour, the second time he shall openly be reprooved in the churche by the minister, and the third time he shall first be comitted and then degraded. Provided it be understood that the Governor hath alwayes power to restore him when he shall in his discretion thinke fitte.

Against excesse in apparell that every man be cessed in the churche for all publique contributions, if he be unmarried according to his owne apparell, if he be married, according to his owne and his wives, or either of their apparell.

As touching the instruction of drawing some of the better disposed of the Indians to converse with our people and to live and labour amongst them, the Assembly who knowe well their dispositions thinke it fitte to enjoin, least to counsell those of the Colony, neither utterly to reject them nor yet to drawe them to come in. But in case they will of themselves come voluntarily to places well peopled, there to doe service in killing of Deere, fishing, beatting of Corne and other workes, that then five or six may be admitted into every such place, and no more, and that with the consente of the Governour. Provided that good guarde in the night be kept upon them for generally (though some amongst many may proove good) they are a most trecherous people and quickly gone when they have done a villany. And it were fitt a house were builte for them to lodge in aparte by themselves, and lone inhabitants by no meanes to entertain them.

Be it enacted by this present assembly that for laying a surer foundation of the conversion of the Indians of Christian Religion, eache towne, citty, Borrough, and particular plantation do obtaine unto themselves by just means a certine number of the natives' children to be educated by them in true religion and civile course of life---of which children the most towardly boyes in witt and graces of nature to be brought up by them in the first elements of litterature, so to be fitted for the Colledge intended for them that from thence they may be sente to that worke of conversion.

As touching the busines of planting corne this present Assembly doth ordain that yeare by yeare all and every householder and householders have in store for every servant he or they shall keep, and also for his or their owne persons, whether they have any Servants or no, one spare barrell of corne, to be delivered out yearly, either upon sale or exchange as need shall require. For the neglecte of which duty he shalbe subjecte to the censure of the Governor and Counsell of Estate. Provided always that the first yeare of every newe man this lawe shall not be of force.

About the plantation of Mulbery trees, be it enacted that every man as he is seatted upon his division, doe for seven yeares together, every yeare plante and maintaine in growte six Mulberry trees at the least, and as many more as he shall think conveniente and as his vurtue and Industry shall move him to plante, and that all suche persons as shall neglecte the yearly planting and maintaining of that small proportion shalbe subjecte to the censure of the Governour and the Counsell of Estate.

Be it farther enacted as concerning Silke-flaxe, that those men that are upon their division or setled habitation doe this next yeare plante and dresse 100 plantes, which being founde a comodity, may farther be in- creased. And whosoever do faill in the performance of this shalbe subject to the punishment of the Governour and Counsell of Estate.

For hempe also both English and Indian and for English flax and Anniseeds, we do require and enjoine all householders of this Colony that have any of those seeds to make tryal thereof the nexte season.

Moreover be it enacted by this present Assembly, that every householder doe yearly plante and maintaine ten vines untill they have attained to the art and experience of dressing a Vineyard either by their owne industry or by the Instruction of some Vigneron. And that upon what penalty soever the Governor and Counsell of Estate shall thinke fitt to impose upon the neglecters of this acte.

Be it also enacted that all necessary tradesmen, or so many as need shall require, suche as are come over since the departure of Sir Thomas Dale, or that shall hereafter come, shall worke at their trades for any other man, each one being payde according to the quality of his trade and worke, to be estimated, if he shall not be contented, by the Governor and officers of the place where he worketh.

Be it further ordained by this General Assembly, and we doe by these presents enacte, that all contractes made in England between the owners of the lande and their Tenants and Servantes which they shall sende hither, may be caused to be duely performed, and that the offenders be punished as the Governour and Counsell of Estate shall thinke just and convenient.

Be it established also by this present Assembly that no crafty or advanta- gious means be suffered to be put in practise for the inticing awaye the Tenants or Servants of any particular plantation from the place where they are seatted. And that it shalbe the duty of the Governor and Coun- sell of Estate most severely to punish both the seducers and the seduced, and to returne these latter into their former places.

Be it further enacted that the orders for the Magazin lately made be exactly kepte, and that the Magazin be preserved from wrong and sinister practises, and that according to the orders of courte in Englande all To- bacco and sasafras be brought by the Planters to the Cape marchant till suche time as all the goods nowe or heretofore sent for the Magazin be taken off their hands at the prices agreed on. That by this meanes the same going for Englande with one hande the price thereof may be uphelde the better. And to that ende that all the whole Colony may take notice of the last order of Courte made in Englande and all those whom it con- cerneth may knowe howe to observe it, we holde it fitt to publishe it here for a lawe among the rest of our lawes. The which order is as followeth:

Upon the 26 of October, 1618, it was ordered that the Magazin should continue during the terme formerly prefixed and that certaine abuses now complained of should be reformed and that for preventing of all Imposi- tions save the allowance of 25 in the hundred proffitt, the Governor shall have an invoice as well as the Cape Marchant, that if any abuse in the sale of the goods be offered, wee upon Intelligence and due examination thereof, shall see it correctede. And for incouragement of particular hundreds, as Smythe's hundred, Martin's hundred, Lawnes' hundred, and the like, it is agreed that what comodoties are reaped upon anie of these General Colonies, it shalbe lawefull for them to returne the same to their owne adventurers. Provided that the same comodity be of their owne growing, without trading with any other, in one entyre lumpe, and not dispersed and that at the determination of the jointe stocke, the goods then remaining in the Magazin shalbe bought by the said particular Colonies before any other goods which shall be sente by private men. And it was moreover ordered that if the lady la warre, the Lady Dale, Captain Bar- grave and the rest, would unite themselves into a settled Colony they might be capable of the same priviledges that are graunted to any of the foresaid hundreds. Hitherto the order.

All the general Assembly by voices concluded not only the acceptance and observation of this order, but of the Instruction also to Sir George Yeardley next preceding the same. Provided first, that the Cape Mar- chant do accepte of the Tobacco of all and everie the Planters here in Virginia, either for Goods or upon billes of Exchange at three shillings the pounde the beste, and 18d the second sorte. Provided also that the billes be only payde in Englande. Provided, in the third place, that if any other besides the Magazin have at any time any necessary comodity which the Magazine dothe wante, it shall and may be lawfull for any of the Colony to buye the said necessary comodity of the said party, but upon the termes of the Magazin viz: allowing no more gaine then 25 in the hundred, and that with the leave of the Governour. Provided lastly, that it may be lawfull for the Governor to give leave to any Mariner, or any other person that shall have any suche necessary comodity wanting to the Magazin to carrie home for Englande so muche Tobacco or other naturall comodities of the Country as his Customers shall pay him for the said necessary comodity or comodities. And to the ende we may not only persuade and incite men, but inforce them also thoroughly and loyally to aire their Tobacco before they bring it to the Magazine, be it enacted, and by these presents we doe enacte, that if upon the Judgement of fower sufficient men of any incorporation where the Magazine shall reside, (having first taken their oaths to give true sentence, twoe whereof to be chosen by the Cape Marchant and twoe by the Incorporation), any Tobacco whatsoever shall not proove vendible at the second price, that it shall there imediately be burnt before the owner's face. Hitherto suche lawes as were drawen out of the Instructions.

Tuesday, Aug. 3, 1619.

This morning a thirde sorte of lawes (suche as might proceed out of every man's private conceipt) were read and referred by halves to the same comitties which were from the beginning.

This done, Captaine William Powell presented to the Assembly a petition to have justice against a lewde and trecherous servante of his who by false accusation given up in writing to the Governor sought not only to gett him deposed from his government of James citty and utterly (according to the Proclamation) to be degraded from the place and title of a Captaine, but to take his life from him also. And so out of the said Petition sprang this order following:

Captaine William Powell presented a pettition to the generall Assem- bly against one Thomas Garnett, a servant of his, not onely for extreame neglect of his business to the great loss and prejudice of the said Captaine, and for openly and impudently abusing his house, in sight both of Master and Mistress, through wantonnes with a woman servant of theirs, a wid- dowe, but also for falsely accusing him to the Governor both of Drunken- nes and Thefte, and besides for bringing all his fellow servants to testifie on his side, wherein they justly failed him. It was thought fitt by the general assembly (the Governour himself giving sentence), that he should stand fower dayes with his eares nayled to the Pillory, viz: Wednesday, Aug. 4th, and so likewise Thursday, fryday, and Satturday next following, and every of those dayes should be publiquely whipped. Now, as touch- ing the neglecte of his worke, what satisfaction ought to be made to his Mr for that is referred to the Governour and Counsell of Estate.

The same morning the lawes abovewritten, drawen out of the instruc- tions, were read, and one by one thoroughly examined, and then passed once again the general consente of the whole Assembly.

This afternoon the comitties brought in a reporte, what they had done as concerning the thirde sorte of lawes, the discussing whereof spente the residue of that daye. Excepte onely the consideration of a pettiton of Mr. John Rolfes againste Captaine John Martine for writing a letter to him wherein (as Mr. Rolfe alledgeth) he taxeth him both unseemly and amisse of certaine thinges wherein he was never faulty, and besides, casteth some aspersion upon the present government, which is the most temperate and juste that ever was in this country, too milde indeed, for many of this Colony, whom unwoonted liberty hath made insolente and not to know themselves. This Petition of Mr. Rolfes' was thought fitt to be referred to the Counsell of State.

Wednesday, Aug. 4th.

This daye (by reason of extream heat, both paste and likely to ensue and by that meanes of the alteration of the healthes of diverse of the general Assembly) the Governour, who himself also was not well, resolved should be the last of this first session; so in the morning the Speaker (as he was required by the Assembly) redd over all the lawes and orders that had formerly passed the house, to give the same yett one reviewe more, and to see whether there were any thing to be amended or that might be excepted againste. This being done, the third sorte of lawes which I am nowe coming to sett downe, were read over [and] thoroughly discussed, which, together with the former, did now passe the laste and finall consente of the General Assembly.

A thirde sorte of lawes, suche as may issue out of every man's private conceipte.

It shalbe free for every man to trade with the Indians, servants onely excepted, upon paine of whipping, unless the Mr. will redeeme it off with the payment of an Angell, one-fourth parte whereof to go to the Provost Marshall one fourth parte to the discoverer, and the other moyty to the publique uses of the Incorporation.

That no man doe sell or give any of the greatter howes to the Indians, or any English dog of quality, as a mastive, greyhound, bloodhounde, lande or water spaniel, or any other dog or bitche whatsoever, of the Englishe race, upon paine of forfaiting 5s sterling to the publique uses of the Incor- poration where he dwelleth.

That no man do sell or give any Indians any piece shott or poulder, or any other armes, offensive or defensive upon paine of being held a

Traytour to the Colony, and of being hanged as soon as the facte is proved, without all redemption.

That no man may go above twenty miles from his dwelling-place, nor upon any voiage whatsoever shalbe absent from thence for the space of seven dayes together without first having made the Governor or comaunder of the same place acquainted therwith, upon paine of paying twenty shillings to the publique uses of the same Incorporation where the party delinquent dwelleth.

That no man shall purposely goe to any Indian townes, habitations or places or resortes without leave from the Governor or comaunder of that place wher he liveth, upon paine of paying 40s to publique uses as aforesaid.

That no man living in this Colony, but shall between this and the first of January nexte ensueing come or sende to the Secretary of Estate to enter his own and all his servants' names, and for what terme or upon what conditions they are to serve, upon penalty of paying 40s to the said Secre- tary of Estate. Also, whatsoever Mrs or people doe come over to this plantation that within one month of their arrivall (notice being first given them of this very lawe) they shall likewise resorte to the Secretary of Estate and shall certifie him upon what termes or conditions they be come hither, to the ende that he may recorde their grauntes and comissions, and for how long time and upon what conditions their servants (in case they have any) are to serve them, and that upon paine of the penalty nexte above mentioned.

All Ministers in the Colony shall once a year, namely, in the moneth of Marche, bring to the Secretary of Estate a true account of all Christenings, burials and marriages, upon paine, if they faill, to be censured for their negligence by the Governor and Counsell of Estate; likewise, where there be no ministers, that the comanders of the place doe supply the same duty.

No man, without leave of the Governor, shall kill any Neatt cattle whatsoever, young or olde, especially kine, Heyfurs or cow-calves, and shalbe careful to perserve their steers and oxen, and to bring them to the plough and such profitable uses, and without having obtained leave as aforesaid, shall not kill them, upon penalty of forfaiting the value of the beast so killed.

Whosoever shall take any of his neighbors' boates, oares, or canoas without leave from the owner shalbe helde and esteemed as a felon and so proceeded againste; tho hee that shall take away by violence or stelth any canoas or other thinges from the Indians shall make valuable restitution to the said Indians, and shall forfaict, if he be a freeholder, five pound; if a servant, 40s, or endure a whipping; and anything under the value of 13d shall be accounted Petty larcency.

All ministers shall duely read divine service, and exercise their min- isterial function according to the Ecclesiastical lawes and orders of the churche of Englande, and every Sunday in the afternoon shall Catechize suche as are not yet ripe to come to the Com. And whosoever of them shalbe found negligent or faulty in this kinde shalbe subject to the censure of the Governor and Counsell of Estate.

The Ministers and Churchwardens shall seeke to presente all ungodly disorders, the comitters wherofe if, upon goode admonitions and milde reprooff, they will not forbeare the said skandalous offenses, as suspicions of whordomes, dishonest company keeping with weomen and suche like, they are to be presented and punished accordingly.

If any person after two warnings, doe not amende his or her life in point of evident suspicion of Incontincy or of the comission of any other enormous sinnes, that then he or shee be presented by the Churchwardens and suspended for a time from the churche by the minister. In which Interim if the same person do not amende and humbly submit him or her- self to the churche, he is then fully to be excomunicate and soon after a writt or warrant to be sent from the Governor for the apprehending of his person ande seizing on all his goods. Provided alwayes, that all the ministers doe meet once a quarter, namely, at the feast of St. Michael the Arkangell, of the nativity of our saviour, of the Annuntiation of the blessed Virgine, and about midsomer, at James citty or any other place where the Governor shall reside, to determine whom it is fitt to excomunicate, and that they first presente their opinion to the Governor ere they proceed to the acte of excomunication.

For the reformation of swearing, every freeman and Mr. of a family after thrise admontion shall give 5s or the value upon present demaunde, to the use of the church where he dwelleth; and every servant after the like admontion, excepte his Mr. discharge the fine, shalbe subject to whipping. Provided, that the payment of the fine notwithstanding, the said servant shall acknowledge his faulte publiquely in the Churche.

No man whatsoever, coming by water from above, as from Henrico, Charles citty, or any place from the westwarde of James citty, and being bound for Kiccowtan, or any other parte on this side, the same shall pre- sume to pass by, either by day or by night, without touching firste here at James citty to knowe whether the Governor will comande him any service. And the like shall they performe that come from Kicawtan ward, or from any place between this and that, to go upwarde, upon paine of forfaiting ten pound sterling a time to the Governor. Provided, that if a servant having had instructions from his Master to observe this lawe, doe not- withstanding, transgresse the same, that then the said servant shalbe pun- ished at the Governor's discretion; otherwise, that the master himselfe shall undergo the foresaid penalty.

No man shall trade into the baye, either in shallop, pinnace, or ship, with- out the Governor's license, and without putting in security that neither himself nor his Company shall force or wrong the Indians, upon paine that, doing otherwise, they shalbe censured at their returne by the Governor and Counsell of Estate.

All persons whatsoever upon the Sabaoth daye shall frequente divine service and sermons both forenoon and afternoon, and all suche as beare armes shall bring their pieces swordes, poulder and shotte. And every one that shall transgresse this lawe shall forfaicte three shillinges a time to the use of the churche, all lawful and necessary impediments excepted. But if a servant in this case shall wilfully neglecte his Mr's comande he shall suffer bodily punishmente.

No maide or woman servant, either now resident in the Colonie or hereafter to come, shall contract herselfe in marriage without either the consent of her parents, or of her Mr or Mris, or of the magistrate and minister of the place both together. And whatsoever minister shall marry or contracte any suche persons without some of the foresaid consentes shalbe subjecte to the severe censure of the Governor and Counsell of Estate.

Be it enacted by this present assembly that whatsoever servant hath heretofore or shall hereafter contracte himselfe in England, either by way of Indenture or otherwise, to serve any Master here in Virginia and shall afterward, against his said former contracte depart from his Mr without leave, or, being once imbarked shall abandon the ship he is appointed to come in, and so, being lefte behinde, shall putt himselfe into the service of any other man that will bring him hither, that then at the same servant's arrival here, he shall first serve out his time with that Mr that brought him hither and afterward also shall serve out his time with his former Mr according to his covenant.

Here ende the lawes.

All these lawes being thus concluded and consented to as aforesaid Captaine Henry Spellman was called to the barre to answere to certaine misdemeanors layde to his chardge by Robert Poole, interpretour, upon his oath (whose examination the Governor sente into England in the Prosperus), of which accusations of Poole some he acknowledged for true, but the greattest part he denyed. Whereupon the General Assembly having throughly heard and considered his speaches, did constitute this order following against him:

Aug. 4th, 1619.

This day Captaine Henry Spelman was convented before the General Assembly and was examined by a relation upon oath of one Robert Poole, Interpreter, what conference had passed between the said Spelman and Opochancano at Poole's meeting with him in Opochancano's courte. Poole chardgeth him he spake very unreverently and maliciously against this present Governor, whereby the honour and dignity of his place and person, and so of the whole Colonie, might be brought into contempte, by which meanes what mischiefs might ensue from the Indians by disturbance of the peace or otherwise, may easily be conjectured. Some thinges of this relation Spelman confessed, but the most parte he denyed, excepte onely one matter of importance, and that was that he hade informed Opochancano that within a yeare there would come a Governor greatter then this that nowe is in place. By which and by other reportes it seemeth he hath alienated the minde of Opochancano from this present Governour, and brought him in much disesteem, both with Opochancano and the Indians, and the whole Colony in danger of their slippery designes.

The general assembly upon Poole's testimony onely not willing to putt Spelman to the rigour and extremity of the lawe which might, perhaps both speedily and deservedly, have taken his life from him (upon the witness of one whom he muche excepted against) were pleased, for the present, to censure him rather out of that his confession above written then out of any other prooffe. Several and sharpe punishments were pronounced against him by diverse of the Assembly, But in fine the whole courte by voices united did encline to the most favorable, which was that for this misdemeanour he should first be degraded of his title of Captaine, at the head of the troupe, and should be condemned to performe seven years service to the Colony in the nature of Interpreter to the Governour.

This sentence being read to Spelman he, as one that had in him more of the Savage then of the Christian, muttered certaine wordes to himselfe neither shewing any remorse for his offenses, nor yet any thankfulness to the Assembly for theire sofavourable censure, which he at one time or another (God's grace not wholly abandoning him) might with some one service have been able to have redeemed.

This day also did the Inhabitants of Paspaheigh, alias Argall's towne, present a petition to the general assembly to give them an absolute dis- charge from certain bondes wherein they stand bound to Captain Samuell Argall for the payment of 600lb and to Captain William Powell, at Captaine Argall's appointment, for the payment of 50lb more. To Captaine Argall for 15 skore acres of wooddy ground, called by the name of Argal's towne or Paspaheigh; to Captaine Powell in respect of his paines in clearing the grounde and building the houses, for which Captaine Argal ought to have given him satisfaction. Nowe, the general assembly being doubtful whether they have any power and authority to discharge the said bondes, doe by these presents (at the Instance of the said Inhabitants of Pas- paheigh, alias Martin's hundred people) become most humble sutours to the Treasurer, Counsell and Company in England that they wilbe pleased to gett the said bondes for 600lb to be cancelled; forasmuche as in their great comission they have expressly and by name appointed that place of Paspaheigh for parte of the Governour's lande. And whereas Captain William Powell is payde his 50 which Captain Argall enjoined the saide Inhabitantes to presente him with, as parte of the bargaine, the general assembly, at their intreaty, do become sutours on their behalfe, that Captaine Argall, by the Counsell and Company in England, may be com- pelled either to restore the said 50lb from thence, or else that restitution thereof be made here out of the goods of the said Captaine Argall.

The last acte of the Generall Assembly was a contribution to gratifie their officers, as followeth:

Aug. 4th, 1619.

It is fully agreed at this general Assembly that in regard of the great paines and labour of the Speaker of this Assembly (who not onely first formed the same Assembly and to their great ease and expedition reduced all matters to be treatted of into a ready method, but also his indisposition notwithstanding wrote or dictated all orders and other expedients and is yet to write severall bookes for all the Generall Incorporations and planta- tions both of the great charter, and of all the lawes) and likewise in respecte of the diligence of the Clerke and sergeant, officers thereto belonging, That every man and manservant of above 16 yeares of age shall pay into the handes and Custody of the Burgesses of every Incorporation and plantation one pound of the best Tobacco, to be distributed to the Speaker and likewise to the Clerke and sergeant of the Assembly, according to their degrees and rankes, the whole bulke whereof to be delivered into the Speaker's handes, to be divided accordingly. And in regarde the Provost Marshall of James citty hath also given some attendance upon the said General Assembly, he is also to have a share out of the same. And this is to begin to be gathered the 24th of February nexte.

In conclusion, the whole Assembly comaunded the Speaker (as nowe he doth) to present their humble excuse to the Treasurer Counsell and Company in England for being constrained by the intemperature of the weather and the falling sick of diverse of the Burgesses to breake up so abruptly—before they had so much as putt their lawes to the ingrossing.

This they wholly comited to the fidelity of their speaker, who therin (his conscience telles him) hath done the parte of an honest man, otherwise he would be easily founde out by the Burgesses themselves, who with all expedition are to have so many bookes of the same lawes as there be both Incorporations and Plantations in the Colony.

In the seconde place, the Assembly doth most humbly crave pardon that in so shorte a space they could bring their matter to no more perfec- tion, being for the present enforced to sende home titles rather then lawes, Propositions rather then resolutions, Attemptes then Acchievements, hoping their courtesy will accepte our poor endevour, and their wisedome wilbe ready to supporte the weakness of this little flocke.

Thirdly, the General Assembly doth humbly beseech the said Treas- urer, Counsell and Company, that albeit it belongeth to them onely to allowe or to abrogate any lawes which we shall here make, and that it is their right so to doe, yet that it would please them not to take it in ill parte if these lawes which we have now brought to light, do passe currant and be of force till suche time as we may knowe their farther pleasure out of Englande: for otherwise this people (who nowe at length have gotten the raines of former servitude into their owne swindge) would in shorte time growe so insolent, as they would shake off all government, and there would be no living among them.

Their last humble suite is, that the said Counsell and Company would be pleased, so soon as they shall finde it convenient, to make good their promise sett downe at the conclusion of their commission for establishing the Counsel of Estate and the General Assembly, namely, that they will give us power to allowe or disallowe of their orders of Courte, as his Majesty hath given them power to allowe or to reject our lawes.

In sume Sir George Yeardley, the Governour prorogued the said General Assembly till the firste of Marche, which is to fall out this present yeare of 1619, and in the mean season dissolved the same.

LXVI. The Cost of Furnishing the "Margaret" July, August, and September, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth, 3 (13)–(16), Pages 79–93 Document in the New York Public Library List of Records No. 117

[79] Payment for things bought in London by Mr Thorpe in July. 1619. 1

The text here is from Narratives of Early Virginia, edited by Lyon G. Tyler, pages 249--278. The document is in the autograph of John Pory. It is indorsed by Sir Dudley Carleton.

Impr for .24. muskets xxiiijli
It̃m for .4800. of beades in .12. bundles of the smaller sort xxxijs
It̃m for .1200. of beads in .3. bundles of the greater sort xijs
It̃m for a chest to send downe the things xixs
It̃m for .3. barrels of gunpowder contayning .300li xijli xvis
It̃m double caske for the powder vjs
It̃m one q̢ter of a hundred of match xs
It̃m caske for the matche xijd
It̃m for .16. swordes iiijli viijs
It̃m .16. belts xxvis viijd
It̃m .16. bandeleres xlijs
It̃m .40li. waight of copper iijli
It̃m .3. great grosse of thread buttons xxis
It̃m for .4. steell mills viijli
It̃m for .30. sorts of garden seeds xxijs
It̃m for a bouch barrell iijs
It̃m for .2. church bibles iijli vjs viijd
It̃m for .2. comon prayer bookℯ xiiijs
It̃m .3. bookℯ of the practise of piety vijs
It̃m .3. bookℯ of the playne man's path way iijs vid
It̃m Anyseeds halfe a hundred xxviijs
It̃m six pound of comin seed iiijs
It̃m wormseed halfe a pound ijs vjd
It̃m ffenne greek vjli xxd
It̃m halfe a pound of Almonds viijd
It̃m a barrel to put the seeds in xvd
It̃m to Richard Godfry for his tooles brought downe wth him xxs
It̃m to him for his & his mans chargℯ downe xs
It̃m to Toby ffelgate maryner and his mans charges downe Sma-lxxili. xxijs
[80] Payment for things bought at Bristoll and in the Cuntry in August and Sep- tember .1619.
Impr. for .5. grosse of poynts xijs vjd
ffor xijli of browne thread xxviijs
ffor .2. bolts of black thread xs viijd
ffor one bolt of black thread iiijs viijd
ffor one grosse of garteringe vijs vjd
ffor .200. of needles xviijd
ffor .300. q̢rter and .25li waight of cheese iijli iijs ixd
ffor six pound of glue ijs vjd
ffor carvinge tooles for Rich Godfry ijs
ffor the cariage of empty cask to the bark ixd
ffor Richard Partridges horsmeat ixd
ffor waighinge the cheese and caryinge it to the storehouse viijd
ffor a bushell of mustard seed vijs ixd
ffor one barrell of oatmeall .5. bushels xxis viijd
ffor .2. dozen of hatchets xiiijs
ffor shoothreads ijs vjd
ffor .2. waineropes waighing .42li at iiijd xiiijs
ffor half a reame of pap̱ ijs viijd
ffor d̴i of sope vjs xd
The caske to put it in vid
ffor .2. pound of brimstone vid
ffor .12. woodden platters iijs
ffor .12. woodden dishes xd
ffor .6. woodden bouls ijs
ffor .6. horne cups xviijd
ffor .3. dozen of woodden spoones xijd
ffor .2. dozen of trenchers vjd
ffor .2. dozen of trenchers more viijd
ffor one dozen of skiminge dishes & sawcers viijd
ffor .4. candlestickℯ xijd
ffor .6. quarter cans. xviijd and .3. small cans ixd ijs iijd
ffor taps cannels and a ladle vd
ffor a lanthorne xiiijd
ffor a deep wodden boul to make mustard in xd
ffor .5. dozen of handkercheifs at .vd ½ xxvijs vjd
ffor .5. dozen of falling bands at .8s the dozen xls
ffor .28. payr of yarne stockins at xvjd xxxvijs iiijd
Sma—xvji vjs iijd.
ffor .3. spits and one payr of andirons xiijs
ffor .2. lockℯ for doores ijs
ffor .4. rings for bittles and one spit vs vjd
ffor .7. wedges viijs vjd
ffor .3. hammers and round rings for chesils and other tooles iijs
ffor .3. dozen d̴i of rings more iijs vjd
ffor .2. padlocks vjs
ffor .2. crowes and one pickaxe xiijs vid
ffor .2. dozen of Jemells and .2. shooing horns ijs vjd
ffor .3. squaringe axes vjs iiijd
ffor .4. chesils ijs
ffor .3. Adises and a spokeshave vs
ffor .17. borriers and a drawing knife xjs
ffor .2. handsawes ijs
ffor .14. planinge irons and a hammer iijs
ffor one payr of spinsers xijd
ffor .2. Cawkinge irons and .5. formers iijs vjd
ffor .4. hatchets iiijs
ffor .6. hatchets iijs vjd
ffor .4. lockℯ for doores vjs
ffor .2. long sawes .2. tenant sawes & one file xviijs
ffor .8. iron wedges waighinge at iijd xijs vjd
ffor .7. payr of hookℯ & twistℯ vijs vjd
ffor .7. staples for doores xviijd
ffor .2. squires iiijs
ffor Carpenters lynes xviijd
ffor .2. frying pans waighinge q̢ter .3. ozes vs ijd
ffor .2. payr of bellowes ijs viijd
ffor .3. reaphookℯ xviijd
ffor .2. gredirons ijs viijd
ffor .2. spades iijs
ffor .6. compasses ijs
ffor .1. dozen of files iiijs iijd
ffor one dozen of nalle blades vjd
ffor .4. whetstones xxd
ffor .2. payr of taylors sheares ijs viijd
ffor one dozen of wimble bits vjd
ffor one payr of skales vs
ffor one longe thirt sawe vs
ffor .100. of overlopnayles ijs vjd
ffor .300. of culford nayles iijs ixd
Sma ixli vijs ijd.
ffor .500. of xd nayles iiijs ijd
ffor .1000. of 8d nayles vijs viijd
ffor .2000. of vjd nayles ixs viijd
ffor .500. of iiijd nayles xviijd
ffor .1000. of iijd nayles ijs
ffor .1000. of bushell nayles xviijd
ffor .4000. of lath nayles vs viijd
ffor .300. of stone nayles xjd
ffor .2000. of sparrowe bills xijd
ffor .1000. of iijd hobnayles ijs
ffor .2. plate drippinge pans iijs iiijd
ffor .3. peeces of vettery canvas of .86. 76. ½ and .30. Toto. .192. els ½ at 14d ½ per ell is xjli xijs viijd
ffor .129. yards d̴i of gray welsh frise at .15d ½ the yard viijli vijs iijd
ffor .30. caps and bands lvjs
ffor .12. chesils and .3. gouges viijs vjd
ffor .2. drawinge knives & .2. knives to make trenchers iijs
ffor .3. hatchets iijs vjd
ffor .3. axes iiijs vjd
ffor one handsawe xijd
ffor .2. turning irons one round spokeshave and one taper bit xxijd
ffor a Coop̱s hatchet and an axe, one borrier and an Adis vjs
ffor .2. files and .2. planinge irons xijd
ffor a spokeshave and .2. bench hookℯ xijd
ffor a cleavinge saxe xviijd
ffor .3. small files .6. taylors thimbles and ili of wyer ijs
ffor .3. pickaxes viijs
ffor .2. sledges vjs
ffor .2. threvets vs
ffor .2. pothangings vs
ffor .2. payr of pothookℯ ijs
ffor .2. bill hookℯ xviijd
ffor .2. tillers for sawes and six truels vjs iiijd
ffor .2. gimlets xijd
Sma xxviijli ijs xjd
ffor .8. grosse of buttons vs iiijd
ffor colored thread xijd
ffor .12. dozen of black haire buttons ijs
ffor .15. gallons of aqua vite at .4s the gallon iijli
ffor the cask to put it in xviijd
ffor a course of waights xviijd
ffor .5. tun & an halfe of beere xjli xjs
ffor .3. yards of black frise iiijs
ffor .304li of lead at xis the hundred xxxiijs iiijd
ffor .5. ropes of oynions xviijd
ffor one payr of compasses ijs iiijd
ffor .2. payr of plyers xvjd
ffor one markinge punch xiiijd
ffor .4. coold chisels xvjd
ffor mending the lock of the chest iiijd
ffor .5. irons for scrues ijs ijd
ffor one longe pasture bit iijd
ffor one small vice xd
ffor .21li of chalke vjd
ffor halfe a pound of black lead vjd
ffor .3. axes vjs
ffor one lave iron for the Couper xxijd
ffor one great playne iron one spokeshave and one tap bit xviijd
ffor one axetree & other iron for the mills waighinge .62li at .iijd ½ the pound xviijs id
ffor a hook bill vijd
ffor .2. fromwards ijs ijd
ffor .2. sawes ijs vjd
ffor a Coops knife iiijd
ffor one holdfast xxd
ffor .12. plaine irons iijs iiijd
ffor one payr of pinsers xvjd
ffor a rubbinge skin xd
ffor .4. skins for aprons ijs
ffor .9. peircer bits xijd
ffor .8. planinge irons ijs xxijd
ffor one peircer stocke iiijd
ffor .2. rabbet plaines vjd
ffor a kettle waighinge .22li d̴i and for an iron band to it xxxiijs
ffor makinge of .35. shirts xjs viijd
ffor more shoothreads vjs viijd
ffor .12. skins for aprons vjs
Sma 22— 14s— 8d.
ffor .15. yards of frize xixs vd ob̴.
ffor makinge the bread roome in the ship and for carying abord the bread and water iijli xs ijd
ffor .200. ells of canvas at .14d q̢. the ell xjl xvijs vjd
ffor .194. els more at .14d ob̴. the ell xjl xiiijs vd
ffor .19. els ¼ of dowlas at xvjd xxvs viijd
ffor .8. els of dowlas for sheets xvjd xs viijd
ffor makinge of .16. payr of sheets viijs
ffor makinge of .15. bolsters iijs ixd
ffor makinge the dowlas sheets viijd
ffor .8000. of biskets liijli
ffor .4. iron pots xxxs
ffor .10. pyke heads vijs vjd
ffor of bacon ixs
ffor nayles for a boat xxvijs
To the boatmen that brought the sider iiijs
ffor making of .20. sutes of apparell to John Warden xxxvs
ffor a saine or fishinge net vjli
ffor exchange of the waine ropes viijs iiijd
ffor the saine rope vijs viijd
ffor xxxli of packthread xvs
ffor ten els half quarter of taffata sarsnet at viijs iiijli xijd
ffor one ounce of silk ijs iiijd
for one ell of buckrom xvd
ffor makinge the Ancient xiijs iiijd
ffor a drum xxxvs
ffor .19. tun d̴i of caskℯ p̱te at .13s and p̱t at .12s the tun, and for iron hoopes for them and for headinge them and for nayles and other work done by the cooper xvijli
It̃m payd to mr ffelgate for cariage of .700li waight from London, for the hire of a horse, his owne charge and his mans to Bristoll, and for his mans work there as by his bill appeareth besides .22s payd by mr Thorpe iiijli vjs iijd
To John Barker for .4. Journies by night and by day to Clowerwall xiijs iiijd
payd for hallage of dyu9s things to the ship from seu9all places viijs xd
ffor work done about the cookroome in the ship and for cawking the bread roome and other work xxvjs xd
Sma 127li 23d ob̴.
ffor the dyet of ourselves and servants in Bristoll till thurs- day .16. September xxxjli ijs vd
ffor billets xvijs vjd
ffor a black boxe xiiijd
ffor bags to put nayles in xvd
ffor buttons and thread xxd
To Walter Hampton in lieu of a nue sute of apparell xs
ffor .2. dozen and iiijli of butter viijs viijd
ffor the Ancient pyke staffe and tassell ixs
ffor .2. meltinge ladles ijs
ffor salt xxiijs
ffor a compas, sawe, .2. chesils & a gouge ijs vid
ffor buttons viijd
ffor .8. yards of frize xjs
ffor bread and wine for the comunion iijs
ffor a basket to pack things in xvjd
ffor .18. mats to lodge vpon xviijs
ffor an iron mortar and pestle of 18.ɫi viijs
ffor .13. stone and .1.ɫi of stockℯ xxxiijs vijd
ffor small tooles for the Cooper xijd
ffor .2. pomps for beere iiijs
ffor nayles in the Cookroome xxiijd
ffor haire iiijd
ffor th'expenses of fferdinando yate in .2. Journies to Clower- wall and .2. to Bristoll about hiringe the ship ixs vjd
ffor a payr of scrues of his wch he lent for the vse about the ship at Tatcombe vjs vjd
ffor iijli of pepp̱ and iiijli of ginger xs
ffor flint stones xijd
ffor the lodginge of the servantℯ and washinge of their clothes viijs xjd
ffor inke iiijs
ffor .8. yards of gray frize for the captayne xs iiijd
ffor .4. yards of bayes for him viijs
ffor .8. yards of frize for the pilot xs iiijd
To the Couper vpon another bill iiijs vjd
ffor a skimmer xvjd
ffor makinge .14. sutes of apparell xxiiijs vjd
Sma 44li 11d
Mr Berkeley
ffor .1500. of fish vjli xvs
ffor of butter xlijs viijd
ffor of cheese xls
ffor of suet xxs
ffor .30. spades xlijs
ffor .3. Corslets and .2. Callivers furnished vjli
by mr Langly
ffor .200. payr of shooes xxiijli
Payd towards the charges of the patent xvs
To Henry Gayny in reward xs
Spent at Awst at one meeting. xxs and at another. xjs vjd xxxjs vjd
ffor makinge of Rowland Painters clothes and his sonnes iijs
ffor .2. quire of paper for them vjd
ffor a chest for him vs
Ready mony payd by mr Berkeley sent to Bristoll in September xviijli
And to Partridge when he went into Ireland for the ship xxxli
Payd by the hands of mr Yeomans more to Partridge in mony vli
Payd more in mony to Partridge by mr Langley iijli
Also payd more by mr Langly to Danyell Adams xs
Also by mr Berkley to the same Adams xs
Sma 103li 4s 8d
Recouped in this page 56li
[87] Captayne Woodleefs bill. September. 1619.
The passage of his fower men in Aprill last by composic̃on xxiiijli
Two sutes of clothes for each of them at .viijs the peece iijli iiijs
Twelve shirts for them at iijs the peece xxxvjs
Their stockins shooes and caps xls
ffower quilted flockbeds .4. blankets and .4. pillowes xxiiijs
.4. barrels of meale .4. barrels of pease vjli
Charges in their dyet whilest they stayed for shippinge at St Katherines xxxvjs
In ernest to mr Will͠ms towards the hire of the ship xliiijs
In the dyet of his .4. men nowe at Bristoll in London, and their travell hither, and here at Bristoll till they were vnited with the others vijli vs viijd
ffor .2000. of .xd nayles xiiijs
ffor .4000. of .vjd nayles xviijs
ffor .1000. of .4d and .3d nayles ijs ijd
ffor .5. payr of hookℯ and hinges vs vjd
ffor .4. stock locks vjs viijd
ffor .4. padlockℯ sorted iijs iiijd
ffor .4. portall latches and .4. bolts iijs iiijd
ffor .2. black bolts and staples viijd
ffor .2. felling axes iijs
ffor one hatchet xiiijd
ffor one payr of pot rackes xvjd
ffor .2. payr of pot hooks xvjd
ffor .1. payr of tonngs and §side§ shovell ijs viijd
ffor one payr of andirons iijs iiijd
ffor of wyer xvjd
ffor a grediron xviijd
ffor a Carpenters hammer xijd
ffor .2. small howes iijs iiijd
ffor ili of packthread viijd
ffor six awles iijd
ffor a barrell ijs
Payd in redy mony to the stock xjli xiiijs
Sma total layd out by mr Woodleefe towards his shares lxvli
Recouped in this page. xjli xiiijs
Payd to John Singer Surgeon for his chest of druges &c (he went not therefore to bee repayd) 1

The figures of cost are given in one column in the original; it has been thought best to print them here in three columns.

ffor a paperbook for the Virginia patents ijs
To Edmond Cole sent from Awst wth our Joynt ɫres to London and Oxford man and horse 8. dayes xvs
Messengers wages to Coventry, Mangolleffild Bristoll and Stoke wth ɫres and thrise to Littleton about wheat at seu9all tymes vjs vjd
ffor .20. bushels of .3. yeare old wheat vli
Dyet payd at Bristoll in mony xxs iiijd
ffor .4. iron cramps to bind the bottome and top of the great chest xijd
To Will͠m Peirse for a longe howe & axe helved iijs
To Humfry Plant for a longe sawe. vs tiller xijd wrest vjd compasses iiijd squire. xvjd line & reele iiijd viijs vjd
Charges of plowemen and others at Barkly with .3. waines and .4. horses loden wth pease, sider and London p̳visions from Came Nibley and Waneswell vs
ffor .5. tun d̴i of sider bought at Lidny xjli
ffor .60. bushels of white pease at ijs vjli
ffor .31. weedinge howes at .14d and .15. holinge howes at .12d made in the forest of Deane (besides xxs payd by Richard Partridg) xxxjs ijd
ffor .8. felling axes (besides .2. payd for by Richard Part- ridge) there xijs
ffor of bacon at iijd bought of James Atwood xxijs vjd
ffor cariage of .11. buts of caske from Bristoll to Lidny vjs vd
Cariage of .5. tun d̴i of sider from Lidny to Bristoll .xvs and charges in lodinge it .ijs xvijs
To Scriven9s in Bristoll and for pap̱ waxe inke p̱chmt and patent silk strings xxixs vijd
ffor Cinamon water to Sea xjs iiijd
ffor .2. pewter bottles for the water ijs
Payd the det for lodginge and dyet to Eliz Hibbert of Gat- comb who detayned a rug & .2. axes xxxvs
ffor packinge strawe viijd
ffor lyminge the omnes vnn in Christo Jesu in the Ancyent xijs
ffor a crane for the chimny in the cookroome being 21li at iijd vs iijd
To the Custom9s for their ffee for our bill of store ijs vjd
To the searchers also ijs vjd
Sma xxxli xxxvijli xvd
Given to Charles Coyfe mr Langlies man towards his fishinge tooles taken wth him xs
Payd Will͠m Clement for the releife of his wife in his absence and for redemtion of his tooles that were pawned xiiijs
Payd to Thomas Coopy vpon an agreemt made at Stoke .7. Septembr, a Smyth Carpenter & Turner iijli
Payd to John Cole for a years wages beforehand xls
Given to Walter Hampton Richard Sherife th'elder Richard Sherife the yonger, Thomas Peirse Thomas Davis Humfry Osborne and xp̃opher Nelme for their wholl seu9all wages and ernest monies vli viijs ijd
To Humphry Plant Carpenter & Sawyer for his .3. years wages beforehand to pay his dets xls
To Richard Godfry of London Joyner vpon a Composic̃on with him made xli
Payd for .4. squaringe axes bought in Wotton by Walter Coopy xs
Payd for the Cuntry farme viijs
ffor hire of a warehouse for .3. weekℯ iiijs vjd
To one Hale a drummer by mr Thorpes appoyntmt ijs vjd
Payd to the Lighters by mr Thorps appoyntment iijs
Payd more for dyet in Bristoll, washing of clothes and for horsemeat there vli xvs
To the boatmen of Barkly for cariage of dyu9s things from Barkly xvs
ffor one Tun of sider to Mr Thorpe wth the caske liijs iiijd
To mr Gouynge for one barrell of vineger and .11. gallons of oyle iijli xs
To the playsterer that layd the brick and plaister worke of the cook roome viijs
Sma xxxviijli is vjd
To mr Huggins that gave the Comunion and a sermon to our people xjs
ffor of bacon at iijd the pound ixs
ffor .4. Armors iijli
ffor a musket xvs
ffor a boat that waited on vs to Kingrode vs
To Clarkℯ for wrytings as by a bill of p̱ticulars lvs
Payd for the Ship Cxxli
Layd out by Richard Partridge in Ireland for provisions and other expenses there over and besides .xiijli fraigh by him receaved xljli vs iiijd
Layd out by Partridge at Gatcombe about the ship as appeareth by his bill of accompt given to Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton lijli xs vijd
Due more to be payd there as by the said bills appeareth vijli vijs xd
Sma 228li 18s 9d
Sma total-791li 10s 1d
Wherout deduct ready monyes before comp̢hended because they are likewise comp̢hended charged in wares bought 67li 14s
Soe remayneth—723li 16s 1d
Whervnto ad as followeth in the next page.
Payd by Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton towards the passinge of our patent xvs
Payd by mr Smyth for the like xvs
Payd by mr Thorpe for the like xvs
Payd for the cariage of all the London provisions from thence to Waneswell xls
Payd for wrytinge the three Virginian patents into our leiger book xjs
Payd for .11. gallons of sacke sent to sea xxixs iiijd
Payd for six rugs at .ixs liiijs
Payd to John Hurd Will͠m Patche Thomas Patche Will͠m Stone and Will͠m Parker at their entertainment xvs
Sma ixli xiiijs iiijd
Soe cleerly disbursed by vs vntill the departure of the ship the xvth of September .1691 733li 10s 5d
Inde quinta pars 146li 14s 1d
But for the p̢sent we must pay quarta pars, to beare out Sr George Yardley wch is 183li 7s 7d ch
Soe each of vs doth beare for Sr George Yardley 36li 13s 6d ch
Of which quarta pars of—183li 7s 7d ch mr Berkeley and his p̱tners have payd 103li 4s 8d 103li 4s 8d
Soe remayneth due from mr Berkeley 80li 2s 11d ch
Of wch quarta pars of—183li 7s 7d ch Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton hath by himselfe payd—61li 5s And by mr Woodleefe his p̱tner for a third p̱te—65li Sm in toto 126li 5s
Soe remaynes due from Sr Will͠m 57li 2s 7d ch
Of wch quarta pars of—183li 7s 7d q̢ mr Thorpe hath payd— 229li 5s 7d 229li 5s 7d
Soe due to him (for payment whereof mr Berkley becometh debttor 45li 18s
Of wch quarta pars of—183li 7s 7d q̢ mr Smyth hath payd 274li 15s 2d
Soe dewe to him 91li 7s 7d
ffor payment of wch—91li 7s 7d mr Berkley becometh debtor for thirty fower pounds fower shillings and ten-pence.
And Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton for 57li 2s 7d

[93] Memorand̴m. That whereas it is specifyed in the third p̢cedent page, That—1vs is owinge for Clarkℯ wages, and—vijli vis xd to be payd at Gat- combe as by bill appeareth, That theis two somes are to bee equally borne and payd by all the p̱tners.

And likewise Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton is to bee payd by mr Berkeley mr Smyth and mr Thorpe—xjs iijd towards fiftene shillings hee hath payd for the Patent, because hee hath it not allowed him in the second p̢cedent page of this book.

Which allowances made, Sr George Yardlyes fifth cometh to—148li 17s 7d And soe to each of vs—37li 4s 4d ob̴.

LXVII. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to Sir George Yeardley August 3, 1619
Smith of Nibley Papers, 3 (12), Page 78 Document in New York Public Library List of Records No. 118

[78] To my honorable frend Sr George Yardley knight governor of Virginia.

Sr I comend vnto your good favor and care, the begininge plantac̃on of Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton and mr George Thorpe (who is of the Counsell) with other gent̃ their associates, who send to you by this ship fifty p̱sons to that end. Their desire is that they may bee well placed, and have such other assistance as their case shall need, and your place wth your experience can best afforde. You shall hereby much bind them in love to you and make me also beholden to you for their sakes. Soe wth hartiest Comenda- c̃ons I rest

Your assured lovinge frend Edwine Sandys London. 3. August 1619.

LXVIII. Gabriel Barbor. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys August 11, 1619
Ferrar Papers Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge University. Autograph Letter, Signed, Written from Exeter List of Records No. 119


This man (Mr Newland) an honest sufficient & a moste indeuoring man for Virginia is he that cann & will searue you for victualling or man̄ing or any other imployment to further ye plantac̃on, he is so well reported of, & his late indeuors for Capt: Lawne (who had ellℯ sunck) hath approoued him a uentrous charitable marchant; his trade, necessaries for shipping & keepeing his menn togeather, hath beene well approoued by Plimouth & other Countries wch doe imploy him: he will pruent or Runnagates & victuall cheaper then Londonerℯ & surely God blesseth him for loueing or action. I humbly desire you & mr ffarrar (in yor absence) to take notice hereof, I comend him wth my loue and seruice to you & am euer your moste loueing frend & seruant

GabrL Barbor. Newport. 11th August 1619. [Indorsed by Sir Edwin Sandys:] Gabr: Barbor Newport to Sr Edwin Sandys Aug. 11. 1619. Com̄ends Mr Newland to furnish shipping for Virginia. [Addressed:] To the Honble and my most Worthy Friend Sr Edwin Sandis Knight Treasurer for Virginia.

LXIX. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar August 16, 1619
Ferrar Papers Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge University. Autograph Letter, Signed List of Records No. 120

Good Mr fferrar: I came by Sr Nicolas Tufton: & brought along wth me seven good men, wch Sr Nicolas had very carefully provided for us. But at my coming to Northborn on Wendsday the 11th of this present, I found the Ship gone the day before. I found also som letters to me out of the Ship: wch gave me no great content, conceiving they wanted som of or number appointed, & yet were unwilling to take anie more in. And as for Nicolas Tufton, they sent not to him at all. But perceiving by my men, that after the writing of those letters, that had taken in those five wch we sent to them in the Sandwich bote; & other two wch my folk had here provided; & hearing also that they had got a good pilote out of the Kings Ships, (for at Sandwich they could get none); & that at their setting of Saile, wch was on Tuesday at noone, they wanted but one of their complete number of six score: I must confesse I was then not a little comforted: but much more, & more again everie day since, the wynd having continued here so constantly prosperous. I hope verily by this they are on a quarter of their way. What had they been, if they had not lost those two days at the custome House? I trust the blessing of God is wth us in this Action: & then will we not feare what the Devill can woork against it. I disbursed Ten shillings amongst those seven: wch wth their enterteinment at my house gave them reasonable content, & they have promised to be readie against another voiage.

I merveil we heare not yet of the Diana from the Ile of Wight, unles this north-east wynd have stopt hir there.

I have taken good order for yor supplie wth monie. Before the end of this moneth I dowt not yu shall have plentie. Meane tyme I pray yu cause Mr Carter to procure a warrent to me from the Committies for or Smiths Hundred, for paying for the transportation of or 42. persons in this Ship: (ffor so manie set to Sea, though five dyed in the way:) wch cometh to 2521 at 61 the person. The payment for those in the Magazin Ship, yu knowe is respited by their consent, till other reckonings be cleared: wch will not be now till or meeting the next term. I have spent this after- noon wholy in writing of letters: & reserved Yors to the last; so that now I growe wearie, & the night is far spent. I shall long to heare from yu & what nues by the Diana. Yu made me half a promise to visit us at Northborn: I pray yu perfit it in yor next letter; & set me down the tyme when my gelding wth a footman shall at Gravesend attend yu. But yu must have first rid yor hands of the Diana, especially of the mar- iners, who may not be delayed.

So wth or very hartie salutations (for my wife ioyneth wth me) I rest

Yor ever assured frend Edwin Sandys Northborn 16. August: 1619 [Indorsed by Sir Edwin Sandys:] Sr E Sandys, Northb: to John Farrar Aug. 16. 1619. [Addressed by himself:] To my very worthy Friend Mr John Ferrar, Deputy of the Company for Virginia.

LXX. Charter Party with Mr. Williams, of Bristol August 18, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth, 3 (17), pp. 94–96 Document in the New York Public Library List of Records No. 121

[94] In the name of god Amen This p̢sent charter p̱ty Indented and made the xviijth day of August in the xvijth yeare of the raigne of our sou9aigne lord James by the grace of go god of England ffrance and Ireland kinge defender of the faythe &c. and of Scotland the liijth Betwene Edward Williams of the City of Bristoll marchant owner of the good ship called the Margaret of Bristoll of the burthen of .45. tuns or therabouts wherof vnder god Henry Penry is appoynted to goe master this p̢sent voyage of the one p̱te And John Woodleefe of the Towne of Buckingham Esqr Mar- chant lader in the said ship this p̢sent voyage of the other p̱te. Witnesseth that the said owner for the Considerac̃on hereafter in theis p̢sents expressed hath granted and to fraight hath letten And by theis p̢sents doth grant and to fraight let the said ship vnto the said marchant lader his factors and assignes for a voyage wth her to be made by gods grace in manner and forme followinge. Vizt.

To sayle (by the grace of god) from the port of Bristoll called Kingrode wth the first fayre wynd and weather that god shall send thervnto afther the xvth day of September next ensuinge the date hereof, wh all such men goods provision and other things as hee the said marchant lader his factor or assignes shall thinke fit, as directly as wind and weather will p̱mit vnto such port place or harbor or ports places or harbors in the land of Virginia as he the said marchant lader his factors or assignes shall think fit where the said ship shall stay and abyde duringe soe long tyme as he the said marchant lader his factors or assignes shall also think fit. And to be there discharged reladen and recharged when and as often as occasion shall serve at the wills and pleasures of the said marchant lader his factors or assignes. And when the said ship shall be soe discharged reladen and recharged in Virginia aforesaid Then (by the grace of god) shee shall returne and sayle about agayne wth the next fayre wynd and weather that god shall send thervnto as directly as wynd and weather will p̱mit vnto the said port of Bristoll called Kingrode for the end of the said voyage, there to be discharged of all her charge, goods wares and marchandize. In Considerac̃on wherof the said marchant lader for himselfe his heires executors ad and admrs and for eu9y of them doth hereby covenant p̳mise and grant to and wth the said owner his executors admrs and assignes [95] by theis p̢sents That hee the said marchant lader or his assignes shall and will within fiftene dayes next after the returne and arrivall homewards of the said ship at the said port of Bristoll called Kingrode for the end of the said voyage well and truly pay or cause to be payd vnto the said owner or his assignes for every month that the said ship shall contynue and bee in her said voyage the full some of xxxiijɫi of lawfull mony of England accountinge twenty and eight dayes to eu9y month, begininge to enter into pay from the day that the said ship shall set saile out of kingrode to proceede in her said voyage. And soe contynuinge in pay from thence- forth forwards monthly and for every month and for more or less tyme then a month after the rate aforesaid vntill such tyme as the said ship shall returne and arive in Kingrode aforesaid homewards from the end of the said voyage And that the said ship shall not stay nor abide at the land of Virginia aforesaid this p̢sent voyage above the number of fifty dayes by reason of any defalt or imployment of the said marchant lader his factors or assignes. And the said owner for himselfe his executors and admrs and for eu9y of them doth covenant promise and grant to and wth the said marchant lader his executors admrs and assignes by theis p̢sent That the said ship nowe is and soe at all tymes hereafter (duringe the said voyage) at his the said owners owne proper costℯ and charges (to his best endeavors) shall be made stiffe stanche stronge well apparraled and victualed and sufficiently furnished aswell wth able ms and seaven other sufficient men and one boy to gou9ne and guide the said ship (duringe the said voyage) as also wth all kynd of tackle apparell munic̃on and furniture fit and necessary for her for the accomplishment of the said voyage, And that the said men and maryners togeather wth the Cocke or boat belong- inge to the said ship shall at all tymes convenient duringe the said voyage be ready at the comaund of the said Marchant lader his and their factors and assignes to doe such reasonable service as by him or them shall be requyred. And also that the said shippe shall be ready to set sayle from the said port of Bristoll by the said xvth day of September next ensuinge the date hereof. Att wch tyme the said marchant lader doth for himselfe his executors and admynistrators Covenant and promise to bee ready wth his men goods provisions and other things aboard the said shippe to make sayle in her. And moreover it is covenanted concluded and agreed on by and betwene the said p̱ties to theis presents for themselves their executors and admynistrators [96] That if it shall happen (wch god forbid) That the §said§ ship shall bee robbed or spoyled on the sea salt or fresh (duringe the said voyage) of any manner of goods wares provisions or marchandizes belonginge to the said ship or marchant lader. That then the said owner shall stand to his owne losse and the m9chant lader by his owne losse (if any bee) In witnes wherof &c.

A bond of 400ɫi is given by Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton knight and Baronet ∥cancelled∥ Richard Berkley George Thorpe John Smyth and John Woodleefe Esqrs to Mr Williams to p̱forme Covenants.

Md. That the ship set sayle from Bristoll the xvth of September. 1619.

LXXI. Remembrances for Captain Woodleefe September, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth, 3 (8), pp. 71–72 Document in the New York Public Library List of Records No. 122

[71] Remembrances for Mr Captayne Woodleefe in Virginia, against the returne of this p̢sent Ship. September. 1619.

[72] To adu9tise Sr George Yardley That in respect of the instant dep̱ture of the ship vpon the finishinge of our Accompts togeather, wee had not any possible leisure to send him a p̱ticuler Copy thereof, wch contayneth many sheets. Howbeit the totall of all our disbursements, the charge of the ship wee bought, wth the computac̃on of the hire of this Ship for six monthes wth the Pilots wages and his mans and the Surgeons will come to one thousand and forty pounds and somewhat vpwards. Soe that his Share to bee sent backe by this Ship, if hee accept of a fifth p̱te will come vnto two hundred and eight pounds at the least.

LXXII. "A lyst of the men nowe sent for plantac̃on vnder Captayne Woodleefe governor" September, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth, 3 (9), pp. 73–75 Document in the New York Public Library List of Records No. 123

[73] September 1619. A lyst of §the§ men nowe sent for plantac̃on vnder Captayne Woodleefe governor.

Their names
Assistants fferdinando Yate, gent (returned 20. m̃tij .1620.) 1

Parentheses inclose a marginal note.

3. yeares 50. acres
John Blanchard gent 3. yeares 50. acres
Richard Godfry Joyner (drowned) ∥mort∥ 3. yeares 0.—0
Rowland Paynter (dead) 3. years 50. acres
Thomas Coopy Carpenter & Smyth fowler and Turner (dead mort) 3. years 30. acr.
Henry Peerse gent (dead) 4. yeares 25. acres
John Cole (dead) 7. years 40. acr
Humfry Osborne (dead) 3. years 30. acr.
Stephen Torset (dead) 4. years 25. acr.
Humphry Plant Sawier & Carpenter (dead) 3. years 30. acr
Thomas Davis Cooper & Shingler (dead) 3. years 30. acr.
Xrõpher Nelme shoomaker (dead) 3. years 20. acr.
Richard Sherife thelder Carpenter ∥yt went wth Mr Thorpe∥ (dead) 3. years 30. acr.
Richard Sherife the yonger couper Couper (dead) 3. years 30. acr
Will͠m Clement Cook and Gardner 6. years 20. acr
Thomas Peirse for hops & oade (dead) 7. years 30. acr.
Xrõpher Bourton Taylor 4. years 30. acr.
Thomas Molton Cook & gardner 4 §5§. years 25. acr
James Cley Joyner (dead) 3. years 0–0
Charles Coyfe a gunmaker and Smyth and for fish pitch and tarre (dead) 3. years 40. acr
Edward Paynter (slayne) 7. years 30. acr
Walter Hampton (dead) 3. years 30. acr
Samuell Coopy (dead) 3. years 15. acr
Will͠m Cole (dead) 7. years 30. acr
Will͠m Parker (dead) 6. years 30. acr
John Hurd (dead) [74] 5. yeares 30. acr
Will͠m Patche (dead) 6. years 30. acres
Thomas Patche (dead) 6. years 30. acr
Thomas Sandford (dead) 6. years 30. acr
Will͠m Stone (q of him) 6. years 30. acr.
John Taylor ∥als stokeley∥ (dead) 6. years 25. acr
John Jones gardner & Smyth (dead) 8. years 30. acr
Thomas Denton (dead) 8. years 20. acr
Thomas Thorpe (slayne) 7. years 30. acr
Will͠m Mettrickes (dead)
Will͠m Moores (dead)
Robert Taylor (dead) Alredy in Virginia for .4. years the peece from midsomer .1619.
John Brunnet (dead)

Each acre at xijd rent p̱ Anñ Richard Godfry hath the tenth of Toll, tenth of his workes.

Thomas Coopy hath xls p̱ Anñ payd to his wife And the third p̱te of his vacant midle houres.

John Cole hath xls for the first yeare. iiili for the second yeare and iiijli for the third yeare, And for the .4. last years –0 –0.

Xrõpher Nelmes wife is to have xiijs iiijd p̱ Anñ.

fferdinando Yate hath iiijli p̱ Anñ allowed to him in lieu of apparell, to bee payd out of the profits yearly brought from Virginia.

John Blanchard hath the like to fferdinando Yate.

In none of the rest is any variac̃on or difference. [75]

John Singer the Surgeon hath 50s in hand towards furnishinge of his chest, And thirty shillings the month, begininge munday .13. Septembr .1619.

John Cole hath receyved in hand for his first yeares wages forty shillings.

Will͠m Clement had given him—xiiijs.

Thomas Davis for three yeares wages before hand hath had—xxijs vid.

Xrõpher Nelme for two years wages before hand hath receyved—xxvis viijd.

Mr Toby ffelgate hath all things payd to him vpon his bill till .13. Septembr .1619: beinge munday, when he enters into his full pay of—iiijli xs the month.

Also hee is to have by the month for his man from the same day—xviijs. Wherof Mr Williams is to pay—xxvs. And the company (wch Mr Thorpe vndertaketh)—xvs.

Henry Townsend 1

Parentheses inclose marginal notes in the handwriting of John Smyth.

Tho: carter (mort) went after wth Mr Thorpe .27. m̃tij .1620.
Ric sheriffe (mort)
Ric p̱tridge (mort)

LXXIII. Sir William Throckmorton and his Three Associates A Commission to Captain John Woodleefe September 4, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth, 3 (5), pp. 59, 60 Document in the New York Public Library List of Records No. 124

[59] To all xr̃ian people to whom theis p̢sentℯ shall come wee Sr Wilɫm Throkm9ton of Clowerwall in the county of Glouc̃ knight and baronet, Richard Berkeley of Stoke Gifford in the said County, Esq̢ George Thorpe of Waneswell in the said County, Esq̢ and Iohn Smyth of Northnibly in the said county gent doe send greetinge. Wheras wee the said Sr Wilɫm Richard George and Iohn doe intend within ten dayes next at the farthest to send one ship furnished called the Margaret, and in her thirty men or therabouts for plantac̃on in the land of Virginia, and the same number of men to increase at other subsequent voyages & returnes of the said ship or some other, and there to erect and build a towne to be called Barkley and to settle and plant our said men and dyu9s other inhabitants there, to the honor of allmighty god, the inlargeinge of xr̃ian religion and to the augmentac̃on and renowne of the generall plantac̃on in that cuntry, and the p̱ticular good and profit of ourselves men and servants as wee hope. And wheras also for the better orderinge and governement as well of our our said people and men nowe ready to bee shipped and of those that shall hereafter bee sent in augmentac̃on of their number, and fower others already there, as also of our affaires and busines of what kind soever in that Cuntry happeninge or arisinge, wee have agreed wth Cap- tayne Iohn Woodleefe of Prestwood in the County of Buckingham Esq̢, to take vpon him the labor care charge oversight and governmt both of our said men and businesses (aswell p̢sent as future) to bee directed to him. Nowe knowe yee That wee the said Sr Wilɫm Throkm9ton Richard Berkeley George Thorpe and Iohn Smyth by vertue and force of the authority and power given vnto vs in and by one Indenture bearinge date the third day of ffebruary last past before the date hereof made to vs and Sr George Yardley knight nowe governor of Virginia, by the Treasorer and company of adventurers and planters of the City of London for the first Collony in Virginia with the advise and consent of the counsell of the same, Have nomynated and appoynted And [60] by theis p̢sentℯ as farre as in vs lyeth doe nomynate authorize and appoynt the said Captayne Iohn Woodleefe to be Captayne and governor of our said people and servants to p̱forme and execute the said office and authority of Captayne and governor by and accordinge to the power and authority vnto vs given by the said Indenture from the Treasorer and company of Virginia aforesaid, and accordinge to the ordinances directions and instructions by vs lymited and appoynted subscribed, herewith also delyu9ed vnto him, and of such other as hereafter we shall p̢scribe and not otherwise. Givinge likewise and grantinge vnto the said Captayne Iohn Woodleefe full power and authority as much as in vs lyeth, aswell by way of expor- tac̃on out of England as by way of trade either with the natives of Vir- ginia, or with the English there residinge or to bee residinge, to bee our cheife marchant and to comerce trucke and trade as to him shall seeme best, to and for vs and to our vse and behoofe, Theirby to bringe or send vnto vs by way of importac̃on any such marchandizes as the said Cuntry of Virginia doth or shall afforde All which the said Captayne Iohn Woodleefe faithfully promiseth to p̱forme accordingly. In witnes wherof we have hereto put our hands and seales the fourth day of Sep- tember .1619. in the xvijth yeare of the raigne of our sou9aigne lord kinge Iames of England ffrance and Ireland and of Scotland the liijth.

LXXIV. Agreement between Sir William Throckmorton, Richard Berkeley, George Thorpe, John Smyth, and Captain John Woodleefe September 4, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth, 9, also 3 (7), pp. 64–70 Document in the New York Public Library List of Records No. 125

Covenants and agreements had and made by and betwene Sr Wilɫlm Throkm9ton of Clowerwall in the county of Glouc̃ knight and baronet on the first p̱te, Richard Berk ∥e∥ley of Stoke Gifford in the said County Esq̢ on the second p̱te, George Thorpe of Waneswell in the said County Esq̢ on the third p̱te, John Smyth of North nibley in the said County gent on the fourth p̱te, And John Woodleefe of Prestwood in the County of Buckingham Esq̢ pte on the fift p̱te, the fourth ∥day∥ of September 1619. Anno xvijmo regni Jacobi Regis Anglie .&c. et Scotie. liijcio. As p̱ticularly followeth.

Wheras a voyage is (with ∥by∥ the grace of god) intended into the land of Virginia with a shippe called the Margaret of Bristoll, of the burden of forty seven tun or therabouts, within ten dayes next at the farthest, furnished with thirty ∥& two∥ men and other necessary provisions at the charges of the said p̱ties, for plantac̃on in the said land, with an intent and agreement amongst themselves to encrease the said number aswell with men already abydinge in the said land, as with others to bee hereafter sent out of England,

And wheras for the intent and purpose aforesaid, and the better to enable the said plantac̃on, they the said Sr Will͠m Richard Throkm̃ton, Richard Berk∥e∥ley, George Thorpe and John Smyth have in their owne names and in the name of Sr George Yardley knight nowe governor ∥of∥ in the said land of Virginia, procured in ffebruary last past from the Treasorer and company of Adventurers and planters of the city of London for the first Collony in Vir- ginia, by the advise and consent of the Counsell of the same, one Indenture of Covenantℯ and grants to the effect aforesaid, as by the same may appeare. And wheras also for the better orderinge and governmt aswell of the said people and men nowe ready to bee shipped, and of those that shall hereafter bee sent in augmentac̃on of their number, and of some others already beinge in Virginia, As also of all such affayres and businesses that may in the said Cuntry happen to arise, they the said Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton Richard Berk∥e∥ley George Thorpe and John Smyth have made and delyu9ed to the said John Woodleefe vnder their hands and seales one Comission of the date hereof, therby nomynatinge and authorisinge him to bee Captayne and governor over the said people and men, to p̱forme and execute his said office and authority by and accordinge to such ordinances directions and instructions as they the said Sr Will͠m, Richard, George, and John have lymited in wrytinge and delyu9ed vnto him the said John Woodleefe, and of such other as they shall hereafter p̢scribe, wch the said John Woodleefe hereby covenanteth to execute and see p̱formed accordingly; Nowe it is mutually and p̱ticularly further Covenanted and agreed by and betwene all and eu9y the said p̱ties to theis p̢sents in manner and forme followinge,

[Indorsed by John Smyth:] Coven∥e∥nts & agreemts mutually amongst ourselves. 1619. 17. Jac.

LXXV. Sir William Throckmorton, Richard Berkeley, et al. "Ordinances direcc̃ons and Instructions to Captaine John Woodlefe" September 4, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth, 10, also 3 (6), pp. 61—63 Document in the New York Public Library List of Records No. 126

Ordinances direcc̃ons and Instructions to Captaine John Woodleefe for the gouerment of or men and servantℯ in the Towne and hundered of Bearkley in Virginia giuen by vs Sr Wilɫm Throkm9ton knight and bar- ronet Richard Bearkley Esq̢ George Thorpe esq̢ and John Smyth gent wherevnto our comission of the date hereof made to the said captaine Woodleefe hath reference, the fourth day of September 1619 Anno xvijo Jac̃. regis Anglĩ &c

[Indorsed:] Copy of Instructions geven to Captayne Woodleefe. 4. Sept. 1619. 17. Jac.

LXXVI. Indenture between the Four Adventurers of Berkeley Hundred and Robert Coopy of North Nibley September 7, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth, 11 Document in the New York Public Library. Original Document with Signatures and Seals Affixed List of Records No. 127

This Indenture made the seventh day of September. 1619. in the xvijth yeare of the raigne of our sou9aigne lord kinge Iames of England &c. Betwene Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton knight and baronet Richard Berkley Esq̢ George Thorpe Esq̢ and Iohn Smyth gent on the one p̱te And Robert Coopy of Northnibly in the county of Glouc Husbandman on th'other p̱te. Witnesseth That the said Robert doth hereby covenant faythfully to serve the said Sr Will͠m, Richard George and Iohn for three yeares from datye here of §his landinge§ in the land of Virginia, there to bee imployed in the lawfull and reasonable workes and labors of them the said Sr Will͠m Richard George and Iohn and their assignes, and to be obedient to such governors his and their assistants and counsell as they the said Sr Will͠m Richard George and Iohn shall from tyme to tyme appoynt and set over t him. In considerac̃on whereof, the said Sr Will͠m Richard George and Iohn doe covenant with the said Robert to transport him (with gods assistance) with all convenient speed into the said land of Virginia at their costℯ and charges in all things, and there to maintayne him with convenient diet and apparell meet for such a servant, And in thend of the said terme to make him a free man of the said Cuntry theirby to enjoy all the liberties freedomes and priviledges of a freeman there, And to grant to the said Robert thirty acres of land within their Territory or hundred of Barkley in the said land for the terme of his life and of two others then by him to bee named (if hee bee then lyvinge) vnder the yearly rent of twelve pence for each acre, and such other reasonable §condic̃ons and§ services as are vsuall and accustomed in the said land §at or before the sealinge thereof shall be agreed betwene the said p̱ties.§ And to pay each quarter of a yeare ten shillings to the wife of the said Robert at her house in North- nibly aforesaid towards her mayntenance duringe the said terme if hee soe longe lyve, Wherof is alredy payd thirty shillings. Given Enter- changeably vnder their hands and seales the day and yeare first above written.

Ric: Berkeley (Seal) Geo: Thorpe (Seal) Iohn Smyth (Seal) [Indorsed:] Rob: Coopy he forso[oke] ye voyage:—by assent.

LXXVII. Sir William Throckmorton and his Three Associates Letter to Sir George Yeardley September 9, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth, 3 (11), Page 77 Document in the New York Public Library List of Records No. 128

[77] To our honorable frend Sr George Yardley knight governor of Virginia. Hoñble Sr: Wee send you herinclosed the copy of our ɫre written the xviijth of ffebruary last, least the same should not yet bee come to your hands, And although we have somewhat longer drawne out the dispatch of our busines by reason of some hindrances that vnexpectedly arose, yet by gods assistance we have herewith sent in a ship called the Margaret of Bristoll .35. men vnder the comaund of Captayne Iohn Woodleefe to bee planted in Virginia by vertue of our Patent, wherin if it please you to hold a p̱te, wee need not doubt of your assistance; but not knowinge whether your other nowe greater imploymtℯ will suffer you to discend soe lowe as to accept hereof, wee doe hereby comend vnto your favorable p̳tecc̃on our wholl busines, aswell for the choyce of a fit place for our plantac̃on (wch in p̱ticular we leave to Captayne Woodleefe to informe) as also to comend vnto you the desire wee your frends have to live in the favorable remembrance of your dayly assistinge of Captayne Woodleefe: Wee also send you herewith the Accompt of all charges past in this busi- nes, that you may the better satisfy yourselfe, whether you will bee pleased to Ioyne with vs or noe, intreatinge that if you shall accept of our p̱tnership, That then by this ship you send vs either in mony or m9chantable goods your fifth p̱te therof, and also order for the charges of further supply to bee sent vnto our plantac̃on both of men & neces- saries wch by gods assistance wee purpose not longer to neglect, then Aprill next at the farthest. The further adu9tisement of our affayres we comend to the relac̃on of Captayne Woodleefe. Comendinge our- selves in all frendly respects, We remayne ever

Your very loving frends WiLL͠m Throkm9ton Richard Berkeley George Thorpe Iohn Smythe Bristoll. 9. Sept 1619

LXXVIII. The Certificate of John Swye, Mayor of Bristol, of the Men who Shipped in the "Margaret" under Captain Woodleefe September 15, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, 3 (10), page 76 Document in the New York Public Library List of Records No. 129

[76] To the Treasorer company and Counsell of Adventurers and planters of the City of London, for the first Colony in Virginia.

Theis are to certify That in the good Ship of Bristoll called the Margaret, this p̢sent xvth day of September. 1619. were shipped from our port of Bristoll for plantac̃on in Virginia, at the charges of Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton knight and Baronet, Richard Berkeley George Thorpe and Iohn Smyth Esquiers vnder the conduct of Iohn Woodleefe Esq̢, appoynted Captayne and governor over them, theis thirty and six p̱sons whose names ensue, who forthwth proceeded in their voyage accordingly.

Toby ffelgate gent Will͠m Cole
fferdinando Yate gent Thomas Peirse
Iohn Blanchard gent Thomas Deinton
Henry Peers gent Xr̃opher Bourton
Richard Godfry Will͠m Parker
Thomas Coopy Iohn Hurd
Rowland Painter Will͠m Patche
Iohn Cole Thomas Patche
Humphry Osborne Thomas Sandford
Humphry Plant Will͠m Stone
Thomas Davis Iohn Iones
Xr̃opher Nelme Stephen Torfet
Richard Sherife thelder Thomas Molton
Richard Sherife the yonger Iohn Taylor
Edward Paynter Walter Hampton
Charles Coyfe Thomas Thorpe
Iames Cley Iohn Singer
Samuell Coopy Will͠m Clement
Iohn Swye maior.

LXXIX. Account of A. B. of the Expenses of the Voyage, ren- dered to Sir William Throckmorton and Associates September 16, 1619, to September 16, 1620
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth, 3 (32), Pages 140–141 Document in the New York Public Library List of Records No. 130

[140] The accompt of A. B. for all monies payd since the xvjth of Septem- ber .1619. touchinge the last yeares voyage and the wages of those servantℯ then sent since growne due to them to this day. 16. Sept 1620 1

This entire entry is by John Smyth.


To Iohn Driver Carpenter for worke by him done vpon our owne ship at Gatcombe vpon his bill of 3r–16s–3d. payd as his bill and ac- quitance sheweth iijll͠
To Iohn White Carpenter for worke about the same Ship as his bill and acquitance sheweth xiiijs
To Richard Soten for worke about the same ship as his bill and ac- quitance sheweth xijs
To Iohn Barrowe Carpenter for timber trunnells and worke about the same ship as his bill and acquitance sheweth xxxvijs. viijd
To Will͠m Donynge for planckes and bordes bought of him for the same ship as his bill and acquitance shewe xlvijs
Theis .5. former somes are payd also by warrant of the subscription of Richard Partridge avowinge the truth of them.
To Will͠m Archard and Will͠m Lewis least owinge to them for writinge in September .1619. As their bill and the foot of the last yeares Accompt shewe lvs.
To Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton vpon his bill in October last after the last Accompt not therin allowed to him, wch he recouped as his ɫre of .7. October .1619. sheweth iiijɫ. xviijd
To the wife of Richard Godfry loaned to her at seu9all tymes since her husbands dep̱ture in supply of her wantℯ, wch is to be repayd viijɫ
To the wife of Iohn Cole for his wages by agreement for Michaelmas & x̃mas quarters .1619. and Anuncyac̃on and Midsomer quarters .1620. by argeemt xs.


To the wife of Xr̃opher Nelme for his wages for X̄mas quarter .1619. And for Th'anuncyac̃on midsomer and Mic̃has quarters .1620. by agreement xiijs. iijd
To the wife of Thomas Coopy for his X̄mas quarters wages .1619. And his Anunciac̃on Midsomer and Mic̃has wages .1620. by agreemt xl
ffor Clowt leather by me payd sent over the last yeare not in that accompt xxvijs
To Mr Langly vpon his bill not brought in till after the endinge of the last yeares accompt, as by the same appeareth iijɫxvs

Sm̃ total xxxjɫ xijs. vjd

Quarta pars inde — vijɫ xviijs jd ob̴ wch each of the fower p̱teners oweth me.

A. B.

LXXX. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar September 20, 1619
Ferrar Papers Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge University. Autograph Letter, Signed List of Records No. 131

Sr I send yu here enough to read; & therfore my owne writing may be short: so also must it be, for my tyme is spent. The next week I will write to yu at full of all busines, & the next moneth be wth yu, to assist in effecting §them§. Meane while I shalbe glad to heare from yu of the nues stirring in those parts: especially of the certainty of the affaires of Bohemia: & what else yu please.

I pray yu doo not swarue from my former order of paiments: viz First all for the Bona nova.

Secondly Fraight & wages for the Diana.

Thirdly the old Debts for the Diana: coming by Mr Webs note to 170l in all.

Then not anie more till or meeting, for a reason yu then shall knowe.

And I pray yu get yor warrents to me for all from the Committies: & to beare Date a little before the monie was paid: hereof be carefull: But for the old Debt for the Diana it must be from the Auditors. So wth most hartie commendacions, I rest

Yors assured, Edwin Sandys Northborn. 20. Septemb: 1619. I have written to Francis Carter, for som few paiments to be made for my owne use, out of my owne monie: wch I have given order to be paid unto yu for Virginia busines. I pray yu let them be accordingly satisfyed. [Indorsed:] Sr E. Sandys, Northborn to John Farrar Sept 20 1619. [Addressed:] To my very worthy Friend Mr John Farrar Deputy of the Company for Virginia

LXXXI. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to the [Earl of Southampton] September 29, 1619
Ferrar Papers Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge University. A Rough Draft in Sandys' Autograph List of Records No. 132

[1b] Right Honorable

Beeing advertized of yor Lps return to London, it trowbled me much that I could not sodainly wayt upon yor Lp: beeing detained here by a coorse of physick, imposed upon he §me§ for som tyme, yet, in way of prevention. I am also put in som hope & expectance, that my L. of Doncaster wilbe pleased to take my house in his way: at wch tyme I should be exceeding §very§ loth to be absent, beeing so much beholden to his Lp as I am. Mean tyme I am, & have §& wilbe§ been carefull, that there should be no §defect§ neglect found in or Virginia busines. The chief whereof is now, the paying of mariners wages, & fraight of Ships returned: wch is all well performed by my §honest§ faithfull & carefull Deputie; whom I have furnished for that purpose wth §above§ One Thousand pounds & upward; so that all men have been satisfyed iustly at their days. Only one thing dooth much perplex me, wherein I shalbe bold to crave som Direction from yor Lp. The Governor Sr George Yeardley, having taken exceeding pains for the setling of all things §matters§ in order in Virginia, & for laying the foundation of a regular State, according to his Instructions & other Directions; hath sodainly fallen into a violent resolution of quitting his Place, (grounding himself upon an errorr,) & ceaseth not by all his letters publick & private to impor- tune it. The error is, that he conceiveth Sr Thomas Smyth still to be Treasuror, wth his Alderman Deputie: & supposeth that he shalbe there the Subiect of their malignancie, & so as to be wronged & disgraced by them in his place & actions §be his Industrie & Integritie never so great§ Sr Th Smyth was highly offended wth his §Sr George Yeardleys being§ knighted: aleging that §it§ beeing doon contrarie to his pleasure, yet both his name, & the whole companies name, were used in it §either§ whereof [in truth] was so. Before Sr Georges Departure, I both labored & effected a Reconciliation, (thinking it very unfitt that the Treasuror of the Com- panie, & the Governor of the Colonie, should be at Variance: & mutuall offices of love §& frendship§ & kyndnes did passt on bothe sides. After Sr Georges §was gone§ departure, I §perceived§ saw my woork to be unsound. ffor upon occasion of a motion made openly against Sr G. Yeardley by a noble person in favor as §contemplation as seemed§ was con- ceived of Captain Argall, Sr Thomas taking the advantage renued his former [2a] displeasure; not long after upbraiding again in open coort his unduely procured Knighthood: Mr Canning also muttering our matter of disgrace by §to§ his wife: & this against a man, to whom they §had§ professed frendship, §who was§ chosen by themselves, & sent §by them (in great part at his own private charges)§ to so difficult a service. The report hereof coming (as dooth now appeare) to Sr G Yeardley, (for his owne brother was present), hath bred in him this discontent, & hastie resolution, not to serve under his controll, whose hatred §though causeles§ was so strong, as to break thorough the §nue§ bounds of a publick recon- ciliation. Yet he offereth, that beeing dismissed of the place of Governor, he will continue in that Contrie, & prosecute wth all care or Smiths Hundred busines. wch in particular for or Societie were a matter of much benefit: but the well carrying of the publick is of more importance. To the setting up whereof, we have this yeare already sent three Fifties of persons: One in Januarie wth Sr G. Yeardley, for the Governors land: & the other two now lately, for the College & Companies lands. There were also in March last 20. sent for the Companies land in Captain Lawns Ship: & 4. in the Triall: & about 10. more for the publick wilbe recovered in the Contrie. My Desire is to make those Fifties up so manie Hundreds, to be sent away in the end of Januarie next. To wch purpose I cast about for supplie of monie: & am in good hope to bring it to effect. I suppose there is no man that knoweth the Contrie, but will easily acknowledge, that the profit of the labors of these three hundred men §once setled§, redounding equally to the Governour, College, & Companie, can be esteemed at no lesse then a Thousand pounds a yeare to each; & I hope §in som short tyme§ double that sum. wch wilbe a fair ground §whereon§ to reedifie that state: & wch, if §former§ my persuasions had taken anie place, had not been now to doo for the Governor & Companie. But this my good L. cannot be doon wth out great charge. wch causeth the wthdrawing of publick monie out of private mens hands: whence riseth this name of Accounts, so mortally hated.

I had thought that no man, carrying the face of an honest man, could have been displeased wth beeing called to an Account: being the onlie iustification & discharge of a true man. But it §hath§ fallen out other- wise. In steed of thanks for my labor, I have reaped a masse of malignitie: under wch (had it not been by the help of yor Lps §noble§ Justice) I might have quailed. But in affiance of §the blessing of God first & next of§ the continuance of yor Lps §Constancie§ good favor, I will not faint in §persisting to goo on to§ dooing that, wthout wch this woork can not be doon. But touching Sr George Yeardley, the assurance wch I gave of his faithfulnes, §experience§ honest care sufficiencie & industrie, dooth cause me §much§ to desire it exceedingly that the woork wch in my yeare dooth moove from hence, may passe on §unto§ under to his hands to be the establing of §there§ established of it there. Men of greater place or higher thoughts may perhaps [2b] folde their §owne§ particular mynds: wch heretofore I doubt hath doon little good to the Colonie. Besides I hold fit that no mutation be made, till Sr Thomas Dales return: that we may first knowe what coorse he §then entends to§ will take. Sr George Yeardley hath written of late twice to the Counseil, once by the Diana, & as wch came to my hands; & since by the Prosperous, wch are delivered to Sr Thomas Smith. The former packett I opened, having present oportunitie to write back unto him: & now have sent it to or Deputie Mr Ferrar, to be presented to yor Lp wth the rest of the Counseil, when yor Lp shall be pleased that they be assembled. My humble suit to yor Lp is, only for the §if it shall seem§ good of Virginia §for§ the service §of Virginia§ no advantage be taken of Sr Georges has rash offer over (nothing dowting but §conceiving that§ by this tyme §seeing his error§ he would recall it,) if he could: but that it either §it§ may be passed §past§ clene over in silence, or reserved held in suspence till som farther oportunitie may §better§ discover what is fittest to be doon. About Alholantyde, not to faile if God permit, I purpose to present my personall service to yor Lp. Meane while my best prayers shall alwaies thether ascend, whence I beseech §that§ all best blessings may descend upon yor Lp. And so wth all duetie I take humble leve & rest

[No signature.] Northborn29. Sept. 1619. [Indorsed by Sir Edwin Sandys:] From Sr Edw. Sandis dated the 29 Sept: 1619. [No address.]

LXXXII. John Pory. A Letter to "the Right honble and my singular good lorde" September 30, 1619
Barlow Collection, 2270 Document in the New York Public Library. Autograph Letter, Signed List of Records No. 133

Right honble and my singular good lorde, Hauing mett wth so fitt a mes- senger as this man of warre of Flushing, I could not but imparte wth yor lop (to whom I am so euerlastingly bounde) these poore fruites of our labours here; wherein though your lop will espie many errours & imper- fections, and matters of lowe esteeme; yet wthall you wilbe contente to obserue the very principle and rudiments of our Infant-Com̃onwealth; wch though nowe contemptible, your lop may liue to see a flourishing Estate; maugre both Spaniards & Indians. The occasion of this ships coming hither was an accidental consortship in the West Indies wth the Tresurer an English man of warre also, licensed by a Com̃ission from the Duke of Sauoye to take Spaniards as lawfull prize. This ship the Treas- urer wente out of England in Aprill was tweluemoneth, about a moneth, I thinke, before any peace was concluded between the king of Spaine & that prince. Hither shee came to Captaine Argall then governr of this Colony, being parte-owner of her. Hee more for loue of gaine the root of all euill, [* * * *] then for any true love he bore to this Plantation, victualled & manned her anewe, and sente her wth the same Com̃ission to raunge the Indies. The euente whereof (we may misdoubte) will proove some attempte of the Spaniard upon us, either by waye of revenge, or by way of prevention; least we might in time make this place sedem belli against the West Indies. But our Governr being a soldier truly bred in that vniversity of warre the lowe Countries, purposeth at a place or two upon the riuer fortifiable to prouide for them, animating in the meane while this warlike people (then whom for their small number, no prince can be serued wth better) by his example to prepare their courages.

Both those of our nation and the Indians also haue this Torride som̃er bene visited wth great sicknes & mortality; wch our good God (his name be blessed for it) hath recompensed wth a maruelous plenty, suche as hath not bene seen since our first coming into the lande. For my selfe I was partly at land & partly at sea vexed wth a Calenture of some 4. or 5. moneths. But (praised be god) I am nowe as healthfull as euer I was in my life. Here (as yor lop cannot be ignorant) I am, for faulte of a better, Secretary of Estate, the first that euer was chosen and appointed by Com̃ission from the Counsell and Company in England, vnder their handes & com̃on seale. By my fees I must maintaine my selfe; wch the Gouernr telles me, may this yeare amounte to a matter of 300ɫ sterling; wherof fifty I doe owe to himselfe, and I pray God the remainder may amounte to a hundred more. As yet I haue gotten nothing, saue onely (if I may speak it wthout boasting, a general reputation of integrity, for hauing spoken freely to all matters, according to my conscience; and as neare as I could discerne, done euery man right.

As touching the quality of this country, three thinges there bee, wch in fewe yeares may bring this Colony to perfection; the English plough, Vineyards, & Cattle. For the first, there be many grounds here cleared by the Indians to our handes, wch being muche worne out, will beare no more of their corne, wch requireth an extrordinary deale of sappe & sub- stance to nourish it: but of our graine of all sortes it will beare great abundance. We have had this yeare a plentifull cropp of English wheat, tho the last haruest 1618. was onely shed upon the stubble, and so selfe- sowne, wthout any other manurance. In Iuly last so soon as we had reaped this selfe-sowen wheate, we sett Indian corne upon the same grounde, wch is come up in great abundance; and so by this meanes we are to enjoye two crops in one yeare from off one & the same fielde. The greattest labour we haue yet bestowed upon English wheate, hath bene, upon newe broken up groundes, one ploughing onely & one harrowing, far shorte of the Tilthe used in Christendome, wch when we shall haue ability enough to performe we shall produce miracles out of this earthe. Vines here are in suche abundance, as wheresoeuer a man treads, they are ready to embrace his foote. I haue tasted here of a great black grape as big as a Damascin, that hath a true Muscatell-taste; the vine wherof now spending itselfe euen to the topps of high trees, if it were reduced into a vineyard, and there domesticated, would yeild incomparable fruite. The like or a better taste haue I founde in a lesser sorte of black grapes. White grapes also of great excellency I haue hearde to be in the country; but they are very rare, nor did I euer see or taste of them. For cattle, they do mightily increase here, both kine, hogges, & goates, and are much greater in stature, then the race of them first brought out of Eng- land. No lesse are our horses and mares likely to multiply, wch proove of a delicate shape, & of as good spirite & metall. All our riches for the present doe consiste in Tobacco, wherein one man by his owne labour hath in one yeare, raised to himselfe to the value of 200ɫi sterling; and another by the meanes of sixe seruants hath cleared at one crop a thou- sand pound english. These be true, yet indeed rare examples, yet possi- ble to be done by others. Our principall wealth (I should haue said) consisteth in seruants: but they are chardgeable to be furnished wth armes, apparell, & bedding, and for their transportation, and casuall both at sea, & for their first yeare com̃only at lande also: but if they escape, they prooue very hardy, and sound able men.

Nowe that yor lop may knowe, we are not the veriest beggers in the worlde, our Cowe-keeper here of Iames citty on Sundayes goes acowterd all in freshe flaming silkes and a wife of one that in England had professed the black arte not of a scholler but of a collier of Croydon, weares her rough beuer hatt wth a faire perle hattband, and a silken suite therto correspo- §e§ndent. But to leaue the Populace, and to come higher, the Gouernor here, who at his first coming, besides a great deale of worth in his person, brought onely his sworde wth him, was at his late being in London, together wth his lady, out of his meer gettings here, able to disburse very near three thousand poundℯ to furnishe himselfe for his voiage. And once wthin seuen yeares, I am persuaded (absit invidia verbo) that the Gouernors place here may be as proffitable as the lord Depuities of Irland. All this not wthstanding, I may say of my selfe, that when I was the last yeare wth yor lop at Middleborough, si mens non laeua fuisset, I might haue gone to the Hagh wth you, and founde my selfe there nowe in far better company, wch indeed is the soule of this life, and might haue bene deeply ingrafted into yor lops seruice, wch since I haue a thousand times affected in vaine. And therfore seing I haue missed that singular happines, I must for what remaines, depende upon Gods prouidence, who, my hope is, wilbe so merciful towards me, as once more before I dye, to vouchsafe me the sight of your countenance, wherein, I speak vnfainedly, I shall enioye as muche happines as in any other thing I can imagine in this worlde. At my first coming hither the solitary vncouthnes of this place, compared wth those partes of Christendome or Turky where I had bene; and likewise my being sequestred from all occurrents and passages wch are so rife there, did not a little vexe me. And yet in these fiue moneths of my continuance here, there haue come at one time or another eleuen saile of ships into this riuer, but fraighted more wth igno- rance, then wth any other marchandize. At length being hardned to this custome of abstinence from curiosity, I am resolued wholly to minde my busines here, and nexte after my penne, to haue some good book alwayes in store, being in solitude the best and choicest company. Besides among these Christall riuers, & odoriferous woods I doe escape muche expense, envye, contempte, vanity, and vexation of minde. Yet Good my lorde, haue a little compassion upon me, and be pleased to sende me, what pampletts and relations of the Interim since I was wth you, as yor lop shall thinke good, directing the same (if you please) in a boxe to Mr Ralfe Yeardley Apothecary (brother to Sir George Yeardley our gouer- nour) dwelling at the signe of the Hartychoke in great Woodstreet, to be sente to me by the first, together wth his brothers thinges. This pacquett I deliuered to one Marmaduke Rayner, an Englishman, who goes inter- tained as Pilott in this Flemishe man of warre. If he come to yor lop, as he hathe promised, he wilbe the fittest messenger. All possible happines I wishe to yor lop, and to my most honoured lady; and though remote in place, yet neare in affection, doe reste

Yor lops euer most humbly at yor com̃aunde Io: Pory Iames citty in Virginia Sept. 30. 1619.

LXXXIII. Gabriel Barbor. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys October 2, 1619
Ferrar Papers Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge University. Autograph Letter, Signed List of Records No. 134

Sr I vnderstand by yor ɫres, yor carefull plotting for Virginia; mr ffarrar shall rec̃: & yow also, his 100ɫi, & yor 300ɫi at yor time appointed. & by the begininge of ffebruarye next (if God p̱mitt) yow shall not fayle to rec: 2500ɫi wthout any greate hindrance of the com̃onn stock, I suppose I shall pay itt sooner be cause I would haue yow haue the substance to incorage yow to continew yor rasaluc̃on herein; & if yor p̳iectℯ require 1000ɫi more, I humblye desire yow to take my p̳mise therfor of wch (if God will) yow shall not fayle of in March next: my bussinesses doth p̳sper exceedinglye in these westerne partℯ, where (I thinke) twill houlde till Christide; I p̱ceaue smale Townes & greate markettℯ, doth exceed the best Citties, & might deserue a new surveay through England & yett not retourne twice to any, when I shall heare the Courtℯ resoluc̃on I shalbe right glad to be obedient & will eu9 be to yow & yors a moste faithfull frend & S9uant

Gabr. Barbor Exeter 2 Oct: 1619. [Indorsed by Sir Edwin Sandys:] Mr Gabr: Barbor to Sr Edw: Sandis Northb: in Kent [Addressed:] To my Honble friend Sr Edwin Sandis Knight at Northborn in Kent d̴d̴ Hast.

LXXXIV. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar October 4, 1619
Ferrar Papers Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge University. Autograph Letter, Signed List of Records No. 135

Sr I am put in good hope that yu wilbe here this week: wch hope I trust yu will not suffer to faile me: & beleeve it there can be no man more welcom to me. I send yu here my answer to Sr T. Wolstenholms motion, to be entered in the Coort booke. But reserve it to the last: for it wilbe scanned by the evill eye. The Coort wch yu keep, shall have no reading of anie former Coort: reserve that till my self come. So in hast, wth hartiest commendacions, I rest in expectance of yu.

Yors most assured Edwin Sandys Northborn 4. October: 1619. [Indorsed by John Ferrar:] from Sr Ed. Sandℯ dated 4 October 1619 to John Ferrar [Addressed by himself:] To my very worthy Friend Mr John Ferrar Deputy of the Company for Virginia.

LXXXV. Sir Edwin Sandys. A Letter to John Ferrar October 18, 1619
Ferrar Papers Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge List of Records No. 136

Sr: I accounted my self much beholden to yu for yor so kynd visitation of me at Northborn. Yor courteous acceptance of so ordinarie entertein- ment, (for yu were my frend & familiar) dooth double yor deserts. And yu have trebled them by the iournie yu have made for me to Sion. For all wch I return yu threefold thankes & affection: wch shalbe redie to expresse it self really on yor service, upon all fit occasions. I pray yu not to faile to keep yor Coort on wendsday. Yu may please (if yu see the Companie fit & in tune) to acquaint them that I am not idle in their busines, wch at the Coort my self will make knowne unto them. If yu fynd anie crosse pro- ceedings, make a motion to have them referred to the quarter Coort ap- proaching. Let them knowe there are no generall letters to the Company come to my hands. Those to the Counseil I have a good while since caused to be presented to them: but they contein no matters of speedie consultation. That wch dooth concern the Companie, shalbe brought to them in fit tyme. If wrong be offered, yu may moove those of the Counceil wch are not factious, to goe from the Coort, & yor self goe wth them, rather then the publick good or Justice should be oppressed by faction. But I hope there wilbe no such proceeding.

I send yu here two letters from mr Barbor for yor comfort. But keep the contents very secret to yor self. There yu fynd my care in 1001 to be paid to yu. The 3001 for me (beeing of his own monie) is to supplie for a few weeks till my owne receipts come in. For I will make bold (seeing it wilbe this day fortnight when I set out from here) to put into yor hands my paiment of 5001 to the East Indi Companie at their day, the 29th of this instant. And for the other 2001 will take the best order that in absence I can. For I am exceeding loath to faile of one hower of my due tyme: wch I knowe wilbe marked. Therefore make also this addition to yor kyndnes towards me: I meane yor care of this paiment. If the 2. yu write of will goe in person to Virginia, for my part I shalbe be readie to farther it: providing fit conditions for or frend who is there. But hereof more fully at the meeting. now in hast I must end. All here hartily salute yu. Gods protection be wth yu. So prayeth

Yor most assured frend Edwin Sandys. Northborn St Luke: 1619 Remember my desire to Sr W. C. [Addressed:] To my very worthy Friend Mr John Farrar Deputy to the Company of Virginia

LXXXVI. Council in Virginia. "The putting out of the Tenantℯ that came ouer in the B. N. wth other orders of the Councell" November 11, 1619
Ferrar Papers Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge University List of Records No. 138

James Citty Nouembr 11th 1619:

 By the gouernor & Counsell:

 As Concerninge the Company of a hundred new men sent hither in the Bona Noua to become Tennantℯ vpon the Companies land and the Col- ledge land fifty vnder the Comand of Captaine weldinge and thother fifty to be Comanded by Lieutennant whiteaker because ther provision of victualles beinge but 544 bushellℯ of English meale at ye moderatte allowance of two poundℯ of meale a day to a man would not last them above 5 Monthes and 14 dayes, and for asmuch as wee find by experience, that were abundaunce of new men are planted in one body they doe overthrowe themselues either by Contagion of sicknes or by the mother and Cause thereof, ill example of Idlenes, moreouer because diuers of those new men Cominge heither in tyme of winter might miscarry by lyinge in the woodℯ before such time as Conveniente howses Could be erected for the harbouringe of them all, and lastly seeinge that most of these new men beinge put forth into the service of old planters, might not onely be prsently howsed and prouided of necesaries but be trayned vp also in all the vsuall workes of the Country, and be well Seasoned for the pubiqve service against another yeare.

Aboard the Bona Nova there were shipped 600 bush- ells of English meale wherof 36 were sent to Smiths hundred and 20 bushells to mr Farrars Plan- tation soe there remayned to the 2 Companys of C. Weldon and Lieve-Whitakers- 544 bushelℯ onely witness the Cape merchaunt

 It was thought expedient by the gouernor and Counsell to aduise the said two gentlemen to rent out the greatest part of ther people to some honest and sufficent men of the Colonie tell Cristmas Come twelue month for iij barrellℯ of Indian Corne and 55ɫ waight of tobacco a man wch might abundantlie serve them for victuallℯ and Apparrell for the yeare next ensuinge the expirac̃on of ther time when as they should returne to the publique busines and be able to instructe other new Commers as they themselues had bine instructed:

 If any of them should Chaunce to dye in the meane time the renters are to pay proportionably for their life time yf any doe fall sicke the renters are to stand to the hazard and at the terme of their service a steward is to be apoynted to be appointed to receiue ther Annuity:

 Lieftenant Bartlett is to take to ferme till Cristmas Come twelue month eleuen of the Companyes men the remayner of fifteene that Came wth Capt Lawne in the marygold to Apparell and arme them and att the end of that terme to alowe 55ɫ wayght of tobacco and three barrellℯ of Corne to each man:

 Question beinge mad of the danger of his seate beinge far from any other Englishe Plantacõn in the bottom of the bay Warrestogack he said he was Confident to make the place good against the Indians beinge a necke land and defended by his howse especially seeinge Lieftennant Basse and Ensigne washer are to ioyne with hime who together with his Com- panies will make vp a party of thirtye men:

 He is to haue lent hime the Crope newe reaped of the ground beinge 34 barrellℯ of eares and to repaye yt the next Crop.

 yt is thought most Convenient to seat Captaine weldinge with his remayin- der at Harrowatox in Consortship with Captaine Mathewes, both for his ease in buildinge ther beinge two howes allready builte to his hand and for his securitye against Indians tell he haue better strenthe and meanes to seatt vpon the Colledge land for wch purpose he went to the same place wth Captaine Mathewes on Tewesday Night Nouemb 15: 1619:

 Lieftenant whitakers Nouember 16th went wth his remainder to seat himselfe vpon the Companies land some fower milles from James Citty westward towardℯ the mouthe of the Chickahominie riuer:

 The Inhabitantℯ of Kequohtan the boundℯ of the Com̄on Lande not- wthstandinge are permitted to Continew vpon the seates wher they now are till they haue out of the same seates mad them selues sufficient recom- pense for buildinge the howses and Clearinge the land grounde. and are to Choose ther divident alonge the banke of the great riuer betweene Kequohtan and Newportℯ Newes:

 Att the same Consultation Nouembr 11th the gouernor demanded the opinion of the Counsell concerninge a p̳iect revealed vnto him by Neue- mettanan an Indian Comonly Called by the name of Englishe Jacke wth the fethers at Charles hundredth ye 25th of october: as from the parte of Opachancamo who by the mouthe of the same Indian reqvired from the governor some 8 or tenn Engleshe wth ther Armes to assiste hime in battell against a people dwelinge about a daies Jornye beyond the ffallℯ Called Massituppamohtnock to bee revenged of hime for murtheringe c9taine woemen of his Contrary to ye law of Nations, offeringe to furneshe our people wth Indyan shooes to march and to Carry thire Armor for them tell they should haue occatyon to vse yt as lickwise to share all the booty of male and female Children: of Corne and other thingℯ and to devide the Conqvered land into two eqvall partℯ betweene vs and them:

 This p̳iect those of the Councell embraced because they found the warre to be lawfull and well grounded the ayd reqvired to be verye small and not of Consequence enough for Opachancano to put any trecherous dis- aster vpon, this ye onely way to obliege Opachancano who ever since Sr george yeardlies §cominge§ in hath stood aloofe vpon termes of dout and Jealousy and would not be drawne to any treaty at all notwthstanding all the Arte and endeauor the gouernor could vse, the Children taken in ther warre might in time serue as well for priuatt vses of p̱itular p̱sons as to furnishe ye intended Collidge this beinge a fayer opp̱tunitye for the Aduancment of this blessed worke seinge those Indians are in noe sort willinge to sell or by fayer meanes to part wth their Children, lastly this Cworse at least for ye p̢sent might wine amity and Confidence from Jtoyatin the great Kinge from Opachancano his brother and lickwisse from their subiectℯ of these thre riuerℯ of Ronoake Powsatan and Pamunky:

 By the Gouernor and Counsell at James Citty Nouembr 12th 1619:

 Wheras accordinge to a law enacted in the generall Assembly fower Tasters were to be Chosen for settinge Downe the prices of tobacco: It is thought fitt by the gouenore and Counsell that these fower vizt Ensigne wm̃ Spencer: John Boys gentt John Jefferson gent and John Tooke Mrℯ mate of the george should be appointed for that purpose, who for discharge of the same duty tooke this Oath ffollowinge:

 You shall at all times accordinge to your taste and accordinge to your Judgment and Conscience make report of the true value and price of Tobacco whether at three Shillingℯ or eyghten pence or vnder, soe helpe you god &c.:

 This day the Gouernor and Counsell found out a Convenient seat for Lieftennante Whitaker vpon the Companyes landℯ:

 [Indorsed by Nicholas Ferrar:] The putting out of the Tenantℯ that came ouer in the B. N. wth other orders of the Councell. 1619.

 [Marginal notes by Nicholas Ferrar.]

LXXXVII. Governor and Council in Virginia. An Order November 12, 1619
Ferrar Papers Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge University List of Records No. 139

By the Gouernor and Counselle at James Citty Novembr: 12th 1619:

wheras accordinge to a law enacted in the generall Assembly fouer Tasters were to be choson for settinge downe the prices of tobacco: It is thought fitt by the gouernore and Counsell that these fouer Vizt Ensigne wm̃ Spencer: Iohn Boys gentl Iohn Iefferson gentl and Iohn Tooke Mrℯ mate of the george should be appointed for that purpose, who for discharge of the same duty tooke this oath ffollowinge:

You shall at all times accordinge to your taste and accordinge to your Iudgment and Conscience make report of the true value and price of Tobacco whether att three shillings or eyghten pence. or under. soe helpe you god Ect:

This day the Gouerner and Counsell found out a Convenient seat for Leftennant Whitaker upon the Companyes landes:

LXXXVIII. Sir George Yardley. A Certificate with Regard to the Arrival of the "Margaret" in Virginia 1

This date is entered by John Smyth.

December 4, 1619
Smyth of Nibley Papers, Smyth, 3 (18), Page 97 Document in New York Public Library List of Records No. 140

[97] To the Treasorer Counsell and company of Adventurers and plant- ers of the City of London for the first Collony in Virginia

Theis are to certify That in the good ship of Bristoll called the Margaret this p̢sent iiijth day of December 1619. arryved in this port of Iames Towne City for plantac̃on here in Virginia at the charges of Sr Will͠m Throkm9ton knight and Baronet Richard Berkley George Thorpe and Iohn Smyth Esquiers vnder the conduct of Iohn Woodleefe Esq̢ theis thirty and five p̱sons all in safety and p̱fect health whose names ensue.

Toby ffelgate gent Samuell Coopy
fferdinando Yate gent Will͠m Cole
Iohn Blanchard gent Thomas Pearse
Henry Pearse gent Thomas Denton
Richard Godfry Xr̃opher Burton
Thomas Coopy Will͠m Parker
Rowland Painter Iohn Hurd
Iohn Cole Will͠m Patche
Humphry Osborne Thomas Patche
Humphry Plant Thomas Sanford
Thomas Davis Will͠m Stone
Xr̃opher Nelme Iohn Iones
Richard Sherife thelder Stephen Torphet
Richard Sherife the younger Thomas Molton
Edward Paynter Iohn Taylor
Charles Coyfe Walter Hampton
Iames Clay Thomas Thorpe—35.
Will͠m Clement

This certificate I affirme to be true Geo. Yardley Iohn Porey secretary Charles City, December 14th. 1619.

LXXXIX. Adventurers and Planters. Copy of a Petition to the Counsell for Virginia 1620 (?)
Manchester Papers, No. 247 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 142

To ye Right Honble, the Lods and the rest of ye Counsayle and bodye pollitique for ye state of his Maties Collonye in Virginia

The humble peticion of many of ye first personall Aduenturers, & Planters, willing & ready to p̢pare themselues, with Familyes thither agayne, vpon due consideracion following.

The names here- vnder subscribed of the Peticioners, who preferr this Peticion in the behalfe of them- selues and manye others Sr Tho: Gates Capt9: Frances West Capt9: Samuell Argall Capt9: Daniell Tucker Doct9: Lawrence Bohun Capt9: Rob̴t Be- heathland Capt9: Rogier Smyth James Swifte En- signe

Right Honble and ye rest of this Honble Court: We doubt nothing, but you allowe itt, an approued truithe, that Great Actions are carryed wth best suc- cesse by such Comanders, who haue p̱sonall Aucthoritye & greatness answerable to ye Action; Sithence itt is nott easye to swaye a vulgar and serui seruile Nature, by vulgar & seruile Spiritts; and surely in ye raising of soe happye a State, as is hoped in ye Plantacion of Virginia, all cannott be select, but some such whom only Reuerence of ye Comanders Eminence, or Nobillitye (wherunto by Nature euerye man subordinate is ready to yeild a willing submission wthowt contempt, or repyning) may easely be p̱swade under those dutyes of Obedience: which Aucthoritye conferrd vpon a meane man, and of one no bettar, then selected owt of their owne Ranke, shall neuar be able to compell:

We vrge not this as willing to derogate from ye Gouernor who nowe holds ye Place, and hath succeded the thrice Noble deseased Lo: Lawarr, whose Memorye, for this buissness be euar happye,: vnto whom we suppose, if another, Noble lyke himselfe might haue risen vp, this buissness would haue fownd much willinger forwardness, and a great many olde Aduen- turers & Planters, both heare in England, would haue returned, togethar wth manye neiw of Good Worth sett onwards: and many of ye Cheife there, who are now nowe readye to reuollt & looke hoame, would settle themselues with firmar Alacritye:

If then itt may be supposed an Aduancement to ye Collonye, to haue both such who haue suffered many yeares in ye Early dayes of ye buissness vnder his Lopp the Lo: Lawarr to returne, and manye volluntarye forces to addresse them thithar, as allso to staye, and fixe such of the bettar sorte as be readye to come away, al and all for want of some Eminent Comander: We humblye besech this Honble Cowrt to take into consideracion this owr only Reqwest (who otherwyse fynding themselues much disparagied and wronged are resolued to abandon, and qwitt the Countrye, & Action for euar) that some, eythar Noble, or little lesse in Honor, or Dower may be maturelye aduisd vpon, to maintayne & hold vp ye dignitye of so Great and good a cawse.

And herein this Honble Cowrt shall encourage many neiw, & auncient volluntarye Aduenturers, both of Good place, and Qwallitye to sett for- ward with expedition, both with great supplies of men, and other pro- uisions.

[Indorsed:] Peticon of sondry antient Aduenturers to haue some man of Qualitye sent Gouernor into Virginia.

XC. Sir Nathaniel Rich. Rough Notes for his Defense before the Council of the Virginia Company on the Charge of having altered an Order of the Council 1

See Documents, ante, Nos. LXVI and LXXVIII.

1620 (?)
Manchester Papers, No. 280 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 144

I find by the readinge of the §last§ Court & haue likewise had some infor- mac̃on by diuerse then p̃nt that Sr Edwyn Sandys tooke exception to an order of Counsell (drawne vp indeed at his appointmt by my selfe) §neither is it the ferst tyme that that seruice hath ben layd on me§ but §§made by as many of the Counsell as eu9 §to my remembrance§ I knew together at §any§ one meetinge &§§ ratified & confirmed by the handℯ of the most p̱te §of them§ then p̃nt. This exception It was done §deliuered§ (as I heard) wth §more bitterness then it is pen̄d yet by the very pen̄ing of it it seemes he did intimate§ some bitterness as though intimatinge some wrong §done§ to the Companie by that order, nay (wherein I require more charitie) it was sd̴ th it was done to some ill end.

§§I will fers[t] giue you full satisfact̃on in the thing it self and though I had thought I h §& then I will entreate you to giue me leaue to say some- thing of the man9 of his proceedinge§ it is the ferst tyme that eu9 in my life I was driuen to a publicke Apologie, neither doe I know the §I haue lab§ but my comfort is neu9 I could not doe it in §before§ a more noble & Judicious & indifferent Auditorie blame me not the I be very sensible neither doe I thinke was eu9 any man of how meane condition so eu9 traduced vppon so slight an occasion§§ 1

Revisions within revisions are indicated by §§_ _ _ _§§for the original revision and§_ _ _ _ _ _§for the second revision. The document is in the hand of Sir Nathaniel Rich throughout.

I will depose that I drew it vp wth the as much integritie and as neare §set 1

This paragraph was written on the opposite side of the paper, its place on the first folio being denoted by an asterisk.

§ to the meaninge and determinac̃on of the Coūsel as to my best remembrance I could possiblie doe, and tho I am sure you will not a thinke it a matter worthie blame either in my selfe or any other that shall doe you seruice in this kind, if beeing com̄anded to reduce th into writinge a§n§ conference of I thinke I may well say 2 houres at the least to §det answere§ & determinac̃on of the Counsell consistinge of diuerse p̱ticulars I should in some one of them mistake in a word or two, & it wch vppon the least intimac̃on were soone to be amended yet in this p̱ticular for you doe not therefore I am sure vse to desire any of or societie to take paines in any of yor busines to thend that you may ferritt out some error whereby you may tax their proceedingℯ Yet this exception wch is now taken I must either iustifie to be vniust or I must betray §offer wronge to§ myne owne knowledge, & therefore for this p̱ticular I say & affirme it to be the as I fully then conceaued & as still I doe remembr no other then what was then agreed vppon

[2] You may please to remembr that vpon the 15th of Marche (for the order leadℯ me directly to the remembrance of the tyme) there was a meet the Counsell was assembled by Sr E. S. at Mr Ferrars house, where he proposed a letter drawne by (as I take it) by himselfe §to be sent into Virginia§ & signed by 2 or 3 of the Counsell his priuate ffriendℯ, this letter he pre read to the Counsell then p̃nt to be by them allowed & signd. A great pte of it (for [for] I hould it not fitt to tell you th §this letter§ after the dispatche of some businesses Capt Argoll preferrd to petic̃on §to§ th' effect menc̃oned in the order, and after serious debate & considerac̃on of the p̱tes of it we grew wth one consent as I take it to the conclusions sett downe. T Hauing so p It was desired that Mr Threasurer thos conclusions might be reduced into writing both to s give Capt: Argoll satisfacc̃on & to iustifie the equitie of or proceedingℯ wth him. But much tyme being then spent & §& the Court attend[in]g vs or coming forth§ it could not be then done sedente Curia, the Secretarist was appointed to attend Mr Threas9 for order to drawe it he sendℯ him to me, who tho I was vnwilling to meddle wth it, yet at hauing neu9 refused (how vnsufficient soeu9) to p̱forme by best seru[i]ce in any thing layd vpon me & for that as I con- ceaued it ten[d]ed much to aduance the reputation of or Just proceedingℯ I di[d] not refuse, I drew it up and I will depose wth as much integritie to as neare to the true meaning of the Counsell as I could possiblie, but I kno am not so vayne as to think that in so many p̱ticulars I might not mistake, what did I before I would send it to the Secretary to be engroced I sent it to diuerse pe[rsons] [3] & to most of the gentlemen then p̃nt & first of all to Sr E. S. him selfe by §I§ tould §prayed§ Capt Argoll §who attended as he sayes twice wthal but if he were at home yet not to be spoken§ intreating them that if they p̱ceaued I had in any thing mistaken they would alter it: if it were accg to their meaning that they would sett their handℯ to it: Many of them Then The bet greater nomber then p̃nt agreeing it to be the or accd to their meaning I sent it to the Secretary from that da §this is aboue a qr of a year ago§ since wch tyme I neu9 heard any exceptions only one gentleman or two & that long after the drawing §of it§ vp sd̴ they did not remembr this p̱ticular now excepted (that he might choose any 2 of the Coūsell to examine his witnesses if &c? only one gent̃ s̃d so much to me to whom I answered I remembered it very well.

to intreate them

So as I hope you are now satisfied would aske of any man here p̃nt what he could doe more or wt lesse I professe it is want of iudgmt in me if I haue not gone wth as euen a foote as is possible in this business.

Now for this p̱ticular that it was the order of the Companie I profess I doe well remembr so I doubt not but many more doe, & §euen§ those that make doubt of it when I haue refresht their memory will bring it to mynd. In this business wch concernd the managing §process§ of the busines adding matter of forme & lawe, Mr Recorder gaue vs his aduise, his & alleadged he §& I remember th'effec[t] was that the Companie hauing examined witnesses ex p̱te it was Ius[t] he should doe so to, but bec̃ his exa9 must be taken in or Court by or Counsell who are sworne Judges he should take any 2 he would, I op my selfe it was s̃d that we could not * * *e whether the ɫrs pat̃ should would beare it, then on wch point we refered or selues to the ɫrs pat̃: If he hath misled I hope he himself This opinion of his as I tooke it conceaued tooke place nothing in the wurlde that I can rembr being obiected against it if And I doubt not but So as for the clearing of the point that it was the Counselɫ order I doe not only appeale to those gentle9 p̃nt (who only bring mattr of fact must §are able to§ Justifie it) but I assign you the very p̱son who gaue the aduise & if you please my desire is that either yor selues would send to him to com hither or write 2 or 3 wordℯ [4] to know whether he doe not remembr this p̱t of the order & further if you please whether he himself did not propose it

If any thing can this be not able to cleare a pr this I know not what is ffor the matter it self, whether it be fitt yea or no, that will aske a further tyme to dispute

Now this has cleared the point I pray give me leaue as one that desireth wth my soule the prosperite of this plantac̃on to intreate you to once againe to consider whether this be a thing fitt or no thus to traduce me §any membr of this soc̃§ as uniust as iniurious, wthout ferst priually speaking wth him

It is again We haue made lawes directly against it long agoe this law being sodainly infringed we saw not long since wt cause there was to renew it, it was then conformable to the §ferst§ orders standing lawes made wth so much deliberac̃on

XCI. Rough Draft of a Proposition affecting the Virginia Company concerning Captain Argall 1620 (?)
Manchester Papers, No. 281 Document in Public Record Office, London List of Records No. 145

Before you 2

Sic; probably for "stet."

& et

Rich Willis. Rich

6 v u 1


Doncaster, Zouch, Dareye, North

And yt all Cap. Argolls business may be referrd (the ship only excepted §wch no more [to be] spoke of§ to my L: Zouch my L: of London, and Mr Recorder

In the prosequution whereof: the Virginia Company shall choose one Counsellor of Cap: Argoll another to open the cause §at the hearing§ to thes[e] Arbitrators. And Mr Harbert and Mr Kightly wch are already apointed by ye Court to sollicite ye business shall only alone and no other instru[ct] the Counsell §and attend at the hearing of the cause§ but neither they nor any other of the Virginia Companye nor any freind for them shall se make meanes to ye Arbitrators, nor Capt Argoll nor no freind for him on the other syde: only Cap. Argoll sh or wt inferiour whomsoeuer he shall choose (so he be none of ye Virginia Company) m shall instruct his §owne§ Counsell and not aboue one more §and he to be none of ye Vir- ginia Company§ besyds of Cap. Argolls syde, besyds himselfe and his Counsell shall appeare §or assist him§ at the hearinge:

whoseeuer shall And whatsoeuer the sayd Arbitrators shall conclude herein shall stand good and tye all parties, and whosoeuer shall trans- gress ye order of Court in this kind to be disfranchised and re a record to be made against him as a disturber of ye publick peace of ye Company.

The Virginia Court & Barmuda Court shall not entermedd[le] with ye affayres or proceedings of each other wh. An order in each Court to be made to yt effect vpon payne of disfranchisemt, and record of a pub as a publick disturber of ye peace & tranquilitie of yt societie

Sr Tho: Smythes Accompts to be perfected within one moneth.

That all parties any wayes interessed in these differences particularly my L. Sou my L. W. Sr T. S. Sr Ed. S. Sr T. Ro: Sr N. R. &c shall at some Church in London receaue ye Com̃union together in confirmac̃on of yer mutuall accords.

[Indorsed in a later hand:] Virginia Virginia Papers.

XCII. "A valuation of the Commodities growing and to be had in Virginia" 1620
C. O. 1, Vol. I, No. 24 (MSS.)Document in Public Record Office, LondonPages 25--28 of a printed book, Bonoeil, "Observations to be followed, for the making of fit roomes, to keepe Silk-wormes in: as also, for the best manner of Planting Mulbery trees to feed them," with the indorsement on the cover: "The Booke of the Commodities of Virginia" 2

The line preceding the first line, and these letters are shorthand characters.

List of Records No. 151

A valuation of the Commodities growing and to be had in Virginia: rated as they are there worth

[Indorsed, in pencil:] Virginia Jas I abt 1610?

XCIII. Virginia Company. "A Note of the Shipping, Men, and Pro- visions, sent and prouided for Virginia" 1620
(1) Printed Broadsides, James I, No. 180. (2) Manchester Papers, No. 291. Printed Document in (1) Society of Antiquaries, London. (2) Public Record Office, LondonList of Records No. 152

A Note of the Shipping, Men, and Provisions, sent and Prouided for Virginia, by the Right Honorable, the Earle of Sovthampton, and the Company, this yeare, 1620 1

See also List of Records, Nos. 150 and 347.

Ships and People, etc.

The Bona Noua of 200. Tunnes, sent in August 1620. with 120. persons.
The Elizabeth of 40. Tunes, sent in August 1620. with 20. persons.
The May-Flower of 140. Tuns, sent in August 1620. with 100. persons.
The Supplie of Bristow, of 80. Tunnes, sent in September 1620. with 45. persons.
The Margaret and John, of 150. Tunnes, sent in December 1620. with 85. persons.
The Abigall, of 350 Tunnes, sent in February 1620. with 230. persons.
600. Persons.
In two Shippes out of Ireland there are going one hundred Kine of English breede 100. Kine
There are now prouiding seuerall Shippes to transport the Gouer- nour, Treasuror, and Marshall of Virginia, with their Compa- nies, together with other priuate Plantations, to the number of 400. persons 400. Persons.
Summe of Persons 1000
There are sent, and in sending, for publike vses, fiue hundred per- sons, for the encrease of the number of the Companies, Tenants, and for maintenance of Officers 500. Persons.
Whereof besides the new Gouernour, there are six prin- cipal sent and chosen.
To Master George Thorpe Esquire, as Deputie for the College land, belong Tenants 10.
To Captaine Thomas Nuce, as Deputie for the Companies Land, belong Tenants 50.
To the place of Secretarie of State, Tenants 20.
To Doctor Bohun, as Physitian to the Colony, with whom are also sent diuers Appothecaries and Surgeons, belong Tenants 20.
To Master George Sandys Esquire, as Treasuror of Virginia, Ten- ants 50.
To Captaine William Nuce, as Marshall of Virginia, Tenants 50.

Men skilfull for setting vp Staple Commodities.

There are three principall men sent againe for Masters of the Iron works which are in some good forwardnesse, and a proofe is sent of Iron there made.

Three sufficient men for perfecting the Salt-works: One a French man from Rochell which workes are likewise there begun.

Foure Dutch-men from Hambrough, to erect Sawing-Mills, and all prouisions neces- sary therevnto.

Eight French Vignerons, procured from Languedock, who are very skilfull also in breeding of Silke-wornes, and making Silke. Of this Seede there is good store gone, both French, Italian and Spanish: together with Instructions for prouiding Com- modious housing, and orderly planting of Mulbery-Trees. There are also some Englishmen sent that haue been trayned vp therein.

A Gift

Giuen to the vse of the College, certaine good Bookes of Diuinitie, by an vnknowne person.

Patents granted this yeare.

To the Earle of Pembrooke
To Sir Richard Worsley
To Sir Richard Bulkeley. Who together with their Associates haue vndertaken to transport great multidues of People and Cattell.
To Sir William Mounson.
To Captaine William Nuce, Marshall of Virginia
To Captaine Raphe Hamor.

[Indorsed:] Supplies to Virginia, in Anno 1620.

XCIV. John Rolfe. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys January 1619/20
Ferrar Papers.

Document in Magdalene College, Cambridge. Autograph Letter, Signed, with Seals List of Records No. 154

Honored Sr

Studieng wth my self what service I might doe yow, as a token of my gratefull rememberance for yor many favors and constant love shewed me, aswell in my absence as when I was p̢sent wth yow I could not at this tyme devise a better, then to giue yow notice of some p̱ticulers both of or p̢sent estate, and what happened since the departure of the Diana. And though I am well assured, yow wilbe satisfied herein more fully by or Governor, yet I desire yor kind acceptance of this my poore indeavor.

Presently after the Diana hadd her dispatch Sr George Yeardley (according to a Com̃yssion directed vnto him and to the Councell of State,) caused Burgesses to be chosen in all placℯ who mett at James City, where all matters therein conteyned were debated by severall Com̃yttees and approved: and lykewise such other lawes enacted, as were held expedient & requisite for the wellfare and peaceable govermt of this Com̃on-weale. Captaine Martines Burgesses for his Plantac̃on were not admytted to this Assembly, the reasons I am assured yow shall receive from or Governor, who sendeth home a report of all those p̳ceedingℯ.

These principall men being at James Citie, Capten William Epps (who commandeth Smythes Hundred Company) was arraigned (as neere as might be) according to the lawdable Lawes of England, for killing one Captaine Edward Roecroft aɫs Stallenge. He came hether from the North Colony in a shipp of Sr fferdinando Gorges (as he sayd) for some necessaries wch he wanted; and to coast along the shoare to fynd and discover what Harbors and riu9s he could: but through neglect of the Mr of the shipp and others she was forced a ground in a storme neere Newports Newes, and there sprang so greate a leake, that he could not carry her back againe. This myschance happened through vncivill and vnmanly wordℯ vrged by Stallenge (there being no p̢cedent malice) wth wch Captaine Epps being much moved did strike him on the heade wth a sword §in the§ skabberd a such an vnfortunate blowe, that wthin 2. daies he died. The Jury (whereof Capt Lawne was foreman a discreete and vnderstanding man) hearing the Evidence, found him guilty of Manslaughter by Chaunce meddley. The Governor fynding him (though young) yet a p̳per civill gent, and of good hopes, not long after restored him to his Command.

Captaine Henry Spelman being accused by Rob̴te Poole (one of the inter- pretors of the Indian language) of many crimes wch might be p̢iudiciall to the State in generall, and to every mans safety in p̱ticular, receiued Censure at this generall Assembly. But the Governor hoping he might redeeme his faultℯ being §p̳ceeding§ much of Childishe ignorance, p̱doned the pūnishmt [1b] vpon hope of amendmt. In triall whereof he was ym- ploied as interpretor to Patawamack to trade for Corne.

Captaine Ward in his shipp went to Monahigon in the No: Colony in May, and returned the latter end of July, wth fishe wch he caught there. He [He] brought but a smale quantitie, by reason he hadd but little salte. There were some Plymouth shipps where he harbored, who made greate store of fishe, wch is farr larger then New-land-fishe.

The George was sent by the Cape Marchant (wth the Governors consent) to New-found-land to trade and buy fishe for the better releif of the Colony and to make triall of that passage. One other reason (as I take it) was, for that the Magazin was well stoored wth goodℯ, it was some what doubtfull, wheth9 a shipp would be sent to carry home the cropp so sone as the George might vpon her returne back. She departed hence about the 9th of July, and arriued here againe about the 10: of Septembr. She made her passage to Newfound-land in less then 3. weekes, and was at the banck amongst the french fishermen in 14. daies. She came back hether againe in 3. weekℯ, wth bare wyndℯ, and brought so much fishe as will make a saving voyadge, wch, besidℯ the greate releif, giveth much content to the wholl Colony.


the Sturgeon shipp and the Triall departed hence togeth9 about the fiue of July. Mr Pountys hath taken greate paines in fishing, and toward Michellmas (the weather being somewhat temperate) made some good sturgeon. He hopeth by the spring to be better fitted, wth Cellars and houses, and to do some good therein.

The Cattle in the Triall came exceeding well, and gaue the Colony much ioy and greate incouragemt. Both they horses and Mares wilbe very vendible here a long tyme, the Colony increasing wth people as of late.

About the latter end of August, a Dutch man of Warr of the burden of a 160 tun̄es arriued at Point-Comfort, the Comandors name Capt Jope, his Pilott for the West Indies one Mr Marmaduke an Englishman. They mett wth the Trẽr in the West Indyes, and determyned to hold consort shipp hetherward, but in their passage lost one the other. He brought not any thing but 20. and odd Negroes, wch the Governor and Cape Marchant bought for victuallℯ (whereof he was in greate need as he p̢tended) at the best and easyest ratℯ they could. He hadd a lardge and ample Com̃yssion from his Excellency to range and to take purchase in the West Indyes.

Three or 4. daies after the Trẽr arriued. At his arriuall he sent word prsently to the Gou9nor to know his pleasure, who wrote to him, and did request myself Leiftenante Peace and Mr Ewens to goe downe to him, to desyre [2a] him to come vp to James Cytie. But before we gott downe he hadd sett saile and was gone out of the Bay. The occasion hereof hap- pened by the vnfrendly dealing of the Inh̴itantℯ of Keqnoughton, for he was in greate want of victuallℯ, wherewth they would not releive him nor his Company vpon any termes. he reported (whilst he staied at Keq- noughton) that if wee gott not some Ord'nance planted at Point Comfort, the Colony would be quyte vndone and that ere long: for that vndoubtedly the Spanyard would be here the next §spring§ wch he gathered (as was sayd) from some Spanyardℯ in ye West Indyes. This being spread abroade doth much disharten the people ingenerall. ffor wee haue no place of strength to retreate vnto, no shipping of c9teynty (wch would be to vs as the wodden walles of England) no sound and experienced souldyers to vndertake, no Engineers and arthmen to erect workℯ, few Ordenance, not a serviceable carriadge to mount them on; not Am̄unyc̃on of powlder, shott and leade, to fight and 2. wholl dayes, no not one gunner belonging to the Plantac̃on, so yor Honors or soveraignes dignity, yor honors or poore reputac̃ons §lives§ and labors thus long spent lieth too open to a suddayne, and to an inevitable hazard, if a forroigne enemy oppose against §vs§. Of this I cannot better doe, to giue yow full satisfacc̃on, then to referr yow to the iudgemt and opynion of Capt Argall who hath often spoken and herof during his govermt, and knoweth (none better) these defectℯ.

That the Spaun- iard would be there next Spring 1

This leaflet is bound into a very thick and wide folio volume of pamphlets. It is a small quarto of 3 pages.

About the begynnyng of Septembr J-apazous (the King of Patawamackℯ brother) cames to James Cyty to the Governor. Amongst other frivoulous messagℯ he requested, that 2. shipps might be speedyly to Patawamack where they should trade for greate stoore of corne. Herevpon (according to his desyre) the Governor sent an Englishman wth him by land, and in the begynning of October, Capt Wardℯ shipp and Som̃er-Iselandℯ frigate departed James Cyty hether-ward.

Rob̴te Poole being wholly ymployed by the Governor of messagℯ to the greate King, p̱swaded Sr George, that if he would send Pledgℯ he would, he would come to visite him. Or Corne and Tobacco being in greate aboun- dance in or groundℯ (for a more plentyfull yere then this, it hath not pleased God to send vs since the beginning of this Plantac̃on, yet very contagious for sycknes, whereof many [2b] both old and new men died) the Governor sent two men vnto him, who were returned wth frivoulous aunsweres, sayng he never hadd any intent to come vnto him. The Gou9nor being iealous of them (the rath9 because wee hadd many straggling Plantac̃ons, much weakened by the greate mortality, Poole lykewise proving very dishonest) requested Captaine William Powell and myself (for Opachan- kano p̳fesseth much love to me, and giueth much credite to my wordℯ) to goe in a shallopp unto Pomonkey ryver: wch wee did. Going vp that ryver wthin 5. myles of his house wee sent Capt Spelman and Tho: Hobson vnto him wth the Governors message. The shipp and frigate (being not farr out of their way to Patawamack) went in the night about 12. myles into the riu9, and wee hasting vpp wth or shallopp, the messengers were wth Opaihankano, before or asone as any newes came to him eyther of the shipps or or arriuall, wch much daunted them and putt them in greate feare. Their intertaymt at the first was harshe, (Poole being even turned heathen) but after their message was delyuered, it was kindly taken, they sent away lovingly, and Poole accused and Condemned by them, as an instrumt that sought all the meanes he could to breake or league. They seemed also to be very weary of him. Sh Opachankano much wondered I would not goe to him, but (as I wished the messengers) they said I was syck of an ague, wherewth they was were satisfied. Wee hadd no order to bring Poole away, nor to make any shew of discontent to him, for feare he should p̱swade them to some myscheif in or corne feildℯ, hoping to gett him away by fayre meanes. So wee returned in greate love and amyty to the greate content of the Colony, wch before liued in dayly hazard, all messagℯ being vntruly delyu9ed by Poole on both sidℯ.

A Plentifull yeare but Contagious.




The Chikahomynies come not at vs, but wee receyue no domage by them.

The Governor hath bounded the lymyttℯ of the 4. Cerporac̃ons the Com- panies, the Governors, the Vniversity and Glebe landℯ according to the Com̄yssion.

[3a] All the Ancient Planters being sett free haue chosen placℯ for their dividendℯ according to the Com̃yssion. Wch giueth all greate content, for now knowing their owne landℯ, they strive and are prpared to build houses §&§ to cleere their groundℯ ready to plant, wch giveth the * * * greate incouragemt, and the greatest hope to make the Colony florrish that ever yet happened to them.

More hope then ever of the Col- lonys florisheng.

Vpon the 4. of November the Bona Noua arriued at James Cyty. All the passengers came lusty and in good health. They came by the west Indyes, wch passage at that season doth much refreshe the people.